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INTRODUCING
JESUS
CHRIST
Humphrey A. Beña
Lay Catholic
Catechesis
and
Apologetics
in
Christology
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
WHO IS JESUS CHRIST?
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
Christ, the Incarnate Word
and the only Begotten Son of
God, He is the Second Person
of the Trinity, Lord and Savior
and is true God and true man.
Suffered, died, resurrected,
ascended into Heaven and
will come again to judge the
world.
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
HE IS JESUS
The name Jesus means "God saves". The child born of the
Virgin Mary is called Jesus, "for he will save his people
from their sins" (Mt 1:21): "there is no other name under
heaven given among men by which we must be saved"
(Acts 4:12).
CCC 452
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
HE IS THE CHRIST
The title "Christ" means "Anointed One" (Messiah). Jesus is
the Christ, for "God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the
Holy Spirit and with power" (Acts 10:38). He was the one
"who is to come" (Lk 7:19), the object of "the hope of
Israel" (Acts 28:20).
CCC 453
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
HE IS THE SON OF GOD
The title "Son of God" signifies the unique and eternal
relationship of Jesus Christ to God his Father: he is the
only Son of the Father (cf. Jn 1:14, 18; 3:16, 18); he is God
himself (cf. Jn 1:1). To be a Christian, one must believe that
Jesus Christ is the Son of God (cf. Acts 8:37; 1 Jn 2:23).
CCC 454
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
HE IS LORD
The title "Lord" indicates divine sovereignty. To
confess or invoke Jesus as Lord is to believe in his
divinity. "No one can say 'Jesus is Lord' except by
the Holy Spirit'" (1 Cor 12:3).
CCC 455
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
BORN OF A VIRGIN
“All right then, the Lord himself will give you the sign.
Look! The virgin will conceive a child! She will give birth to
a son and will call him Immanuel (which means ‘God is
with us’).”
Isaiah 7:14
“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the
government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called
Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father,
Prince of Peace.”
Isaiah 9:6
“But the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary; you
have found favor with God. You will conceive and give
birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus.”
Luke 1:30-31
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
TRUE GOD AND TRUE MAN
Jesus is a man
“But now you seek to kill Me, a man who has spoken to
you the truth that I heard from God. Abraham did not do
this.”
John 8:44
Jesus is true God
Thomas said to him, "My Lord and my God!“
John 20:28
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
HYPOSTATIC UNION
The union of the human and divine natures in the one
divine person of Christ. At the Council of Chalcedon (A.D.
451) the Church declared that the two natures of Christ are
joined "in one person and one hypostasis" (Denzinger
302), where hypostasis means one substance.
JESUS is ONE PERSON with TWO DISTINCT and UNIQUE
NATURES(Human and Divine)UNITED and CANNOT BE
SEPARATED.
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“For in Him all the fullness of
Deity dwells in bodily form”
Colossians 2:9
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
HOMOOUSIOS
The second Person of the Trinity, who became man, is
of one and the same substance, or essence, or nature
as God the Father.
JESUS is a DIFFERENT and DISTINCT PERSON from
the FATHER but they are the same in substance and
nature.
“I and the Father are one”
John 10:30
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
Amplified Bible:
“For it pleased the Father for all the fullness [of deity—the
sum total of His essence, all His perfection, powers, and
attributes] to dwell [permanently] in Him (the Son)”
“For God was pleased to have all his
fullness dwell in him(Christ)”
Colossians 1:19
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
The Incarnation: God becoming Man
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and
the Word was God.
The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We
have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came
from the Father, full of grace and truth.”
John 1:1,14 (Phil. 2:5-8)
“And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God
was manifested in the flesh, Justified in the Spirit, Seen by angels,
Preached among the Gentiles, Believed on in the world, Received
up in glory.”
1 Timothy 3:16
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
Kenosis: Self-emptying
“You must have the same attitude that Christ
Jesus had.
Who, though he was in the form of God, did
not count equality with God a thing to be
grasped, instead, he emptied himself, taking
the form of a servant, being made in the
likeness of men.
And being found in appearance as a man, He
humbled Himself by becoming obedient to
the point of death, even death on a cross.”
Philippians 2:6-8
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
Parousia
The time when Jesus Christ will return to judge humanity at the end
of the world, SECOND COMING(Webster).
“Look, I am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will
give to each person according to what they have done.”
Revelation 22:12
“I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who
is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.”
Revelation 1:8
“The Son of Man will come again with his Father’s glory
and with his angels. And he will reward everyone for what
they have done.”
Matthew 16:27
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
BIBLICAL
FOUNDATIONS
OF THE DIVINITY
OF CHRIST
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“For to us a child is born, to us a son is
given, and the government will be on
his shoulders. And he will be called
Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.”
Isaiah 9:6
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,
who are small among the clans
of Judah, out of you will come
forth for Me One to be ruler
over Israel—One whose
are of old, from the days of
eternity.”
Micah 5:2
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“The LORD possessed me at the beginning of his work, the first of his acts of
old. From eternity I was established, From the beginning, from the earliest
times of the earth.
When there were no watery depths, I was given birth, when there were no
springs overflowing with water; before the mountains were settled in place,
before the hills, I was given birth, before he made the world or its fields or any
of the dust of the earth.
I was there when he established the heavens, when he drew the horizon on the
oceans, when he established the clouds above and fixed securely the fountains
of the deep, when he gave the sea its boundary so the waters would not
overstep his command, and when he marked out the foundations of the earth.
Then I was constantly at his side. I was filled with delight day after day,
rejoicing always in his presence, rejoicing in his whole world and delighting in
mankind.”
Proverbs 8:22-31(1 Cor. 1:24)
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with
God, and the Word was God.
The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among
us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only
Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.
No one has ever yet seen God. The only begotten God,
the One being in the bosom of the Father, He has made
Him known.”
John 1:1, 14, 18
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“Through him all things were made; without him nothing
was made that has been made.”
John 1:3
“He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all
creation. For in him all things were created: things in
heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones
or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been
created through him and for him. He is before all things,
and in him all things hold together.”
Colossians 1:15-17
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“I and the Father are one.“
John 10:30
Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to
you, before Abraham was, I am.”
John 8:58*
God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM. This is what you are to say to the
Israelites: 'I AM has sent me to you.‘”
Exodus 3:14
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
Thomas said to him, "My Lord and my God!“
John 20:28
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“…while we wait for the blessed
hope--the appearing of the
glory of our great God and
Savior, Jesus Christ”
Titus 2:13
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“Simeon Peter, a servant and
apostle of Jesus Christ, To those
who have obtained a faith of
equal standing with ours by the
righteousness of our God and
Savior Jesus Christ”
2 Peter 1:1
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“Theirs are the patriarchs, and
from them proceeds the human
descent of Christ, who is God
over all, forever worthy of
Amen.”
Romans 9:5
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“Who being in the form of
God(Morphe Theo), thought it
not robbery to be equal with
God.”
Philippians 2:6
“Christ was truly God. But he did
not try to remain equal with
God.” (CEV)
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“For God was pleased to have all his
fullness dwell in him,
For in Christ all the fullness of the
Deity lives in bodily form.”
Colossians 1:19, 2:9
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
‘’But to the Son he says,
“Your throne, O God,
endures forever and ever.
You rule with a scepter of
justice.”
Hebrews 1:8
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
“And we know that the Son of
God is come, and hath given us
an understanding, that we may
know him that is true, and we
are in him that is true, even in
his Son Jesus Christ. This is
true God, and eternal life.”
1 John 5:20
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
"I am the Alpha and the Omega," says
the Lord God, "who is, and who was, and
who is to come, the Almighty.“
Revelation 1:8
‘’Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel and his Redeemer,
the LORD of hosts: “I am the first and I am the last;
besides me there is no God.’’
Isaiah 44:6
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
Then the angel said to me, “These words are
faithful and true. The Lord, the God of the spirits
of the prophets, has sent His angel to show His
servants what must soon take place.”
Revelation 22:6
"I, Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this
testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the
Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star.“
Revelation 22:16
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
And those in the boat worshiped him, saying, “Truly you are the Son of
God.”
Matthew 14:33
And when they saw him they worshiped him, but some doubted.
Matthew 28:17
And again, when he brings the firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all
God's angels worship him.”
Hebrews 1:6
And they worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy
Luke 24:52
And behold, Jesus met them and said, “Greetings!” And they came up
up and took hold of his feet and worshiped him.
Matthew 28:9
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos
Then Jesus said to him, “Go
away, Satan! For it is written:
‘YOU SHALL WORSHIP THE
LORD YOUR GOD, AND SERVE
HIM ONLY.’”
Matthew 4:10
Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos

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INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx

  • 1. INTRODUCING JESUS CHRIST Humphrey A. Beña Lay Catholic Catechesis and Apologetics in Christology
  • 3. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos Christ, the Incarnate Word and the only Begotten Son of God, He is the Second Person of the Trinity, Lord and Savior and is true God and true man. Suffered, died, resurrected, ascended into Heaven and will come again to judge the world.
  • 4. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos HE IS JESUS The name Jesus means "God saves". The child born of the Virgin Mary is called Jesus, "for he will save his people from their sins" (Mt 1:21): "there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved" (Acts 4:12). CCC 452
  • 5. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos HE IS THE CHRIST The title "Christ" means "Anointed One" (Messiah). Jesus is the Christ, for "God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power" (Acts 10:38). He was the one "who is to come" (Lk 7:19), the object of "the hope of Israel" (Acts 28:20). CCC 453
  • 6. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos HE IS THE SON OF GOD The title "Son of God" signifies the unique and eternal relationship of Jesus Christ to God his Father: he is the only Son of the Father (cf. Jn 1:14, 18; 3:16, 18); he is God himself (cf. Jn 1:1). To be a Christian, one must believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God (cf. Acts 8:37; 1 Jn 2:23). CCC 454
  • 7. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos HE IS LORD The title "Lord" indicates divine sovereignty. To confess or invoke Jesus as Lord is to believe in his divinity. "No one can say 'Jesus is Lord' except by the Holy Spirit'" (1 Cor 12:3). CCC 455
  • 8. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos BORN OF A VIRGIN “All right then, the Lord himself will give you the sign. Look! The virgin will conceive a child! She will give birth to a son and will call him Immanuel (which means ‘God is with us’).” Isaiah 7:14 “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” Isaiah 9:6 “But the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary; you have found favor with God. You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus.” Luke 1:30-31
  • 9. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos TRUE GOD AND TRUE MAN Jesus is a man “But now you seek to kill Me, a man who has spoken to you the truth that I heard from God. Abraham did not do this.” John 8:44 Jesus is true God Thomas said to him, "My Lord and my God!“ John 20:28
  • 10. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos HYPOSTATIC UNION The union of the human and divine natures in the one divine person of Christ. At the Council of Chalcedon (A.D. 451) the Church declared that the two natures of Christ are joined "in one person and one hypostasis" (Denzinger 302), where hypostasis means one substance. JESUS is ONE PERSON with TWO DISTINCT and UNIQUE NATURES(Human and Divine)UNITED and CANNOT BE SEPARATED.
  • 11. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form” Colossians 2:9
  • 12. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos HOMOOUSIOS The second Person of the Trinity, who became man, is of one and the same substance, or essence, or nature as God the Father. JESUS is a DIFFERENT and DISTINCT PERSON from the FATHER but they are the same in substance and nature. “I and the Father are one” John 10:30
  • 13. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos Amplified Bible: “For it pleased the Father for all the fullness [of deity—the sum total of His essence, all His perfection, powers, and attributes] to dwell [permanently] in Him (the Son)” “For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him(Christ)” Colossians 1:19
  • 14. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos The Incarnation: God becoming Man “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.” John 1:1,14 (Phil. 2:5-8) “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifested in the flesh, Justified in the Spirit, Seen by angels, Preached among the Gentiles, Believed on in the world, Received up in glory.” 1 Timothy 3:16
  • 15. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos Kenosis: Self-emptying “You must have the same attitude that Christ Jesus had. Who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, instead, he emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men. And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.” Philippians 2:6-8
  • 16. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos Parousia The time when Jesus Christ will return to judge humanity at the end of the world, SECOND COMING(Webster). “Look, I am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to each person according to what they have done.” Revelation 22:12 “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.” Revelation 1:8 “The Son of Man will come again with his Father’s glory and with his angels. And he will reward everyone for what they have done.” Matthew 16:27
  • 18. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” Isaiah 9:6
  • 19. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, who are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come forth for Me One to be ruler over Israel—One whose are of old, from the days of eternity.” Micah 5:2
  • 20. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “The LORD possessed me at the beginning of his work, the first of his acts of old. From eternity I was established, From the beginning, from the earliest times of the earth. When there were no watery depths, I was given birth, when there were no springs overflowing with water; before the mountains were settled in place, before the hills, I was given birth, before he made the world or its fields or any of the dust of the earth. I was there when he established the heavens, when he drew the horizon on the oceans, when he established the clouds above and fixed securely the fountains of the deep, when he gave the sea its boundary so the waters would not overstep his command, and when he marked out the foundations of the earth. Then I was constantly at his side. I was filled with delight day after day, rejoicing always in his presence, rejoicing in his whole world and delighting in mankind.” Proverbs 8:22-31(1 Cor. 1:24)
  • 21. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth. No one has ever yet seen God. The only begotten God, the One being in the bosom of the Father, He has made Him known.” John 1:1, 14, 18
  • 22. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.” John 1:3 “He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. For in him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.” Colossians 1:15-17
  • 23. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “I and the Father are one.“ John 10:30 Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.” John 8:58* God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: 'I AM has sent me to you.‘” Exodus 3:14
  • 24. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos Thomas said to him, "My Lord and my God!“ John 20:28
  • 25. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “…while we wait for the blessed hope--the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ” Titus 2:13
  • 26. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “Simeon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained a faith of equal standing with ours by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ” 2 Peter 1:1
  • 27. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them proceeds the human descent of Christ, who is God over all, forever worthy of Amen.” Romans 9:5
  • 28. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “Who being in the form of God(Morphe Theo), thought it not robbery to be equal with God.” Philippians 2:6 “Christ was truly God. But he did not try to remain equal with God.” (CEV)
  • 29. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him, For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form.” Colossians 1:19, 2:9
  • 30. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos ‘’But to the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, endures forever and ever. You rule with a scepter of justice.” Hebrews 1:8
  • 31. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos “And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is true God, and eternal life.” 1 John 5:20
  • 32. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.“ Revelation 1:8 ‘’Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts: “I am the first and I am the last; besides me there is no God.’’ Isaiah 44:6
  • 33. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos Then the angel said to me, “These words are faithful and true. The Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, has sent His angel to show His servants what must soon take place.” Revelation 22:6 "I, Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star.“ Revelation 22:16
  • 34. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos And those in the boat worshiped him, saying, “Truly you are the Son of God.” Matthew 14:33 And when they saw him they worshiped him, but some doubted. Matthew 28:17 And again, when he brings the firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all God's angels worship him.” Hebrews 1:6 And they worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy Luke 24:52 And behold, Jesus met them and said, “Greetings!” And they came up up and took hold of his feet and worshiped him. Matthew 28:9
  • 35. Introducing Jesus Christ-Humphskytholikos Then Jesus said to him, “Go away, Satan! For it is written: ‘YOU SHALL WORSHIP THE LORD YOUR GOD, AND SERVE HIM ONLY.’” Matthew 4:10