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Behaviorism Powerpoint


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Behaviorism Powerpoint

  2. 2. WHAT IS BEHAVIORISM “The prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and/or independent thinking play no essential part of its teaching methods.” Behaviors can be measured, trained, or changed Was discovered during the time of modernism Everything was measured in terms of science. Behaviorists believe human learning is an objective and branch of natural science.
  3. 3. KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH BEHAVIORISM Ivan Pavlov  Famous for his behavioral experiments with dogs  Taught dogs to salivate when he rang a bell.  Provided a stimulus of food and achieved his desired reflex which was the dog salivating.  This was eventually named classic conditioning: the natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus.  Won the Nobel Prize in Physiology in 1904
  4. 4. KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH BEHAVIORISM  B.F. Skinner  Discovered and described operant conditioning.  Learning is controlled.  Shapes behavior through reinforcement.  Conducted experiments with pigeons.  Rewarded the pigeons when they acted in a desired manner.  Was able to teach the pigeons how to dance with this technique.
  5. 5. KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH BEHAVIORISM Albert Bandura  Famous for studying social learning  Focused on motivational factors and self-regulatory tools that add to a person’s behavior.  Discovered two important factors of social learning:  Observational modeling  Watching someone and then mimicking the observed behavior.  Self-efficacy  A personal observation about one’s perceived ability to feel, think, and motivate oneself to learn.
  6. 6. KEY POINTS OF BEHAVIORISM  Operant Conditioning  A method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior.  An association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior.  Classic Conditioning  A technique used in behavioral training in which a naturally occurring stimulus is paired with a response.  Conditioned stimulus  Previously neutral stimulus that comes to arouse a conditioned response.  Conditioned response  Learned response to the previously neutral stimulus.
  7. 7. CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONS: WHAT THE TEACHER DOES UNDER THIS THEORY Teachers can use this theory to teach the student to do what they want them to do When a student sits quietly at their desk while everyone else is talking, give them a candy. When a student is using the internet to research for their project during free time and others are playing games online, reward them with a free homework pass.
  8. 8. CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONS: WHAT THE STUDENT DOES UNDER THIS THEORY  The student is influenced from this theory because when they do something good they are rewarded.  If a student is raising their hand while other students are shouting out and the teacher rewards them with a candy, the students who did not get a candy will see that when they do the right thing they get rewarded and will want to do the same.  If a student volunteers and correctly uses the Smart Board in class and the teacher rewards them with a free homework pass, they will want to continue to use technology the right way so they can have more passes to not do their homework.
  9. 9. WHAT I THINK OF THE THEORY FOR TEACHING I think this theory is important with many aspects of teaching, especially with younger kids. The students love to know they are doing the right thing, and when they are rewarded, they want to continue to make the teacher happy and to continue being rewarded.
  10. 10. WORKS CITED  Text  Shelly, Gary, Glenda A. Gunter, and Randolph E. Gunter. Integrating Technology In A Connected WOrld. 7th ed. Boston, MA: Course Technology, 2012. 258-260. Print.  Cherry, Kendra. "What Is Behaviorism?." Psychology. N.p.. Web. 17 Nov 2013. < m.htm>.  Images  /imgres?imgurl = /nobel_prizes /medicine/laureates/1904/ pa vlov_postcard.jpg&imgrefurl = /nobel_prizes /medicine/laureates/1904/&h=267&w= 189&sz=1&tbnid=207PMBBqVn9TaM:& tbnh=186&tbnw=131&zoom=1&usg=__1Zn06MbD8g2trBXH OYDokimSq0=& docid=RJ-hTXGFTFfZAM&itg =1&sa= X&ei=fo2JUuPyNNG0kQfR24C4BQ&ved= 0CJYBEPwdMAo  /imgres?imgurl = /images/uploads/ bfskinner.jpg&imgrefurl =htt p:// /blog/entry/who -was-bf-skinner-an-inside-look-from-a-fellow-behavior-analystsview&h=268&w=188&sz=1&tbnid=QTxA1AhkA oLZM:&tbnh=186&tbnw=130&zoom=1&usg=__cs2UGERLcR0ZCpmzUwaETA_QMhc=& docid=jcUjUpA5IpwdMM&i tg=1&sa= X&ei=m42JUpbTKsu-kQe2w4GwAg&ved= 0CJwBEPwdMAo  /imgres?imgurl = /reference/arti cle/bandura -albert-1925/&h=316&w=250&sz=31&tbnid=G1dkX38yncSc_M:& tbnh=102&tbnw=81&zoom=1&usg=__77vLI7R1__ynnN1P 7NeHGk6ISlQ=&docid=bSZYUQRAfL5MiM&sa= X&ei=sY2JUqeOCpHqkQe3yoHYBw&ved= 0CKkBEP4dMA8