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  1. 1. Ms. JEENA AEJY MS (N) PLAY
  2. 2. <ul><li>Just as the adult works ,so does the child play; it is the business of the child . </li></ul><ul><li>Through the play the child grows, develops learns, learns and ultimately matures. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  3. 3. VALUES OF PLAY <ul><li>PHYSICAL VALUE </li></ul><ul><li>INTELLECTUAL VALUE </li></ul><ul><li>MORAL VALUE </li></ul><ul><li>CREATIVE VALUE </li></ul><ul><li>THERAPEUTIC VALUE </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIALIZATION </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  4. 4. PHYSICAL VALUE Muscular & sensory abilities are developed . Infants & young children develop their sensory abilities through the tactile, visual and auditory sensations derived from playing with rattles balls & other toys. JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  5. 5. <ul><li>Toddlers & preschool children enjoy large muscle activity such as running, climbing & exploring the environment . </li></ul><ul><li>School age children organize their movements into more complex forms like bicycle riding, racing. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  6. 6. INTELLECTUAL VALUE JEENA AEJY MS(N) Children learn the differences in sizes, shape, colors, textures, numbers, & names of the objects. They learn to understand special relationships, to do abstract thinking ,& to engage in problem solving activities. Distinguished what is real & what is unreal/ fantasy.
  7. 7. MORAL VALUE <ul><li>Cultural values like honesty , integrity, sportsmanship, & compassion are learned. </li></ul><ul><li>They assumes responsibility for their own actions. </li></ul><ul><li>should adhere to the group values & can be expelled if they don’t. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  8. 8. CREATIVE VALUE <ul><li>Playing with materials like clay , paper & finger paints. </li></ul><ul><li>Children are most creative when they are playing alone. </li></ul><ul><li>They carry their new discoveries to the outside world of play. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  9. 9. THERAPEUTIC VALUE <ul><li>Play provides the release of stress and tension. </li></ul><ul><li>Children express their emotions and test out frightening situations in a way that peers and adults can accept. </li></ul><ul><li>They reveal themselves through play. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  10. 10. <ul><li>Nurses can carefully observe the play of children & determine needs , concerns & feelings that cannot be put in to words. </li></ul><ul><li>Children should be protected if they become aggressive & should be guided into less aggressive type of play. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  11. 11. SOCIALIZATION <ul><li>Social & emotional development is enhanced through play. </li></ul><ul><li>When they play with adults , parents and peers they develop social relationship. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  12. 12. CLASSIFICATION OF PLAY <ul><li>PATTERNS OF CHILDREN’S PLAY CAN BE CATEGORIZED ACCORDING TO </li></ul><ul><li>CONTENT </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL CHARECTER </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  13. 13. SOCIAL CHARACTER OF PLAY <ul><li>1. unoccupied behavior </li></ul><ul><li>2. solitary independent play </li></ul><ul><li>3.onlooking </li></ul><ul><li>4. parallel play </li></ul><ul><li>5. associative play </li></ul><ul><li>6. Co-operative play </li></ul><ul><li>(According to Parten & Newhall ) </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  14. 14. 1. unoccupied behavior <ul><li>No play activity in the usual sense of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest extend of social involvement. </li></ul><ul><li>Child moves around randomly, crawl under a table climb on & off a chair , follow another person, or just stand alone fidgeting. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  15. 15. 2. solitary independent play <ul><li>Child plays alone & independent. </li></ul><ul><li>Child doesn't acknowledge what others may be doing in the area. </li></ul><ul><li>Is concentrating on play only. </li></ul><ul><li>Pre – toddlers & toddlers engage in this form of play. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  16. 16. 3.Onlooker behavior <ul><li>The child watches others & doesn't become engaged in their play. </li></ul><ul><li>He/ she sits or stands near other children to hear or see what is going on. </li></ul><ul><li>May communicate with them </li></ul><ul><li>But younger children exhibit more solitary & parallel play. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  17. 17. 4. parallel play <ul><li>A type of independent activity in which the child plays with toys of either similar or identical to those used by other children nearby. </li></ul><ul><li>The child plays alongside others but not with them. </li></ul><ul><li>They may join or leave such group at will. </li></ul><ul><li>Children of 2-3 yrs play in this manner. Can be seen in early pre school yrs too. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  18. 18. JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  19. 19. JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  20. 20. 5. Associative play <ul><li>Common among children from 3-4 yrs of age. </li></ul><ul><li>Social interaction occurs between or among children ( all of them emerging in similar identical activity). </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  21. 21. <ul><li>Characteristics are : </li></ul><ul><li>Leading & following one another </li></ul><ul><li>Lending & borrowing play things </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling( who will be & who will not be allowed to participate in the play. </li></ul><ul><li>No attempts to organize the activity or to decide the play tasks. </li></ul><ul><li>So all engage in basically same thing </li></ul><ul><li>Interest lies in the associatio0n with others , not in the play itself. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  22. 22. JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  23. 23. 6. Co-operative play <ul><li>Found in children after preschool yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>This is organized and children play in a group with other children. </li></ul><ul><li>They discuss & plan activities for a purpose of accomplishing an end – to make something, to attain connective goal, to dramatize situations of adult or group life, or to play formal games. </li></ul><ul><li>The group is loosely formed , but there are marked sense of belonging or not belonging. </li></ul><ul><li>The leader & follower relationship is established. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  24. 24. JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  25. 25. CONTENT OF PLAY <ul><li>This involves physical aspects of the play along with the social relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>It follows a directional trend of simple to complex </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  26. 26. <ul><li>THE CONTENTS OF THE PLAY ARE </li></ul><ul><li>Social affective play </li></ul><ul><li>Sense pleasure play </li></ul><ul><li>Skill play </li></ul><ul><li>Un occupied behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic or pretend play </li></ul><ul><li>games </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  27. 27. Social affective play <ul><li>Play begins with social affective play, where in infants take pleasure in relationships with people. </li></ul><ul><li>As the adults talk, touch, nuzzle etc.. to get response from the infant the child soon learns to provoke personal emotions / responses with such behaviors smiling , cooing, or initiating games & activities. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  28. 28. Sense pleasure play <ul><li>A non social stimulating experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Objects in the environment like light & color, taste & odors , textures and consistencies  attract children’s attention stimulates their senses & give pleasure </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  29. 29. <ul><li>Pleasurable experiences are derived from handling raw materials ( water , sand & food…), </li></ul><ul><li>from body motions (swinging, bouncing , rocking… ) </li></ul><ul><li>& from other uses of senses and abilities (smelling , humming..) </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  30. 30. Skill play <ul><li>After infants develops the ability to grasp and manipulates, they demonstrate & exercise their newly acquired abilities through skill play. </li></ul><ul><li>Determination to practice a skill may be evident </li></ul><ul><li>Pain and frustration may be felt. ( e.g. bicycle riding) </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  31. 31. Un occupied behavior <ul><li>Here children are not playful but focuses their attention on anything that strikes their interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Children may daydream, fiddle with cloths / other objects or walks aimlessly. </li></ul><ul><li>This is different from onlooker play (who actively observes others activity.) </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  32. 32. Dramatic or pretend play <ul><li>Also known as symbolic / pretend play </li></ul><ul><li>Begins in late infancy (11- 13 months) to preschool age. </li></ul><ul><li>By acting out events of daily life children learn and practice the role and identities , modeled by members of their family & society. </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  33. 33. Dramatic play JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  34. 34. Games JEENA AEJY MS(N)
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  36. 36. Toy safety & selection of play materials JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  37. 37. JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  38. 38. Therapeutic play JEENA AEJY MS(N)
  39. 39. <ul><li>Play can help children “talk” about feelings that they do not know how to verbalize </li></ul>JEENA AEJY MS(N)