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Aly Abousabaa (ICARDA) • 2018 IFPRI Egypt Seminar: Unleashing the potential of Egyptian farmers

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The IFPRI-Egypt Seminar Series is part of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) funded project called “Evaluating Impact and Building Capacity” (EIBC) that is implemented by IFPRI. The seminar supports USAID’s Agribusiness for Rural Development and Increasing Incomes (ARDII) project’s objectives.

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Aly Abousabaa (ICARDA) • 2018 IFPRI Egypt Seminar: Unleashing the potential of Egyptian farmers

  1. 1. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas icarda.org cgiar.org A CGIAR Research Center Promising Technologies for Small-Scale Farmers: Overcoming Challenges Aly Abousabaa IFPRI-ICARDA Joint Seminar Cairo, March 29, 2018
  2. 2. 2 Challenges Facing Dry Areas Climate Change Poverty Inequality Global Food Trade & Yield Gaps Population Growth & Rapid Urbanization Land Degradation & Desertification Water Scarcity Political Instability, Conflict Loss of Agro- Biodiversity
  3. 3. 3 Source: The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Dry Areas and Climate Change WITH A 4°C RISE, DRY AREAS COULD SEE GROWING SEASONS CUT BY 20%
  4. 4. 4 Potential Impact of Climate Change on Egyptian Economy • Estimated reduction in agricultural outputs in 2030: 17% • Estimated decrease in agriculture labor hours in 2030: 6% • Less water and poorer water quality • Higher coastal protection costs • Higher mortality from air pollution • Loss in tourism revenues • Higher malnutrition • Higher unemployment • Several hundred billion EGP economic losses annually Source: “Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Egyptian Economy,” UNDP
  5. 5. 5 4°C Warmer World: ICARDA’s Support for Smallholder Farmers • High value, climate-resilient crops and small ruminants • Crop improvements for yield potential, abiotic and biotic stresses • Integrated “livestock, rangelands, crops” production systems • Intensification and diversification of cropping systems • Protected agriculture • Improvements in water availability and management; greywater use • Added value on dairy products in marginal dry areas
  6. 6. 6 Transforming Agriculture in Irrigated Eco-Systems Before After Mechanized Raised-Bed technology helps the wheat growers to • save applied water up to 25% • reduce seed rate by 50% • decrease farming cost by 25% • increase fertilizers use efficiency by 30% • reduce yield loss • reduce farming time by 80% • increase crops yields up to 30%
  7. 7. 7 • Wheat. Irrigating for 25 days and 50 mm saves enough water on the wheat crop nationally to irrigate an additional areas of wheat of about 50,000 hectares • Maize. Irrigating for 12 days and 88 mm saves enough water on the maize crop nationally to irrigate an additional area of maize of about 60,000 hectares Optimizing Water and Land Productivity
  8. 8. 8 ICARDA’ Work in Egypt with Partners Examples
  9. 9. 9 Barley ICARDA and Agricultural Research Center ICARDA and ARC have identified and verified barley varieties adapted to dry areas. Results • Identified high-yield varieties under irrigated and rainfed conditions • In 2015/2016, farmers produced and distributed 47 tons of “Giza 126” and “Giza 2000” seeds to neighboring farmers • 6 new lines are under study; 2 new lines are out-yielding “Giza 126” and “Giza 2000” by 23% and 26%, respectively • Integrated “livestock, rangelands, crops” production systems in the rainfed areas of coastal zone of western desert
  10. 10. 10 Faba bean ICARDA, ARC Results • Identification of novel genes associated with heat tolerance • Screened 700 F4 lines for heat tolerance in Sudan, including 36 varies of fast-growing and 20 heat-tolerant lines • 2 new varieties released in Egypt (Giza 1557 & Giza 1813); 3 new varieties released in Sudan • 46% farmers reported using new varieties and parts of the technology package • Farmers adopting faba bean packages saw their average income increase by 173% • In Orobanche-infested areas, adoption of package increased yields and incomes, reduced costs ICARDA and ARC seek disease- and heat- resistant traits in faba beans.
  11. 11. 11 Wheat Improvement Program ICARDA, ARC 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Yield(t/ha) Grain yield performance of the best ICARDA line and the local check across locations in the 16th ESBWYT, 2016 Local check best line Developing heat-tolerant wheat genotypes with high-yielding potential and resistance to major diseases and insects.
  12. 12. 12 Small Ruminants-Based System ICARDA, ARC, Iowa State University Results • 5 breeds of goats, 6 breeds of Egyptian sheep analyzed • Developed abiotic-stress tolerant Barki sheep and goats to support livelihoods of communities in Egypt’s coastal zone of western desert • Tests identified chromosomes 6, 12 and 16 harbor important genes for adaptation to abiotic stress Work • Investigating individual biological and genetic variations in Barki sheep and goats for adaptation under dry hot conditions • Genomic analysis and assessment of signature of selection for adaptation traits in desert sheep and goats • Project began in 2008 - 2009
  13. 13. 13 • Since 1978, over 2,000 Egyptian researchers have benefited from ICARDA training • Capacity strengthening of scientists farmers, extension staff and community workers is integrated across all ICARDA research activities • Courses include conservation agriculture; improving water productivity in agricultural systems; integrated crop-livestock production for marginal and favorable ecosystems Developing National Capacity Focus on Young Scientists

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