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Forest Products


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Forest Products

  1. 1. MEANING OF FOREST A forest (also called a wood, woodland, wold, weald, wellard or holt ) is an area with a high density of trees.
  2. 2. Uses of forests We know “The best friend of earth of man is the tree. “ When we use the tree respectfully and economically, we have one of the greatest resources on the
  3. 3.  Forests are the lungs of the earth. It is trees which absorb the carbon dioxide released by the burning of fuel by man and keeps the air fresh.  The leaves use this carbon dioxide to produce food during photosynthesis, which is needed by animals.
  4. 4.  The leaves after photosynthesis release oxygen which is a by-product of photosynthesis into the atmosphere.  This oxygen in the atmosphere is needed by all living organism for respiration. Without oxygen no animal or plant can survive on this earth. Forests help in improving the fertility of the soil by the rotting of the dead leaves and animals
  5. 5. The roots of trees help in absorbing the water from the ground and bring it up to the leaves. The excess water is sent out through the stomata and so the water vapour is released into the atmosphere.  The forests help in increasing the rainfall as this transpiration from leaves increases the cloud formation and thus brings plenty of rain. Forests cover prevent soil erosion.
  6. 6. FOREST PRODUCTS A forest product is any material derived from a forest for direct consumption or commercial use.
  7. 7. FOREST PRODUCTS Timber Grasses Cane Medicinal use Fruit Floss Fibre Essential oils Bamboo
  8. 8. BAMBOO • Bamboo is one of the fastest- growing plants on Earth, with reported growth rates of 250 cm (98 in) in 24 hours • Unbeatable strength... Bamboo is the strongest woody plant on our planet, with a tensile strength superiour to that of mild steel.
  9. 9. General Uses Of Bamboo Decorations From picture frames to room dividing screens, bamboo can make some elegant and exotic decorations for the home.. Bamboo can also be colored so that it can fit into any décor.
  10. 10. Building materials More and more furniture, flooring, and even homes are being built with bamboo. It is becoming a more popular building material . The smooth floors hold up well in kitchens and other rooms, and the furniture, bound attractively with rattan or leather, gives any room a modern look.
  11. 11. Fabrics and clothing A fabulous trend right now is bamboo fibers being used in fabrics and clothing. Bedding made of bamboo fibers is as soft as or softer than most cotton beddings, and drapes with the look of silk without the expense. It is becoming a mainstream trend to have bamboo fabric products or clothing, populating many major chain retail stores.
  12. 12. Cooking Cooking with bamboo is nothing new in Asian culture. Bamboo shoots are a common food in that part of the world, and have also migrated into cooking utensils. Bamboo cutting boards are notoriously good for not dulling blades on knives as quickly, while bamboo utensils like wooden spoons are excellent for not scratching the bottoms of expensive non-stick cookware.
  13. 13. Instruments Hollow tubes make excellent instruments, whether it is a flute or a drum, and bamboo is one of the best bases for instruments. The light, durable quality of the bamboo is coupled with its musical potential, and creates some of the most beautiful sounds that music has ever heard.
  14. 14. Other uses of bamboo • Pulp and Paper Industry • Wood Industry • Bioenergy Industry
  15. 15. • Automotive Industry • Sports and Recreation Industry • Electronics Industry • High Tech Industry
  16. 16. IMPORTANCE OF BAMBOO • Enviromental Restoration • Bamboo for erosion control, windbreaks and noise barriers • Waste water treatment
  17. 17. SPICES
  18. 18. • Imagine your food without any spices. Unimaginable, is it? Right from the kitchen and medicinal uses in homes spices have an important role to play in different places. Not only in India but also in some other countries spices are considered to be of great use.
  20. 20. Spices Uses Benefits Asafoetida (Hing) It is used for seasoning food especially snacks and has medicinal uses. A good remedy forwhooping cough andstomach ache caused due to gas. Bay leaf (Tez Patta) It is used in cooking to add a specific flavour to food. It also has some medicinal properties. Bay leaf oil possesses antifungal and anti bacterial Cardamom(Elaichi) It is used in most of the Indian and othersweet dishes to give a good flavour and smell. It is also used widely in pharmaceutical sector. Helps to control bad breath and digestive disorder. A whole cardamom chewed is good for coping withdiabetes. Chilli (Lal Mirch) It is a main ingredient used for adding hot flavour to the food. The antioxidants present in chilli help to cope withcholesterol. It also helps burning calories Cinnamon (Dalchini) It is used for mainly for seasoning food and preparing masalasIt has medicinal uses too. It supports natural production of insulin and reduces bloodcholesterol
  21. 21. Spices Uses Benefits Clove (Laung) It is used as acooking ingredient mainly for seasoning or preparing Masalas. Clove oil is beneficial for coping with tooth acheand sore gums. It is also beneficial remedy for chest pains, fever, digestive problems,cough and cold. Coriander (Dhaniya) Coriander leaves as well as coriander seeds are used in cooking. It also has some medicinal uses. It can be used externally on aching joints and rheumatism. It is also good for coping with soar throat,allergies, digestion problems, hay fever etc. Cumin (Zeera) It is used for cookingand it also possesses medicinal properties. It is a good source oriron and keeps immune system healthy. Water boiled with cumin seeds is good for coping with dysentery. Curry leaves(Curry Patta) It is used as a main ingredient for seasoning in some countries. It has many medicinal uses. These leaves are beneficial for reducingblood sugar. Each part of the plant provides some benefit or the other. The dried leaves are extensively used inherbal medicines.
  22. 22. Spices Uses Benefits Garlic (Lassan) It is used for cookingas well as for the medicinal purpose. It is useful for coping with cough and cold. It also has antibiotic properties. Ginger (Adrak) It is used for giving a specific flavour to food and has many medicinal uses. Helps to avoid digestive problems. It is beneficial for coping with cough and cold. Nutmeg (Jaiphal) It is used in powdered form for garnishing and also for masala preparation. It is used in soaps, perfumes and shampoos. It can also be used for medicinal purpose. It is beneficial for the treatments of asthma,heart disorder and bad breath. Pepper (Kaali Mirch) It is extensively used in cooking, especially for garnishing. It is has many medicinal uses too. It helps coping withcold, cough, infections etc. It helps to dealwith muscle pains and digestive problems
  23. 23. Spices Uses Benefits Saffron (Zaffran/Kesar) It is used for cookingas well as in beauty products. It is mainly used in sweet dishes. It has good medicinal properties. It helps to cope with skin diseases. It is a good remedy for cough,cold and asthma. Turmeric (Haldi) It is used in cooking and skin care products. It has wide range medicinal uses. It helps deal with skin problems. Turmeric powder can be used for healing cuts and wounds. It also makes coping with diabetes easier.
  24. 24. Spices are used and imported from India since ages. Many of these spices like cardamom, clove, nutmeg, ginger etc., are inseparable ingredients of the Indian 'Masala Chai'.
  25. 25. • This shows that spices form the basis of not only food in India but also for making a good cup of tea. Indian spices offer significant health benefits and contribute towards an individual's healthy life. They add flavor and nutrients to dishes without fat or calories!
  26. 26. WOOD/TIMBER
  27. 27. WOOD is one of the earth’s most versatile and probably most familiar natural raw material and the important role it plays in our daily lives often goes unnoticed.
  28. 28. IMPORTANCE Wood and wood-based products are the most important of all man's resources for three main reasons :  Wood is universal. It is a raw material that can satisfy almost every requirement or existence.  Wood is abundant.  The wood resource is inexhaustible.
  29. 29. THE UTILITY OF WOOD  One of nature's greatest gifts to mankind is wood. Not only does it provide food, shelter, energy for warmth and cooking, clothing, tools and 10,000 other products, but it renews itself naturally .
  30. 30.  Products made from wood fiber include all kinds of paper and board materials, cabinets, decorative woodwork, mouldings, beautiful furniture, construction materials, sports equipment, parts for weaving and knitting mills, flooring, home building, rayon and other fibers, tanning chemicals and thousands of other products that touch our lives daily.
  31. 31. ITS MYRIAD OF USES is staggering. Wood, in its easy to recognise natural state provides us with furniture, building components, musical instruments, sporting equipment, household utensils, etc. In its altered (processed) form its role is not so obvious, yet it is there, under the guise of paper, fabric, glue, alcohol, rubber, food medicine, etc.
  32. 32. Medicinal Plants
  33. 33. Since time immemorial humans have been depending on the forest to cure them of various ailments. Of all the medicinal trees found in India, the neem is the most important.
  34. 34. Some of the plants used for medicines have been listed below TREE/PLANT MEDICINAL VALUE Cinchona Tree An alkaloid, Quinine is extracted from the bark of the tree and is used to cure malaria. Curare Lianas This large poisonous vine is full of alkaloids used for treating bruises, fever and kidney stones. It also helps to relax muscles. Saw Palmetto Extracts from Saw Palmetto's berries is used to treat certain urinary problems.
  35. 35. TREE/PLANT MEDICINAL VALUE Pacific Bleeding Heart Tincture is extracted from its roots and used to provide relief from external bruises and sprains. Cocoa Tree The cocoa tree is extremely high in medicinal value.The extracts are used to treat anxiety, fatigue, fever, coughs, kidney stones, and external cuts and bruises. Lemongrass Lemongrass has antibacterial and antifungal properties which aid is treating fevers, colds, and coughs. Lemon grass tea is a very popular
  37. 37. TENDU LEAF Tendu Leaves plays important role in generating livelihood by making bidi. Tendu leaves also known as bidi patta in Hindi.
  38. 38. • Central India is main producer of Bidi patta and Madhya Pradesh lead first position in tendu leaves production.
  39. 39. ARECA NUT LEAF
  40. 40. The Arecanut palm is one of the important commercial crops of Assam. It is a hard material and has good tensile strength and is available in abundant in most parts of Assam. Arecanut sheaths (extension of the leaf) can be utilised for manufacturing disposable plates and bowls. These disposable utensils can be used for serving and eating food.
  41. 41. OTHER PRODUCTS Fruits Fruit trees are an important source of income and food for the rural household. In some areas fruit trees are commonly planted along the field borders and around the wells. Mango, coconut, orange, pear, jackfruit and many others grow wild in the forest.
  42. 42. FIBRE Plant fibre has many different uses. Soft fibres such as jute are derived from the stems of the plant. Hard fibre from the leaves of hemp and sisal are used to make fabrics for various applications. Coir, another form of fibre from the fruit of the coconut, is used to make ropes.
  43. 43. Tropical grasses such as lemon grass, citronella, and khus are the source of essential oils. These oils are used for making soaps, cosmetics, incense, pharmaceuticals, and confectionery.
  44. 44. There is a fun way to remember the most important points in forest preservation called TREES which means... • Teach others about the importance of the environment and how they can help save rainforests. • Restore damaged ecosystems by planting trees on land where forests have been cut down. • Encourage people to live in a way that doesn't hurt the environment. • Establish parks to protect rainforests and wildlife. • Support companies that operate in ways that minimize damage to the environment
  45. 45. THANK YOU