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4 Cyclone Disaster Preparedness And Response


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4 Cyclone Disaster Preparedness And Response

  1. 1. Monpura Island after cyclone and storm surge
  2. 2. Cyclone Disaster Preparedness and Response: Experiences from the Coastal Region of Bangladesh A Q M Mahbub Department of Geography and Environment University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>The major objectives of this paper are </li></ul><ul><li>background and magnitude of cyclone disaster; </li></ul><ul><li>highlights of the best practice model to deal with cyclone disaster preparedness and responses in the coastal region; and </li></ul><ul><li>focus the present and future challenges to cope with this natural hazard in Bangladesh. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Methodology <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The paper is mainly based on: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Information from secondary sources; </li></ul><ul><li>Field observations and researches; </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons learned from local people; and </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences and interactions with a wide variety of people and professionals. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bangladesh: Regional setting
  6. 6. South Asia Relief and physical settings
  7. 7. Plate tectonic map
  8. 8. Table: 2 Major Geographical Characteristics Linked to Coastal Hazards in Bangladesh Long and wide continental shelf Wetlands (mainly haors) Mangrove forest Agrarian country Dense settlements Hilly regions Bounded by plates border Long, broken and open coast Funnel shaped coast Deltaic location Very flat terrain Riverine country Monsoon climate Hot and humid climate Tropical location Sea level rise River bank erosion Flood Earth quake Tsunami Storm surge Cyclone Geographical Characteristics
  9. 9. Relative Vulnerability cyclones, 1980 - 2000 Source : The EM-DAT OFDA/ CRED International Disaster Database and UNEP/GRED - Geneva Average population exposed to cyclones (millions of people) Average annual details
  10. 11. Major cyclone tracks
  11. 12. Table 3 Impact of Cyclones and Storm Surges Increase mortality and morbidity; poor health and malnutrition; disease epidemics. Disruptions of health care and utility services, inadequate sanitation, lack of qualified physician and clinical services. Health and sanitation impact Deforestation; loss of soil fertility; limiting biodiversity; increase refugees, migrants, and homelessness, and rising disaster related deaths. Land and environmental degradation; deforestation, loss of bio-diversity and marine resources, increase salinity, intrusion of salt water, water logging, increase risk of hazard, Environmental Impact Social/ethnic crisis; social marginalization; apathy attitude; identity crisis; social violence and crime, plight of people for safety and survival Disintegration of social organization, incidence of female headed households and resource poor communities, poor education services. Social Impact Low productivity, frequent crop loss, outbreak of migration among the small farmers and farm labourers. Land degradation, Intrusion of salt water and shrimp cultivation, increasing seasonal fallows, decreasing yield, Agricultural Impact Low income, poverty, unemployment, landlessness, unequal land distribution, relief and rehabilitation, reduction of GDP and outbreak of migration Loss of livelihood and income opportunities; loss of assets and savings; need for recurrent aid Economic Impact High death tolls; damage/loss physical properties like infrastructure, homes, industry, animal, crops etc.; disruption of normal life, migration to safe places. Inadequate physical protection; poor-quality housing and infrastructure; disruptions of communication and utility services Physical Impact Indicators Components Type of Impact
  12. 13. CPP: A model for cyclone preparedness and response
  13. 14. Goal and objectives of CPP <ul><li>Goal to minimise loss of lives and properties </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>To develop and strengthen the disaster preparedness and response capacity of coastal communities. </li></ul><ul><li>To increase the efficiency of volunteers and officials. </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain and strengthen the CPP warning system and ensure effective response in the event of a cyclone. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Major Activities of CPP <ul><li>To disseminate cyclone warning signals to the community people. </li></ul><ul><li>To assist people to evacuate and take safe shelter. </li></ul><ul><li>To rescue distressed people affected by cyclone. </li></ul><ul><li>To provide First Aid to the injured people. </li></ul><ul><li>To assist in relief and rehabilitation operations. </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>To assist in the implementation of the BDRCS Disaster Preparedness Plan. </li></ul><ul><li>To assist in participatory community capacity build-up activities. </li></ul><ul><li>To assist in the co-ordination of disaster management and development activities. </li></ul>
  16. 18. CPP organogram
  17. 19. CPP village unit
  18. 20. A volunteer with a siren in the field
  19. 21. A volunteer with a megaphone
  20. 22. CPP introduced flags
  21. 23. Telecommunication network
  22. 24. Core house: protection from stormy wind
  23. 25. Protection of salt in the field
  24. 26. Life saving raft for fishermen in the sea
  25. 27. Concluding Remarks <ul><li>Develop and implement adequate & appropriate mitigation measures </li></ul><ul><li>Improve and adopt coping mechanisms; </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening the capacity building to protect from disaster; </li></ul><ul><li>Built disaster friendly and sustainable infrastructure; </li></ul>
  26. 28. <ul><li>Helping the poorest and the most vulnerable people to adopt and protect; </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate international exchanges, cooperation & research activities; and </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening philanthropic attitudes and approaches. </li></ul>
  27. 29. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>