Behaviorism Theory

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Behaviorism Theory

  1. 1. BehaviorismJennifer Batinchok
  2. 2. Menu Behaviorism: Click on the Pictures Below to Learn More.What is it? Key Figures How it Works My Classroom Resources and Links to Learn More… Click Here!
  3. 3. What is Behaviorism? Behavior is stimulated by the environment People act in response to physical change
  4. 4. Why is Behaviorism Important in Education? Positive/Negative reinforcement can manipulate a desired behavior – Positive: rewards – Negative: take away a privilege Self-satisfaction will eventually replace the physical reward
  5. 5. Key Figures of Behaviorism  Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)  John B. Watson (1878-1958)  B. F. Skinner (1904-1990)
  6. 6. B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) American Psychologist Leading advocate for behaviorism within schools Operant Conditioning: the affect of punishment and reinforcement on behavior Professor at Harvard University Identified as the most influential psychologist in the 20th century
  7. 7. Incorporated in the classroom? Schedules Reinforcement Operant Learning
  8. 8. How Exactly is Operant Learning incorporated in the Classroom? Associate a desired behavior with a positive reinforcement – Example: A reward for getting grades Associate an undesired behavior with a negative reinforcement – Example: A timeout for bad behavior
  9. 9. How Behaviorism will beIncorporated into my Classroom  Daily and Weekly schedules  Positive and Negative Reinforcement
  10. 10. Details on Reinforcement in my Classroom Reinforcement – Good Behavior  Links will be given  Links can be saved and cashed for rewards – Bad Behavior  Timeouts  Sitting out for free time and recess  Disciplinary Ladder
  11. 11. Resources and Links  Operant Learning – http://medical- dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Operant+learning  Behaviorism Learning Theory – http://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/a/psyc  B.F. Skinner – http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/b

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