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Groups in Organisations and Group Dynamics.

Its An Groups In Organisations ppt and it for BMM Purpose.

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Groups in Organisations and Group Dynamics.

  2. 2. DEFINITIONS Stephen robbins defines a group “as two or moreindividuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives.”
  3. 3. TYPES OF GROUPSMost individuals belong to various types of groups. Thesedifferent groups can be broadly classified in two types.• {1} FORMAL GROUPS: these groups are consciously created to serve an organizational objective. The crew of an airline flight is an example of a formal group.• Formal groups can be further divided into different types.• [a] Command group: It is a group determine by the connection between individual who are a formal part of the organization. For eg, the marketing department comprising of the general manager and the other marketing staff.• [b] Task group: A task group is created by the management to accomplish certain organizational goals. It is specifically created to solve the problem or preform a defined task.
  4. 4. [2] INFORMAL GROUPS: Informal groups are groups thatdevelop naturally among people, without any direction fromthe organization within they operate. They are formedspontaneously and are based on personal relationships orspecific interests.The different types of informal groups are:[a] Interest groups: Interest groups consist of person whoshare common interests. They may be job related interest, orsuch as sports, national politics or religion.[b] Friendship groups: friendship group consist of individualwho come together because they share one or more commoncharacteristics. They consist of people with natural affinities forone another.
  5. 5. STAGES OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT Every group passes through different stages in its lifecycle. According to a popular model, every group passesthrough five distinct stages of group development.(1) Forming: In the forming stages the members sharepersonal information and try to know more about thetasks to be preformed.(2) Storming: the members compete for positions of statusand control. This is a period of high emotionality andtension among group members. The storming stage iscompleted when the intra group conflicts are resolved andthe group’s leadership is accepted.
  6. 6. (3) Norming: In this stage the group really begins to cometogether as a co-ordinated unit. Members start co-operatingwith each other and place their competing interest in thebackground.(4) Performing: This stage is sometimes called as totalintegration. During this stage, the group members workeffectively and efficiently towards achieving the groupobjectives.(5) Adjourning: In this stage the group prepares fordisbandment. The group’s focus is now on wrapping upactivities rather than achieving high task performance.
  7. 7. WHY DO PEOPLE JOIN GROUPSpeople join groups for a variety of different reason. Most peoplebelong to several groups because different groups providedifferent benefits. The following are the benefits:(1) Security.(2) Self-esteem.(3) Status.(4) Affiliation.(5) Power.(6) Goal achievement.(7) Satisfaction of needs.(8) Shared interest and goals.
  8. 8. GROUPS DYNAMICS- FACTORS INFLUENCING WORKING OF GROUPS Each group has its own unique personality. This is becauseseveral factors affect the working of groups. The differentfactors that influence group dynamics can be classified in to: (1) EXTERNAL FACTORS (2) GROUP RESOURCES (3) GROUP STRUCTURE (4) GROUP PROCESS (5) GROUP TASKS
  9. 9. Fig 6.1 Group Behaviour Model
  10. 10. EXTERNAL CONDITIONS work groups don’t exists in isolation. They are a part of thelarger organization. They are as follows.(1) organization strategy.(2) authority structures.(3) formal regulations.(4) organizational resources.(5) human resources selection process.(6) performance evaluation and reward system.(7) organizational culture.(8) physical work setting.
  11. 11. GROUP MEMBER RESOURCESTo succeed a group must have members with the right skills andcompetencies. The resources that individual members bring to thegroup have a strong influence on its performance. Abilities andpersonality characteristics of group members are two importantresources.(1) Abilities: What group members can do it has a strong bearingon group performance. Intellectual and task relevant ability ofgroup members affects overall group performance.(2) Personality characteristics: The personality traits of individualgroup members strongly influence how they interact with othergroup members. Characteristics such as authoritarianism anddominance have a negative impact on groups.
  12. 12. GROUP STRUCTURE Group structure refers to the pattern of interrelationshipsbetween the individuals constituting a group. The differentaspects or variables of group structure are:(1) Formal leadership(2) Roles(3) Norms(4) Status(5) Size(6) Cohesiveness(7) Composition
  13. 13. GROUP PROCESS Group process includes the communication patterns used bymembers for information exchange, group decision processes,leader behavior, conflicts and the like. One group process thathas generated considerable interest among researchers is thesocial facilitation effect. Psychologists have given differentexplanations for the social facilitation effect. Some of theprominent explanations are:(1) Drive theory.(2) Evaluation apprehension.(3) Distraction-conflict model.
  14. 14. GROUP TASK Task may be simple, routine and standardized or they becomplex, non routine, and novel. The nature of the taskmoderates the group process and effect group performanceand member satisfaction. For certain kind of tasks, large groupsare more suitable while for some tasks smaller groups aredesirable. Greater interaction among group members isrequired when there is a high degree of interdependenceamong the tasks that group members must perform.
  15. 15. THE END MADE BY :HARISH 05