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and independent, who
have come together
to achieve particular
Almost all of our time is spent interacting in groups; we are
educated in groups, we work in groups, we worship in groups, and
we play in groups. But even though we live our lives in groups, we
often take them for granted. Consider their influence on you by
enumerating the groups to which you belong, as well as those that
1. Make a list of all the groups you belong to now. List as many as possible;
don't forget family, clubs, sport teams, classes, social groups, cliques of friends,
workteams, and social categories that are meaningful to you (e.g., Indian).
2. Which group has changed the most over time? Describe this change briefly?
3. Which group has influenced you, as an individual, the most? Explain the
group's influence on you briefly.
4. Identify five groups that you do not belong to, but that influence you in some
way. Of these groups, which one influences you--your behaviors, your
emotions, or your outcomes--the most?
Types of groups
Stages of Group Development
for studying group
Group behaviour model
External conditions imposed on group
HR selection process
Performance evaluation and reward system
Physical work settings
Group member resources
Roles : A set of expected behaviour patterns
attributed to someone occupying a given
position in a social unit
-Role Identity: Attitudes and behaviours consistent with a
- Role expectation
- Role Conflict
Norms: Acceptable standards of behaviour
within a group that are shared by group
Social arrangement norms
Allocation of resources norms
How norms develop?
made by a group
Critical events in
Why norms develop?
Facilitates group survival
Reduces embarrassing situations
Gives identity to group
Status is a socially
defined position or
rank given to groups
or group members
- status and norms
Degree to which
group members are
attracted to each
motivated to stay in
Synergy: An action of two or more
substances that results in an effect that is
different from the individual summation of the
Make 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 triangles using these six sticks