By: Miranda Emery
<ul><li>Language - Body of symbols and systems for their use in messages that are common to people on the same speech comm...
<ul><li>We use language to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designate, label, define, and limit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate ...
<ul><li>Meaning of words is in people, not the word </li></ul><ul><li>Two levels of meaning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Denotati...
<ul><li>Low-context culture - Messages are direct and language is specific </li></ul><ul><li>High-context culture - Verbal...
<ul><li>Use Clear Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific words - More concrete and precise, clear up confusion </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Make your language memorable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vivid wording - Full of life, vigorous, bright, and intense </l...
<ul><li>Use  language sensitivity - Show respect for listener </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt vocab to level of listener </li>...
 
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Chap3: Communicating Verbally

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This slideshow was created to accompany the third chapter of Communicate! by Kathleen S. Verderber, Rudolph F. Verderber and Deanna D. Sellnow. Publisher: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning. ISBN-13: 978-0-495-90171-6

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Chap3: Communicating Verbally

  1. 1. By: Miranda Emery
  2. 2. <ul><li>Language - Body of symbols and systems for their use in messages that are common to people on the same speech community </li></ul><ul><li>Speech community - Group that speaks the same language </li></ul><ul><li>Words - Symbols used to represent objects, ideas, and feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Sapir-Whorf hypothesis - Language affects how people think and what they pay attention to. </li></ul>Tree house=
  3. 3. <ul><li>We use language to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designate, label, define, and limit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss things outside our immediate experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk about language </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Meaning of words is in people, not the word </li></ul><ul><li>Two levels of meaning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Denotation - Direct, explicit meaning (dictionary) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connotation - Feelings or evaluations we associate with a word </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meaning may vary based on syntactic context (position of word) </li></ul><ul><li>Language changes over time </li></ul><ul><li>As people come together, so does language </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Low-context culture - Messages are direct and language is specific </li></ul><ul><li>High-context culture - Verbal messages are more indirect </li></ul><ul><li>Feminine style of language - Empathy, support, concrete and personal, and show politeness and tentativeness </li></ul><ul><li>Masculine style of language - Status and problem solving, abstract and general, show assertiveness and control </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Use Clear Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific words - More concrete and precise, clear up confusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concrete words -Appeal to the senses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Precise words - Large category to smaller group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dating information - Details that specify a time or period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indexing generalizations - Mental and verbal practice of acknowledging individual differences when generalizing </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Make your language memorable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vivid wording - Full of life, vigorous, bright, and intense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vividness can be reached through similes and metaphors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simile - Direct comparison of dissimilar things (like/as) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metaphor - Comparison that establishes a figurative identity between objects (is) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis - The importance you give to certain words or ideas </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Use language sensitivity - Show respect for listener </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt vocab to level of listener </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use jargon (technical terms) sparingly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use slang (informal vocab) appropriate to the listener and situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use inclusive language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generic language - Words that apply to one sex, race, or group as thought they represent everyone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use nonoffensive language </li></ul></ul>

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