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Group Dynamics


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Class on Group Dynamics

Class on Group Dynamics

Published in: Education, Business, Technology

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  • 1. Group Dynamics refers to the study of human behaviors in a group
  • 2.  
  • 3. “ A collection of two or more interacting individuals with a stable pattern of relationship between them, who share common goals and who perceive themselves as being a group.
  • 4.
    • Groups are recognized as important units
    • Helps in directing and channelizing the constructive efforts
    • Common goals of the company is fulfilled
    • Group Dynamics was first introduced by corporate giants like Toyota, Motorola, GE, etc.
  • 5.
    • Primary and Secondary Groups.
    • Membership and Reference Groups.
    • Command and Task Groups.
    • In-Groups and Out-Groups.
    Types of Groups
  • 6.
    • Deliberately created to perform a specific task, a hierarchy of authority exists .rules and regulations guide the behaviour of small groups.
    • Command group- specified by org chart and includes supervisor and his Subordinates.
    • Temporary Task Group- employees work together to complete a particular Task or Project.
    Formal Groups
  • 7.
    • It forms the Grapevine of the company. These are not formed under company rules and policies. They form a consequential part of the company by easing out any kind of stress or tensions
    • It helps in:
    • Groups’ survival and provision of benefits
    • Simplify the behavioral characteristics of the group and make actions more predictable.
    • Effective communication is ensured from the top to the bottom without the line of authority.
    Informal Groups
  • 8.
    • Group Norms
    • Group Cohesiveness
    • Group Decision Making
    Group Behaviour
  • 9. High Low Cohesiveness High Low Performance Norms Group Cohesiveness and Productivity
  • 10.
    • Brainstorming
    • Nominal Group Technique- structured group meeting, rank a series of ideas, encourages creativity, prevents strong personality types from dominating the group.
    • Delphi Technique- no face to face interaction, filling up questionnaires, this is used where timing for decision-making is not of prime importance.
    • Dialectic Decision method
    Techniques for Improving Group Decision Making
  • 11. Group development
    • Dr Bruce Tuckman published his Forming Storming Norming Performing model in 1965. He added a fifth stage, Adjourning, in the 1970's.
  • 12. Stages of Group Dynamics
    • 1. Forming :
    • It is the initial stage marked by uncertainty and confusion. The structure of the group is uncertain and unpredictable. Leadership cannot be implemented effectively .
  • 13.
    • 2. Storming :
    • There is a huge rift created because of various disparities and disagreements between members.
    Stages of Group Dynamics
  • 14.
    • 3. Norming :
    • Situation of chaos is finally settled. The groups are finally realized and “I” is replaced by “WE”.
    Stages of Group Dynamics
  • 15.
    • 4. Performing:
    • Team Work forms the very essence of the group. The assigned task is completed with devotion and perseverance.
    Stages of Group Dynamics
  • 16.
    • 5. Adjourning :
    • This represents the end of the group. In this case the mission is accomplished and its time to disband the group or have a new composition. All the stages starts over again.
    Stages of Group Dynamics
  • 17. Task Roles/Functions/Behaviors
    • Information and Opinion Giver
    • Information and Opinion Seeker
    • Starter
    • Direction Giver 
    • Summarizer
    • Coordinator 
    • Diagnoser
    • Energizer 
    • Reality Tester 
    • Evaluator
  • 18. Relationship Roles/Functions/Behaviors
    • Encourager of Participation
    • Harmonizer and Compromiser
    • Tension Reliever
    • Communication Helper 
    • Evaluator of Emotional Climate
    • Process Observer
    • Standard Setter
    • Active Listener
    • Trust Builder
    • Interpersonal Problem Solver 
  • 19.  
  • 20.