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PRINCIPLES
OF
TEACHING 2
Prepared By:
Kerwin D. Palpal
THE TEACHING OF
ENGLISH IN THE K TO 12
CURRICULUM
End goals of English language teaching
Communicative competence is the student’s
ability to understand and use language
appropriately and correctly to communicate
in authentic situations.
 Multilitiracies
The six main processes that form part of the core of English language
teaching:
1.Construction
2.Spiral-progression
3.Integration
4.Interaction
5.Contextualization
6.Learner-centered instruction
The macro skills
1. Listening
2. Speaking
3. Reading
4. Writing
5. Viewing
6. Responding
7. Representing
 “Making meaning through language.”
Learning area standard
The learner demonstrates mastery of basic skills in
the English Language Arts, communicates properly,
fluently and orally and writes for a variety of
purposes in different social and academic context at
his/her level while carrying out real life tasks
necessary to cope with the demands of a functionally
literate and competent, local, national and global
citizen.
Keystage standards
Grade 3 Grade 6 Grade 10 Grade 12
Students should be able to
demonstrate eagerness to
explore and experience oral
and written texts and to
communicate meanings and
feelings effectively.
Students should be able to
construct meaning and
communicate them using
creative, appropriate and
grammatically correct oral
and written language.
Students should be able to
interpret, evaluate and
represent information within
and between learning area
texts and discourses.
Students should be able to
integrate communication
and language skills for
creating meaning using oral
and written texts, various
genres and discursive
contexts for personal and
professional purposes.
Grade levelstandardsspelloutcompetencies
Kindergarten- Grade level standards- ENGLISH
Grade 1 The learner listens for comprehension, speaks clearly and uses appropriate
expressions.
Grade 2 The learner listens critically to one-two paragraphs.
Grade 3 The learner listens critically to get information from text heard.
Grade 4 The learner listens critically to news reports and other radio broadcasts and
expresses ideas accurately in oral and in written forms.
Grade 5 The learner listens critically to different text types.
Grade 6 The learner listens critically; communicates feelings and ideas orally and in writing with
high level of proficiency.
Grade 7 The learner demonstrates communicative competence through his/her understanding of
Philippine literature and other text types for a deeper appreciation of Phil. Culture.
Grade 8 The learner demonstrates communicative competence through his/her understanding of Afro-
Asian Literature and other types for a deeper appreciation of Phil. Culture and those of other
countries.
Grade 9 The learner demonstrates communicative competence through his/her understanding of British-
American literature, including Phil. Lit. and other types for a deeper appreciation of Phil. Culture
and those of other countries.
Grade 10 The learner demonstrates communicative competence through his/her understanding of literature
and other text types for a deeper appreciation of World Literature, including phil. Lit.
Materials usedin teachinga language
1. Materials for classroom teaching
 These materials are prepared by the English language experts to
fulfill the needs of learners.
 E.g. Textbooks
2. Authentic Materials
 In order to achieve the objectives of English language teaching it is
important for the English language Teachers to exploit other
materials around them according to the needs of learners and to
create interest in them.
 E.g. Pamphlets and brochures

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The teaching of english in the k to 12 curriculum

  • 2. THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH IN THE K TO 12 CURRICULUM
  • 3. End goals of English language teaching Communicative competence is the student’s ability to understand and use language appropriately and correctly to communicate in authentic situations.  Multilitiracies
  • 4. The six main processes that form part of the core of English language teaching: 1.Construction 2.Spiral-progression 3.Integration 4.Interaction 5.Contextualization 6.Learner-centered instruction
  • 5. The macro skills 1. Listening 2. Speaking 3. Reading 4. Writing 5. Viewing 6. Responding 7. Representing  “Making meaning through language.”
  • 6. Learning area standard The learner demonstrates mastery of basic skills in the English Language Arts, communicates properly, fluently and orally and writes for a variety of purposes in different social and academic context at his/her level while carrying out real life tasks necessary to cope with the demands of a functionally literate and competent, local, national and global citizen.
  • 7. Keystage standards Grade 3 Grade 6 Grade 10 Grade 12 Students should be able to demonstrate eagerness to explore and experience oral and written texts and to communicate meanings and feelings effectively. Students should be able to construct meaning and communicate them using creative, appropriate and grammatically correct oral and written language. Students should be able to interpret, evaluate and represent information within and between learning area texts and discourses. Students should be able to integrate communication and language skills for creating meaning using oral and written texts, various genres and discursive contexts for personal and professional purposes.
  • 8. Grade levelstandardsspelloutcompetencies Kindergarten- Grade level standards- ENGLISH Grade 1 The learner listens for comprehension, speaks clearly and uses appropriate expressions. Grade 2 The learner listens critically to one-two paragraphs. Grade 3 The learner listens critically to get information from text heard. Grade 4 The learner listens critically to news reports and other radio broadcasts and expresses ideas accurately in oral and in written forms. Grade 5 The learner listens critically to different text types.
  • 9. Grade 6 The learner listens critically; communicates feelings and ideas orally and in writing with high level of proficiency. Grade 7 The learner demonstrates communicative competence through his/her understanding of Philippine literature and other text types for a deeper appreciation of Phil. Culture. Grade 8 The learner demonstrates communicative competence through his/her understanding of Afro- Asian Literature and other types for a deeper appreciation of Phil. Culture and those of other countries. Grade 9 The learner demonstrates communicative competence through his/her understanding of British- American literature, including Phil. Lit. and other types for a deeper appreciation of Phil. Culture and those of other countries. Grade 10 The learner demonstrates communicative competence through his/her understanding of literature and other text types for a deeper appreciation of World Literature, including phil. Lit.
  • 10. Materials usedin teachinga language 1. Materials for classroom teaching  These materials are prepared by the English language experts to fulfill the needs of learners.  E.g. Textbooks 2. Authentic Materials  In order to achieve the objectives of English language teaching it is important for the English language Teachers to exploit other materials around them according to the needs of learners and to create interest in them.  E.g. Pamphlets and brochures