Behaviorist Theory


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  • Behaviorist Theory

    1. 1. Behaviorism By Alexander V.
    2. 2. Theory (Menu)• What?• Who?• How?• My Classroom
    3. 3. What is it?• Behaviorism, also called the learning perspective.• Theory about human or animal psychology.• Can be studied through examination events.• Only observable behaviors should be studied.• Can be measured, trained, and changed. Back to Menu
    4. 4. What is it? (Cont.)• Important concepts such classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and reinforcement have arisen from behaviorism. • Operant Conditioning: • Stimulus -- Response -- Reinforcement. • A specific action can cause a desired response with reinforcement. • Classical Conditioning: • Stimulus: Response • Action causes the response. Back to Menu
    5. 5. Who?• Three men associated with this theory are B.F. Skinner, Ivan Pavlov and Dr. Watson.• Ivan Pavlov investigated classical conditioning.• John B. Watson sought to restrict psychology to experimental lab methods.• B.F. Skinner sought to give ethical grounding to behaviorism. Back to Menu
    6. 6. Who? (cont.)• B. F. Skinner (Burrhus Frederic Skinner): March 20, 1904-August 18, 1990.• A psychologist born in Pennsylvania.• Earned his doctorate from Harvard.• There he began working on ideas of human behavior.• Walden Two defined his theory of behaviorism.• Influenced by nurture over nature. Back to Menu
    7. 7. How? • Teacher-directed, systematic, and structure environments lead to behaviorist learning. • Behaviorism deals with consequences (rewarded or punished) of behavior. • Rewards consist of praise of some sort. (stickers, treats, food, and shopping) • Punishment consists of no play time, removal, etc. • Reward reinforcements can strengthen/increase behaviors.Back to Menu
    8. 8. How? (cont.)• Instruction that is consistent with this theory include: • teaching sequences of skills • clearly stated objectives with matched test items • more individualized work than group work • traditional teaching and assessment methods Back to Menu
    9. 9. How? (cont.)• In Math, students can recall facts for immediate rewards.• In Reading, students can use flash cards with partners for immediate feedback.• A good example of this would be use of a computer lab. • Students will get immediate feedback. • They will learn the use of a computer and its parts. Back to Menu
    10. 10. My Classroom • I would definitely use the behaviorist theory in my classroom. • I believe good reinforcement can encourage a good response. • For a reward, I would use extra credit. • Rewards will definitely motivate the students. • As a student, rewards helped to motivate me.Back toMenu
    11. 11. My Classroom (cont.)• A behaviorist classroom is also very structured and has prepared lesson plans each day.• Here is a quick review of the Behaviorist Theory. Back to Menu