Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Learner differences affective factors


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Learner differences affective factors

  1. 1. Learner Differences Affective Factors
  2. 2. Learner Differences Motivation Anxiety Attitudes Intelligence and aptitude Personality factors
  3. 3. Learner differences How quickly learners learn a language How successfully learners learn a language
  4. 4. Opportunities for learning Number of opportunities Kind of opportunities
  5. 5. Number of opportunities More is better More listening chances and more speaking chances result in more learning opportunities
  6. 6. Kind of opportunities Learners cannot be passive  Learners must interact with the language Language must be at an appropriate level
  7. 7. Motivation The inner drive to do something Communicative need
  8. 8. Communicative need Integrative motivation  Desire to be part of a group Instrumental motivation  Desire to learn a language so that it can be used Higher motivation results in greater progress
  9. 9. Motivation Most important affective factor Motivation is needed to  Start learning  Continue learning
  10. 10. Anxiety Learners must be comfortable in their learning environment Anxiety about the environment can affect learning both negatively and positively
  11. 11. Attitudes 1 What you think about something  Positive  Negative Favorable attitudes usually result in more interaction with a second language community
  12. 12. Attitudes 2 Language is part of our cultural identity Using another language means giving up part of that identity and adopting another identity Accepting another culture will help when learning that culture’s language
  13. 13. Intelligence and Aptitude Higher intelligence usually means higher language ability Intelligence and language ability are often tested by similar tests No surprise that there is a close relation
  14. 14. Personality factors 1 Extroversion / Introversion  Extroverted learners thought to be better because they enter into more conversations Self-esteem  Learners with high self-esteem may be more ready to risk making mistakes
  15. 15. Personality factors 2 Tolerance for ambiguity  Learners cannot always understand everything 100%  Learners who can handle not always understanding may be less overwhelmed Empathy  Understanding thoughts and feelings of others may enable learners to take on a new identity more easily
  16. 16. Conclusions Motivation is the only factor that has shown a clear effect Other factors play some role  Which are most important is difficult to say  Some factors have a direct role; other an indirect one