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Linguistics presentacion


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Linguistics presentacion

  1. 1. Students: Maria D. Guarecuco Franklin Perez Dexis Adam Professor: Aida Morillo
  2. 2.  Australian linguist Halliday (1975) identifies seven functions Children are motivated to acquire language
  3. 3. * The first Instrumental: This is Regulatory: This is when the child usesfour functions language to express where language isHalliday calls used to tell others their needs (e.g.Want what to do them: juice) Interactional: to Personal: use to * The next make contact with express feelings, others and form opinions and three functions relationships individual identity are: Heuristic: is used Imaginative: to tell Representational:to gain knowledge stories and jokes, about the and to create an to convey facts environment imaginary. and information.
  4. 4. MICHAEL HALLIDAY Some of Michael’s Halliday early work involved the study of child language development. What is language? How should be described?Language is a systematic In linguistics description,resource for expressing meaning language is a system rather thanin context. structure. What is the role of What is the relevant linguistic structure? unit of analysis? How is Linguistic-When Linguistic For SFL is the text, variation explained? because the functionalStructure occurred in meaning potential oftext, are considered language is realized in“natural” because… units no smaller than texts What about language acquisition? Is learning how to express meanings acquiring the functions one can perform with human language.
  5. 5. • - Is an approach to linguistics that considers language as a system.SFL: • -The label "Systemic" is related to the System Networks used in the description of the Lexico- grammar of human languages.
  6. 6. Context of theIs the study of functions situation:and semantics -Social envioronment –-Oriented linguists Functional organizationbegin with the analysis of language. Halliday’s approach:
  7. 7. (what language does, and how it does it) language is analyzed in terms of four strata: -Context, concerns the Field (what is going on) Mode: the Field: What is Tenor: who is symbolic happening. taking part; organization The Nature of the social of the text, the social roles and rhetorical interaction relationships modes taking place. of participant
  8. 8. -Semantics, divided into Ideational Semantics,Interpersonal Semantics and Textual Semantics.-Lexico-Grammar concerns the syntactic organizationof words into utterances.
  9. 9. FORMALISMCentral to SFL is the use of system networks, an inheritancenetwork used to represent the choices present in making anutterance. The choices in this network are called features.e.g., a simplified lexico-grammatical network. - finite... - clause -| | - nonfinite... | | -nominal-group... | | -|- group -|-adjectival-adverbial-group... | | | -prep-phrase... | - word...
  10. 10. SYSTEMIC FUNCTIONAL LINGUISTICS Halliday proposes a linguistic theory: Semantics: The speaker does not choose between forms but between meanings. Functionalisms: The language is organized by functions, It is functional because the organization of the system becomes on the base of the functions of the language. The language in use: Those options become in context.
  11. 11. SYSTEMIC FUNCTIONAL LINGUISTICSThe speaker has a meaning potential that it updates when it chooses by some of them when producing a text in a specific situational context.Every time we produce a text, we are choosing from the set of optionsthat provides the linguistic system. Each user of the language makeshis elections within the grammar, in contexts of types of situation. What is the registry?Registry is called to the adjustment of the text to the context. It is thevariety of language determined by the communicative situation.The users consider the variables of field, tenor and way to carry outtheir elections from the system.
  12. 12. SYSTEMIC FUNCTIONAL LINGUISTICS Which are the primary functions of the language? Ideational: The language organizes our experience and aid to conform our vision of the world. Interpersonal: The language serves to establish and to maintain relations social, to determine communicative rolls, social groups and to consolidate the identity of the speakers. Textual: The language offers to the users appropriate means to create coherent messages or texts.