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Theorists and educational research

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Brief description of the Behaviorists Learning Theory

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Theorists and educational research

  1. 1. BEHAVORISM THEORY Ivan Pavlov Albert Bandura B. F. Skinner Courtesy of: http://www.psywww.com/intropsych/ch05_conditioning/pavlovs_dog.html Courtesy of: http://www.psywww.com/intropsych/ch05_ conditioning/applied_analysis_of_antecedents.html Courtesy of: http://www.psicoteRapiaintegrativa.com/therapists /images/S_Albert_Bandura.jpg By NMG
  2. 2. BEHAVORISM THEORY <ul><li>Prediction and Control of Human Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching takes no consideration of: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introspection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Independent Thinking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning is purely objective </li></ul><ul><li>No internal cognitive processing of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Became popular in the 20 th century </li></ul><ul><li>No difference between animal and man </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Stimuli and Response </li></ul><ul><li>Learned behavior is solely because of positive or negative rewards. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Albert Bandura <ul><li>Born on September 14, 1849 </li></ul><ul><li>Studied and Practice Physiology </li></ul><ul><li>Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1904 </li></ul><ul><li>Accidently came across of the process of Classic Conditioned response to stimuli. </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment focused on the physiology of digestion in dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Results were dogs salivating due to stimuli of food </li></ul><ul><li>Pavlov then applied neutral bell stimulus in conjunction to food stimulus </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment resulted in conditioned response of dogs salivating with stimulus of only ringing bell. </li></ul>
  4. 4. B. F. Skinner <ul><li>Introduced idea of Operant Conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Taught pigeons by rewarding them based on stimulus-response pattern (i.e. turning = reward) </li></ul><ul><li>States that continued behavior (stimuli) is a result of reward (response). </li></ul><ul><li>Born on March 20, 1904 </li></ul><ul><li>Studied at Harvard </li></ul><ul><li>Received his degree in Psychology </li></ul>
  5. 5. Albert Bandura <ul><li>Born December 4, 1925 </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>motivational factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mechanisms regulated by the individual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And environmental mechanisms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Believed that people acquire behaviors via mimicking others. </li></ul><ul><li>Most known for his idea’s on Social Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Based work on concept of Self-efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Self-efficacy is a personal observation about a person’s own ability to think, feel, and motivate one’s self. </li></ul><ul><li>Became known as the father of the Cognitivist movement. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Teachers <ul><li>Without Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Learning Environment full of stimuli </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Center based activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Posters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide Positive or Negative Responses (Rewards) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stickers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Candy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time Out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No play time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Imbed Technology into Learning centers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Learning Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photo Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Flashcards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer Programs must be designed with Positive or Negative Feedback based on student Input. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CORRECT!!!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Happy Face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thumbs Up! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WRONG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sad Face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try Again . </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Students <ul><li>With/Without Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in centers </li></ul><ul><li>Respond to center instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Decide to readjust or continue primary response based on Teacher/Technology response </li></ul>
  8. 8. Natasha’s Thoughts! <ul><li>I do agree that children to respond to stimuli and response of both positive and negative rewards </li></ul><ul><li>I do not agree that Learning is purely objective. </li></ul><ul><li>I would apply the negative/positive reward idea in my classroom, but this would not be the only idea present. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Websites Used!!!! <ul><li>http://www.psywww.com/intropsych/ch05_conditioning/pavlovs_dog.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.psywww.com/intropsych/ch05_conditioning/applied_analysis_of_antecedents.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1904/pavlov-bio.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism/#1 </li></ul><ul><li>http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/skinner.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.des.emory.edu/mfp/bandurabio.html </li></ul>

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