Group dynamics

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Group dynamics

  1. 1. GROUP DYNAMICS
  2. 2. Definition: Group Two or more individuals, interacting and independent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives
  3. 3. Think…..     Almost all of our time is spent interacting in groups; we are educated in groups, we work in groups, we worship in groups, and we play in groups. But even though we live our lives in groups, we often take them for granted. Consider their influence on you by enumerating the groups to which you belong, as well as those that influence you. 1. Make a list of all the groups you belong to now. List as many as possible; don't forget family, clubs, sport teams, classes, social groups, cliques of friends, workteams, and social categories that are meaningful to you (e.g., Indian). 2. Which group has changed the most over time? Describe this change briefly? 3. Which group has influenced you, as an individual, the most? Explain the group's influence on you briefly. 4. Identify five groups that you do not belong to, but that influence you in some way. Of these groups, which one influences you--your behaviors, your emotions, or your outcomes--the most?
  4. 4. Types of groups      Formal Informal Command Task Interest
  5. 5. Stages of Group Development      Forming Storming Norming Performing Adjourning
  6. 6. Sociometry  Analytical technique for studying group interactions
  7. 7. Group behaviour model  - External conditions imposed on group Organisational strategy Authority structures Formal regulations Organisational resources HR selection process Performance evaluation and reward system Organisational culture Physical work settings
  8. 8. Group member resources -Abilities -Personality characteristics 
  9. 9. Group Structure - Formal Leadership - Roles : A set of expected behaviour patterns attributed to someone occupying a given position in a social unit -Role Identity: Attitudes and behaviours consistent with a role -Role Perception - Role expectation - Role Conflict
  10. 10.  Norms: Acceptable standards of behaviour within a group that are shared by group members - Performance norms Appearance norms Social arrangement norms Allocation of resources norms
  11. 11. How norms develop?    Explicit statements made by a group member Critical events in group history Primacy
  12. 12. Why norms develop? - - Facilitates group survival Increases predictability of group members’ behaviours Reduces embarrassing situations Gives identity to group
  13. 13. Status Status is a socially defined position or rank given to groups or group members by others - status and norms
  14. 14.   Size -Social Loafing Composition - Group Demography
  15. 15.  Cohesiveness Degree to which group members are attracted to each other and are motivated to stay in group
  16. 16. Group Processes    Synergy: An action of two or more substances that results in an effect that is different from the individual summation of the substances Group Think Group Shift
  17. 17. GROUP THINK
  18. 18. Group Exercise Make 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 triangles using these six sticks

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