Unification Of Italy

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Brief notes on the unification of Italy for our ninth grade class.

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Unification Of Italy

  1. 1. Unification of Italy
  2. 2. Italy in early 1800s <ul><li>Obstacles to Unity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographic problems - mountains separate Italy into regions (remember those 5 themes?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy is a collection of separate kingdoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most kingdoms ruled by outside powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Naples – Spain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Venice & Lombardy – Austria </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Papal states – Pope / Church </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 4. The Leaders <ul><li>Giuseppe Mazzini </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The “soul” of Italian unity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leads a secret nationalistic movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Young Italy Society” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted unified Italy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted Italy to be a democracy / republic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Viktor Emmanuel II and Camillo Cavour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led the “Resorgimento” (revival) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cavour is the “brains” behind the operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King Victor Emmanuel is the “Heart” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Cavour Mazzini Viktor Emmanuel II
  5. 6. The History <ul><li>1848 Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kingdom of Piedmont and Sardinia stood up to Austria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fought Austria to aid other Italian states under control of Austria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lost – but gained the respect of all Italians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>King of Piedmont forced out, but his son Viktor Emmanuel II and Cavour step in to take over – good move </li></ul>
  6. 8. 1859 Things looking up <ul><li>France and Austria go to war. </li></ul><ul><li>Piedmont, allies with France. </li></ul><ul><li>When France wins, Piedmont gets Lombardy from Austria. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Piedmont now seen as most influential Italian kingdom. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People in other kingdoms rise up and join Piedmont. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tuscany, Modena, Parma </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 9. Piedmont
  8. 10. Enter Garibaldi <ul><li>Giuseppe Garibaldi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The “Sword” of Italian unity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed a volunteer army of nationalists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“1,000 Red Shirts” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sailed to Sicily and took it over. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sailed to Southern Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moved up through Italy conquering and unifying </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ended up unifying nearly all of Italy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Garibaldi continued <ul><li>Good general, lousy politician – and he knew it. </li></ul><ul><li>After unifying most of Italy, he turned control over to Viktor Emmanuel. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knew Emmanuel was a better politician who could lead all of Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not all is perfect – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plenty of corruption and little real unity, but it is a start </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Map of Italy beginning to look like the Italy we know today </li></ul></ul>

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