Ch 21.3 Axis Gains Student:____________________Complete the chart below – put the events in order by time. (write the events out) • Lands soldiers in France • Invades eastern Poland • Captures Estonia, Latvia, & Lithuania • Outflanks the Maginot Line • Invades Denmark & Norway • Evacuates its forces from Dunkirk • Blockades German ports • Captures Finland • Invades Netherlands & Belgium • Captures France Great Britain Soviet Union Nazi Germany1. 1. 1.2. 2. 2.3. 3. 3. 4.True or False (make the corrections to make it true!)___ 1. The German word blitzkrieg means “lightning war.”___ 2. People spoke of a “phony war” because there was little actual fighting despitemuch movement of troops.___ 3. The League of Nations was powerless to take military action against the SovietUnion after it had invaded Poland.___ 4. It took German forces more than a year to capture Norway.___ 5. German tanks could not break through France’s Maginot Line despite threemajor attempts.___ 6. Great Britain successfully evacuated troops from Dunkirk.___ 7. France’s armies and generals were well prepared to fight the swift-pacedmodern style of warfare that Germany fought.___ 8. The Petain government did not sign a peace treaty with Germany.___ 9. The maquis was the anti-Nazi French underground.___10. During WWII, Winston Churchill led Great Britain as prime minister.___ 1. A chief reason why Hitler’s armies were successful at the start of the war was a. the speed at which they fought b. the flatness of the ground on which they fought c. the tanks they received from the Soviet army d. the weather, which turned battlefields to mud___ 2. The strategic advantage that Germany got from capturing Norway andDenmark was a. it helped Germany defeat Norwegian collaborators b. it kept these countries from turning socialist c. it gave Germany bases for submarines and aircraft d. it allowed the Germans to fight a “phony war.”___ 3. The Battle of Britain was a. an air war c. a sea war b. a ground war d. an undersea war
___ 4. The Lend-Lease Act of 1941 a. let the US sell munitions to Germany b. let the US take responsibility for the fall of France c. let Great Britain receive much-needed supplies d. left the Soviet Union alone to fight the Germans single-handedMatching – some answers will not be used . . .___1. “lightning war” a. maquis___ 2. people who help the enemy b. Charles deGaulle___ 3.French leader who surrendered to c. Atlantic CharterHitler d. Winston Churchill___ 4.French leader who formed the Free e. Lend-Lease ActFrench government f. Blitzkrieg___ 5.French underground resistance g. Philippe Petainfighters h. Isolationists___ 6.German air force i. Battle of Britain___ 7.German air attack on Britain j. Collaborators___ 8.American law against participation in k. Neutrality Actsfuture wars l. Luftwaffe___ 9.American act to supply Great Britainwith war materials___10.statement of British and U.S.democratic goalsComplete the following outline . . .Axis MovesMain idea: ______________________________________________________Topic I: While western Europe wondered about a “phony war”, Axis powers overtookeastern ____________. Detail A: As agreed in the Nazi-Soviet Pact, the Soviets invaded _______. Detail B: ___________________________________________________Topic II: ________________________________________________________ Detail A: Collaborators helped Hitler take over Norway and Denmark, givingGermany strategic ports and airfields. Detail B: ___________________________________________________ Detail C: Allied forces are evacuated at Dunkerque, thus gaining time torecover.Topic III: German forces took France and attacked Britain. Detail A: ___________________________________________________ Detail B: Charles de Gaulle led the Free French government from London. Detail C: ___________________________________________________ Detail D: The use of radar by the Royal Air Force gave the British anadvantage.Topic IV: ________________________________________________________ Detail A: The United States revised the Neutrality Acts to allow the sale of warmaterials. Detail B: ____________________________________________ Detail C: The Atlantic Charter sealed the relationship between the United Statesand Great Britain by outlining their common goals.