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Game Design Fundamentals: The Formal Elements

Covers the Formal Elements, MDA and the Magic Circle.

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CHRISTINA WODTKE @cwodtke
Game Design
Fundamentals
@cwodtke | cwodtke@eleganthack.com
www.eleganthack.com
CHRISTINA WODTKE
Formal Elements
This work is licensed under a Crea
Commons Attribution-NonCommer
ShareAlike 4.0 International Licen
CHRISTINA WODTKE @cwodtke
Let’s make a game
Exercise via Brenda Romero
CHRISTINA WODTKE @cwodtke
Draw a path
CHRISTINA WODTKE @cwodtke
Create a way
to move
• Dice roll
• Answer a trivia question
• Everyone moves
• Person behind moves
• Roshambo
• Card draw
• Pass, but gain currency
• Physical skill
CHRISTINA WODTKE @cwodtke
Design
Conflict
• Speed people up
• Slow people down
• Extra turn
• Lose a turn
• Swap places
• Block
Hold on to these, we’ll
come back to them.
CHRISTINA WODTKE @cwodtke
What is a game?
A closed, formal
system
That engages players in
a structured conflict
And resolves to an
unequal outcome.
A dynamic system that
supports interaction
for an aesthetic goal.
Tracy Fullerton

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Game Design Fundamentals: The Formal Elements