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Integration of pulses to rice fallows

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B. Rajender
IFPRI-FAO conference, "Accelerating the End of Hunger and Malnutrition"
November 28–30, 2018
Bangkok, Thailand

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Integration of pulses to rice fallows

  1. 1. INTEGRATION OF PULSES TO RICE FALLOWS Dr. B. RAJENDER, IAS Joint Secretary Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Government of India
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation A. Pulses in Nutritional Security of India. B. Gaps/Opportunities /Goals C. National Governance for Sustainable Development Goals (SDG-2) 1. Targeting Rice Fallow Area (TRFA) in 2016-17 . 2. Mapping of Rice Fallow Lands using Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies. 3. FAO study on measures for open grazing and value chain analysis in TRFA states (2018). 4. Creation of 150 seed hub of pulses and support for breeder seed production. 5. Creation & promotion of FPOs to integrate marketing, value addition and farmer’s income. 6. Special project to promote intercropping of pulses with sugarcane. 7. Increasing the Minimum Support Price (MSP). 8. Launching of PM-AASHA scheme for assured procurement. 9. National Mission on Nutri-Cereals”(NMNC) 2
  3. 3. A. Role of Pulses in Nutritional Security of India Parameters Measurable indicators Percentage share of pulses to net food grain availability. Ranging between 6 to 8.96 percent during 2007 to 2017. India ranks first area, production, consumption and import 36 % of global acreage and 28 % of world production National importance protein, dietary essentials, self sufficiency environmental sustainability. Increased production of pulses 11.08 million tonnes in 2000 to 25.23 million tonnes in 2017-18. Schemes under implementation National Food Security Mission(NFSM- pulses) which covers 638 districts in 29 states. Fund allocation Rs. 1341.30 Crores (192 million US $ ) during 2018-19. 3
  4. 4. B. Gaps/Opportunities/Goals GAPs ■ WHO recommends 60 grams of pulse every day. In India the per capita availability is 43 gm/p/d (2016). ■ Import of 5.61 million tonnes of pulses to meet the demand (2017-18). ■ Low productivity under high risk rainfed farming (70%) ■ Lack of assure procurement & value addition ■ No scope for area expansion ■ Availability of quality seeds of climate resilience varieties. OPPORTUNITIES ■ Technological supports of International & National Institutions ■ More than 11 million ha remains fallow after rice which are suitable of pulses. ■ Scope of intercropping of pulses with sugarcane /cotton/oilseeds. ■ Value addition of pulses to raise farm income ■ Monitoring of the special projects by Hon’ble PM / Group of Secretaries4
  5. 5. B. Gaps/Opportunities/Goals CONTD. GOALS ■ To produce 29 million tonnes of pulses by 2022 as against projected demand of 25.40 million tonnes. ■ To cover 1.5 million ha in rice fallows and 1.00 million ha through intercropping and additional production of 1.5 million tonnes. ■ Assure procurement & value addition ■ Monitoring of the special projects by Hon’ble PM / Group of Secretaries 5
  6. 6. C. National Governance for Sustainable Development Goals (SDG-2) for Nutritional Security of Pulses. 1. Targeting Rice Fallow Area (TRFA) in 2016-17 2. Mapping and Monitoring of Post-Kharif Rice Fallow Lands using Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies 3. FAO study on measures for open grazing and value chain analysis in TRFA states (2018) 4. Creation of 150 seed hub of pulses and support for breeder seed production. 5. Creation & promotion of FPOs to integrate marketing, value addition and increasing income of the farmers. 6. Special project to promote intercropping of pulses with spring-summer sugarcane. 7. Increasing the Minimum Support Price (MSP). 8. Launching of PM-AASHA scheme for assured procurement.6
  7. 7. National Governance - No 1 Decision for launching of Targeting Rice Fallow Area (TRFA) – Launched in 2016-17 and continuing – India accounts for 79% (11.65 million ha) of the total rice fallows of South-Asia (15.0 million ha). – Rice fallows are widely distributed in rainfed eco-system of Eastern, Central and Peninsular India. Targets – To cover 1.5 million ha and to produce more than 1.0 million tonnes of pulses per year Strategy: • Organizing cluster demonstrations over an area of 50 ha in each identified village. • Promotion of short duration varieties through minikit programme • Capacity building of field functionaries/farmers/officers • Creation of awareness through mass communication, advertisements, seminar/workshop/kisan mela. Fund allocation • Fund allocation of 270.00 crores ( 38 million US $) in 2018-19 for TRFA. 7
  8. 8. Assam Jharkhan d Chattisgar h Rice Fallows in India (11.65 million ha) Eastern Region : 4.27 m ha Eastern U.P., Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal North-east Hill Region: 0.54 m ha Assam Central Region : 5.01 m ha Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra Coastal region: 1.52 m ha Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu Source : NAAS Report (2013) 8
  9. 9. Rice-lentil Rice-lathyrus Rice-blackgram Relay Cropping 9
  10. 10. Interventions covered under rice fallows Cluster Demonstrations • Selected villages • Suitable crop to that region Seed Distribution • Latest varieties • Minikit Distribution INM & IPM Techniques • Micronutrients • Gypsum/ lime/ bio-fertilizers • PP Chemical & Bio-agents Water Saving Devices • Sprinklers • Water carrying pipes Farm Implements • Improved farm machinery • Local initiatives Critical Input to Farmers Capacity building of Farmers Successful Implement ation of TRFA 10
  11. 11. National Level Workshop on Rice Fallow 2016-17: Odisha 2017-18 : Jharkhand 2018-19 : Chhattisgarh 11
  12. 12. Success stories of TRFA ■ Launches in 2016-17 with 15 districts increased to 50 districts covering 5000 villages in 2018-19 with cluster approach & focused attention. ■ Per year 1.0 million ha were brought under pulses & oilseeds in TRFA states during 2016-17 & 2017-18. During 2017-18 an additional production of around 1.00 million tonnes pulses & oilseeds were produced. ■ During 2018-19 it has been targeted to cover 1.8 million ha with 1.3 million production. ■ New states will be included under TRFA considering its success in Eastern states. ■ International /National Institutions are involved in technology generation & dissemination ■ Providing support both in technical and financial terms for climate resilient agriculture and remunerative agriculture. 12
  13. 13. National Governance- No 2. Mapping and Monitoring of Rice Fallow Lands using Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies ■ Satellite based mapping of Kharif paddy and rabi cropped area. ■ Delineation of post kharif rice fallow lands ■ Site suitability analysis to grow short duration rabi season crops. Data used ■ RISAT-1 SAR ( 25m spatial resolution) C-Band data ■ Resourcesat 2/2A -LISS III (23.5 m) and Landsat-8 OLI (30 m), ■ Vegetation Index and Land Surface Wetness Index ■ Weather Data (from IMD): ■ Soil data (NBSS&LUP): ■ Surface water body, Drainage network ■ SRTM DEM (Slope) ■ Kharif and Rabi Season Ground Truth 1. Assam 2. Bihar 3. Chhattisgarh 4. Jharkhand 5. Odisha 6. West Bengal 13
  14. 14. National Governance-No 3. FAO study on measures for open grazing and value chain analysis in TRFA states (2018) To identify feasible community based fodder management and innovative methods to control stray cattle and wild animals To study & identify feasible value chain integration opportunities related to pulses and oilseeds Study Area : Chhattisgarh and Odisha Study undertaken in 2018 14
  15. 15. National Governance – No 4. Creation of 150 seed hub and support for breeder seed production. ■ 150 Seed-Hubs of 11 crops are created under NFSM for increasing indigenous production of pulses in India. ■ Assistance is available of infrastructure development and one time grant for revolving fund. ■ An amount of Rs. 225.31 Crores ( 32.12 million US $has been allocated. ■ During 2017-18: 1.11 lakh quintal quality seeds of Pulses has been produced. ■ During 2018-19: Target of 1.50 lakh quintal quality seeds of Pulses. 15
  16. 16. National Governance- No 5. Creation & promotion of FPOs on pulses ■ 111 FPOs have been formed by mobilizing 1,14,628 farmers in 11 major pulses & millets producing States. ■ Out of the 111 FPOs, 21 are for millets, 29 are for millets & pulses and remaining 61 are for only pulses. ■ An amount of Rs. 52.00 Crores ( 7.42 million US $) has been allocated. ■ Besides, 30 new FPOs in the States of Bihar, Maharashtra & Uttar Pradesh for a period of three years (2018-19 to 2020-21) has been approved for Rs.19.36 crores (2.76 million US $) . ■ Formation of 50 FPOs of millets are under consideration. 16
  17. 17. National Governance –No 6. To promote intercropping of pulses with sugarcane. ■ DAC&FW has initiated intercropping of pulses with spring- summer sugarcane to harness potential niche of pulses production by utilizing inter row spacing in sugarcane cultivation from spring season of 2018-19. ■ An amount of Rs.30.45 crore ( 4.34 US $) has been allocated. ■ The sub-scheme aims to cover 5 lakh Ha during 2 years. ■ Implementing States (13): Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Uttrakhand & Uttar Pradesh ■ Rajma, Lentil, Urd bean. Mung bean and Cow pea will be intercropped with sugarcane. 17
  18. 18. National Governance No 7. Minimum Support Price (MSP) Minimum Support Price (Rs/qtl) S. No. Commodity 2013- 14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017- 18 2018- 19 Kharif Crops 1 Arhar (Tur) 4300 4350 4625 5050 5450 5675 2 Moong 4500 4600 4850 5225 5575 6975 3 Urad 4300 4350 4625 5000 5400 5600 Rabi Crops 4 Gram 3100 3175 3500 4000 4400 4620 5 Masoor (Lentil) 2950 3075 3400 3950 4250 4475 18Source: CACP
  19. 19. National Governance -No 8 Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan - PM AASHA Approved Umbrella Scheme of PM- AASHA on 13.09.2018: ■ Price Support Scheme (PSS)- Pulses, Oil Seeds & Copra ■ Price Deficiency Payment System (PDPS)- Oil Seed ■ Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockiest Scheme (PPSS)- in Selected Districts/APMC - Oil Seeds. ■ Existing Scheme of DFPD and Ministry of Textile for other commodities – Empowered Committee of Secretary, DAC&FW, DFPD, DoCA and reps from NITI Aayog ,DoE, DEA, DFS & Rep. of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Telangana to oversee implementation. – High Level Committee of Finance Minister, Minister of Agriculture and Minister of Food for deciding policy matters and issues, if any. – FCI to take up PSS operations in selected states as mandated by Empowered Committee 19
  20. 20. Sorghum Pearl millet Kodo millet Finger millet Foxtail millet Little millet Millets and Nutri Cereals in India 20
  21. 21. Why Nutri – Cereals ? Good for controlling anemia, malnutrition, digestive diseases, kidney & liver disorder and asthma Rich in antioxidants, has anti-cancer properties, Reduces-BP & heart diseases Rich in dietary fiber and eliminates problems of constipation, cramping and gas bloating Beneficial for treating stomach ulcer and gall stones Gluten free and used for digestive disorder Beneficial in preventing allergic reactions 21
  22. 22. Benefits of Growing Millets Provide nutritious food and fodder. Less water consuming than other cereals. Grows faster and putting less stress on environment. No pest and diseases problem. Can grow in even marginal lands. For achieving complete Food and Nutritional Security. Will supplement the existing income of the farmers. 22
  23. 23. Gaps / Issues Pertaining Millets Promotion in India ■ Easy availability of fine cereals like rice and wheat at a cheaper price to that of nutritious cereals under Public Distribution System (PDS). ■ Rapid urbanization. ■ Nutritious cereals are socially less valued which necessitated the decline in their consumption on rising of capita income. ■ Tedious and time consuming preparation of Nutri-cereals foods. ■ Preference to cash payment by labourers in lieu of taking food grain for work performed. ■ Change in food habit particularly - preference to fast food by younger generation. 23
  24. 24. National Governance –No 9. National Mission on Nutri-Cereals”(NMNC) ■ Launching of special programme “National Mission on Nutri- Cereals”(NMNC) in 2018-19 in 14 states covering 202 districts. Objectives of NMNC- ■ Provide an inclusive and integrated development strategy for research, production, demand and market oriented approach ■ Increasing production through area expansion and productivity enhancement. ■ Doubling farm profits to restore confidence amongst the farmers. ■ Enhancing post harvest value addition at farm gate ■ Inclusion of nutri cereals under integrated child development services. 24
  25. 25. National Governance –No 9. National Mission on Nutri-Cereals”(NMNC)  Major activities  Observations of National Year of Nutri Cereals-2018 and requested FAO for declaration of International Year of Nutri Cereals  Strengthening of Center of Excellence on Sorghum, Pearl millets and small millets.  Organization of state level and National Level workshops for wide publicity.  Sufficient quantity of breeder seed production through 18 centers.  Supply of seed minikits to the farmers  Formation of 50 FPOs of millets has been approved to integrate marketing, value addition and increasing income of the farmers.  Creation of 25 seed hubs for Millets are under consideration.  Increasing the Minimum Support Price (MSP)  Fund allocation of Rs.300 Crores ( 43 million US $) for Nutri Cereals 25
  26. 26. THANK YOU ½è Õ¿óÎ 26

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