Behaviorism

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Behaviorism

  1. 1. What is behaviorism ? be·hav·ior·ism: is the prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and/or independent thing play no essential part of its teaching methods. A theory that both human and animal behaviors can be explained in terms of conditioning, without appeal to thoughts or feelings
  2. 2.  Positive reinforcements and negative reinforcements are used Behaviors can be observed, measured and changed unlike the internal events like thinking Behaviors are learned through conditioning There are two types of conditioning
  3. 3. 1. CLASSICAL CONDITIONING: A naturally occurring stimulus is placed with a neutral stimulus allowing the neutral stimulus to, in time, evoke a natural reflex
  4. 4. 1. OPERANT CONDITIONING: Learning that is controlled and results in shaping behavior through reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns. A bond is established between the operant and the reward.
  5. 5.  B. F. Skinner (1904-1990) Albert Bandura (1925- ) Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)
  6. 6.  Used Operant Conditioning Known for his experiments with pigeons Believed behaviors are based on positive reinforcements and rewards.
  7. 7.  Behaviors are learned by Observational modeling Started as a behaviorist but then became well known as the Father of the cognitivist for his significant contributions to Social Cognitive Theory. Focused work on Self-efficacy concept
  8. 8.  Known for his experiments with dogs and controlling their salvation Used Classic Conditioning Won Nobel Prize in Physiology in 1904
  9. 9.  Motivator and facilitator of educating Provides stimulus: materials and repeated practice Reinforcements: stickers, duties, bonus points, verbal reinforcement for good and bad behavior Maintains classroom participation
  10. 10.  Students work towards goals set by their teachers Their behavior and work habits are very diverse but goals are similar Students respond to stimuli and are motivated by rewards
  11. 11.  Software programs implement rewards such as games, funny videos or other fun activities which are reached after a goal is met. Teachers have their students use these programs and in return the students are rewarded for work with fun activities. Using computers can also be a reward
  12. 12.  I like using a reward system in the classroom as well as positive reinforcements. By rewarding good behaviors my students will want to be rewarded and follow good behaviors By pointing out bad behaviors and not rewarding them my students will learn what not to do if they want to be rewarded
  13. 13. Sources:http://www.learning-theories.com/http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/f/behaviorism.htmGoogleimagesIntegrating Technology in a Connected World 7 th Ed.: Teachers DiscoveringComputers, Shelly, Gunter, and Gunter (2012).

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