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Wh me ch_18.3

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Wh me ch_18.3

  1. 1. CHAPTER 27 Section 1: Setting the Stage for War Section 2: World War I: A New Kind of War Section 3: The Russian Revolution Section 4: The Terms of Peace Section 5: Creating a “New” Europe World War I and the Russian Revolution
  2. 2. SECTION 1 Ch 18.3 Bell Ringer: What events or circumstances led to the Russian Revolution and the creation of the Communist Party? Setting the Stage for War
  3. 3. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War … covered one-sixth of the land surface of the globe, and was populated by almost 150 million people of more than a hundred different nationalities.
  4. 4. Political Cartoon Setting the Stage for War
  5. 5. Weaknesses of Russia <ul><li>Insufficient food </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate armaments; poorly equipped </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate roads </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly led military </li></ul><ul><li>Corrupt, inefficient government </li></ul><ul><li>No faith in government or czar </li></ul>SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  6. 6. Why was this time different? <ul><li>Army sided with the demonstrators. </li></ul><ul><li>The Duma refused to disband. </li></ul><ul><li>Mar 1917 – Czar Nicholas abdicates – He and his family were soon imprisoned. </li></ul>SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  7. 7. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  8. 8. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War 6th June 1906: In a cartoon called 'Peril!' in Punch , Liberty says to the Tsar, 'Give him his head, it's your only chance, and mine!'
  9. 9. With the overthrow of the czar, a temporary gov’t was set up until a constitutional assembly could be elected. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War While the new rules were trying to restore order, another group worked for more radical change.
  10. 10. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies … organized when unrest began in Russia Soviet = council The leaders were socialists. Radical members called for immediate peace & land reforms. The provisional gov’t opposed both.
  11. 11. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War Two factions fought for control of the soviets. Mensheviks Bolsheviks
  12. 12. <ul><li>Vladimir Lenin – revolutionary socialist </li></ul><ul><li>Their slogan was “Peace, Bread, and Land” </li></ul><ul><li>His version of Marxism formed the basis of communism. </li></ul>SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  13. 13. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War 7 Nov 1917 – the October Revolution The Bolsheviks overthrew the Constitutional Assembly because they did NOT have a majority in it.
  14. 14. Peace and Civil War <ul><li>Treaty of Brest-Litovsk </li></ul><ul><li>Communists faced great opposition – civil war breaks out early 1918 and lasts three years </li></ul><ul><li>Red Army vs Whites </li></ul><ul><li>The Allies helped the Whites for two reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Renamed Russia …. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the U.S.S.R. (Soviet Union) </li></ul>SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  15. 15. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War
  16. 16. SECTION 1 Setting the Stage for War

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