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Increasing agricultural and aquacultural productivity in the coastal zone of Bangladesh: BRAC's effort


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By Shankar K Biswas, Tausif Ahmed Qurashi

Revitalizing the Ganges Coastal Zone Conference
21-23 October 2014, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Increasing agricultural and aquacultural productivity in the coastal zone of Bangladesh: BRAC's effort

  1. 1. INCREASING  AGRICULTURAL  AND  AQUACULTURAL   PRODUCTIVITY  IN  THE  COASTAL  ZONE  OF  BANGLADESH:   BRAC’S  EFFORT Shankar  K  Biswas   Tausif  Ahmed  Qurashi     Agriculture  and  Food  Security  Program   BRAC         23  October  2014,  Dhaka  
  2. 2. The  overall  objecVves  of  the  program:     •  To  enhance  produc.vity  by  increasing  agro-­‐aquacultural   cropping  intensity.     •  To  ensure  food  security  and  improve  livelihood  of  the   coastal  community.   •  To  develop  farmer’s  capacity  in  increasing  climate  change   adapta.on  and  resilience  
  3. 3. Technology  disseminaVon  strategy   ü  single  cropping  area  to  double  or  triple.     ü  Introducing  short-­‐duraVon  HYV  rice  to  accommodate   high-­‐value  non-­‐rice  crop  in  the  popular  rice-­‐rice  pa?ern     ü  Introduc.on  of  stress  tolerant  crop  and  fish  to   combat  the  adverse  effect  of  climate  change     ü   Fish/Prawn-­‐rice-­‐vegetable  integra.on  in  gher  fishery  
  4. 4. ü  Area  reached:  59  Upazilas  (35  coastal  Upazilas)     ü  Technology  dissemina.on     ü  Capacity  development  of  the  par.cipants   ü  Program  supports  for  the  criVcal  inputs   ü  Disaster  and  stress  prone  areas  got  priority     ü  Graduated  around  55  thousand  parVcipants  by   September  2014     BRAC’S EFFORT
  5. 5. Extending improved rice varieties Ø  Aus:  Hybrid  dhan  Shak.-­‐2,  Sathi,  Alloran     Ø  Aman:    HYV               Ø  Boro:  Hybrid  dhan  Shak.-­‐2,  Sathi,   Alloran,    BRRI  dhan28. BINA  dhan8   BINA  dhan10   BRRI  dhan41   BRRI  dhan54   BRRI  dhan51   BRRI  dhan52     BINA  dhan7   BRRI  dhan33   BRRI  dhan39   BRRI  dhan56   BRRI  dhan49   BR22  
  6. 6. Extending  hybrid  rice  varieVes:  Aus   Hybrid  rice   variety   DuraVon    (days)   Average  yield:     Shak.-­‐2   119   7.32  MT/ha          (Profit:  TK  60,000  –  90,000/  ha)    Sathi   118   Alloran   120   v Area coverage in Aus 2014 more than 1600 hectares in south
  7. 7. ProducVon  cost,  income  and  Profit  of  3  different  varieVes     during  Aus  season’2013              
  8. 8. HYV  rice  in  Aman  season  2013     Variety   No.  of   farmer   Growth   duraVon   (days)   Yield  (t/ha)   BINA  dhan7   430   115   6.06   BRRI  dhan33   302   117   5.47   BRRI  dhan39   30   119   5.15   BRRI  dhan41   50   145   5.44   BRRI  dhan49   532   134   5.84   BRRI  dhan51   110   147   5.40   BR22   105   144   5.81   BR11   570   139   6.27   Total   2139        Average:   5.84  
  9. 9. Boro  rice   Around  1200  farmers  cul.vated  hybrid  and  HYV  in  262   blocks  in  2013  -­‐  2014.     Variety   No.  of   block   Yield  (t/ ha)   Hybrid  dhan  Shak.-­‐2   42   9.45   Hybrid  dhan  Alloran   27   7.71   Hybrid  dhan  Sathi   93   9.54   BRRI  dhan28   100   6.70   Total     262  
  10. 10. Extending  of  non-­‐rice  crops:   Maize    Ø  Variety:    Pacific  984,  and  Pacific  999   super     Ø  In  2013-­‐14,  more    than  10,147   farmers  cul.vated  in  2,572  ha  .         Ø  Average  yield  was  8.46  MT/ha   Maize  in  fallow  char  areas    
  11. 11. Extension  of  non-­‐rice  crops:   Sunflower   •  Variety:  Hi-­‐Sun  33     •  In  2013-­‐14,  11,299  farmers   cul.vated  in  2,844  ha  of  land.   •  Average  yield  of  sunflower  was   2.79  MT/ha  
  12. 12. Integrated  gher  aquaculture   Ø  Coverage:  273  bighas    in  15  Coastal    Upazilla   Ø  Direct  Farmers  :    266       Ø  Paiern:      Fish/Prawn-­‐rice-­‐vegetable     Ø  Net  profit:  172,558  Tk/ha  -­‐  416,975  Tk/ha  
  13. 13. Outcome  of  gher  farming    in  2013     Fish:  Golda,  Carp,  Tilapia     Rice:  BR23,  BR10,  BRRI  dhan49     Vegetables:  Bo?le  gourd,  Bi?er  gourd,  Indian   spinach,  Okra,  Cucumber,  Yard  long  been          Name  of   Crop                 No  of   farmer   Yield   (t/ha)   Prodn   Cost  (Tk/ ha)   Gross   Income  (Tk/ ha)   Fish     185   1.75   236093   450960   Rice     94   5.3   38934   103172   Vegetables     185   14.44   157087   694265  
  14. 14. Aquaculture in floodplain Ø  Aquaculture  in  season  water  bodies   Ø  Community-­‐based  par.cipatory   approach   Ø  source  of  income     Ø  Plaform  to  share  profits  equally   Ø   Improving  nutri.onal  security   Ø  Making  sustainable  by  the  community  
  15. 15. Year No. of location Total water body (acre) No. of farmer 2013 7 73 257 2014 13 160 540 Aquaculture in floodplain
  16. 16. Aquaculture  in  floodplain,  2013-­‐14   Average  produc.on:  795  Kg/ha   Produc.on  cost:          54,584  Tk/ha   Gross  return:      82,926  Tk/ha   Net  profit:                  28,342  Tk/ha  
  17. 17. SCALE-­‐OUT    OF  G2/IRRI  RESEARCH  FINDINGS   ü  Community based Water Management under Polder 30, Khulna ü  Brackish water Aquaculture at Polder 03 Kaliganj, Satkhira ü  Scale out of productive, profitable and resilient agriculture system at Polder 43/2F, Barguna. Polder 3 Polder 30 Polder 42/2/F FRESH Bay of Bengal
  18. 18. Ø  Technology:  CPWF  Research  findings  ,suitable  for  the  community.   Ø   Study  conducted  at  community  level  :  Land  users,  Local  water  users   associa.on  and  Public  representa.ves     Ø   Survey  of  farmers  and  FGD   Ø   Cross  visit  of  both  community  and  project  personnel.   Ø   Required  infrastructural  development  (embankment,  mini  sluice    gate   and  drainage)   Ø   demonstrate  early  establishment  of  non-­‐rice  crops  for  safe  harvest  of  the   crops  and  consequently  higher  produc.on  and  income     Ø   Introducing  short  dura.on    and  stress  tolerant  (disseminated   by  G2)     Methodology    followed:
  19. 19. Mini Water-shed Technology Objectives Overall objective of this study is to work in a pilot “watershed” area to demonstrate the benefits of improved water management technique at the community level –  to adopt improved crop and crop management practices –  for the safe harvest of the dry season crops to achieve productivity.
  20. 20. Field visit: Sharing experience Experiencing the ‘Water Shed Technology’ by BRAC-G5 staff and community
  21. 21. Community  based  Water  Management  under  Polder  30,   BaVaghata,  Khulna   •  Total  Land  Area:  38.42  acre   (15.6  ha)     •  No.  of  par.cipants:  55     •   Introduced  variety:   Ø     Sesame-­‐  BARI  .l-­‐4   Ø     HYV  Aman  Rice                (BRRI  dhan41,  BRRI  dhan49)
  22. 22. G5  -­‐  Brackish  water  Aquaculture  at  Polder  03,                           Kaliganj,  Satkhira   v  No.  of  par.cipants:  31     v Total  water  body:  54.50   acre  (22  ha)      Introduced  Species/  Variety   Ø   Local  Magur  (Clarious  sp),   Ø   Vietnamese  Koi  (Anabus  sp)     Ø   Monosex  Tilapia       Ø   Vagetables    
  23. 23.    Scale  out  of  producVve,  profitable  and  resilient   agriculture  system    Polder  43/2F,  Barguna   •   Land  coverage:  13.62  acre       •     Farmer  :  22     •   Introduced  variety   Ø     Aus  :  Hybrid-­‐Alloron   Ø   Aman:  BRRI  dhan  52   Aus
  24. 24. Scale-out at Polder 43/2F •  Input provide: Ø  Hybrid/ HYV rice seed Ø Irrigation pump machine Ø  Critical operational inputs •  Aus yield: 7.9 mt/ha
  25. 25. Developed  and  Demonstrated  Cropping  Paierns     in  different  Regions  of  Bangladesh   Cropping  Paierns   Demonstrated  Districts   Boro    –    Aman    -­‐    Sunflower   Khulna,  Bagerhat,   Satkhira,  Pirojpur   Fallow    -­‐    Aman    –    Maize    Fallow    -­‐    Aman    –    Sunflower   Aus    –    Aman    –    Sunflower   Potuakhali,  Barguna   Boro  -­‐    Aman    -­‐    Sunflower  
  26. 26. Crop Intensification Information taken from 481 farmer’s from 13 different Upazila 324 acre of land
  27. 27. Obstacles •  Water  stagna.on  (30-­‐50  cm  for  >  2-­‐3  month)  in  rainy  season.   •   Lack  of  fresh  water  in  dry  season.   •  The  farmer  community  used  to  cul.vate  local  rice  variety   which  is  difficult  to  change.   •  Adverse  climate  hampers  both  the  produc.on  and   of  Rabi  crop.   •  Sluice  gate  opera.on  is  done  according  to  the  requirement  of   the  whole  Polder  area,  which  may  not  be  in  favour  of  our   project  area.    
  28. 28. Obstacles contd. •  The  water  management  system  within  the  Polder  area   doesn’t  work  properly  due  to  faulty  sluice  gates  and­‐ up  of  internal  canals.     •  Among  all  the  farmers  in  a  block  some  farmers  want  to  use   local  variety.     •  In  coastal  zone  many  land  owners  are  not  involved  in  agro-­‐ based  profession  and  they  lease  their  land  to  the  landless  or   poor  farmers.  These  lease  farmers  have  to  obey  the   instruc.ons  of  landlords  regarding  variety  selec.on.    
  29. 29. RecommendaVons   Ø  of  Sluice  gate  opera.on  system   Ø   Dragging  of  canals   Ø   Introduc.on  of  short  dura.on,  stress  tolerant                  and  high  yielding     Ø   Raising  awareness  among  the  community   •  Distribu.on  of  comm.  Materials   •   Issue  based  training/  mee.ngs,     •  Campaigns     Ø   Strengthening  network  among  all  related   stakeholders      
  30. 30. Thank you Thanks