Learner differences

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Learner differences

  1. 1. Didactics I
  2. 2. Different Contexts How, what it is we teach? EFL: not specific to a particular time or place, travelling, communicate with other people ESL: live in the target-language community, language variety of that community (Scottish, Australian, Texan, and the like) ESOL: global target-language community (EFL, ESL)
  3. 3. Cont… Where?  Schools and Language Schools – curriculum -information technology (Future Kids, T-bolt)  One-to-one Teaching  Large classes: pair work, group work  In-school and in-company  Real and virtual learning environments
  4. 4. Learner Differences: (age)
  5. 5. Learner Differences Aptitude Good learner Characteristics: positive task orientation, ego involvement, high aspiration perseverance (Tolerance of ambiguity, Naiman et al: 1978) Good learner Characteristics: students who can find their own way, creative, make intelligent guesses, make their own opportunites to practice, make errors work for them not against them, use contextual clues (Rubin and Thompson: 1982)
  6. 6. Learner Styles (Willing: 1987) Convergers: by nature solitary, avoid groups, independent, confident, analytic Comformists: emphasize learning about language over learning to use it, work in non.communicative classrooms, doing what they are told Concrete learners: enjoy social aspect of learning, learn from direct experience, interested in language use/communication, enjoy games, and groupwork in class. Communicative learners: language use oriented, comfortable out of class, degree of confidence, take risks, social interaction, no guidance of teacher
  7. 7. Language Levels
  8. 8. Language Levels The plateau effect: students feel accept the level they have reached as adequate for their needs and the limits of their capacity  Set goals  Explain what still needs to be done
  9. 9. Learner Differences Methodology Language (rough- tune) Topics
  10. 10. Individual variations Neuro-linguistic programming (VAKOG) (Revell and Norman: 1997) MI theory (Gardner: 1983, 1993)
  11. 11. What can we do with individual differences?
  12. 12. Have a nice evening!!!

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