World War 2


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a detailed picture on the 2nd world war

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World War 2

  1. 1. WORLD WAR П<br />
  2. 2. World War II, or the Second World War was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world&apos;s nations, including all of the great powers, organized into two opposing military alliances:the Allies and the Axis . <br />The war in Europe began in earnest on September 1, 1939 with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, and concluded on September 2, 1945, with the official surrender of the last Axis nation, Japan. <br />The war involved the mobilization of over 100 million military personnel, making it the most widespread war in history. <br />In a state of &quot;total war&quot;, the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. <br />Over seventy million people, the majority of whom were civilians, were killed, making it the deadliest conflict in human history.<br />It was the largest armed conflict in history, spanning the entire world and involving more countries than any other war<br />
  3. 3. PRE WAR EVENTS <br />In mid-1937, following the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, Japan began the Second Sino-Japanese War, culminating in a campaign to invade China.<br />In June 1938, Chinese forces stalled the Japanese advance by flooding the Yellow River<br />In May 1939, they became involved in a more serious border war that ended with signing a cease-fire agreement on September 15 and restoring the status quo.<br /> In March 1938 Germany annexed Austria with a supporting invasion, again provoking little response from other European powers. <br />Germany and Italy forced Czechoslovakia to cede additional territory to Hungary and Poland.<br />In March 1939 Germany invaded the remainder of Czechoslovakia and subsequently split it into the German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and the pro-German independent client state, the Slovak Republic.<br />
  4. 4. ADOLF HITLER<br /> HITLER’S DISLIKE FOR JEWS …….....<br />Germany as a country did not dislike the Jews . There was a lot of resentment in many countries in that period towards people of Jewish faith which mainly stemmed from their religious viewpoints<br />In the time of Hitler, the world had recently suffered from the Great Depression and many Jews had remained in successful and prominent positions despite this <br />The second generation of Germany grew up with the world squashing them and they resented this harsh action against their country<br />In March 1933 Hitler disbanded all political opposition and outlawed communism <br />
  6. 6. German and Slovakian attack on Poland <br />German troops in Paris after the fall of France<br />Axis advances<br />The war becomes global <br />The tide turns<br />Allies gain momentum<br />Axis collapse , Allied victory<br />COURSE OF THE WAR<br />
  7. 7. On September 1, 1939, Germany and Slovakia — a client state in 1939 — attacked Poland and World War II broke out. France, Britain, and the countries of the Commonwealth declared war on Germany but provided little military support to Poland other than a small French attack into the Saarland. On September 17, 1939, after signing an armistice with Japan, the Soviets launched their own invasion of eastern Poland<br />GERMANY AND SLOVAKIA ATTACK POLAND<br />
  9. 9. AXIS ADVANCES<br />Germany invaded France and the Low Countries<br />The French fortified Maginot Line was circumvented by a flanking movement through the thickly wooded Ardennes region<br />Germany began an air superiority campaign over Britain<br /> Japan increased its blockade of China <br />In October 1940, Italy invaded Greece <br />Hitler sent German forces to Libya in February<br />Germans were steadily making preparations for an attack on the Soviet Union<br />
  10. 10. THE WAR BECOMES GLOBAL<br />The diversion of three quarters of the Axis<br /> troops and the majority of their air forces <br /> from France and the central Mediterranean to the Eastern Front prompted the United Kingdom to reconsider its grand strategy<br />In July, the UK and the Soviet Union formed a military alliance against Germany and shortly after jointly invaded Iran to secure the Persian Corridor and Iran&apos;s oilfields<br />Despite impressive territorial gains, the Axis campaign had failed to achieve its main objectives: two key cities remained in Soviet hands, the Soviet capability to resist was not broken, and the Soviet Union retained a considerable part of its military potential<br />
  11. 11. AXIS COLLAPSE , ALLIED VICTORY<br />German forces surrendered in Italy on April 29 and in Western Europe on May 7. On the Eastern Front, Japan surrendered specifically to the Soviets on May 8. A German Army Group resisted in Prague until May 11<br />
  12. 12. SECRET HAND OF Sir. ALBERT EINSTEIN<br />Albert Einstein is also often thought of as the &quot;father of the atomic bomb.&quot; He was very concerned about the Germans developing atomic power. <br />Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt urging him to develop the bomb before the Germans did. <br />Thus Roosevelt implemented the &quot;Manhattan Project.&quot; His theories provided the foundation for its development, he didn&apos;t have much to do with the actual creation of the first atomic bomb. <br />After the atomic bomb was used by the United States on Japan, Albert Einstein deeply regretted his involvement and spent the rest of his life advocating for the abolition of nuclear weapons. He also spoke out continually for the cause of peace and nonviolence.<br /> <br />
  13. 13. ATOMIC BOMBS <br />On August 6 and 9, 1945, the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed by the first atomic bombs used in warfare<br />The bomb affectionately named as “Little Boy”, exploded over the city of Hiroshima with a force equivalent to 12,500 ton of TNT on August 6, 1945 at 8:16:02 a.m.<br />Nagasaki was devastated by “Fat Man”, the second nuclear weapon to be detonated over Japan. <br />
  14. 14. AFTERMATH <br />Prime Minister Winston Churchill gives the &quot;Victory&quot; sign to crowds in London on Victory in Europe Day.<br /> In an effort to maintain international peace, the Allies formed the United Nations, which officially came into existence on October 24, 1945.<br />Soon after the end of World War II, conflict flared again in many parts of the world.<br />Economic recovery following the war was varied in differing parts of the world, though in general it was not quite positive.<br />In total, World War II produced about 50 million deaths, more than any other war to date. <br />
  15. 15. Victory of Soviet Union over Germany<br />Hitler’s declaration of war without modern equipments<br />Surrender of Japan after the atomic explosions <br />Favourable climatic conditions for the Allied Powers against the Axis Nations<br />MAJOR TURNING POINTS OF THE WAR<br />
  16. 16. Destruction of Atlantic Wall and attack of Russian forces over Germany <br />Operation Cobra to remove German rule<br />The loss of the AfrikaKorps for the Germans, opened up the British for a more active role in the mainland war. <br />End of German rule in Rome with the Battle of Gustav Line<br />
  17. 17. PEARL HARBOUR <br />
  18. 18. WAR – AN OVERALL WASTAGE .. !<br />It was the largest armed conflict in history, spanning the entire world and involving more countries than any other war, as well as introducing powerful new weapons, culminating in the first use of nuclear weapons. <br />The war ravaged civilians more severely than any previous conflict and served as a backdrop for genocidal killings by Nazi Germany as well as several other mass slaughters of civilians which, although not technically genocide, were significant.<br />These included the massacre of millions of Chinese and Korean nationals by Japan, internal mass killings in the Soviet Union, and the bombing of civilian targets in German and Japanese cities by the Allies<br />In total, World War II produced about 50 million deaths, more than any other war to date.  <br />
  19. 19. SO PLEASE STOP WARS FROM HAPPENING …. !!!!!<br />
  20. 20. MandarMhatre 08-533<br />RavirajDabholkar 08-510<br />SushantPadavkar 08-538<br />BharathPillai 08-544<br />PratikHendre 07-520<br />PRESENTED BY :-<br />
  21. 21. THANK YOU ..<br />