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Structural Approach and Communicative Approach in Language Teaching


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The slides talk about the difference between method and approach first then there is a description of Structural Approach, its features and demerits. Then we have slides that describes Communicative Approach, its features,role of teacher in this approach and demerits. As a whole the slides present difference between these two approaches.

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Structural Approach and Communicative Approach in Language Teaching

  1. 1. A Presentation on Structural Approach and Communicative Approach presented By- Priyanka Nain B.P.S.I.T.T.R.
  2. 2. Difference between Method and Approach
  3. 3. Approach Approach is an attempt for an improvement in teaching having general guidelines and assumptions It does not identify all the steps involved it just indicates the direction to proceed
  4. 4. Method Method refers to a step by step description of tasks to be performed Method is an overall plan based on some approach
  5. 5. The Structural Approach
  6. 6. The Structural Approach Structure Approach
  7. 7. What is structure ??? Look at these sentences: I am going to school. Going I am school to.
  8. 8. A structure is the particular word order or arrangement of words.
  9. 9. So… Structural Approach lays stress on learning language through structures and grammatical patterns.
  10. 10. Features of The Structural Approach • Students are taught to master the pattern of sentences. • Mastery of structures is more important than the acquisition of vocabulary. • Speech is mainly stressed but reading and writing are not neglected.
  11. 11. Presence of function words. Use of a few inflections. It is a way to teach English by using only of the traditional method like grammar translation or direct method etc. Merits of the Structural Approach
  12. 12. Mastery over 250 Fundamental structures Learning Vocabulary through Sentence Patterns Emphasis on aural-oral Approach
  13. 13. Correlates teaching of Grammar with Composition Mastery over 3000 root words Helps in understanding Word order
  14. 14. Demerits of the Structural Approach
  15. 15. Best suited at Early Stage of Learning Only Structures can not cover the whole syllabus Places excessive demand on the teacher
  16. 16. Communicative Approach
  17. 17. Communicative Approach It is based on the theory: “language is communication” Main aim of this approach is to achieve communicative competence
  18. 18. What is communication ? Communication includes Give and Take Process Passing Information
  19. 19. Features of Communicative Approach • Emphasis on LANGUAGE IN USE rather than language as structure • Learning language through communication • Authentic and meaningful communication should be the goal of classroom activities • Significance is given to fluency
  20. 20. • Lays less stress on grammar • Different language skills are involved • Learning is creative construction • Involves TRIAL AND ERROR THEORY Role of Teacher In Communicative Approach
  21. 21. Two Main Roles of Teacher Classroom Facilitator Participant (Actor or Entertainer)
  22. 22. Activities that can be involved in Communicative Approach
  23. 23. Look and Tell Guessing Games Creating Story Role Playing
  24. 24. Advantages of Communicative Approach
  25. 25. Develops Confidence Lays Stress on Functional Value of Language Develops Speech Ability And Fluency Based on Practical Utility Emphasis on Use of Language
  26. 26. Disadvantages of Communicative Approach
  27. 27. Ignores Grammar Trained Teachers are not Available Ignores Structures Every Student is not able to learn
  28. 28. Thank You for Listening with Patience !