Opposing View Formalist- language is an autonomous, arbitrary system whose form is independent of its function. Functionalist- language is not arbitrary and autonomous system but rather is shaped by the communicative functions it serves.
Holzman’s Reciprocal Model of language says that “ a reciprocal behavioral system operates between the language developing infant-child and the competent language user in a socializing teaching nurturing role. The child language is centered on one of the thorniest areas of linguistic research the function of discourse.
Development of Language Function and Language StructureLanguage function as the basis of language structure Language function as the gateway to language structure Communication as the motivation for acquiring language structure Communication as the source of communication development
Halliday’s Functions of Language Language Description Classroom Function Experience use language to Problem solving,Instrumental communicate gathering preferences, materials, role choices, wants, or playing needs Personal use language to Making feelings express individuality Interacting with others Social use language to Structured play,relationship/ interact and plan, Dialogues andInteractional develop, or maintain discussions, a play or group talking in groups activity
Cont. Use language to Making rule in Regulatory control games, giving instructions Use language to ConveyingRepresentation explain messages, telling about the real world, expressing a proposition Use language to Questions and Heuristic find things out, answer routine wonder or Inquiry and hypothesize research Use language to Stories, Imaginative create, explore, dramatizations, and entertain poem, word play
REFERENCESBrown, H.D.. (2007). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching(5th Edition). New York: Pearson Education, Inc.Ginberg, E.H. (1997). Language Development. USA: Brooks/ColePublishing Company.Halliday’s Model of Language Functions. Retrieved on February17, 2012 from:http://www.cdpeak.net/pdf/halliday_functions_of_language.pdf.The Functional Approach: Material and Methods. Nov. 2005, Volume 2, No.11 (Serial No.23)