WWII Overview

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An overview of World War II

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WWII Overview

  1. 1. World War II An overview of the Major Events and Key Players.
  2. 2. Key Players in the War <ul><li>Axis Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Adolf Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>Benito Mussolini </li></ul><ul><li>Hideki Tojo </li></ul><ul><li>Allied Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Neville Chamberlain </li></ul><ul><li>Winston Churchill </li></ul><ul><li>Charles De Gaulle </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Truman </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph Stalin </li></ul>
  3. 3. ADOLF HITLER <ul><li>Brought prominence to the National Socialist German Workers Party (NAZI Party) </li></ul><ul><li>Head of the 3 rd Reich </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in Master Race – Aryan Race </li></ul><ul><li>Unite all German-speaking people </li></ul><ul><li>1933 took power </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-communist </li></ul><ul><li>Private property with strong governmental control </li></ul><ul><li>Das Fuhrer </li></ul>
  4. 4. BENITO MUSSOLINI <ul><li>Led fascist movement in Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Black-shirt army </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarian State under his rule </li></ul><ul><li>AKA - Il Duce- The Chief </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-communist </li></ul><ul><li>Private property with strong government control </li></ul>
  5. 5. HIDEKI TOJO <ul><li>Militant Japanese general </li></ul><ul><li>Took control of Japan in 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Pushed for vast colonial empire stretching from China to Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Organized attack on Pearl Harbor </li></ul>
  6. 6. NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN <ul><li>British Prime Minister at the onset of War </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in policy of Appeasement for dealing with Hitler. </li></ul><ul><li>Signed Munich Pact to turn over Sudetenland </li></ul><ul><li>Believed he obtained “Peace in Our Time” </li></ul>
  7. 7. WINSTON CHURCHILL <ul><li>Critical of Chamberlin’s policies toward Hitler. </li></ul><ul><li>Became Prime Minister During the War (1940) </li></ul><ul><li>Strong Ally for the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful public speaker he helped to rally his troops to fight German Aggression </li></ul>
  8. 8. CHARLES DE GAULLE <ul><li>French General </li></ul><ul><li>Fled to England after Germany took over France. </li></ul><ul><li>Set up government-in-exile </li></ul>
  9. 9. FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT <ul><li>President through Much of the War (Died in 1945) </li></ul><ul><li>Lend Lease program to aid Allies prior to US entry into the War </li></ul><ul><li>Signed order to intern Japanese after Pearl Harbor. </li></ul>
  10. 10. HARRY TRUMAN <ul><li>VP under FDR </li></ul><ul><li>Took over Presidency at the end of the War. </li></ul><ul><li>Made Decision to Drop Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki </li></ul>
  11. 11. JOSEPH STALIN <ul><li>Totalitarian Regime in USSR. </li></ul><ul><li>Awaited world-wide Communist revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Great Purge of the 1930s to clear out enemies from country </li></ul><ul><li>1939 – Signed nonaggression pact with Germany. (Divide Poland) </li></ul><ul><li>Germany broke the pact, opening up the Eastern Front of the War. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Background <ul><li>Treaty of Versailles (1919) - Harsh treatment of Germany: land losses, reparations, military reductions, and war guilt </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations (1920) – International organization charged with preventing future wars. United States senate refused to allow the United States of America to become a member. The League had neither the will nor the power to check the rising totalitarian governments. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Background <ul><li>Washington Conference (1922) – Italy, Japan, the United States of America, France, and Britain agree to not build up their navies for ten years </li></ul><ul><li>Mussolini takes over Italy (1922) </li></ul><ul><li>Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928) – sixty-two nations agree to solve problems diplomatically </li></ul><ul><li>Japan invades Manchuria (1931) </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler comes to power (1933) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Short Term Causes <ul><li>Italian, Japanese, and German aggression not stopped by League of Nations </li></ul>
  15. 15. Short Term Causes <ul><li>Appeasement – Britain and France wanted to avoid war and therefore gave in to Hitler’s demands </li></ul><ul><li>Western democracies would not act aggressively </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain – Sympathetic towards Germany – knew Versailles Treaty too harsh, wanted to avoid war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France – Would not do anything without Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States of America – Isolation from Europe </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Major Events of the War- The Onset of War <ul><li>Hitler reoccupies the Rhineland </li></ul><ul><li>1938 – Hitler unites Austria with Germany </li></ul><ul><li>1938 – Signed Munich Pact to Gain control of Sudetenland (In Czechoslovakia) </li></ul><ul><li>1939 – Hitler and USSR sign nonaggression pact (Agreed to divide Poland) </li></ul><ul><li>1939- Blitzkrieg in Poland </li></ul><ul><li>September 1, 1939 – World War II official start </li></ul>
  17. 17. Major Events of World War II- The War <ul><li>Inactive Winter 1940 –Britain and France Defend the Maginot Line </li></ul><ul><li>1940 – Germany invades Norway and Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>1940 – France Falls </li></ul><ul><li>Summer 1940 – Britain withstands the German onslaught </li></ul><ul><li>1941- Germany broke pact with USSR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>German setbacks- the harsh winters in Soviet Union; Bitter defeat in Stalingrad </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Major Events of World War II - American Involvement <ul><li>Lend-Lease Program to aid Allies </li></ul><ul><li>Attack on Pearl Harbor – December 7, 1941- A Day that will live in infamy </li></ul><ul><li>US enters World War II </li></ul><ul><li>1942 – War turned in favor of the Allies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Victories in North Africa versus Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Victory in the Battle of the Midway in the Pacific </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Major Event of World War II - Allied Conferences <ul><li>Tehran (1943) </li></ul><ul><li>Yalta (1945) </li></ul><ul><li>Potsdam (1945) - After Victory in Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United States, Britain, and Soviet Union participated </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Major Events in World War II – The End of the War <ul><li>June 6, 1944 – Storming of Normandy </li></ul><ul><li>December 1944- Hitler lost the battle of the Bulge </li></ul><ul><li>Germany surrendered in May 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August of 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Japan Surrendered in September 1945 </li></ul>

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