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Particle Model of
Matter (PMOM)
What is matter?
• Matter: The stuff that makes up the universe that is
not energy
• Matter:
1. Has mass
2. Takes up space
States of Matter
States of Matter: distinct forms in which matter can
exist.
Bose-Einstein
Condensate
5
States of Matter
To move between states the matter must gain or lose
heat energy
Bose-Einstein
Condensate
5
The Particle Model of Matter (PMOM)
1. All matter is made of tiny particles
2. Particles are in constant motion
3. Adding heat to matter makes the particles move faster
4. There are attractive & repulsive forces between particles
5. There are spaces between the particles
6. (Different matter is made of different particles)
Solid
Solid:
• Particles are very close together
• Definite shape and volume
(Volume: the amount of space the matter occupies)
Liquid
Liquid:
• Particles are loosely attached to each other
• Take the shape of its container
• Has definite volume
Gas
Gas:
• Particles are not connected
• Has no definite shape
• Has no definite volume
Solid Liquid Gas
Motion of
Particles
Space between
particles
Behaviour in a
container
LOW Medium HIGH
Not affected
by the
container
Takes shape
of the
container
Fills the
container
Unit c heat & temperature notes(pmom)

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Unit c heat & temperature notes(pmom)

  • 2. What is matter? • Matter: The stuff that makes up the universe that is not energy • Matter: 1. Has mass 2. Takes up space
  • 3. States of Matter States of Matter: distinct forms in which matter can exist. Bose-Einstein Condensate 5
  • 4. States of Matter To move between states the matter must gain or lose heat energy Bose-Einstein Condensate 5
  • 5. The Particle Model of Matter (PMOM) 1. All matter is made of tiny particles 2. Particles are in constant motion 3. Adding heat to matter makes the particles move faster 4. There are attractive & repulsive forces between particles 5. There are spaces between the particles 6. (Different matter is made of different particles)
  • 6.
  • 7. Solid Solid: • Particles are very close together • Definite shape and volume (Volume: the amount of space the matter occupies)
  • 8. Liquid Liquid: • Particles are loosely attached to each other • Take the shape of its container • Has definite volume
  • 9. Gas Gas: • Particles are not connected • Has no definite shape • Has no definite volume
  • 10. Solid Liquid Gas Motion of Particles Space between particles Behaviour in a container LOW Medium HIGH Not affected by the container Takes shape of the container Fills the container