Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Technology In The Great War


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Technology In The Great War

  1. 1. Technology in the Great War Industrialized Warfare
  2. 2. Improvements on Old Ideas <ul><li>Rifles </li></ul><ul><li>Grenades </li></ul><ul><li>Machine Guns </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rifles <ul><li>Bolt Action </li></ul><ul><li>Carried 5-10 rounds </li></ul><ul><li>Could fire 30-40 rounds per minute </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely accurate </li></ul>
  4. 4. Grenades <ul><li>Existed for hundreds of Years </li></ul><ul><li>First WW1 grenades were old cans with fuses or explosives tied to sticks! </li></ul><ul><li>(Dangerous more to the thrower than receiver!) </li></ul>
  5. 5. German Stick Grenade
  6. 6. The Machine Gun <ul><li>Also known as: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Killing Machine” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Devil’s Paint Brush” </li></ul><ul><li>Could fire 500 rounds per minute! </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for most of the Stalemate. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Artillery <ul><li>Bigger was better </li></ul><ul><li>Highly Accurate </li></ul><ul><li>Used by the thousands </li></ul><ul><li>Most soldiers killed by constant artillery (night and day) </li></ul>                          
  8. 8. The Biggest: French 520mm howitzer <ul><li>It could deliver a 3,100 lb shell (600 lbs of explosive) over 10 miles </li></ul><ul><li>The gun car was just under 100 feet long and weighed 290 tons. </li></ul><ul><li>Shell was the size of a VW bug! </li></ul>
  9. 9. German “Paris Gun” <ul><li>75 Miles range </li></ul><ul><li>Could reach the upper atmosphere! </li></ul><ul><li>The gun had an overall length of 112 feet (34 meters) and weighed 138 tons. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Effects of Artillery                                       
  11. 12. New Technology in War <ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Gas / Chemical Warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Submarine </li></ul><ul><li>Flame thrower </li></ul><ul><li>Airplane </li></ul>
  12. 13. Tanks <ul><li>An attempt to end the stalemate </li></ul><ul><li>First used by the British to break through German Lines and protect men </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Slow moving (5 mph) </li></ul><ul><li>Got stuck in mud = killed by German Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Not very effective </li></ul>
  13. 14. Gas Warfare
  14. 15. Gas Warfare <ul><li>First used by the Germans trying to end the stalemate in 1915. </li></ul><ul><li>Delivered by canister and later Artillery Shells </li></ul><ul><li>Used extensively by ALL sides. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Gas Warfare <ul><li>Early gasmask consisted of urinating on a rag, placing goggles on the face and holding the rag up to your mouth and nose to breath through </li></ul>
  16. 17. Types of Gas used <ul><li>Chlorine Gas: hydrochloric acid when coming in contact with moisture (eyes,&lungs burn) </li></ul><ul><li>Mustard Gas: Blistering agent-moist exposed skin: the eyes, lungs, armpits and groin </li></ul>
  17. 18. The Submarine
  18. 19. Submarine <ul><li>Used by Germans to “starve” England </li></ul><ul><li>Very Effective weapon </li></ul><ul><li>Sank food and supplies allies needed desperately NOT battleships. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Flamethrower <ul><li>Designed to burn out the enemy from a position </li></ul><ul><li>Victims would be smothered in a flammable liquid (while it was on fire) </li></ul>
  20. 21. The Airplane <ul><li>Initially used to spy on the enemy </li></ul><ul><li>Later carried bombs (rather ineffective) </li></ul><ul><li>Then planes began shooting at one another (first “dog fights”) </li></ul>