CHAPTER 27 Section 1: Setting the Stage for War Section 2: World War I: A New Kind  of War Section 3: The Russian Revoluti...
SECTION 5 Bell Ringer 18.5: How was the League of Nations structured, and what was its relationship to the World Court? Cr...
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe WORLD COURT League of Nations __________ ____________ ___________ Permanent Members Rota...
Treaty of Versailles SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe German Republic representatives sign the treaty at the Palace of Ve...
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe <ul><li>Made Germany admit it was guilty of starting the war … and must alone pay repara...
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe <ul><li>Germany lost Alsace-Lorraine to France … Allied troops would occupy the Rhinelan...
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe <ul><li>Germany lost large chunks of territory … </li></ul>
Military Clauses …  abolish their military draft …  army of just 100,000 men …  no heavy artillery, tanks, or planes …  a ...
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe Austria - The Treaty of St Germain  10th September 1919 Land  - Austria lost land to Ita...
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe Often new boundaries did not match natural ethnic divisions.
Genocide SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
The Ottoman Empire paid a high price for being on the losing side. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
League of Nations <ul><li>Two main aims: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To promote international cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
League of Nations <ul><li>The Assembly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each nation = ONE vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Council –  ...
Mandates SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe …  provided a way to deal with the overseas colonies of defeated powers UNTIL t...
Political Cartoon Creating a “New” Europe
Political Cartoon Creating a “New” Europe
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe Exhausted from his vigorous efforts toward ratification of the Versailles Treaty, travel...
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe Secretariat Council Permanent Members Rotating Members Assembly League of Nations World ...
Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 27 <ul><ul><ul><li>1. What role did propaganda play in World War I? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><u...
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Ch_18.5

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Ch_18.5

  1. 1. CHAPTER 27 Section 1: Setting the Stage for War Section 2: World War I: A New Kind of War Section 3: The Russian Revolution Section 4: The Terms of Peace Section 5: Creating a “New” Europe World War I and the Russian Revolution
  2. 2. SECTION 5 Bell Ringer 18.5: How was the League of Nations structured, and what was its relationship to the World Court? Creating a “New” Europe
  3. 3. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe WORLD COURT League of Nations __________ ____________ ___________ Permanent Members Rotating Members
  4. 4. Treaty of Versailles SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe German Republic representatives sign the treaty at the Palace of Versailles – May 1919
  5. 5. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe <ul><li>Made Germany admit it was guilty of starting the war … and must alone pay reparations (+ the treaty did not even state HOW MUCH Germany had to pay …) </li></ul>
  6. 6. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe <ul><li>Germany lost Alsace-Lorraine to France … Allied troops would occupy the Rhineland. </li></ul>
  7. 7. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe <ul><li>Germany lost large chunks of territory … </li></ul>
  8. 8. Military Clauses … abolish their military draft … army of just 100,000 men … no heavy artillery, tanks, or planes … a couple of warships – NO submarines Ensure that Germany will not be able to start a war. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
  9. 9. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
  10. 10. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe Austria - The Treaty of St Germain 10th September 1919 Land - Austria lost land to Italy, Czechoslovakia and Serbia (Yugoslavia). Army - To be reduced to 30,000 men. Anschluss - Union with Germany was forbidden . Reparations - Austria was to pay reparations but went bankrupt before the rate could be set. Hungary - The Treaty of Trianon 4th June 1920 Land - Hungary lost land to Austria, Czechoslovakia, Romania and Serbia (Yugoslavia) reducing its size from 283,000 sq km to less than 93,000sq km. Population was reduced from 18.2 million to 7.6 million. Army - To be reduced to 35,000 men Reparations - Hungary was to pay reparations but the amount was never set. Bulgaria - The Treaty of Neuilly 27th November 1919 Land - Bulgaria lost land to Greece, Romania and Serbia (Yugoslavia). Army - restrictions were made on the size of Bulgaria's army Reparations - Bulgaria had to pay £90 million in reparations Turkey - The Treaty of Sevres 20th August 1920 Land - Turkey lost land to Greece. The League of Nations took control of Turkey's colonies.
  11. 11. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe Often new boundaries did not match natural ethnic divisions.
  12. 12. Genocide SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
  13. 13. The Ottoman Empire paid a high price for being on the losing side. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
  14. 14. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
  15. 15. League of Nations <ul><li>Two main aims: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To promote international cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To keep peace among nations by settling disputes and reducing armaments </li></ul></ul>SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
  16. 16. League of Nations <ul><li>The Assembly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each nation = ONE vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Council – main peacekeeping body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GB, Fr, Italy, Japan & US + four rotating members </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Secretariat – conducted the official work of the League </li></ul><ul><li>World Court in The Hague, Netherlands </li></ul>SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
  17. 17. Mandates SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe … provided a way to deal with the overseas colonies of defeated powers UNTIL the people of the colony were READY for independence.
  18. 18. Political Cartoon Creating a “New” Europe
  19. 19. Political Cartoon Creating a “New” Europe
  20. 20. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe Exhausted from his vigorous efforts toward ratification of the Versailles Treaty, traveling 8,000 miles by rail around the country, Wilson fell ill and would never fully recover. He was unable to travel to Norway to accept the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize.
  21. 21. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
  22. 22. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe
  23. 23. SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe Secretariat Council Permanent Members Rotating Members Assembly League of Nations World Court
  24. 24. Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 27 <ul><ul><ul><li>1. What role did propaganda play in World War I? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. How did World War I affect relations between the world’s great powers? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. How was industry affected by World War I? </li></ul></ul></ul>

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