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Functional Approach

   Maribel Mori Casinto
        Presenter
Functional Approach




Cognitive         Social
Opposing View
       Formalist- language is an
       autonomous,          arbitrary
       system whose form is
       independent of its function.

              Functionalist-
              language        is    not
              arbitrary            and
              autonomous system but
              rather is shaped by the
              communicative
              functions it serves.
Social Interaction and Language
          Development
   Holzman’s      Reciprocal     Model  of
    language says that “ a reciprocal
    behavioral system operates between
    the language developing infant-child
    and the competent language user in a
    socializing teaching nurturing role.

   The child language is centered on one
    of the thorniest areas of linguistic
    research the function of discourse.
Development   Language
of Language   Structure
Development of Language Function
     and Language Structure
Language function as the basis of language
                structure


   Language function as the gateway to
          language structure



   Communication as the motivation for
      acquiring language structure


     Communication as the source of
      communication development
Halliday’s Functions of Language
 Language           Description           Classroom
 Function                                 Experience
                  use language to       Problem solving,
Instrumental       communicate             gathering
                    preferences,         materials, role
                 choices, wants, or         playing
                       needs
 Personal         use language to       Making feelings
                express individuality   Interacting with
                                             others
    Social        use language to     Structured play,
relationship/    interact and plan,   Dialogues and
Interactional   develop, or maintain   discussions,
                   a play or group   talking in groups
                       activity
Cont.
                 Use language to      Making rule in
 Regulatory          control          games, giving
                                       instructions
                 Use language to        Conveying
Representation       explain         messages, telling
                                      about the real
                                     world, expressing
                                       a proposition
                 Use language to      Questions and
  Heuristic       find things out,    answer routine
                     wonder or         Inquiry and
                    hypothesize         research
                 Use language to        Stories,
 Imaginative     create, explore,    dramatizations,
                  and entertain      poem, word play
REFERENCES
Brown, H.D.. (2007). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching
(5th Edition).  New York: Pearson Education, Inc.


Ginberg, E.H. (1997). Language Development. USA: Brooks/Cole
Publishing      Company.


Halliday’s Model of Language Functions. Retrieved on February
17, 2012         from:
http://www.cdpeak.net/pdf/halliday_functions_of_language.pdf.


The Functional Approach: Material and Methods.
       Nov. 2005, Volume 2, No.11 (Serial No.23)

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Functional approach

  • 1. Functional Approach Maribel Mori Casinto Presenter
  • 3. Opposing View Formalist- language is an autonomous, arbitrary system whose form is independent of its function. Functionalist- language is not arbitrary and autonomous system but rather is shaped by the communicative functions it serves.
  • 4. Social Interaction and Language Development
  • 5. Holzman’s Reciprocal Model of language says that “ a reciprocal behavioral system operates between the language developing infant-child and the competent language user in a socializing teaching nurturing role.  The child language is centered on one of the thorniest areas of linguistic research the function of discourse.
  • 6. Development Language of Language Structure
  • 7. Development of Language Function and Language Structure Language function as the basis of language structure Language function as the gateway to language structure Communication as the motivation for acquiring language structure Communication as the source of communication development
  • 8. Halliday’s Functions of Language Language Description Classroom Function Experience use language to Problem solving, Instrumental communicate gathering preferences, materials, role choices, wants, or playing needs Personal use language to Making feelings express individuality Interacting with others Social use language to Structured play, relationship/ interact and plan, Dialogues and Interactional develop, or maintain discussions, a play or group talking in groups activity
  • 9. Cont. Use language to Making rule in Regulatory control games, giving instructions Use language to Conveying Representation explain messages, telling about the real world, expressing a proposition Use language to Questions and Heuristic find things out, answer routine wonder or Inquiry and hypothesize research Use language to Stories, Imaginative create, explore, dramatizations, and entertain poem, word play
  • 10. REFERENCES Brown, H.D.. (2007). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (5th Edition). New York: Pearson Education, Inc. Ginberg, E.H. (1997). Language Development. USA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Halliday’s Model of Language Functions. Retrieved on February 17, 2012 from: http://www.cdpeak.net/pdf/halliday_functions_of_language.pdf. The Functional Approach: Material and Methods. Nov. 2005, Volume 2, No.11 (Serial No.23)