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Language: Definition, Nature, and Characteristics

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Language Curriculum for Secondary
What are the nature of language? What are the characteristics of language?

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Language: Definition, Nature, and Characteristics

  1. 1. LANGUAGE: DEFINITION, NATURE & CHARACTERISTICS LANGUAGE CURRICULUM FOR SECONDARY
  2. 2. WHAT IS CURRICULUM? Curriculum is a structured set of intended learning outcomes that come in the form of knowledge, skills and value; affected by important factors of program philosophy, goals, objectives, and evaluation.
  3. 3. WHAT IS LANGUAGE? The method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way.
  4. 4. Language is a system of words or signs that people use to express thoughts and feelings to each other. (merriam-webster.com)
  5. 5. Language is a system of communication, a medium for thought, and a social interaction.
  6. 6. WHAT ARE THE NATURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF LANGUAGE?
  7. 7. NATURE basic constitution of a person or thing CHARACTERISTICS A feature that helps to identify, tell apart, or describe recognizably; a distinguishing mark or trait.
  8. 8. NATURE OF LANGUAGE
  9. 9. 1 Language is a combination of sounds.
  10. 10. 2 Words have meanings.
  11. 11. MEANING ARE IN PEOPLE NOT IN WORDS. Because of this, you must not only consider your interpretation of the word, but also the meaning the communicator is trying to get through
  12. 12. Did you know that “set” is the word with the most number of meanings? Noun: 58 Verb: 126 Adjective: 10
  13. 13. 3 Language follows a grammatical structure.
  14. 14. 4 Language is based on aural and oral system.
  15. 15. 5 Language can die and be extinct.
  16. 16. SOME REASONS FOR THE GROWTH AND DECLINE OF LANGUAGE:  Changing societal needs  Erosion of old customs  Call for elegance
  17. 17. An endangered language is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language. Language loss occurs when the language has no more native speakers, and becomes a "dead language".
  18. 18. EXAMPLE Ancient Greek slowly evolved into modern Greek, and Latin slowly evolved into modern Italian
  19. 19. Yuchi (Euchee) is the language of the Yuchi people living in the southeastern United States, including eastern Tennessee, western Carolinas, northern Georgia and Alabama, in the period of early European colonization. However, speakers of the Yuchi language were forcibly relocated to Oklahoma in the early 19th century.
  20. 20. Sisters Maxine Wildcat Barnett (left) and Josephine Wildcat Bigler; two of the final surviving elderly speakers of Yuchi, visiting their grandmother’s grave in a cemetery behind Pickett Chapel in Sapulpa, Oklahoma. According to the sisters, their grandmother had insisted that Yuchi be their native language.
  21. 21. An extinct language is a language that no longer has any speakers, or that is no longer in current use.
  22. 22. Dead languages are still known and used in special contexts in written form.
  23. 23. A dead language may remain in use for scientific, legal, or ecclesiastical functions. Old Church Slavonic, Classical Armenian, Avestan, Coptic, Biblical Hebrew, New Testament Greek, Ge'ez, Ardhamagadhi, Pali, Sanskrit and Latin are among the many dead languages used as sacred languages.
  24. 24. TRIVIA Ethnologue records 7,358 living languages known. But on 2015- 05-20, Ethnologue reported only 7,102 known living languages.
  25. 25. 6 Language can be diverse.
  26. 26. CHARACTERISTICS OF LANGUAGE
  27. 27. 1 Language is dynamic.
  28. 28. WORD: STATIC MEANING: DYNAMIC
  29. 29. 2 Language has levels.
  30. 30. 3 Language is creative and unique.
  31. 31. 4 Language is a means of communication.
  32. 32. 5 Language identifies culture.
  33. 33. 6 Language is arbitrary.
  34. 34. Languages are said to be arbitrary because there is no necessary or natural relationship between the words of a given language and the concepts that they represent. Also, languages are arbitrary because the rules for the combination of signs in order to produce complete thoughts are different from one language to the other, and no set of rules can claim to be the "right" one.
  35. 35. MA. ELENA OBLINO ABAINZA

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