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Road Cargo:
The Current State and the
Future of the Gigaliner Project
2
,,The Gigaliners are coming!“
(FAZ 22.12.2015)
Stop Gigaliners!
(Allianz pro Schiene,Alliance „No MegaTrucks“)
1
2
3
4
3
Cargo in Germany
The Current State of the
Gigaliner Project
Arguments for and against the
Gigaliner
Outlook & Conclusion
71,7
17,3
8,3
2,7 Road
Track
Shipping
Pipelines
Source: Own representation based on: Statista (2016)
Proportion on the total
freight traffic in
billion tonne kilometres
4
2015
Top 3 Goods
 Mining products (ores, soils,stones etc.)
 Mineral products (cement, glas, gypsum etc.)
 Food products
Tendency
Growth in total freight (Economic situation,
globalization, consumer‘s needs)
5
 Motorways
12.845 km of highways one of the densiest in the world
 Growth
1950-2000:Growth of 796% (Track: Growth of 41%)
 Distance
Road Cargo mostly used for short distances averagely distance: 132 km
 Toll
For Freight trucks since 2005 (min 12,5t) since 2015 (min 7,5 t)
 Tendency
Growth in road cargo (Rail strike, EU-enlargement,Gigaliners)
6
 1896 First truck constructed byW.
Maybach, built in Daimler factory
 Limitation of length and weight: 18,75m --
40t/44t (combined traffic)
 2016 2,8 mio. authorised trucks
 The biggest manufactures
7
5 1912
1
2
3
4
8
Cargo in Germany
The Current State of the
Gigaliner Project
Arguments for and against the
Gigaliner
Outlook & Conclusion
 Name of the prototype by Fahrzeugwerk
 Alternative terms: Eurocombi / Longliner/ LCV
(Long CombinationVehicle) / RoadTrain(AUS)
/ Ecocombi (SCAN/NL)/Megatrucks
 Maximum measures:25,25m 40/44t, 11.5 t
max per axe
 Especially transporting bulky goods
9
 Only in advance defined routes
(application and approval)
 Obligatory to stay on the right track
 Prohibition of overtaking on motorways
 5 years of driving experience on truck
 No accidents
 No entry in traffic penalty register
10
On the paper
EU Directive (96/53/EG) of 25. July 1996
Allows national states to decide over the permission to
use gigaliners maximum = 25,25 m and 60t
transnational traffic = 4ot
since December 2o11 permisson to test Gigaliners
since December 2012 offical field test (-12/16)
since June 2015 complete road network usable for
gigaliners
11
In the field
2015 119 Gigaliners on the road
2016 in 13 federal states allowed (exl.Berlin, Rhineland-
Palatinate, Saarland)
2016 72% of German people are against Gigaliners
12
73% higher risk of accidents
69% higher costs for tax payers through improvement work on street
65% higher environment damages through shifts from track to road
In the field (12 European countries)
1970 Starting of field tests
1996 officially in use
2016 announcement to increase the maximum weight
from 64 to 74 t
 Field tests with trucks up to 30m and 90t
1970 Starting of field tests
2013 maximum measures: 25m – 76t
[Density: 15,4/km2 (3.) = 230/km2]
13
In the field (12 European countries)
Field tests since 2001
Officaly use since 2011 25 m <50t
60t max.
largest and heaviest used trucks in the
world (up to 200t, majority 80-120t)
14
1
2
3
4
15
Cargo in Germany
The Current State of the Gigaliner
Project
Arguments for and against the
Gigaliner
Outlook & Conclusion
 Two Gigaliners can carry the freight of three
conventional trucks
 Reduction of costs up to 30% (25% reduction
of petrol)
 Gigaliners have shorter brake path than usual
trucks
16
 The greater length loads streets less than a
conventional truck (better distribution of
weight)
 Gigaliners are more environmentally friendly
compared to conventional trucks
17
 Up to 15 times higher Co2 Emission than
trains
 Wear of streets (1Truck equals 100.000 cars)
 Dangerous to other street drivers (in every
5th fatal car accident, a truck is involved)
18
 Harms environment indirectly as freight will
be shifted from track to street due to
decreasing costs for road cargo
 Parking, Overtaking, Roundabouts
19
1
2
3
4
20
Cargo in Germany
The Current State of the Gigaliner
Project
Arguments for and against the
Gigaliner
Outlook & Conclusion
21
8 Million ton kilometres will
be shifted from rail to road
Due to the reduction costs
for road cargo
(TU Berlin, 2015)
Traffic on
German streets
TransnationalTraffic
Draft law by European
Comission already in 2013
Results of 2016
ending field test
Positive tendency due to
progress report
Prognosis: Like many debated innovations the gigaliner will be
a self-evident member of the European street scene.
Thank you very
much for your
attention!
22
Books
Abele, Gerd (2003): Transportwirtschaft, 4.Auflage, München:
Oldenbourg
Bretzke,W; Barkawi,K. (2012): Nachhaltige Logistik – Antworten
auf eine globale Herausforderung, 2.Auflage, Berlin: Springer
Heidmann, Mark (2012): Der Gigaliner in Deutschland und Europa:
Entwicklung, aktuelle Diskussion und Blick in die Zukunft,
Hamburg: Diplomica
Vahrenkamp, Richard (2011): Die logistische Revolution – Aufstieg
zur Massenkonsumgesellschaft, Frankfurt: Campus
23
Electronic Sources
Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (2014): Feldversuch mit Lang-LKW in:
http://www.bast.de/DE/Verkehrstechnik/Fachthemen/v1-lang-lkw/v1-
zwischenbericht.pdf;jsessionid=A81AAF7897DDA4590B4DFE8AE9AB8BAB.live2130
3?__blob=publicationFile&v=6 (abgerufen am 11.11.2016)
BMVT (2008): Faktenblatt- Gigaliner in:
https://www.bmvit.gv.at/service/faktenblaetter/gigaliner.pdf (abgerufen am
11.11.2016)
FAZ (2015): Die Gigaliner kommen in: http://www.faz.net/aktuell/wirtschaft/neue-
mobilitaet/ende-eines-feldversuchs-2016-die-gigaliner-kommen-13980716.html
(abgerufen am 11.11.2016)
Frankfurter Rundschau (2010): Die Skandinavier lieben es XXXL in: http://www.fr-
online.de/wirtschaft/gigaliner-der-skandinavier-liebt-es-xxxl,1472780,4794768.html
(abgerufen am 11.11.2016)
24
Hütter, Andrea (2016): Güterverkehr in Deutschland 2014 in:
https://www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/WirtschaftStatistik/2016/01/Gueterv
erkehrDeutschland2014_012016.pdf?__blob=publicationFile (abgerufen am
11.11.2016)
o.V. (2016): Marktanteile: Der Erfolgskurs der Güterbahnen in:
https://www.allianz-pro-schiene.de/themen/gueterverkehr/marktanteile/
(abgerufen am 19.11.2016)
o.V. (2016): Allianz pro Schiene sieht „Dammbruch bei Gigalinern“ in:
https://www.allianz-pro-schiene.de/presse/pressemitteilungen/dammbruch-bei-
gigaliner/ (abgerufen am 24.11.2016)
Rat der EU (1996): Die EU-Richtline 96/53/EG des Rates in: http://www.euro-
combi.de/dwl/EU-Richtlinie%2096-53.pdf in: (abgerufen am 11.11.2016)
25
Statista (2016):Transportleistung im Güterverkehr in Deutschland im Jahr 2015
nachVerkehrszweigen in:
https://de.statista.com/statistik/daten/studie/75784/umfrage/gueterverkehr-in-
deutschland-nach-verkehrszweigen/ (abgerufen am 14.11.2016)
Süddeutsche (2015): Groß, Größer, Gigaliner in:
http://www.sueddeutsche.de/auto/riesen-lkw-gross-groesser-gigaliner-1.2578106
(abgerufen am 11.11.2016)
Stuttgarter Zeitung (2017): XXL-Laster sollen die Straßen erobern in:
http://www.stuttgarter-zeitung.de/inhalt.lang-lkw-xxl-laster-sollen-die-strassen-
erobern.01563300-9240-4b1c-aef0-85ba6816ee35.html (abgerufen am 19.01.2017)
Tagesschau (2017): Zoff um die Gigaliner in:
http://www.tagesschau.de/wirtschaft/gigaliner-streit-101.html (abgerufen am
18.01.2017)
TZ (2015): Giga-Liner in Finnland, Schweden und Niederlande in:
http://www.tz.de/auto/giga-liner-kommen-zr-1264491.html (abgerufen am
28.11.2016)
26

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The Gigaliner/ EuroCombi - Current State and Future Prospectives

  • 1. Road Cargo: The Current State and the Future of the Gigaliner Project
  • 2. 2 ,,The Gigaliners are coming!“ (FAZ 22.12.2015) Stop Gigaliners! (Allianz pro Schiene,Alliance „No MegaTrucks“)
  • 3. 1 2 3 4 3 Cargo in Germany The Current State of the Gigaliner Project Arguments for and against the Gigaliner Outlook & Conclusion
  • 4. 71,7 17,3 8,3 2,7 Road Track Shipping Pipelines Source: Own representation based on: Statista (2016) Proportion on the total freight traffic in billion tonne kilometres 4 2015
  • 5. Top 3 Goods  Mining products (ores, soils,stones etc.)  Mineral products (cement, glas, gypsum etc.)  Food products Tendency Growth in total freight (Economic situation, globalization, consumer‘s needs) 5
  • 6.  Motorways 12.845 km of highways one of the densiest in the world  Growth 1950-2000:Growth of 796% (Track: Growth of 41%)  Distance Road Cargo mostly used for short distances averagely distance: 132 km  Toll For Freight trucks since 2005 (min 12,5t) since 2015 (min 7,5 t)  Tendency Growth in road cargo (Rail strike, EU-enlargement,Gigaliners) 6
  • 7.  1896 First truck constructed byW. Maybach, built in Daimler factory  Limitation of length and weight: 18,75m -- 40t/44t (combined traffic)  2016 2,8 mio. authorised trucks  The biggest manufactures 7 5 1912
  • 8. 1 2 3 4 8 Cargo in Germany The Current State of the Gigaliner Project Arguments for and against the Gigaliner Outlook & Conclusion
  • 9.  Name of the prototype by Fahrzeugwerk  Alternative terms: Eurocombi / Longliner/ LCV (Long CombinationVehicle) / RoadTrain(AUS) / Ecocombi (SCAN/NL)/Megatrucks  Maximum measures:25,25m 40/44t, 11.5 t max per axe  Especially transporting bulky goods 9
  • 10.  Only in advance defined routes (application and approval)  Obligatory to stay on the right track  Prohibition of overtaking on motorways  5 years of driving experience on truck  No accidents  No entry in traffic penalty register 10
  • 11. On the paper EU Directive (96/53/EG) of 25. July 1996 Allows national states to decide over the permission to use gigaliners maximum = 25,25 m and 60t transnational traffic = 4ot since December 2o11 permisson to test Gigaliners since December 2012 offical field test (-12/16) since June 2015 complete road network usable for gigaliners 11
  • 12. In the field 2015 119 Gigaliners on the road 2016 in 13 federal states allowed (exl.Berlin, Rhineland- Palatinate, Saarland) 2016 72% of German people are against Gigaliners 12 73% higher risk of accidents 69% higher costs for tax payers through improvement work on street 65% higher environment damages through shifts from track to road
  • 13. In the field (12 European countries) 1970 Starting of field tests 1996 officially in use 2016 announcement to increase the maximum weight from 64 to 74 t  Field tests with trucks up to 30m and 90t 1970 Starting of field tests 2013 maximum measures: 25m – 76t [Density: 15,4/km2 (3.) = 230/km2] 13
  • 14. In the field (12 European countries) Field tests since 2001 Officaly use since 2011 25 m <50t 60t max. largest and heaviest used trucks in the world (up to 200t, majority 80-120t) 14
  • 15. 1 2 3 4 15 Cargo in Germany The Current State of the Gigaliner Project Arguments for and against the Gigaliner Outlook & Conclusion
  • 16.  Two Gigaliners can carry the freight of three conventional trucks  Reduction of costs up to 30% (25% reduction of petrol)  Gigaliners have shorter brake path than usual trucks 16
  • 17.  The greater length loads streets less than a conventional truck (better distribution of weight)  Gigaliners are more environmentally friendly compared to conventional trucks 17
  • 18.  Up to 15 times higher Co2 Emission than trains  Wear of streets (1Truck equals 100.000 cars)  Dangerous to other street drivers (in every 5th fatal car accident, a truck is involved) 18
  • 19.  Harms environment indirectly as freight will be shifted from track to street due to decreasing costs for road cargo  Parking, Overtaking, Roundabouts 19
  • 20. 1 2 3 4 20 Cargo in Germany The Current State of the Gigaliner Project Arguments for and against the Gigaliner Outlook & Conclusion
  • 21. 21 8 Million ton kilometres will be shifted from rail to road Due to the reduction costs for road cargo (TU Berlin, 2015) Traffic on German streets TransnationalTraffic Draft law by European Comission already in 2013 Results of 2016 ending field test Positive tendency due to progress report Prognosis: Like many debated innovations the gigaliner will be a self-evident member of the European street scene.
  • 22. Thank you very much for your attention! 22
  • 23. Books Abele, Gerd (2003): Transportwirtschaft, 4.Auflage, München: Oldenbourg Bretzke,W; Barkawi,K. (2012): Nachhaltige Logistik – Antworten auf eine globale Herausforderung, 2.Auflage, Berlin: Springer Heidmann, Mark (2012): Der Gigaliner in Deutschland und Europa: Entwicklung, aktuelle Diskussion und Blick in die Zukunft, Hamburg: Diplomica Vahrenkamp, Richard (2011): Die logistische Revolution – Aufstieg zur Massenkonsumgesellschaft, Frankfurt: Campus 23
  • 24. Electronic Sources Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (2014): Feldversuch mit Lang-LKW in: http://www.bast.de/DE/Verkehrstechnik/Fachthemen/v1-lang-lkw/v1- zwischenbericht.pdf;jsessionid=A81AAF7897DDA4590B4DFE8AE9AB8BAB.live2130 3?__blob=publicationFile&v=6 (abgerufen am 11.11.2016) BMVT (2008): Faktenblatt- Gigaliner in: https://www.bmvit.gv.at/service/faktenblaetter/gigaliner.pdf (abgerufen am 11.11.2016) FAZ (2015): Die Gigaliner kommen in: http://www.faz.net/aktuell/wirtschaft/neue- mobilitaet/ende-eines-feldversuchs-2016-die-gigaliner-kommen-13980716.html (abgerufen am 11.11.2016) Frankfurter Rundschau (2010): Die Skandinavier lieben es XXXL in: http://www.fr- online.de/wirtschaft/gigaliner-der-skandinavier-liebt-es-xxxl,1472780,4794768.html (abgerufen am 11.11.2016) 24
  • 25. Hütter, Andrea (2016): Güterverkehr in Deutschland 2014 in: https://www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/WirtschaftStatistik/2016/01/Gueterv erkehrDeutschland2014_012016.pdf?__blob=publicationFile (abgerufen am 11.11.2016) o.V. (2016): Marktanteile: Der Erfolgskurs der Güterbahnen in: https://www.allianz-pro-schiene.de/themen/gueterverkehr/marktanteile/ (abgerufen am 19.11.2016) o.V. (2016): Allianz pro Schiene sieht „Dammbruch bei Gigalinern“ in: https://www.allianz-pro-schiene.de/presse/pressemitteilungen/dammbruch-bei- gigaliner/ (abgerufen am 24.11.2016) Rat der EU (1996): Die EU-Richtline 96/53/EG des Rates in: http://www.euro- combi.de/dwl/EU-Richtlinie%2096-53.pdf in: (abgerufen am 11.11.2016) 25
  • 26. Statista (2016):Transportleistung im Güterverkehr in Deutschland im Jahr 2015 nachVerkehrszweigen in: https://de.statista.com/statistik/daten/studie/75784/umfrage/gueterverkehr-in- deutschland-nach-verkehrszweigen/ (abgerufen am 14.11.2016) Süddeutsche (2015): Groß, Größer, Gigaliner in: http://www.sueddeutsche.de/auto/riesen-lkw-gross-groesser-gigaliner-1.2578106 (abgerufen am 11.11.2016) Stuttgarter Zeitung (2017): XXL-Laster sollen die Straßen erobern in: http://www.stuttgarter-zeitung.de/inhalt.lang-lkw-xxl-laster-sollen-die-strassen- erobern.01563300-9240-4b1c-aef0-85ba6816ee35.html (abgerufen am 19.01.2017) Tagesschau (2017): Zoff um die Gigaliner in: http://www.tagesschau.de/wirtschaft/gigaliner-streit-101.html (abgerufen am 18.01.2017) TZ (2015): Giga-Liner in Finnland, Schweden und Niederlande in: http://www.tz.de/auto/giga-liner-kommen-zr-1264491.html (abgerufen am 28.11.2016) 26