Smart Gamification
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Smart Gamification

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • Amy,
    Excellent presentation. A great number of very helpful pragmatic approaches:
    * Kim's verbs
    * three stages of the player lifecycle
    * deconstructing the cycle
    * PERMA (also interesting in relation to Five Ways to Wellbeing from nef in the UK)
    * engagement loops (& their deconstuction & reconstitution)
    * game designer thinking

    You lost me a little bit with your final example...

    Thanks, Amy! Great stuff!

    CJ
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  • Great summary! Thx, Amy!
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  • Thanx,this slide is very useful to me.
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  • Back when I studied Psychology, the most memorable and useful thing I learned was the “one-armed bandit” schedule of reinforcement. Which you can see here, in red. The essence is this: if you give random, sizeable rewards for user actions (e.g. how a slot machine works), you will get an addictive behavior pattern - in mice, in pigeons, or in humans.
  • Back when I studied Psychology, the most memorable and useful thing I learned was the “one-armed bandit” schedule of reinforcement. Which you can see here, in red. The essence is this: if you give random, sizeable rewards for user actions (e.g. how a slot machine works), you will get an addictive behavior pattern - in mice, in pigeons, or in humans.
  • An example of the type of participation we see: 11% of our audience has participated in BTB without ever really being directed there
  • After the voting period closes, We pick the winners based on an algorithm that takes into account how historical voting patterns typically correlate with future sales unexpected: total number of votes more indicative of future sales than the ration of + to -

Smart Gamification Smart Gamification Presentation Transcript

  • Amy Jo Kim, Ph.D. © 2011 All Rights Reserved Smart Gamification How to Build Sustainable Social Systems
  • my life as a social gamer
  • The many faces of gamification
  • What’s the larger trend?
  • Will Wright – Creator of The Sims, SimCity, Spore We’re in a Gambrian Explosion
  • everyone’s a gamer Games are everywhere
  • social games help us stay connected
  • social games help us achieve our goals
  • How can we navigate this fast-changing terrain?
  • 1. Know your players’ social style Lifecycle Design: Sustainable Social Systems
  • Who’s Playing? How do they like to engage?
  • Jane McGonigal Richard Bartle Points, Badges, Levels, Leaderboards… appeal primarily to Achievers
  • Killers Achievers Socializers Explorers Bartles MUD Player Types (1996)
  • Compete Coop Explore Express Kim’s Social Engagement Verbs (2011)
  • Competitive Verbs Win, Beat, Brag, Taunt, Challenge, Pass, Fight
  • Cooperative Verbs Join, Share, Help, Gift, Greet, Exchange, Trade
  • Exploration Verbs view, read, search, collect, complete, curate
  • Expressive Verbs choose, customize, layout, design, dress up, showoff
  • Content Players Interacting Acting What are YOUR social engagement verbs? Explore Express Compete Collaborate Give Help Comment Like Share Greet Collect Rate View Review Vote Curate Win Challenge Showoff Compare Taunt Create Design Customize Choose Purchase Decorate Build
  • 2. Design for 3 key lifecycle stages 1. Know your players’ social style Lifecycle Design: Sustainable Social Systems
  • The Player Lifecycle: 3 Key Stages Onboarding Habit-Building Mastery Newbie Regular Enthusiast
  • Jane McGonigal With games, fun arises out of mastery . Learning is the drug.
  • Regulars need fresh content/activities/challenges Newbies need to learn the ropes (welcome + goals + progress + achievable rewards)
  • Regulars need fresh content/activities/challenges
  • Enthusiasts need exclusivity, recognition, impact
  • PRO TIP: create an “elder game” – e.g. systems that identify, leverage and empower your enthusiasts
  • 2. Design for 3 key lifecycle stages 1. Know your players’ social style Lifecycle Design: Sustainable Social Systems 3. Put PERMA into your engagement loops
  • P ositive Emotions experiencing joy, pleasure, fun, safety, etc E ngagement / Flow being consciously involved in our activities R elationships enjoyable/supportive interactions w/others M eaning creating a purposeful narrative A ccomplishment Completing goals + following core values Martin Seligman What is PERMA? Key Findings From Positive Psychology
  • Harvesting crops  visual pleasure, self-expression
  • Get nearby recommendations  social serendipity
  • Amazon messaging  staying informed, building trust Shipping confirmation Purchase confirmation
  • Deconstructing Engagement Loops Positive Emotion Fun / Delight / Trust / Pride / Curious Newbie Onboarding (social) Call to Action Customize / Share / Help / Compete Player (re)Engagement Task / Mission / Game / Quiz / Gift Visible Progress Stats / Challenges / Awards / Messages
  • Newbie Enthusiast Regular Novice Expert Master Engagement changes during a player’s lifecycle
  • 4. Light the way to mastery with progress mechanics 3. Put PERMA into your engagement loops 2. Design for for 3 key lifecycle stages 1. Know your players’ social style Lifecycle Design: Sustainable Social Systems
  • In a good game, the mechanics guide you towards learning and mastery
  • Dynamics Mechanics Aesthetics Player Journey Think Like a Game Designer Game mechanics are only part of the picture
  • Progressive Unlocks Appointments Dynamics Game Dynamics are patterns over time Dynamic Systems Reward Schedules Pacing
  • Patterns can be programmed into game systems Reward Schedules  Habits, Surprise, Addiction
  • Game Mechanics make progress visible Levels Player Journey Points Leaderboards Badges Missions Mechanics Virtual Goods
  • Mechanics “light the way” in a player’s journey
  • Fun Delight Envy Pride Aesthetics Game Aesthetics evoke emotion Surprise Satisfaction Trust Connection Curiosity
  • Emotion drives action & engagement A good game takes the player on an emotional journey over time
  • Sustained Engagement (AKA flow) is achieved by Increasing Challenge (AKA mastery)
  • PRO TIP: deliver increased challenge & complexity as your players’ skills improve
  • 4. Light the way to mastery with progress mechanics 2. Design for their lifecycle stages 1. Know your players’ social style 5. Motivate Players with intrinsic rewards Lifecycle Design: Sustainable Social Systems 3. Put PERMA into your engagement loops
  • Autonomy –the desire to direct our own lives. Mastery — the urge to get better at something that matters. Purpose — AKA belonging, desire to be part of something bigger than ourselves
  • Rank-ordering Intrinsic Motivation
  • Autonomy Belonging Fun Self-Knowledge Mastery Power Love Prizes Points Levels Leaderboards Badges Learning Quests Intrinsic value > Extrinsic Rewards Sex Meaning Gold Stars Progress Bar Money
  • Extrinsic Motivators  completing tasks Task Completion  LinkedIn Progress Bar
  • Intrinsic Motivators  sustained engagement it feels good to be part of something larger than yourself
  • PRO TIP: use feedback & rewards to support intrinsically motivating activity
  • CASE STUDY: modcloth
  • What’s their intrinsic motivation? What’s the unmet need / intrinsic motivation? “ I express my individuality and style with cute clothes” Who are the players? What’s their social style?
  • Samples and prototypes can be dropped due to low order volume. Need a system to mitigate risk of meeting production minimums What’s the business need?
  • 6,550 Total Votes 268 Total Comments Engagement Loop: Vote, Discuss, Buy What’s the positive emotion inside that activity?
  •  
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  • Give Help Comment Like Share Greet Collect Rate View Review Vote Curate Win Challenge Showoff Taunt Create Design Customize Choose Purchase Decorate Build Describe Pummel What are the Key Engagement Verbs? Explore Express Compete Collaborate
  • What can players learn and accomplish? “ together we’re creating a custom clothing line”
  • What did Modcloth learn & accomplish? The best indicator for what sells is PASSION, not just votes
  • Thank You @amyjokim on Twitter http://about.me/amyjokim http://www.shufflebrain.com