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  2. 3. ORIGIN <ul><li>Panel discussion technique was originated by Harry . A. Overstreet in 1929 </li></ul>
  3. 4. definition: PANEL DISCUSSION <ul><li>It is a discussion in which few persons ( the panel) carry on conversation in front of the audience. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of the discussion audience also participates. </li></ul><ul><li>The audience put important questions and the experts answers them and clarify the points </li></ul>
  4. 5. purpose <ul><li>Purpose of the panel discussion is to reproduce the features of a small discussion group for the benefit of a larger group </li></ul>
  5. 6. OBJECTIVES OF PANEL DISCUSSION <ul><li>To provide information and new facts. </li></ul><ul><li>To analyze a problem from different angles </li></ul><ul><li>To identify the values. </li></ul><ul><li>To organize for mental recreation </li></ul>
  6. 7. TYPES OF PANEL DISCUSSIONS <ul><li>1. public panel discussions </li></ul><ul><li>2. educational panel discussions </li></ul>
  7. 8. PUBLIC PANEL DISCUSSIONS <ul><li>These are organized for common men problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>To provide factual information regarding current problems </li></ul><ul><li>To determine social values </li></ul><ul><li>To recreate the common men </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. annual budget, educated unemployment , increase in price of things. </li></ul>
  8. 9. EDUCATIONAL PANEL DISCUSSIONS <ul><li>Used in educational institutions to provide factual & conceptual knowledge and clarification of certain theories and principles. </li></ul><ul><li>Some times these are organized to find out the solutions of certain problems </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Objectives of educational panel discussions </li></ul><ul><li>To provide factual information and conceptual knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>To give awareness of theories and principles </li></ul><ul><li>To provide solution of certain problems </li></ul>
  10. 11. Procedure of panel discussion
  11. 12. Types of members in panel discussion <ul><li>Instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Moderator </li></ul><ul><li>Panelists </li></ul><ul><li>Audience </li></ul>
  12. 13. 1.INSTRUCTOR <ul><li>Plays most important role in panel discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Plans how , where , when panel discussion will be organized </li></ul><ul><li>Prepares the schedule for panel discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes rehearsal is also planned </li></ul>
  13. 14. 2. MODERATOR <ul><li>Keeps the discussion on the theme and encourages interaction among members. </li></ul><ul><li>Summarizes & highlights the points. </li></ul><ul><li>Should have mastery on the theme or problem of the discussion. </li></ul>
  14. 15. 3.PANELISTS <ul><li>There are 4 – 10 panelists in the discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Members sits in a semi circle shape in front of the audience </li></ul><ul><li>The moderator sits in the middle of the panelists </li></ul><ul><li>All panelists must have mastery of the subject matter. </li></ul>
  15. 16. 4. AUDIENCE <ul><li>Audience are allowed to put question and seek clarification. </li></ul><ul><li>They can present their point of view and their experiences regarding the theme. </li></ul><ul><li>The panelists answers </li></ul><ul><li>In some situations moderator also tries to answer the Qn </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>At the end of discussion , moderator summarizes the discussions and presents his point of view </li></ul><ul><li>He expresses thanks to panelists and audience </li></ul>
  17. 18. Characteristics of panel discussion <ul><li>Used in university & college level to organize teaching at reflective level </li></ul><ul><li>Develops the ability of problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to understand nature, problem or theme of discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Develops ability of presentation of theme and giving their point of view logically. </li></ul><ul><li>Develops right type of attitude and ability to tolerate anti- ideas of others </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in creative thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Develops manners of putting Qn.s & answering them </li></ul>
  18. 19. Advantages of panel discussion <ul><li>Encourages social learning </li></ul><ul><li>Higher cognitive and affective objectives are achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Used to develop ability of problem solving and logical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Develops capacity to respect others ideas and feelings & ability to tolerate. </li></ul><ul><li>It provides opportunities of assimilation of theme and content. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Topic used in panel discussion <ul><li>Education as an instrument of social change. </li></ul><ul><li>Student teaching in teacher educatinon programme. </li></ul><ul><li>Population education. </li></ul><ul><li>Scope of educational technology in our country </li></ul><ul><li>Examination reform </li></ul>
  20. 21. Limitations of panel discussion <ul><li>There are chances to deviate from the theme of discussion </li></ul><ul><li>some members may dominate </li></ul><ul><li>There is possibility to split the group in to two subgroups ( for & against) </li></ul><ul><li>If panelist belong to different groups, it may not create appropriate learning situation </li></ul>
  21. 22. How to organize effective panel discussions <ul><li>There should be a rehearsal before actual panel discussions </li></ul><ul><li>The moderator should be a matured person and should have the full understanding of theme / problem & should have full control over the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>The seating arrangement should be such that every one should be of equal distance & should observe each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Moderator should encourage constructive discussion among panelists and audience </li></ul>
  22. 23. The end