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Urbanization
Definition
3
1
2
Urbanization in Germany
Urbanization worldwide
4
2
Conclusion
Agenda
Definition
Urbanization is
,,the process by which more and
more people leave the countryside to live in
cities.”
(Cambridge Dictionary)
Definition
Mega City City with minimum 5m inhabitants
[Istanbul, London, Moscow, St.Petersburg]
Mega Region City plus suburbs with minimum 10m inhabitants
Meta City City with more than 20m inhabitants
Global City finacial and economic country‘s
centre, not related to population
[Frankfurt, London, Paris, Zurich]
Definition
3
1
5
Urbanization in Germany
Urbanization worldwide
4
2
Conclusion
Development
Growth in world population
1950 2,5 bn
2015 7,2 bn
2050 9,3 bn
Growth of people living in urban areas
1950 30%
2015 50%
2050 70%
Mega City
World‘s fastest growing city
Nigeria’s capital had around 2 million inhabitants
in the 1970’s, but today it boasts 16 million
people with a growth rate of 85 new Lagosians
per hour. 2030 expected population = 24,24m
Lagos
Meta City
Jing-Jin-Ji World‘s future biggest city with 130
Million inhabitants
Reasons for the construction Improving air
quality, reducing time for commuting,
decreasing prosperity difference between rural
and urban area
Reasons for Urbanization
• Growth of Population
• Economic Development
Push-Factors
• Poverty
• Loss of workplaces in the agricultural sector
• Lack of educational institutions
Pull-Factors
• Access to food,water and medical treatment
• Better infastructure
• Networks in urban areas
Solution Approaches
Reducing the population growth
Birth Control  75m annualy pregnancies due to the lack of
contraception
Higher taxes from the 2nd child on/ reduction of child benefits
Investing in rural areas
Tax incentives to increase attractiveness for companies
Fighting corruption
As a prerequisite to receive financial
support from other countries
Definition
3
1
11
Urbanization in Germany
Urbanization worldwide
4
2
Conclusion
Reasons for Urbanization
Raising Student‘s Quote
2000 33,3% 2015 55,5%
Shutting down of companies/subsidiaries
Opel (Bochum), Praktiker (Kirkel), Karstadt (Essen),
Auguste Victoria (Marl), Nokia (Bochum), CocaCola
(Landshut)
Mass Migration
2015 1,1mio 2016 0,7 mio
Development of Population 2012-
2030
Germany‘s biggest cities
2015 2030 +
Berlin 3,52 3,90 10,8%
Munich 1,45 1,54 6,2%
Cologne 1,03 1,11 7,8%
Frankfurt 0,73 0,81 11,0%
Impacts
• Increasing Traffic in city centres
• Rising costs for housing
e.g. Munich 2005-2015: raise of rent: 50%
• Raise of unemployment rate
• Poverty
• Increasing criminality
• Social unrest
Solution Approaches
6,4 m2 = 100 Euro
Solution Approaches
Smart Home City
Establishment of a new town that
accomodates refugees
Definition
3
1
18
Urbanization in Germany
Urbanization worldwide
4
2
Conclusion
Conclusion
• Urbanization is strongly connected to the growth of
population!
• Urbanization is a worldwide challenge!
• Governments must develop concepts to avoid
overpopulation in the cities and
underpopulation in the rural areas!
• Governments must create incentives for
companies to build up subsidiaries in rural areas!
Thank you very
much for your
attention!
Sources
Desjardins, Jeff (2015): Mapped: The world’s fastest growing cities in:
http://www.visualcapitalist.com/mapped-the-worlds-fastest-growing-cities/
(as of 12.03.2017)
Financial Times (2010): From megacities to metacities in:
https://www.ft.com/content/e388a076-38d6-11df-9998-00144feabdc0 (as of
16.03.2017)
McKinsey (2016): Creating a ‘smart city’ from the ground up in India in:
http://www.mckinsey.com/industries/capital-projects-and-infrastructure/our-
insights/creating-a-smart-city-from-the-ground-up-in-india (as of 16.03.2017)
N.N. (2013): What is urbanization? in: http://www.conserve-energy-
future.com/causes-effects-solutions-urbanization.php (as of 12.03.2017)
Sources
Spiegel (2015): China plant 130 Millionen Megacity in:
http://www.spiegel.de/wirtschaft/soziales/peking-soll-zentrum-von-130-
millionen-stadt-jing-jin-ji-werden-a-1044834.html (as of 17.03.2017)
Tagesspiegel (2016): Berliner Architekt baut 100-Euro-Behausungen in:
http://www.tagesspiegel.de/berlin/wohnraum-in-berlin-berliner-architekt-
baut-100-euro-behausungen/14978988.html (as of 11.03.2017)
Tagesspiegel (2015): Der Run auf die Metropolen in:
http://www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/bevoelkerungsentwicklung-der-run-auf-
die-metropolen/12186496.html (as of 26.02.2017)
Welt (2015): Willkommen in Neu-Aleppo, der Stadt für Flüchtlinge in:
https://www.welt.de/politik/deutschland/article147740932/Willkommen-in-
Neu-Aleppo-der-Stadt-fuer-Fluechtlinge.html (as of 17.03.2017)

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Urbanization

  • 3. Definition Urbanization is ,,the process by which more and more people leave the countryside to live in cities.” (Cambridge Dictionary)
  • 4. Definition Mega City City with minimum 5m inhabitants [Istanbul, London, Moscow, St.Petersburg] Mega Region City plus suburbs with minimum 10m inhabitants Meta City City with more than 20m inhabitants Global City finacial and economic country‘s centre, not related to population [Frankfurt, London, Paris, Zurich]
  • 6. Development Growth in world population 1950 2,5 bn 2015 7,2 bn 2050 9,3 bn Growth of people living in urban areas 1950 30% 2015 50% 2050 70%
  • 7. Mega City World‘s fastest growing city Nigeria’s capital had around 2 million inhabitants in the 1970’s, but today it boasts 16 million people with a growth rate of 85 new Lagosians per hour. 2030 expected population = 24,24m Lagos
  • 8. Meta City Jing-Jin-Ji World‘s future biggest city with 130 Million inhabitants Reasons for the construction Improving air quality, reducing time for commuting, decreasing prosperity difference between rural and urban area
  • 9. Reasons for Urbanization • Growth of Population • Economic Development Push-Factors • Poverty • Loss of workplaces in the agricultural sector • Lack of educational institutions Pull-Factors • Access to food,water and medical treatment • Better infastructure • Networks in urban areas
  • 10. Solution Approaches Reducing the population growth Birth Control  75m annualy pregnancies due to the lack of contraception Higher taxes from the 2nd child on/ reduction of child benefits Investing in rural areas Tax incentives to increase attractiveness for companies Fighting corruption As a prerequisite to receive financial support from other countries
  • 12. Reasons for Urbanization Raising Student‘s Quote 2000 33,3% 2015 55,5% Shutting down of companies/subsidiaries Opel (Bochum), Praktiker (Kirkel), Karstadt (Essen), Auguste Victoria (Marl), Nokia (Bochum), CocaCola (Landshut) Mass Migration 2015 1,1mio 2016 0,7 mio
  • 14. Germany‘s biggest cities 2015 2030 + Berlin 3,52 3,90 10,8% Munich 1,45 1,54 6,2% Cologne 1,03 1,11 7,8% Frankfurt 0,73 0,81 11,0%
  • 15. Impacts • Increasing Traffic in city centres • Rising costs for housing e.g. Munich 2005-2015: raise of rent: 50% • Raise of unemployment rate • Poverty • Increasing criminality • Social unrest
  • 17. Solution Approaches Smart Home City Establishment of a new town that accomodates refugees
  • 19. Conclusion • Urbanization is strongly connected to the growth of population! • Urbanization is a worldwide challenge! • Governments must develop concepts to avoid overpopulation in the cities and underpopulation in the rural areas! • Governments must create incentives for companies to build up subsidiaries in rural areas!
  • 20. Thank you very much for your attention!
  • 21. Sources Desjardins, Jeff (2015): Mapped: The world’s fastest growing cities in: http://www.visualcapitalist.com/mapped-the-worlds-fastest-growing-cities/ (as of 12.03.2017) Financial Times (2010): From megacities to metacities in: https://www.ft.com/content/e388a076-38d6-11df-9998-00144feabdc0 (as of 16.03.2017) McKinsey (2016): Creating a ‘smart city’ from the ground up in India in: http://www.mckinsey.com/industries/capital-projects-and-infrastructure/our- insights/creating-a-smart-city-from-the-ground-up-in-india (as of 16.03.2017) N.N. (2013): What is urbanization? in: http://www.conserve-energy- future.com/causes-effects-solutions-urbanization.php (as of 12.03.2017)
  • 22. Sources Spiegel (2015): China plant 130 Millionen Megacity in: http://www.spiegel.de/wirtschaft/soziales/peking-soll-zentrum-von-130- millionen-stadt-jing-jin-ji-werden-a-1044834.html (as of 17.03.2017) Tagesspiegel (2016): Berliner Architekt baut 100-Euro-Behausungen in: http://www.tagesspiegel.de/berlin/wohnraum-in-berlin-berliner-architekt- baut-100-euro-behausungen/14978988.html (as of 11.03.2017) Tagesspiegel (2015): Der Run auf die Metropolen in: http://www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/bevoelkerungsentwicklung-der-run-auf- die-metropolen/12186496.html (as of 26.02.2017) Welt (2015): Willkommen in Neu-Aleppo, der Stadt für Flüchtlinge in: https://www.welt.de/politik/deutschland/article147740932/Willkommen-in- Neu-Aleppo-der-Stadt-fuer-Fluechtlinge.html (as of 17.03.2017)