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Health education power point


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Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology

Health education power point

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Health informationIt is an integral part of the nationalhealth system. It is a basic tool ofmanagement and a key input forthe progress of any
  3. 3. Health information system• A mechanism for thecollection, processing, analysis andtransmission of information requiredfor organizing and operating healthservices and also for research
  4. 4. Objectives:(1) To provide reliable, relevant, up-to-date,adequate, timely and reasonably completeinformation for health managers at all levels(central, intermediate and local)(2) To provide at periodic intervals, data that will showthe general performance of the health services.(3) To assist planners in studying their currentfunctioning and trends in demand and
  5. 5. Information and its requirementsA WHO Expert Committee identified the following requirements to besatisfied by the health information system.(1) The system should be population based.(2) The system should avoid the unnecessary agglomeration ofdata.(3) The system should be problem oriented.(4) The system should employ functional and operational terms(e.g. episode of illness, treatment regimens, laboratory test)(5) The system should express information briefly andimaginatively(6) The system should make provision for the feed-back of
  6. 6. Components of health information system:(1) Demography and vital events(2) Environmental health statistics(3) Health status: mortality, morbidity, disability andquality of life(4) Health resources: facilities, beds, manpower(5) Utilization and non-utilization of health services:attendance, admission, waiting list(6) Indices of outcome of medical care(7) Financial statistics related to the
  7. 7. Uses of health information:• The important uses to which health informationmay be applied are:(1) To measure the health status of the people and toquantify their health problems and Medical andhealth care needs.(2) For local, national and international comparison ofhealth status(3) For planning, administration and management ofhealth services and
  8. 8. (4) For assessing whether health services areaccomplishing their objectives in terms oftheir effectiveness and efficiency(5) For assessing the attitude and degree ofsatisfaction of the beneficiary with the healthsystem(6) For research into particular problems ofhealth and
  9. 9. Management information system:• Management information systemmeans a formal system thatprovides timely and necessaryinformation to the manager formaking
  10. 10. Health management information system:• It is a part of Management informationsystem which is a formal system thatsupplies timely and necessaryinformation to the health plannersthrough surveillance for monitoring andmaking decisions in the area of healthcare delivery
  11. 11. Surveillance:• Surveillance is an integral part of theManagement information system. One ofthe modules of the child survival and safemotherhood programme states: “ Aneffective surveillance system is essentialto achieve the goals as reliableepidemiological data are necessary foreffective planning, monitoring the qualityservices and documentation of impact”
  12. 12. Importance of surveillance:• The data generated through surveillance are importantin planning health services because they are:(1) Highlight the magnitude of an illness as a public healthproblem.(2) Help in planning appropriate programmeinterventions based on epidemiological data.(3) Monitor the quality of community and institutionalhealth services being rendered.(4) Estimate programme needs for drugs(in terms of thecountry’s national policy)(5) Document impact of health services, reduction inmortality and morbidity rates, declining trends ofdiseases, prevention of cases, complication and deathetc.
  13. 13. Types of surveillance:• (1) Active surveillance:This type of surveillance, where activeparticipation of the concerned personnel come intoplay is known as active surveillance.Eg. Collecting information on fever cases and bloodslides for detection of malaria.(2) Passive surveillance:Passive surveillance on the contrary is thattype of surveillance, where health data are availablefrom hospital and other health facilities, whereconsumers come on their own seeking necessaryhealth related
  14. 14. Health education• “Health education is a process thatinforms, motivates and helps people toadopt and maintain healthy practicesand lifestyles, advocates environmentalchanges as needed to facilitate this goaland conducts, professional training andresearch to the same end”
  15. 15. Objectives of health education(1) Informing people:(2) Motivating people:(3) Guiding into
  17. 17. Thank