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  • Nationalists could not work openly and had to form secret societies.
  • His rule was short-lived. The pope appealed to Catholic countries for help, and a French army landed in Italy; after heroic resistance, the republic was crushed, and Mazzini left Rome.
  • This Harper's Weekly cartoon glorifies Giuseppe Garibaldi, the military leader of the Italian independence and unification movement, as a liberator of the Italian people from their oppressive rulers.  He appears as Perseus, the mythical Greek hero who rescued Princess Andromeda (here, Sicily) from a sea monster (here, "Bomba," King Ferdinand II of Sicily). 

Ch_16-section1 Ch_16-section1 Presentation Transcript

  • CHAPTER 16 Section 1: The Unification of Italy Section 2: The Unification of Germany Section 3: Opposition to Bismarck Section 4: Reform and Revolution in Russia Section 5: Unrest in Austria-Hungary Nationalism in Europe
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Advantage: Disadvantage: Option 1 attack Garibaldi Advantage: Disadvantage: Option 2 allow Garibaldi to take power Problem: Garibaldi could take power from Cavour 16.1 Bell Ringer: What were Cavour’s options for preventing Garibaldi from taking power?
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Ideals of the French Revolution United under Napoleon
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Congress of Vienna divided Italy into several large & small states. Austria ruled Lombardy and Venetia.
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Despite this, nationalism continued to grow…
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Early 1800s, thinkers & writers tried to revive interest in Italy’s traditions … Risorgimento Goals? LIBERATION UNIFICATION
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Carbonari
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Mazzini “ neither pope nor king” but rather a republic.
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy … the first Italian democratic movement embracing all classes Young Italy … by 1833 there were 60,000 members
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy In 1848 the revolutionaries seized Rome, setting up a republic governed by Mazzini and two other leaders.
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy The revolts of 1848-49 failed. Only the Kingdom of Sardinia (Piedmont-Sardinia) remained a completely independent state.
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Italian nationalists had little success . . . Conservatives = federation of Italian states ruled by the pope Liberals = a constitutional monarchy under Victor Emmanuel of Sardinia
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Camillo Cavour chief minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia Wanted Sardinia to lead the way in uniting Italy
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Austria was the greatest barrier in Italian unification. The Two Players …. Cavour Napoleon III
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Guiseppe Garibaldi 1854 Red Shirts
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy “ Expedition of the Thousand”
  • Visual Source The Unification of Italy
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy In the fall of 1860 Garibaldi and Victor Emmanuel met in Naples.
  • Unification and Its Problems
    • Little experience with self-gov’t
    • Cultural differences divided the country
    • Tensions between industrialized north and agricultural south
    • Standard of living was very low
    • Labor problems
    SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy
  • Political Cartoon The Unification of Italy
  • Visual Sources The Unification of Italy
  • Political Cartoon The Unification of Italy The Right Leg in the Boot at Last!! Garibaldi:"If it won't go on Sire, try a little powder." (as in GUNpowder)
  • Political Cartoon The Unification of Italy
  • Political Cartoon The Unification of Italy
  • Political Cartoon The Unification of Italy
  • Political Cartoon The Unification of Italy
  • SECTION 1 The Unification of Italy Advantage: Disadvantage: reasserts the leadership of Sardinia decreases likelihood of capturing northern Italy Option 1 attack Garibaldi Advantage: Disadvantage: increases likelihood of taking northern Italy from Austria gives Emmanuel II’s power to Garibaldi Option 2 allow Garibaldi to take power Problem: Garibaldi could take power from Cavour