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Group Dynamics

Group Dynamics



Class on Group Dynamics

Class on Group Dynamics



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    Group Dynamics Group Dynamics Presentation Transcript

    • Group Dynamics refers to the study of human behaviors in a group
    • “ A collection of two or more interacting individuals with a stable pattern of relationship between them, who share common goals and who perceive themselves as being a group.
      • Groups are recognized as important units
      • Helps in directing and channelizing the constructive efforts
      • Common goals of the company is fulfilled
      • Group Dynamics was first introduced by corporate giants like Toyota, Motorola, GE, etc.
      • Primary and Secondary Groups.
      • Membership and Reference Groups.
      • Command and Task Groups.
      • In-Groups and Out-Groups.
      Types of Groups
      • Deliberately created to perform a specific task, a hierarchy of authority exists .rules and regulations guide the behaviour of small groups.
      • Command group- specified by org chart and includes supervisor and his Subordinates.
      • Temporary Task Group- employees work together to complete a particular Task or Project.
      Formal Groups
      • It forms the Grapevine of the company. These are not formed under company rules and policies. They form a consequential part of the company by easing out any kind of stress or tensions
      • It helps in:
      • Groups’ survival and provision of benefits
      • Simplify the behavioral characteristics of the group and make actions more predictable.
      • Effective communication is ensured from the top to the bottom without the line of authority.
      Informal Groups
      • Group Norms
      • Group Cohesiveness
      • Group Decision Making
      Group Behaviour
    • High Low Cohesiveness High Low Performance Norms Group Cohesiveness and Productivity
      • Brainstorming
      • Nominal Group Technique- structured group meeting, rank a series of ideas, encourages creativity, prevents strong personality types from dominating the group.
      • Delphi Technique- no face to face interaction, filling up questionnaires, this is used where timing for decision-making is not of prime importance.
      • Dialectic Decision method
      Techniques for Improving Group Decision Making
    • Group development
      • Dr Bruce Tuckman published his Forming Storming Norming Performing model in 1965. He added a fifth stage, Adjourning, in the 1970's.
    • Stages of Group Dynamics
      • 1. Forming :
      • It is the initial stage marked by uncertainty and confusion. The structure of the group is uncertain and unpredictable. Leadership cannot be implemented effectively .
      • 2. Storming :
      • There is a huge rift created because of various disparities and disagreements between members.
      Stages of Group Dynamics
      • 3. Norming :
      • Situation of chaos is finally settled. The groups are finally realized and “I” is replaced by “WE”.
      Stages of Group Dynamics
      • 4. Performing:
      • Team Work forms the very essence of the group. The assigned task is completed with devotion and perseverance.
      Stages of Group Dynamics
      • 5. Adjourning :
      • This represents the end of the group. In this case the mission is accomplished and its time to disband the group or have a new composition. All the stages starts over again.
      Stages of Group Dynamics
    • Task Roles/Functions/Behaviors
      • Information and Opinion Giver
      • Information and Opinion Seeker
      • Starter
      • Direction Giver 
      • Summarizer
      • Coordinator 
      • Diagnoser
      • Energizer 
      • Reality Tester 
      • Evaluator
    • Relationship Roles/Functions/Behaviors
      • Encourager of Participation
      • Harmonizer and Compromiser
      • Tension Reliever
      • Communication Helper 
      • Evaluator of Emotional Climate
      • Process Observer
      • Standard Setter
      • Active Listener
      • Trust Builder
      • Interpersonal Problem Solver