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Prepared by:
Bernard L Fontaine, Jr., CIH, CSP
The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
The Business Case and Value of
Occupational Heath and Safety
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
The Business Case of Occupational
Heath and Safety
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
 Profitability
 Reputation/Image/Brand
 Market Share
 Time to Market
 Shareholder/Stakeholder Value
 Cost Containment
 Productivity and Efficiency
 Customer Service
 Compliance Risk
The Business Value of Occupational
Heath and Safety
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
Business Value
________________________
OHS Function
Profit Productivity
Compliance
Risk
Reputation
/Image/
Brand
Cost
Containment
and Efficiency
Time to
Market
Shareholder
Stakeholder
Value
Customer
Service
Market
Share
Training X X X X X X
Waste Reduction X X X X X X X
Studies, Audits,
Reports X X X X X
Safety Compliance X X X X X X X
Remediation X X X X X
Safety Committee X X X
Security X X X X X
Pollution
Prevention
X X X X X X X
Recordkeeping X X X
Linkage of Occupational Health and
Safety Function to Business Value
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
OHS Function Business Value Objective Measure of Performance Business Value Outcome
Training
 Reduce cost per unit of
output
 Increase productivity
 Reduce compliancerisk
 Productivity rate
 Noncompliance incident rate
 % increase in productivity
 % reduction in noncompliance
incidences
Safety Compliance
 Reduce compliancerisk
 Increase productivity
 Reduce time to market
 Cost containment
 Increase profit margin
 Lost workday rate cross-
referenced to the Workers’
Compensation insurance
premium rate
 Injuries/number of employee
work hours
 Rate of near misses
 Employee satisfaction index
 $/year or % insurance premium
cost reduction
 $ or % reduction in lost workdays
 % increase in productivity
 % reduction in compliance
incidents
Environmental
 Reduce compliancerisk
 Cost containment
 Increase time to market of
product
 Time to completion of permit
 Work hours spent on permit
 Number of inspections and
notices of violations (NOVs)
 % increase in time to market of
product
 % reduction in compliance risk
Pollution
Prevention
 Cost containment
 Enhance organization’s
image
 Monthly or yearly waste
disposal weight/cost per
pound or ton
 Number ofcommunitycomplaints
 % reduction in waste disposal costs
 % or numerical reduction in
community complaint incidents
Measurement and Conversion of
Performance to Business Value Outcome
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
The Business Case and Value of
Occupational Heath and Safety
Regional Control and Resources Finance and Accounting
Health, Safety, and Environmental Subsurface Reservoir Development
Facilities & Construction Control, Personnel, Contract, Resources
Maintenance, Deck, Inspection E&P Operator Asset – TSP
Production and Process Catering, Laundry, and Housekeeping
Drilling and Completion Liquefied Natural Gas Production
Construction Crew Diving Crew
General Services People and Organization
Legal Affairs Security
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
Task-Based Risk Assessment
Wire Diagram
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
Consequences
Level of
Consequence
Personal
injury or
illness
Occupational
Safety
Occupation
al Health
Level of
Effect on
Reputation
Value
Level of Risk Based on Probability and Severity
Minor
Reportable injury or
illness incident
without loss case
time
Superficial injury
requiring only first
aid treatment
Minor temporary
illness with rapid
recovery
No media impact -
Green crisis level
1.7 Low
Moderate
LTII with < 3 days
lost <10% of 1
fatality
Non-life threatening
injury requiring
several restricted
days away from work
Illness involving
respiratory, eye, or
skin irritant,
infection, allergy,
sensitization
Green-yellow
crisis level
3 Low
Moderat
e High
Serious
LTII with < 5 days
lost <50% of 1
fatality - serious non-
permanent
injury/illness
Injury temporary
disability, short
hospitalization or
surgery, and/or
possible death
Illness caused by
skin absorption,
ingestion/poison,
and/or inhalation
from exposure
Yellow
crisis level
7
Low High
Urgent
Very Serious
LTII .> 5 days with
< 0% chance of 1
fatality serious
permanent
injury/illness
Life-threatening
Injury resulting in
permanent disability,
long-term
hospitalization or
death
Illness resulting in
possible death
from debilitating
disease/damage to
body part, bodily
system, tissue or
organ
Orange
crisis level
16
Low
Urgent
Extreme
Disastrous
>95% chance of
occurrence to cause
2-9 fatalities based
on injury or illness
Injuries resulting in
the loss of function/
use one or more
body parts resulting
in death.
Illness causing
immediate loss of
consciousness,
long-term disease
eventually leading
to multiple deaths
Red crisis level -
temporary local,
regional, or
international impact
40 Moderate High Urgent Extreme
Catastrophic
Outcome imminent -
It can cause
>10 fatalities based
on the injury or
illness
Injury resulting in
sudden/eventual
death of multiple
workers or group of
workers
Illness resulting in
immediate death
by exposure to
large exposed
group of workers
Brown-red crisis level
- permanent
international impact
100 High Urgent
Extreme
Decision Matrix Consequence vs. Risk
Level Based on Probability and Severity
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
Likelihood of Occurrence
Likelihood
Value
0.4 0.8 1.6 3.1 6.3 12.5 25 100
Consequence Value Very Rare
Highly
Unlikely
Slightly
Possible
Moderately
Possible
Very
Possible
Most
Likely
Very Likely
Almost
certain
Catastrophic 100 High High Urgent Urgent Extreme Extreme Extreme Extreme
Disastrous 40 Medium Medium High Urgent Urgent Extreme Extreme Extreme
Very Serious 16 Low Low Medium High Urgent Urgent Extreme Extreme
Serious 7 Low Low Low Moderate High Urgent Urgent Extreme
Moderate 3 Low Low Low Low Medium High High Urgent
Minor 1.7 Low Low Low Low Low Moderate High Urgent
Likelihood of Occurrence vs.
Consequence and Business Impact
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
Risk
Value
Likelihood of
Occurrence
Common Meaning Definition and Common Meaning
0.4
Very Rare Less than 1% chance of occurring The event will only occur in exceptional (rare) circumstances or may never
happen. No loss time or restricted work. Risk is well controlled.
0.8 Highly Unlikely
Less than 5% chance of occurring Highly unlikely and practically impossible. Risk materialization is negligible.
Incident without any loss time/restricted work. Risk is reasonably controlled if
managed right.
1.6
Slightly
Possible (Low)
Between 5% and 20% chance of
occurring - LTII < 3 day and/or <10%
chance of 1 fatality
Not expected but conceivable. The event is not likely to occur in the planning
period. Risk materialization is highly improbable but there is slight chance it may
occur sometime. Risk is manageable and controlled.
3.1
Moderately
Possible
(Medium)
21% to 50% chance of occurring – LTII
<5 days and/or <50% chance of 1
fatality
The event may occur within the planning period. Risk can materialize sometime in
the near future without proper controls. Reasonably possible based on coincidence
and sequence of events. Minor gaps exist in the measured controls.
6.3
Very Possible
(Medium -
Moderate)
51% to 75% chance of occurring –
serious physical injury and/or <75% of 1
fatality and/or non-permanent but
debilitating injury/illness
The event is likely to occur within the planning period. Risk can materialize several
times during work lifecycle. Unusual outcome but possible based on sequence and
coincidence of events. Significant gaps exist within the existing control measures.
12.5
Most Likely
(Moderate-
High)
76% to 95% chance of occurring – likely
outcome (100%) is 1 death and/or
permanent serious physical injury
resulting in death
The event is more likely than probable of occurring within the planning period.
Risk will materialize frequently during the work lifecycle. Risk is definitely possible
based on the outcome of the sequence and coincidence of events. Major gaps in
controls.
25
Very Likely
(High)
> 95% chance of occurring – 100%
chance of causing 1 or more fatalities
and/or property and/or environmental
damage
The event is very likely to occur within the planning period. Risk can materialize
many times during work lifecycle. Quite possible and not unusual if the hazard is
present. The risk is considered continuous unless the hazard is properly
controlled. Huge gaps in policy, program, and procedural controls to prevent
containment. Hence, disaster is imminent.
100
Almost Certain
(Very High)
Nearly 100% chance of occurring and
causing 10 or more fatalities and
significant property and environmental
damage
The event will occur within the planning period. Risk will materialize and occurs
very frequently and related to sequence of related events. The most likely and
expected result outcome will be completely devastating and catastrophic.
Likelihood of Occurrence vs.
Consequence and Business Impact
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
TYPES OF RISK
1 Explosion 11 Falling dislodged objects 21 Exposure to extreme temperatures SD
Sensitive and
handicapped
2 Fire 12 Stepping on objects 22 Exposure to radiations MA Pregnant women
3 Thermal Contacts 13 Struck against stationary objects 23 Caused by living beings ME Young
4 Electric Contacts 14
Struck against and contact with moving
machinery
24 Vehicle accidents
5 Contacts with caustic or corrosive substances 15 Struck by object or tool 25 Chemical agents Legend
6
Inhalation, skin contact or ingestion of
noxious substances
16
Knocked down, struck or jarred against or
by vehicle
26 Physical agents x Low Risk
7 Fall of persons on different levels 17 Flying fragments or particles 27 Biological agents x Moderate Risk
8 Fall of persons on the same level 18 Caught by or between objects 28 Other x High Risk
9 Collapsing objects 19 Caught by overturning machinery x Urgent Risk
10 Falling handled objects 20 Overexertion x Extreme Risk
Risk Identification Based on
Work Station and Job Tasks
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
1 Drill Floor Crew
Vapor exposure
from descaling,
solvent, and food
condiment
No Published
Informationas
Suspect Human
Carcinogen
Health threat: URT
and eye irritation
Personal
injury (also
damage to
health)
16 3.1
Specific
sector of
activity at
global
level
High
Baseline and periodic air monitoring
personal/area exposures, identify peak and
long-term exposures, awareness training,
adequate goggles, gloves, clothing, and
respirators for elevated exposures.
Personal
injury (also
damage to
health)
7 3.1 Moderate Medium Medium
There are many individual
and organizational risk
factors that may influence
exposure. Lung function
tests for at-risk workers
exposed to prolonged or
repeated elevated
concentrations
1 Drill Operators
Vapor exposure
from descaling,
solvent, and food
condiment
No Published
Informationas
Suspect Human
Carcinogen
Health threat: URT
and eye irritation
Personal
injury (also
damage to
health)
16 3.1
Specific
sector of
activity at
global
level
High
Baseline and periodic air monitoring
personal/area exposures, identify peak and
long-term exposures, awareness training,
adequate goggles, gloves, clothing, and
respirators for elevated exposures.
Personal
injury (also
damage to
health)
7 3.1 Moderate Medium Medium
There are many individual
and organizational risk
factors that may influence
exposure. Lung function
tests for at-risk workers
exposed to prolonged or
repeated elevated
concentrations
1 Drilling Engineer
Vapor exposure
from descaling,
solvent, and food
condiment
No Published
Informationas
Suspect Human
Carcinogen
Health threat: URT
and eye irritation
Personal
injury (also
damage to
health)
7 3.1
Specific
sector of
activity at
global
level
Moderate
Baseline and periodic air monitoring
personal/area exposures, identify peak and
long-term exposures, awareness training,
adequate goggles, gloves, clothing, and
respirators for elevated exposures.
Personal
injury (also
damage to
health)
3 3.1 Low Medium Medium
There are many individual
and organizational risk
factors that may influence
exposure. Lung function
tests for at-risk workers
exposed to prolonged or
repeated elevated
concentrations
Task Based Risk Assessments by Job Description
ID ACTIVITY AREA HAZARD THREAT CONSEQUENCE
POTENTIAL RISK
CONTROL MEASURE
RESIDUAL RISK
EVALUATION
PARAMETERS
COMMENT DUE DATE
RESPONSIBLE
PARTY
CATEGORY
CONS
LIKD
EXPOSURE
RISK
CATEGORY
CONS
LIKD
RISK
MANAG.
KNOWLD
Caribbean Regional Control and Resources
1
Regional Executive
Director
Vapor exposure
from descaling,
solvent, and food
condiment
No Published
Informationas
Suspect Human
Carcinogen
Health threat:
URT and eye
irritation
Personal
injury (also
damage to
health)
1.7 0.8
Specific
sector of
activity at
global
level
Low
Baseline and periodic air monitoring
personal/area exposures, identify peak and
long-term exposures, awareness training,
adequate goggles, gloves, clothing, and
respirators for elevated exposures.
Personal
injury (also
damage to
health)
1.7 0.4 Low Medium Medium
There are many individual
and organizational risk
factors that may influence
exposure. Lung function
tests for at-risk workers
exposed to prolonged or
repeated elevated
concentrations
Task Based Risk Assessments (TBRAs)
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
OVERALL RISK IDENTIFICATION
COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA
COMPANY NAME: CENTER DATE 7/12/2013 REV. 0
Caribbean Operations COMPLETION
TYPES OF RISK
SPECIAL
SENSITIVITIES
WORK STATIONS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 SD MA ME
Health, Safety and Environment
HS&E1 HSE Advisor x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
HS&E2 HSE Management Systems Advisor x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
HS&E3 HSE Offshore Advisor x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
HS&E4 HSE Technologist x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
HS&E5 Regional HSE Manager x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
HS&E6 Senior HSE Advisor x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Risk Identification Based on
Work Station and Job Tasks
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
OVERALL RISK IDENTIFICATION
COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA
COMPANY NAME: CENTER DATE 7/12/2013 REV. 0
Caribbean Operations COMPLETION
TYPES OF RISK
SPECIAL
SENSITIVITIES
WORK STATIONS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 SD MA ME
Offshore Operations & Maintenance
OO&M1 Offshore Operations & Maintenance Manager x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
OO&M2 Operations Superintendent x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
OO&M3 Installation Team Leader x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
OO&M4 Operator Technician I x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
OO&M5 Operator Technician II x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
OO&M6 Installation Team Leader x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
OO&M7 Operator Technician I x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
OO&M8 Operator Technician II x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
OO&M9 Installation Team Leader x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
OO&M0 Operator Technician I x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
OO&M1 Operator Technician II x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Risk Identification Based on
Work Station and Task
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
©2011 by BMJ Publishing Group Ltd
CORRECTIVE MEASURES / SCHEDULED CONTROLS
COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA
COMPANY CENTER Caribbean Control and
Resources
DATE 5/30/2013
Business Unit REALIZACIÓN :
WORK STATIONS EXPOSED WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXPOSED WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXPOSED WORKERS
Administrative Assistant Budget and Control Manager Production Engineering Manager
Analyst and Reporting Manager Control Analyst Production Technologist
Automation & Applications Engineer Head of Control and Resources Production Control Engineer
Business Advisor Inventory Control Specialist Project and Contract Team Leader
Consolidation Business Analyst Jr. Supply Chain Management Officer Reliability Engineer
Consolidation Coordinator Offshore Warehouse Operator TSP Operations Manager
Executive Assistant Coordinator Packaging and Backload Clerk Turbine Specialist
Information Systems Manager Planning Analyst Well Integrity Team Technician
Regional Executive Director Planning Manager Well Service Crew
Legal Officer Purchasing and Contracts Analyst Control Room Operator 18
Legal Affairs Manager Purchasing and Contracts Manager
Jr. Production Operations and Control
Engineer
Jr. Accounting Analyst Receiving Clerk Lab Engineers/Technician
Accountant Systems and Process Analyst Operator Technician
Accounting and Administration Manager Warehouse Coordinator Process Technicians
Accounting Coordinator Warehouse Supervisor Production Operations Coordinator
Analyst and Reporting Accountant Banksman Safety System Inspection Leader
Chief Financial Officer (CFO) T&T Deck Crew Cook II 6
Cost Control Accountant (Materials) Deckhand/Floorhand Cook Supervisor 4
Cost Controller Electrical Technician 6 Utility Man 2
Intervention and Payment Coordinator Electrician 2 Cost Controller
Planning and Services Manager Industrial Cleaner Crane Operator 2
Regional Cataloguer Installation Team Leader Derrick Crew
Regional People and Organization (P&O)
Manager
Instrument Technician 4 Drill Floor Crew
Regional Purchasing/Contracts Analyst Insulator Drill Operators
Regional Purchasing/Contracts Manager Lift Appliance Operator Drilling Engineer
Reporting Accountant Machinist Drilling Technical Assistant
SAP Coordinator Maintenance Team Leader 2 Jr. Completions Engineer
Risk Identification Based on
Work Station and Task
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
CORRECTIVE MEASURES / SCHEDULED CONTROLS
COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA
COMPAY CENTER DATE 6/13/2013 Rev. 0
BUSINESS UNIT Health, Safety and Environmental COMPLETION:
WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXP . WORKERS
HS&E1 HSE Advisor
HS&E2 HSE Management Systems Advisor
HS&E3 HSE Offshore Advisor
HS&E4 HSE Technologist
HS&E5 Regional HSE Manager
HS&E6 Senior HSE Advisor
CORRECTIVE MEASURES / SCHEDULED CONTROLS COMPLETION PRIORITY PERSON IN CHANGE ESTIMATED DATE
HS&E
(1,2)
(1) Explosions - Construct a policy, program, and JSA/SOPs for process safety management that includes the
identification of health and safety hazards of chemicals in process/production; planogram of technology used in process;
roles, duties, and responsibilities of key personnel; description of the upstream production process; contingency for
upset or unusual conditions; training and education of workforce regarding process safety, maintenance reliability and
integrity, and emergency procedures; routine and nonroutine work authorizations; implementation of management of
change; mishap and near-miss incident investigations; emergency planning and preparedness; routine safety
inspections and periodic audits; recordkeeping, retention, and data management.
Low
HS&E (3,
4)
(1) Explosions - Construct a policy, program, and JSA/SOPs for process safety management that includes the
identification of health and safety hazards of chemicals in process/production; planogram of technology used in process;
roles, duties, and responsibilities of key personnel; description of the upstream production process; contingency for
upset or unusual conditions; training and education of workforce regarding process safety, maintenance reliability and
integrity, and emergency procedures; routine and nonroutine work authorizations; implementation of management of
change; mishap and near-miss incident investigations; emergency planning and preparedness; routine safety
inspections and periodic audits; recordkeeping, retention, and data management.
Medium
HS&E
(1,2, 5, 6)
(2) Fire - Construct fire prevention and emergency action policy, program, work permits and JSA/SOPs for onshore
buildings and facilities and offshore installations. The program and procedures should cover everything from alarms and
alarm systems, emergency exits, diagrams, fire drills, assigned fire wardens, practice fire drills, inspections for proper
storage of hazardous and incompatible materials, fire suppression, training and education of fire hazards and emergency
response actions, electrical safety issues, etc. Evaluate worker chemical exposures, JSAs/SOPs when handling, storing,
and using flammable or combustible liquids, gases, and solids or other hazardous materials; train and educate at-risk
workers on OSH hazards and controls during performance of these operations and work tasks; notify workers of
exposure monitoring results; re-evaluate results where exposures are above established guidelines and routinely used
for control banding; select and use proper respirators and personal protective equipment and clothing; evaluate
emergency response plans for sudden releases or spills; include BEIs/medical surveillance program for at-risk
individuals; maintain and manage exposure and medical records.
Low
Risk Identification Based on
Work Station and Task
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
SPECIFIC RISK ASSESSMENT
COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA
COMPANY CENTER DATE 6/13/2013 REV. 0
Company Name Health, Safety and Environmental COMPLETION
WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS
HS&E1 HSE Advisor
HS&E2 HSE Management Systems Advisor
HS&E3 HSE Offshore Advisor
HS&E4 HSE Technologist
HS&E5 Regional HSE Manager
HS&E6 Senior HSE Advisor
RISK IDENTIFICATION SD MA ME PROBABILITY CONSEQUENCES RISK RATE
HS&E
(1,2)
(1) Explosion and Flareback - Includes rapid expansion, outbreak, bursting or upheaval.
Includes explosion of chemical containers, bottles, aerosol cans, buildings, etc. due to fire or
incompatible storage. Does not include electrical short circuits ("blown fuses") or arc flash
incidents. "Flare Back" involves superheated air and combustible gases at temperatures just
below the ignition temperature. Flare back may have same effects as welder's flash.
Very Low Very Low Trivial
HS&E
(3,4)
(1) Explosion and Flareback - Includes rapid expansion, outbreak, bursting or upheaval.
Includes explosion of chemical containers, bottles, aerosol cans, buildings, etc. due to fire or
incompatible storage. Does not include electrical short circuits ("blown fuses") or arc flash
incidents. "Flare Back" involves superheated air and combustible gases at temperatures just
below the ignition temperature. Flare back may have same effects as welder's flash.
Medium Medium Moderate
HS&E
(5,6)
(1) Explosion and Flareback - Includes rapid expansion, outbreak, bursting or upheaval.
Includes explosion of chemical containers, bottles, aerosol cans, buildings, etc. due to fire or
incompatible storage. Does not include electrical short circuits ("blown fuses") or arc flash
incidents. "Flare Back" involves superheated air and combustible gases at temperatures just
below the ignition temperature. Flare back may have same effects as welder's flash.
Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
HS&E
(1,2, 5, 6)
(2) Fire - Exposure to building fire from electrical hazards, sources of ignition to
ordinary combustibles or flammable/combustible chemicals or chemical reaction
from improper use/handling/storage of incompatible or reactive materials, or
lightning strike.
Low Low Tolerable
Risk Identification Based on
Work Station and Task
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
Risk Identification Based on
Work Station and Task
SPECIFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (ANNEX)
COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA
COMPANY CENTER DATE 6/13/2013 REV. 0
BUSINESS UNIT Health, Safety and Environmental COMPLETION
WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS EXP. WORKERS
HS&E1 HSE Advisor HS&E5 Regional HSE Manager
HS&E2 HSE Management Systems Advisor HS&E6 Senior HSE Advisor
HS&E3 HSE Offshore Advisor
HS&E4 HSE Technologist
RISK IDENTIFICATION (TBRA) POLLUTANT LEVEL ACGIH TLV (2013) Exposure Time (minutes)
PARTIAL MAXIMUM
PERMISSIBLE DOSE
TOTAL MAXIMUM
PERMISSIBLE DOSE
HS&E
(3,4)
Combustion product from natural gas flaring - eye and
upper respiratory tract irritant
Acetaldehyde 25 ppm (C) 25 ppm (C)
HS&E
(3,4)
Process and production upstream oil/gas operations -
cardiac sensitizer and central nervous system impairment
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons 1000 ppm TWA 670 ppm TWA
HS&E
(3, 4)
Upstream oil gas fluids, distillates, and sediment - lung
cancer
Arsenic Metal and
Inorganic As
0.01 mg/m3
TWA 0.0067 mg/m3
TWA
HS&E
(3,4)
Drilling mud additive, crane brake pads, fire protection,
gaskets, insulation - pneumoconiosis, lung cancer,
mesothelioma
Asbestos Fibers 0.1 fiber/cc TWA 0.067 fiber/cc TWA
HS&E
(3,4)
Petroleum stream in process area, crude oil tanks and
separators, glycol dehydrator, lab chemical, diesel-based
drilling mud - leukemia
Benzene
2.5 ppm STEL
(Skin)
2.5 ppm STEL
(Skin)
HS&E
(3,4)
Petroleum stream in process area, crude oil tanks and
separators, glycol dehydrator, lab chemical, diesel-based
drilling mud - leukemia
Benzene
0.5 ppm TWA
(Skin )
0.33 ppm TWA
(Skin)
HS&E3
Most interest benzo(a) pyrene, benzo(a) anthrecene, and
benzo(f) and (k) fluranthene in crude oil/produced water -
cancer
Benzo(a)pyrene ALARP ALARP
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
HSE Strategic Plan for Corrective Measures HSE Action Plan for Selected Controls Resources Performance Measure Current Status Area of Responsibility
Target Completion
Date
Completion
Date
Overarching OSH Policy for Exposure and Risk Assessment Construct overarching OSH policy and programs Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days
Self-Assessment for Occupation Health/Safety Programs Construct self-assessment tools for OSH audit preparation Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days
Occupational Health/Safety (OSH) Internal Audit/QC Program Construct modules for OSH internal audit &QC assurance Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days
Information/Data Management, Record Retention, Recordkeeping Construct policy to manage records, data, and information Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days
1. Access to Exposure and Medical Records Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function
1 Preservation of Employee Exposure Records
SOP to define record retention and storage
Percent (%) completion of target date
90 Days2. Preservation of Employee Medical Records Percent (%) completion of target date
3. Preservation of Biological Monitoring Results Percent (%) completion of target date
4. Employee Right and Access to Records SOP for personnel rights to access records Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days
5. Process to Transfer/Storage/Retrieval Records SOP for record transfer/storage/retrieval Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days
6. Process to Manage Trade Secret Information SOP to describe handling trade secret data Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days
7. Employee/Representative Access to Records SOP to describe process to access records Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days
8. Training/Information Workforce Requirement SOP to identify training/education requirement Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days
9. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days
2. Acetaldehyde Vapor Exposure Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function Refer HSE OCM-6
1. Industrial Hygiene Monitoring At-Risk Personnel SOP to monitor identified at-risk exposure group Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
2. Train and Education At-Risk Personnel SOP to train/education exposed personnel Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
3. Notification of Exposure Monitoring Results SOP to notify personnel of exposure results Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
4. Re-evaluation of Exposure Assessments SOP to re-monitor at-risk groups with symptoms Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
5. Respirator/PPE Selection and Use SOP for selecting/use of respirators and PPE Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
6. Emergency Response Release/Spill Procedures SOP for emergency response for release/spill Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
7. Medical Testing for Exposed At-Risk Personnel SOP for medical testing of exposed personnel Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
8. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
3. Acetic Acid Gas Exposure Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function Refer HSE OCM-6
1. Industrial Hygiene Monitoring At-Risk Personnel SOP to monitor identified at-risk exposure group Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
2. Train and Education At-Risk Personnel SOP to train/education exposed personnel Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
3. Notification of Exposure Monitoring Results SOP to notify personnel of exposure results Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
4. Re-evaluation of Exposure Assessments SOP to re-monitor at-risk groups with symptoms Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
5. Respirator/PPE Selection and Use SOP for selecting/use of respirators and PPE Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
6. Emergency Response Release/Spill Procedures SOP for emergency response for release/spill Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
7. Medical Testing for Exposed At-Risk Personnel SOP for medical testing of exposed personnel Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
8. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days
Strategic Occupational Health
and Safety Management Plan
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
HSE Strategic Plan for Corrective Measures 12-Month Plan for Selected Controls Initial Expenditures Estimated Impact on Workforce Calculated Annual Cost Calculated Savings Net Savings ROI (%)
Overarching OSH Policy for Exposure and Risk Assessment Construct /review overarching OSH policy and programs $10,000 250 $2,000 $500,000 $490,000 4900%
Self-Assessment for Occupation Health/Safety Programs Construct/review self-assessment for OSH audit preparation $50,000 250 $12,500 $3,125,000 $3,075,000 6150%
Occupational Health/Safety (OSH) Internal Audit/QC Program Construct modules for OSH internal audit &QC assurance $50,000 250 $12,500 $3,125,000 $3,075,000 6150%
Information/Data Management, Record Retention, Recordkeeping Construct/review policy to manage records, data, information $25,000 250 $6,250 $1,562,500 $1,537,500 6150%
Subtotal $135,000 250 $33,250 $8,312,500 $8,177,500 6057%
1. Access to Exposure and Medical Records Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function
1 Preservation of Employee Exposure Records
SOP to define record retention and storage
$7,500 250 $1,875 $468,750 $461,250.00 6150%
2. Preservation of Employee Medical Records
3. Preservation of Biological Monitoring Results
4. Employee Right and Access to Records SOP for personnel rights to access records
5. Process to Transfer/Storage/Retrieval Records SOP for record transfer/storage/retrieval
6. Process to Manage Trade Secret Information SOP to describe handling trade secret data
7. Employee/Representative Access to Records SOP to describe process to access records
8. Training/Information Workforce Requirement SOP to identify training/education requirement
9. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management
10. Master Data Management System for Medical Records Purchase to construct MDM system to collect and store data $100,000 250 $25,000 $6,250,000 $6,150,000 6150%
11.Training Personnel to Input and Manage MDM Training personnel to code and input information for retrieval $20,000 250 $5,000 $1,250,000 $1,230,000 6150%
12. MDM Program Maintenance Maintain updates and program information $5,000 250 $1,250 $312,500 $307,500 6150%
13. Audit and inspection of exposure and medical records Inspect exposure and medical records to validate program $5,000 250 $1,250 $312,500 $307,500 6150%
Subtotal $132,500 250 $33,125 $8,281,250 $8,148,750 6150%
2. Acetaldehyde Vapor Exposure Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function Refer HSE OCM-6
1. Industrial Hygiene Monitoring At-Risk Personnel SOP to monitor identified at-risk exposure group
$7,500 50 $1,875 $93,750 $86,250 1150%
2. Train and Education At-Risk Personnel SOP to train/education exposed personnel
3. Notification of Exposure Monitoring Results SOP to notify personnel of exposure results
4. Re-evaluation of Exposure Assessments SOP to re-monitor at-risk groups with symptoms
5. Respirator/PPE Selection and Use SOP for selecting/use of respirators and PPE
6. Emergency Response Release/Spill Procedures SOP for emergency response for release/spill
7. Medical Testing for Exposed At-Risk Personnel SOP for medical testing of exposed personnel
8. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management
9. Exposure Monitoring of At-Risk Personnel Conduct exposure monitoring for acetaldehyde vapor $5,000 50 $1,250 $62,500 $57,500 1150%
10. Training At-Risk Personnel on Hazards of Acetaldehyde Conduct training for exposed at-risk personnel $5,000 50 $1,250 $62,500 $57,500 1150%
11. Data Management of Training/Exposure Monitoring Records Enter training and exposure monitoring data into MDM $2,500 50 $625 $31,250 $28,750 1150%
Subtotal $20,000 50 $5,000 $250,000 $230,000 1150%
Calculated Return on Investment (ROI)
Based on Strategic Management Plan
3. Acetic Acid Gas Exposure Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function Refer HSE OCM-6
1. Industrial Hygiene Monitoring At-Risk Personnel SOP to monitor identified at-risk exposure group
$7,500 50 $1,875 $93,750 $86,250 1150%
2. Train and Education At-Risk Personnel SOP to train/education exposed personnel
3. Notification of Exposure Monitoring Results SOP to notify personnel of exposure results
4. Re-evaluation of Exposure Assessments SOP to re-monitor at-risk groups with symptoms
5. Respirator/PPE Selection and Use SOP for selecting/use of respirators and PPE
6. Emergency Response Release/Spill Procedures SOP for emergency response for release/spill
7. Medical Testing for Exposed At-Risk Personnel SOP for medical testing of exposed personnel
8. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management
9. Exposure Monitoring of At-Risk Personnel Conduct exposure monitoring for acetic acid vapor $5,000 50 $1,250 $62,500 $57,500 1150%
10. Training At-Risk Personnel on Hazards of Acetic Acid Vapor Conduct training for exposed at-risk personnel $5,000 50 $1,250 $62,500 $57,500 1150%
11. Data Management of Training/Exposure Monitoring Records Enter training and exposure monitoring data into MDM $2,500 50 $625 $31,250 $28,750 1150%
Subtotal $20,000 50 $5,000 $250,000 $230,000 1150%
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
Risk Ranking of Return on
Investment (ROI) Strategy
Rank Order of Corrective Measures for HSE Strategic Plan Initial Expenditures
Estimated Number of
Workforce Impacted
Initial Unit Cost for
Workforce
Calculated Annual Cost Calculated Savings Net Savings ROI (%)
OSH Value
Level
110. Process Safety Management Risk $35,000 125 $280 $8,750 $1,093,750 $1,058,750 7563%
Very High
105. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Exposures $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 7563%
89. Motorized Vehicle and Traffic Safety $25,000 225 $111 $6,250 $1,406,250 $1,381,250 6960%
1. Access to Exposure and Medical Records $132,500 250 $530 $33,125 $8,281,250 $8,148,750 6150%
138. Self-Assessment for Occupation Health/Safety Programs $50,000 250 $200 $12,500 $3,125,000 $3,075,000 6150%
139. Occupational Health/Safety (OSH) Internal Audit/QC Program $50,000 250 $200 $12,500 $3,125,000 $3,075,000 6150%
140. Information/Data Management, Record Retention, Recordkeeping $25,000 250 $100 $6,250 $1,562,500 $1,537,500 6150%
60. Hazard Communication and Global Harmonized System $46,250 225 $206 $11,563 $2,601,563 $2,555,313 5525%
51. Fatigue and Shiftwork Disorders $40,000 225 $178 $10,000 $2,250,000 $2,210,000 5525%
111. Psychological Workplace Health Assessment and Risks $27,500 225 $122 $6,875 $1,546,875 $1,519,375 5525%
63. Health and Medical Surveillance $25,000 225 $111 $6,250 $1,406,250 $1,381,250 5525%
79. Lighting and Illumination Risks $22,500 225 $100 $5,625 $1,265,625 $1,243,125 5525%
71. Industrial Hygiene Monitoring Risk $15,000 225 $67 $3,750 $843,750 $828,750 5525%
134. Workplace Violence and Harassment $15,000 225 $67 $3,750 $843,750 $828,750 5525%
118. Stairs and Stairway Risks and Controls $13,750 225 $61 $3,438 $773,438 $759,688 5525%
129. Walking and Working Surface Safety $15,000 225 $67 $3,750 $843,750 $828,750 5255%
141. Overarching OSH Policy for Exposure and Risk Assessment $10,000 250 $40 $2,000 $500,000 $490,000 4900%
80. Machine Guarding Exposure Risk $25,000 150 $167 $6,250 $937,500 $912,500 4563%
11. Benzene Vapor Exposure $30,000 75 $400 $7,500 $562,500 $532,500 4438%
56. Formaldehyde Vapor Exposure $30,000 75 $400 $7,500 $562,500 $532,500 4438%
77. Lead Chromate (PbCr) Dust/Fume Exposure $27,500 75 $367 $6,875 $515,625 $488,125 4438%
81. Mercury Metal and Inorganic Hg Exposure Risk $27,500 75 $367 $6,875 $515,625 $488,125 4438%
93. Nickel Carbonyl Exposure Risk $20,000 75 $267 $5,000 $375,000 $355,000 4438%
Tier I – Subtotal $730,000 Tier I Average ROI = 56:1 5556%
53. Fire Prevention and Explosion Risk/Mitigation Offshore $42,500 125 $340 $10,625 $1,328,125 $1,285,625 3781%
High
76. Laundry Operations Safety Risks $20,000 125 $160 $5,000 $625,000 $605,000 3781%
135. Xylene Isomer Vapor Exposure $18,750 125 $150 $4,688 $585,938 $567,188 3781%
61. HAZMAT Operations and Emergency Response $35,000 125 $280 $8,750 $1,093,750 $1,058,750 3025%
96. Noise and Hearing Conservation $27,500 125 $220 $6,875 $859,375 $831,875 3025%
102. Respiratory/PPE Protection Program $27,500 125 $220 $6,875 $859,375 $831,875 3025%
42. Ergonomic Manual Lifting Exposure $25,000 125 $200 $6,250 $781,250 $756,250 3025%
54. Flammable Liquids and Gases - Risk of Fire/Explosion $25,000 125 $200 $6,250 $781,250 $756,250 3025%
57. Galley Health and Safety Exposures and Risks $25,000 125 $200 $6,250 $781,250 $756,250 3025%
43. Ergonomic Posture-Seating Exposure $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025%
52. Fire Prevention and Emergency Action Plan Onshore $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025%
55. Food Health and Safety for Offshore/Onshore Personnel $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025%
62. Hazardous Material Storage and Transport $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025%
65. Helicopter and Aviation Safety $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025%
67. Housekeeping and Sanitation $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025%
69. Hydrogen Sulfide Gas Exposure $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025%
70. Indoor Allergen Exposure Risk $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025%
99. Office Health and Safety Risks $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025%
64. Heat Stress and Heat Strain Risk $20,000 125 $160 $5,000 $625,000 $605,000 3025%
106. Potable Water and Legionella Exposure $20,000 125 $160 $5,000 $625,000 $605,000 3025%
119. Sulfur Dioxide Gas Exposure $18,750 125 $150 $4,688 $585,938 $567,188 3025%
112. Recreational and Off-Duty Safety $13,750 125 $110 $3,438 $429,688 $415,938 3025%
121. Telemedicine Risks $11,250 125 $90 $2,813 $351,563 $340,313 3025%
Tier II – Subtotal $1,262,500 Tier II Aérage ROI = 31:1 3124%
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
The Business Case and Value of
Occupational Heath and Safety
 Realign compass for new direction for all stakeholders
and shareholders
 Address economic, political, market pressures to
improve performance
 Accountability for everyone internal and external to the
organization who has a role and responsibility
 Strong leadership, financial commitment, performance
goals and objectives, and restructure to meet outcome
 Building reputation and brand
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
The Business Case and Value of
Occupational Heath and Safety
 Engage the entire workforce and their supervisors as
well as the supply chain
 Creating healthier and safer working environments by
examining all hazards and quantifying the risk
 Customize support for subject matter experts to drive
excellence and performance
 Use manpower, resources, products, technology, and
services to effectively communicate and avoid loss
 Taking a wider more global perspective of the business
paradigm using occupational/environmental health and
safety initiatives
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
The Business Case and Value of
Occupational Heath and Safety
 Driving management of change for the betterment
 Workforce and productivity,
 Society and social responsibility,
 Sustainability and performance,
 Business markets and partnerships,
 Supply chain including contract support,
 Reputation, and
 Brand
 Drill down on competency, capability, qualifications,
and core values
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
The Business Case and Value of
Occupational Heath and Safety
 Renew momentum to improve health and safety
performance
 Respond to a wide range of hazards and risk
 Find new ways of engaging the workforces
 Inspire leaders to implement common sense and
practical approaches to sustain the workforce and the
contract supply chain by motivating real business
benefits and avoid exceptions to regulatory scrutiny
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
The Business Case and Value of
Occupational Heath and Safety
 Regain the value of the brand for what is real by
promoting initiatives across the enterprise
 Challenge the concept of cost devaluation as a synonym
for unnecessary bureaucracy within the organization
 Avoid any excuse for not doing things right
 Develop a sense of urgency to construct a business
model that fits the organization and designed to last
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
The Business Case and Value of
Occupational Heath and Safety

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The Business Case and Value of Occupational Heath and Safety

  • 1. Prepared by: Bernard L Fontaine, Jr., CIH, CSP The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc. The Business Case and Value of Occupational Heath and Safety Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 2. The Business Case of Occupational Heath and Safety Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 3.  Profitability  Reputation/Image/Brand  Market Share  Time to Market  Shareholder/Stakeholder Value  Cost Containment  Productivity and Efficiency  Customer Service  Compliance Risk The Business Value of Occupational Heath and Safety Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 4. Business Value ________________________ OHS Function Profit Productivity Compliance Risk Reputation /Image/ Brand Cost Containment and Efficiency Time to Market Shareholder Stakeholder Value Customer Service Market Share Training X X X X X X Waste Reduction X X X X X X X Studies, Audits, Reports X X X X X Safety Compliance X X X X X X X Remediation X X X X X Safety Committee X X X Security X X X X X Pollution Prevention X X X X X X X Recordkeeping X X X Linkage of Occupational Health and Safety Function to Business Value Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 5. OHS Function Business Value Objective Measure of Performance Business Value Outcome Training  Reduce cost per unit of output  Increase productivity  Reduce compliancerisk  Productivity rate  Noncompliance incident rate  % increase in productivity  % reduction in noncompliance incidences Safety Compliance  Reduce compliancerisk  Increase productivity  Reduce time to market  Cost containment  Increase profit margin  Lost workday rate cross- referenced to the Workers’ Compensation insurance premium rate  Injuries/number of employee work hours  Rate of near misses  Employee satisfaction index  $/year or % insurance premium cost reduction  $ or % reduction in lost workdays  % increase in productivity  % reduction in compliance incidents Environmental  Reduce compliancerisk  Cost containment  Increase time to market of product  Time to completion of permit  Work hours spent on permit  Number of inspections and notices of violations (NOVs)  % increase in time to market of product  % reduction in compliance risk Pollution Prevention  Cost containment  Enhance organization’s image  Monthly or yearly waste disposal weight/cost per pound or ton  Number ofcommunitycomplaints  % reduction in waste disposal costs  % or numerical reduction in community complaint incidents Measurement and Conversion of Performance to Business Value Outcome Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 6. The Business Case and Value of Occupational Heath and Safety Regional Control and Resources Finance and Accounting Health, Safety, and Environmental Subsurface Reservoir Development Facilities & Construction Control, Personnel, Contract, Resources Maintenance, Deck, Inspection E&P Operator Asset – TSP Production and Process Catering, Laundry, and Housekeeping Drilling and Completion Liquefied Natural Gas Production Construction Crew Diving Crew General Services People and Organization Legal Affairs Security Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 7. Task-Based Risk Assessment Wire Diagram Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 8. Consequences Level of Consequence Personal injury or illness Occupational Safety Occupation al Health Level of Effect on Reputation Value Level of Risk Based on Probability and Severity Minor Reportable injury or illness incident without loss case time Superficial injury requiring only first aid treatment Minor temporary illness with rapid recovery No media impact - Green crisis level 1.7 Low Moderate LTII with < 3 days lost <10% of 1 fatality Non-life threatening injury requiring several restricted days away from work Illness involving respiratory, eye, or skin irritant, infection, allergy, sensitization Green-yellow crisis level 3 Low Moderat e High Serious LTII with < 5 days lost <50% of 1 fatality - serious non- permanent injury/illness Injury temporary disability, short hospitalization or surgery, and/or possible death Illness caused by skin absorption, ingestion/poison, and/or inhalation from exposure Yellow crisis level 7 Low High Urgent Very Serious LTII .> 5 days with < 0% chance of 1 fatality serious permanent injury/illness Life-threatening Injury resulting in permanent disability, long-term hospitalization or death Illness resulting in possible death from debilitating disease/damage to body part, bodily system, tissue or organ Orange crisis level 16 Low Urgent Extreme Disastrous >95% chance of occurrence to cause 2-9 fatalities based on injury or illness Injuries resulting in the loss of function/ use one or more body parts resulting in death. Illness causing immediate loss of consciousness, long-term disease eventually leading to multiple deaths Red crisis level - temporary local, regional, or international impact 40 Moderate High Urgent Extreme Catastrophic Outcome imminent - It can cause >10 fatalities based on the injury or illness Injury resulting in sudden/eventual death of multiple workers or group of workers Illness resulting in immediate death by exposure to large exposed group of workers Brown-red crisis level - permanent international impact 100 High Urgent Extreme Decision Matrix Consequence vs. Risk Level Based on Probability and Severity Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 9. Likelihood of Occurrence Likelihood Value 0.4 0.8 1.6 3.1 6.3 12.5 25 100 Consequence Value Very Rare Highly Unlikely Slightly Possible Moderately Possible Very Possible Most Likely Very Likely Almost certain Catastrophic 100 High High Urgent Urgent Extreme Extreme Extreme Extreme Disastrous 40 Medium Medium High Urgent Urgent Extreme Extreme Extreme Very Serious 16 Low Low Medium High Urgent Urgent Extreme Extreme Serious 7 Low Low Low Moderate High Urgent Urgent Extreme Moderate 3 Low Low Low Low Medium High High Urgent Minor 1.7 Low Low Low Low Low Moderate High Urgent Likelihood of Occurrence vs. Consequence and Business Impact Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 10. Risk Value Likelihood of Occurrence Common Meaning Definition and Common Meaning 0.4 Very Rare Less than 1% chance of occurring The event will only occur in exceptional (rare) circumstances or may never happen. No loss time or restricted work. Risk is well controlled. 0.8 Highly Unlikely Less than 5% chance of occurring Highly unlikely and practically impossible. Risk materialization is negligible. Incident without any loss time/restricted work. Risk is reasonably controlled if managed right. 1.6 Slightly Possible (Low) Between 5% and 20% chance of occurring - LTII < 3 day and/or <10% chance of 1 fatality Not expected but conceivable. The event is not likely to occur in the planning period. Risk materialization is highly improbable but there is slight chance it may occur sometime. Risk is manageable and controlled. 3.1 Moderately Possible (Medium) 21% to 50% chance of occurring – LTII <5 days and/or <50% chance of 1 fatality The event may occur within the planning period. Risk can materialize sometime in the near future without proper controls. Reasonably possible based on coincidence and sequence of events. Minor gaps exist in the measured controls. 6.3 Very Possible (Medium - Moderate) 51% to 75% chance of occurring – serious physical injury and/or <75% of 1 fatality and/or non-permanent but debilitating injury/illness The event is likely to occur within the planning period. Risk can materialize several times during work lifecycle. Unusual outcome but possible based on sequence and coincidence of events. Significant gaps exist within the existing control measures. 12.5 Most Likely (Moderate- High) 76% to 95% chance of occurring – likely outcome (100%) is 1 death and/or permanent serious physical injury resulting in death The event is more likely than probable of occurring within the planning period. Risk will materialize frequently during the work lifecycle. Risk is definitely possible based on the outcome of the sequence and coincidence of events. Major gaps in controls. 25 Very Likely (High) > 95% chance of occurring – 100% chance of causing 1 or more fatalities and/or property and/or environmental damage The event is very likely to occur within the planning period. Risk can materialize many times during work lifecycle. Quite possible and not unusual if the hazard is present. The risk is considered continuous unless the hazard is properly controlled. Huge gaps in policy, program, and procedural controls to prevent containment. Hence, disaster is imminent. 100 Almost Certain (Very High) Nearly 100% chance of occurring and causing 10 or more fatalities and significant property and environmental damage The event will occur within the planning period. Risk will materialize and occurs very frequently and related to sequence of related events. The most likely and expected result outcome will be completely devastating and catastrophic. Likelihood of Occurrence vs. Consequence and Business Impact Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 11. TYPES OF RISK 1 Explosion 11 Falling dislodged objects 21 Exposure to extreme temperatures SD Sensitive and handicapped 2 Fire 12 Stepping on objects 22 Exposure to radiations MA Pregnant women 3 Thermal Contacts 13 Struck against stationary objects 23 Caused by living beings ME Young 4 Electric Contacts 14 Struck against and contact with moving machinery 24 Vehicle accidents 5 Contacts with caustic or corrosive substances 15 Struck by object or tool 25 Chemical agents Legend 6 Inhalation, skin contact or ingestion of noxious substances 16 Knocked down, struck or jarred against or by vehicle 26 Physical agents x Low Risk 7 Fall of persons on different levels 17 Flying fragments or particles 27 Biological agents x Moderate Risk 8 Fall of persons on the same level 18 Caught by or between objects 28 Other x High Risk 9 Collapsing objects 19 Caught by overturning machinery x Urgent Risk 10 Falling handled objects 20 Overexertion x Extreme Risk Risk Identification Based on Work Station and Job Tasks Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 12. 1 Drill Floor Crew Vapor exposure from descaling, solvent, and food condiment No Published Informationas Suspect Human Carcinogen Health threat: URT and eye irritation Personal injury (also damage to health) 16 3.1 Specific sector of activity at global level High Baseline and periodic air monitoring personal/area exposures, identify peak and long-term exposures, awareness training, adequate goggles, gloves, clothing, and respirators for elevated exposures. Personal injury (also damage to health) 7 3.1 Moderate Medium Medium There are many individual and organizational risk factors that may influence exposure. Lung function tests for at-risk workers exposed to prolonged or repeated elevated concentrations 1 Drill Operators Vapor exposure from descaling, solvent, and food condiment No Published Informationas Suspect Human Carcinogen Health threat: URT and eye irritation Personal injury (also damage to health) 16 3.1 Specific sector of activity at global level High Baseline and periodic air monitoring personal/area exposures, identify peak and long-term exposures, awareness training, adequate goggles, gloves, clothing, and respirators for elevated exposures. Personal injury (also damage to health) 7 3.1 Moderate Medium Medium There are many individual and organizational risk factors that may influence exposure. Lung function tests for at-risk workers exposed to prolonged or repeated elevated concentrations 1 Drilling Engineer Vapor exposure from descaling, solvent, and food condiment No Published Informationas Suspect Human Carcinogen Health threat: URT and eye irritation Personal injury (also damage to health) 7 3.1 Specific sector of activity at global level Moderate Baseline and periodic air monitoring personal/area exposures, identify peak and long-term exposures, awareness training, adequate goggles, gloves, clothing, and respirators for elevated exposures. Personal injury (also damage to health) 3 3.1 Low Medium Medium There are many individual and organizational risk factors that may influence exposure. Lung function tests for at-risk workers exposed to prolonged or repeated elevated concentrations Task Based Risk Assessments by Job Description ID ACTIVITY AREA HAZARD THREAT CONSEQUENCE POTENTIAL RISK CONTROL MEASURE RESIDUAL RISK EVALUATION PARAMETERS COMMENT DUE DATE RESPONSIBLE PARTY CATEGORY CONS LIKD EXPOSURE RISK CATEGORY CONS LIKD RISK MANAG. KNOWLD Caribbean Regional Control and Resources 1 Regional Executive Director Vapor exposure from descaling, solvent, and food condiment No Published Informationas Suspect Human Carcinogen Health threat: URT and eye irritation Personal injury (also damage to health) 1.7 0.8 Specific sector of activity at global level Low Baseline and periodic air monitoring personal/area exposures, identify peak and long-term exposures, awareness training, adequate goggles, gloves, clothing, and respirators for elevated exposures. Personal injury (also damage to health) 1.7 0.4 Low Medium Medium There are many individual and organizational risk factors that may influence exposure. Lung function tests for at-risk workers exposed to prolonged or repeated elevated concentrations Task Based Risk Assessments (TBRAs) Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 13. OVERALL RISK IDENTIFICATION COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA COMPANY NAME: CENTER DATE 7/12/2013 REV. 0 Caribbean Operations COMPLETION TYPES OF RISK SPECIAL SENSITIVITIES WORK STATIONS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 SD MA ME Health, Safety and Environment HS&E1 HSE Advisor x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x HS&E2 HSE Management Systems Advisor x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x HS&E3 HSE Offshore Advisor x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x HS&E4 HSE Technologist x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x HS&E5 Regional HSE Manager x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x HS&E6 Senior HSE Advisor x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x Risk Identification Based on Work Station and Job Tasks Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 14. OVERALL RISK IDENTIFICATION COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA COMPANY NAME: CENTER DATE 7/12/2013 REV. 0 Caribbean Operations COMPLETION TYPES OF RISK SPECIAL SENSITIVITIES WORK STATIONS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 SD MA ME Offshore Operations & Maintenance OO&M1 Offshore Operations & Maintenance Manager x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x OO&M2 Operations Superintendent x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x OO&M3 Installation Team Leader x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x OO&M4 Operator Technician I x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x OO&M5 Operator Technician II x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x OO&M6 Installation Team Leader x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x OO&M7 Operator Technician I x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x OO&M8 Operator Technician II x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x OO&M9 Installation Team Leader x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x OO&M0 Operator Technician I x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x OO&M1 Operator Technician II x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x Risk Identification Based on Work Station and Task Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 15. ©2011 by BMJ Publishing Group Ltd CORRECTIVE MEASURES / SCHEDULED CONTROLS COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA COMPANY CENTER Caribbean Control and Resources DATE 5/30/2013 Business Unit REALIZACIÓN : WORK STATIONS EXPOSED WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXPOSED WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXPOSED WORKERS Administrative Assistant Budget and Control Manager Production Engineering Manager Analyst and Reporting Manager Control Analyst Production Technologist Automation & Applications Engineer Head of Control and Resources Production Control Engineer Business Advisor Inventory Control Specialist Project and Contract Team Leader Consolidation Business Analyst Jr. Supply Chain Management Officer Reliability Engineer Consolidation Coordinator Offshore Warehouse Operator TSP Operations Manager Executive Assistant Coordinator Packaging and Backload Clerk Turbine Specialist Information Systems Manager Planning Analyst Well Integrity Team Technician Regional Executive Director Planning Manager Well Service Crew Legal Officer Purchasing and Contracts Analyst Control Room Operator 18 Legal Affairs Manager Purchasing and Contracts Manager Jr. Production Operations and Control Engineer Jr. Accounting Analyst Receiving Clerk Lab Engineers/Technician Accountant Systems and Process Analyst Operator Technician Accounting and Administration Manager Warehouse Coordinator Process Technicians Accounting Coordinator Warehouse Supervisor Production Operations Coordinator Analyst and Reporting Accountant Banksman Safety System Inspection Leader Chief Financial Officer (CFO) T&T Deck Crew Cook II 6 Cost Control Accountant (Materials) Deckhand/Floorhand Cook Supervisor 4 Cost Controller Electrical Technician 6 Utility Man 2 Intervention and Payment Coordinator Electrician 2 Cost Controller Planning and Services Manager Industrial Cleaner Crane Operator 2 Regional Cataloguer Installation Team Leader Derrick Crew Regional People and Organization (P&O) Manager Instrument Technician 4 Drill Floor Crew Regional Purchasing/Contracts Analyst Insulator Drill Operators Regional Purchasing/Contracts Manager Lift Appliance Operator Drilling Engineer Reporting Accountant Machinist Drilling Technical Assistant SAP Coordinator Maintenance Team Leader 2 Jr. Completions Engineer Risk Identification Based on Work Station and Task Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 16. CORRECTIVE MEASURES / SCHEDULED CONTROLS COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA COMPAY CENTER DATE 6/13/2013 Rev. 0 BUSINESS UNIT Health, Safety and Environmental COMPLETION: WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXP . WORKERS HS&E1 HSE Advisor HS&E2 HSE Management Systems Advisor HS&E3 HSE Offshore Advisor HS&E4 HSE Technologist HS&E5 Regional HSE Manager HS&E6 Senior HSE Advisor CORRECTIVE MEASURES / SCHEDULED CONTROLS COMPLETION PRIORITY PERSON IN CHANGE ESTIMATED DATE HS&E (1,2) (1) Explosions - Construct a policy, program, and JSA/SOPs for process safety management that includes the identification of health and safety hazards of chemicals in process/production; planogram of technology used in process; roles, duties, and responsibilities of key personnel; description of the upstream production process; contingency for upset or unusual conditions; training and education of workforce regarding process safety, maintenance reliability and integrity, and emergency procedures; routine and nonroutine work authorizations; implementation of management of change; mishap and near-miss incident investigations; emergency planning and preparedness; routine safety inspections and periodic audits; recordkeeping, retention, and data management. Low HS&E (3, 4) (1) Explosions - Construct a policy, program, and JSA/SOPs for process safety management that includes the identification of health and safety hazards of chemicals in process/production; planogram of technology used in process; roles, duties, and responsibilities of key personnel; description of the upstream production process; contingency for upset or unusual conditions; training and education of workforce regarding process safety, maintenance reliability and integrity, and emergency procedures; routine and nonroutine work authorizations; implementation of management of change; mishap and near-miss incident investigations; emergency planning and preparedness; routine safety inspections and periodic audits; recordkeeping, retention, and data management. Medium HS&E (1,2, 5, 6) (2) Fire - Construct fire prevention and emergency action policy, program, work permits and JSA/SOPs for onshore buildings and facilities and offshore installations. The program and procedures should cover everything from alarms and alarm systems, emergency exits, diagrams, fire drills, assigned fire wardens, practice fire drills, inspections for proper storage of hazardous and incompatible materials, fire suppression, training and education of fire hazards and emergency response actions, electrical safety issues, etc. Evaluate worker chemical exposures, JSAs/SOPs when handling, storing, and using flammable or combustible liquids, gases, and solids or other hazardous materials; train and educate at-risk workers on OSH hazards and controls during performance of these operations and work tasks; notify workers of exposure monitoring results; re-evaluate results where exposures are above established guidelines and routinely used for control banding; select and use proper respirators and personal protective equipment and clothing; evaluate emergency response plans for sudden releases or spills; include BEIs/medical surveillance program for at-risk individuals; maintain and manage exposure and medical records. Low Risk Identification Based on Work Station and Task Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 17. SPECIFIC RISK ASSESSMENT COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA COMPANY CENTER DATE 6/13/2013 REV. 0 Company Name Health, Safety and Environmental COMPLETION WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS HS&E1 HSE Advisor HS&E2 HSE Management Systems Advisor HS&E3 HSE Offshore Advisor HS&E4 HSE Technologist HS&E5 Regional HSE Manager HS&E6 Senior HSE Advisor RISK IDENTIFICATION SD MA ME PROBABILITY CONSEQUENCES RISK RATE HS&E (1,2) (1) Explosion and Flareback - Includes rapid expansion, outbreak, bursting or upheaval. Includes explosion of chemical containers, bottles, aerosol cans, buildings, etc. due to fire or incompatible storage. Does not include electrical short circuits ("blown fuses") or arc flash incidents. "Flare Back" involves superheated air and combustible gases at temperatures just below the ignition temperature. Flare back may have same effects as welder's flash. Very Low Very Low Trivial HS&E (3,4) (1) Explosion and Flareback - Includes rapid expansion, outbreak, bursting or upheaval. Includes explosion of chemical containers, bottles, aerosol cans, buildings, etc. due to fire or incompatible storage. Does not include electrical short circuits ("blown fuses") or arc flash incidents. "Flare Back" involves superheated air and combustible gases at temperatures just below the ignition temperature. Flare back may have same effects as welder's flash. Medium Medium Moderate HS&E (5,6) (1) Explosion and Flareback - Includes rapid expansion, outbreak, bursting or upheaval. Includes explosion of chemical containers, bottles, aerosol cans, buildings, etc. due to fire or incompatible storage. Does not include electrical short circuits ("blown fuses") or arc flash incidents. "Flare Back" involves superheated air and combustible gases at temperatures just below the ignition temperature. Flare back may have same effects as welder's flash. Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable HS&E (1,2, 5, 6) (2) Fire - Exposure to building fire from electrical hazards, sources of ignition to ordinary combustibles or flammable/combustible chemicals or chemical reaction from improper use/handling/storage of incompatible or reactive materials, or lightning strike. Low Low Tolerable Risk Identification Based on Work Station and Task Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 18. Risk Identification Based on Work Station and Task SPECIFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (ANNEX) COMPANY IDENTIFICATION ASSESSMENT DATA COMPANY CENTER DATE 6/13/2013 REV. 0 BUSINESS UNIT Health, Safety and Environmental COMPLETION WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS WORK STATIONS EXP. WORKERS EXP. WORKERS HS&E1 HSE Advisor HS&E5 Regional HSE Manager HS&E2 HSE Management Systems Advisor HS&E6 Senior HSE Advisor HS&E3 HSE Offshore Advisor HS&E4 HSE Technologist RISK IDENTIFICATION (TBRA) POLLUTANT LEVEL ACGIH TLV (2013) Exposure Time (minutes) PARTIAL MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE DOSE TOTAL MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE DOSE HS&E (3,4) Combustion product from natural gas flaring - eye and upper respiratory tract irritant Acetaldehyde 25 ppm (C) 25 ppm (C) HS&E (3,4) Process and production upstream oil/gas operations - cardiac sensitizer and central nervous system impairment Aliphatic Hydrocarbons 1000 ppm TWA 670 ppm TWA HS&E (3, 4) Upstream oil gas fluids, distillates, and sediment - lung cancer Arsenic Metal and Inorganic As 0.01 mg/m3 TWA 0.0067 mg/m3 TWA HS&E (3,4) Drilling mud additive, crane brake pads, fire protection, gaskets, insulation - pneumoconiosis, lung cancer, mesothelioma Asbestos Fibers 0.1 fiber/cc TWA 0.067 fiber/cc TWA HS&E (3,4) Petroleum stream in process area, crude oil tanks and separators, glycol dehydrator, lab chemical, diesel-based drilling mud - leukemia Benzene 2.5 ppm STEL (Skin) 2.5 ppm STEL (Skin) HS&E (3,4) Petroleum stream in process area, crude oil tanks and separators, glycol dehydrator, lab chemical, diesel-based drilling mud - leukemia Benzene 0.5 ppm TWA (Skin ) 0.33 ppm TWA (Skin) HS&E3 Most interest benzo(a) pyrene, benzo(a) anthrecene, and benzo(f) and (k) fluranthene in crude oil/produced water - cancer Benzo(a)pyrene ALARP ALARP Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 19. HSE Strategic Plan for Corrective Measures HSE Action Plan for Selected Controls Resources Performance Measure Current Status Area of Responsibility Target Completion Date Completion Date Overarching OSH Policy for Exposure and Risk Assessment Construct overarching OSH policy and programs Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days Self-Assessment for Occupation Health/Safety Programs Construct self-assessment tools for OSH audit preparation Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days Occupational Health/Safety (OSH) Internal Audit/QC Program Construct modules for OSH internal audit &QC assurance Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days Information/Data Management, Record Retention, Recordkeeping Construct policy to manage records, data, and information Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days 1. Access to Exposure and Medical Records Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function 1 Preservation of Employee Exposure Records SOP to define record retention and storage Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days2. Preservation of Employee Medical Records Percent (%) completion of target date 3. Preservation of Biological Monitoring Results Percent (%) completion of target date 4. Employee Right and Access to Records SOP for personnel rights to access records Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days 5. Process to Transfer/Storage/Retrieval Records SOP for record transfer/storage/retrieval Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days 6. Process to Manage Trade Secret Information SOP to describe handling trade secret data Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days 7. Employee/Representative Access to Records SOP to describe process to access records Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days 8. Training/Information Workforce Requirement SOP to identify training/education requirement Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days 9. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management Percent (%) completion of target date 90 Days 2. Acetaldehyde Vapor Exposure Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function Refer HSE OCM-6 1. Industrial Hygiene Monitoring At-Risk Personnel SOP to monitor identified at-risk exposure group Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 2. Train and Education At-Risk Personnel SOP to train/education exposed personnel Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 3. Notification of Exposure Monitoring Results SOP to notify personnel of exposure results Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 4. Re-evaluation of Exposure Assessments SOP to re-monitor at-risk groups with symptoms Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 5. Respirator/PPE Selection and Use SOP for selecting/use of respirators and PPE Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 6. Emergency Response Release/Spill Procedures SOP for emergency response for release/spill Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 7. Medical Testing for Exposed At-Risk Personnel SOP for medical testing of exposed personnel Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 8. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 3. Acetic Acid Gas Exposure Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function Refer HSE OCM-6 1. Industrial Hygiene Monitoring At-Risk Personnel SOP to monitor identified at-risk exposure group Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 2. Train and Education At-Risk Personnel SOP to train/education exposed personnel Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 3. Notification of Exposure Monitoring Results SOP to notify personnel of exposure results Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 4. Re-evaluation of Exposure Assessments SOP to re-monitor at-risk groups with symptoms Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 5. Respirator/PPE Selection and Use SOP for selecting/use of respirators and PPE Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 6. Emergency Response Release/Spill Procedures SOP for emergency response for release/spill Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 7. Medical Testing for Exposed At-Risk Personnel SOP for medical testing of exposed personnel Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days 8. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management Percent (%) completion of target date 360 Days Strategic Occupational Health and Safety Management Plan Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 20. HSE Strategic Plan for Corrective Measures 12-Month Plan for Selected Controls Initial Expenditures Estimated Impact on Workforce Calculated Annual Cost Calculated Savings Net Savings ROI (%) Overarching OSH Policy for Exposure and Risk Assessment Construct /review overarching OSH policy and programs $10,000 250 $2,000 $500,000 $490,000 4900% Self-Assessment for Occupation Health/Safety Programs Construct/review self-assessment for OSH audit preparation $50,000 250 $12,500 $3,125,000 $3,075,000 6150% Occupational Health/Safety (OSH) Internal Audit/QC Program Construct modules for OSH internal audit &QC assurance $50,000 250 $12,500 $3,125,000 $3,075,000 6150% Information/Data Management, Record Retention, Recordkeeping Construct/review policy to manage records, data, information $25,000 250 $6,250 $1,562,500 $1,537,500 6150% Subtotal $135,000 250 $33,250 $8,312,500 $8,177,500 6057% 1. Access to Exposure and Medical Records Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function 1 Preservation of Employee Exposure Records SOP to define record retention and storage $7,500 250 $1,875 $468,750 $461,250.00 6150% 2. Preservation of Employee Medical Records 3. Preservation of Biological Monitoring Results 4. Employee Right and Access to Records SOP for personnel rights to access records 5. Process to Transfer/Storage/Retrieval Records SOP for record transfer/storage/retrieval 6. Process to Manage Trade Secret Information SOP to describe handling trade secret data 7. Employee/Representative Access to Records SOP to describe process to access records 8. Training/Information Workforce Requirement SOP to identify training/education requirement 9. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management 10. Master Data Management System for Medical Records Purchase to construct MDM system to collect and store data $100,000 250 $25,000 $6,250,000 $6,150,000 6150% 11.Training Personnel to Input and Manage MDM Training personnel to code and input information for retrieval $20,000 250 $5,000 $1,250,000 $1,230,000 6150% 12. MDM Program Maintenance Maintain updates and program information $5,000 250 $1,250 $312,500 $307,500 6150% 13. Audit and inspection of exposure and medical records Inspect exposure and medical records to validate program $5,000 250 $1,250 $312,500 $307,500 6150% Subtotal $132,500 250 $33,125 $8,281,250 $8,148,750 6150% 2. Acetaldehyde Vapor Exposure Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function Refer HSE OCM-6 1. Industrial Hygiene Monitoring At-Risk Personnel SOP to monitor identified at-risk exposure group $7,500 50 $1,875 $93,750 $86,250 1150% 2. Train and Education At-Risk Personnel SOP to train/education exposed personnel 3. Notification of Exposure Monitoring Results SOP to notify personnel of exposure results 4. Re-evaluation of Exposure Assessments SOP to re-monitor at-risk groups with symptoms 5. Respirator/PPE Selection and Use SOP for selecting/use of respirators and PPE 6. Emergency Response Release/Spill Procedures SOP for emergency response for release/spill 7. Medical Testing for Exposed At-Risk Personnel SOP for medical testing of exposed personnel 8. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management 9. Exposure Monitoring of At-Risk Personnel Conduct exposure monitoring for acetaldehyde vapor $5,000 50 $1,250 $62,500 $57,500 1150% 10. Training At-Risk Personnel on Hazards of Acetaldehyde Conduct training for exposed at-risk personnel $5,000 50 $1,250 $62,500 $57,500 1150% 11. Data Management of Training/Exposure Monitoring Records Enter training and exposure monitoring data into MDM $2,500 50 $625 $31,250 $28,750 1150% Subtotal $20,000 50 $5,000 $250,000 $230,000 1150% Calculated Return on Investment (ROI) Based on Strategic Management Plan 3. Acetic Acid Gas Exposure Construct written policy, program, and SOPs HSE Personnel Implementation of new function Refer HSE OCM-6 1. Industrial Hygiene Monitoring At-Risk Personnel SOP to monitor identified at-risk exposure group $7,500 50 $1,875 $93,750 $86,250 1150% 2. Train and Education At-Risk Personnel SOP to train/education exposed personnel 3. Notification of Exposure Monitoring Results SOP to notify personnel of exposure results 4. Re-evaluation of Exposure Assessments SOP to re-monitor at-risk groups with symptoms 5. Respirator/PPE Selection and Use SOP for selecting/use of respirators and PPE 6. Emergency Response Release/Spill Procedures SOP for emergency response for release/spill 7. Medical Testing for Exposed At-Risk Personnel SOP for medical testing of exposed personnel 8. Recordkeeping, Retention, and Data Management SOP for recordkeeping, retention, and data management 9. Exposure Monitoring of At-Risk Personnel Conduct exposure monitoring for acetic acid vapor $5,000 50 $1,250 $62,500 $57,500 1150% 10. Training At-Risk Personnel on Hazards of Acetic Acid Vapor Conduct training for exposed at-risk personnel $5,000 50 $1,250 $62,500 $57,500 1150% 11. Data Management of Training/Exposure Monitoring Records Enter training and exposure monitoring data into MDM $2,500 50 $625 $31,250 $28,750 1150% Subtotal $20,000 50 $5,000 $250,000 $230,000 1150% Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 21. Risk Ranking of Return on Investment (ROI) Strategy Rank Order of Corrective Measures for HSE Strategic Plan Initial Expenditures Estimated Number of Workforce Impacted Initial Unit Cost for Workforce Calculated Annual Cost Calculated Savings Net Savings ROI (%) OSH Value Level 110. Process Safety Management Risk $35,000 125 $280 $8,750 $1,093,750 $1,058,750 7563% Very High 105. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Exposures $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 7563% 89. Motorized Vehicle and Traffic Safety $25,000 225 $111 $6,250 $1,406,250 $1,381,250 6960% 1. Access to Exposure and Medical Records $132,500 250 $530 $33,125 $8,281,250 $8,148,750 6150% 138. Self-Assessment for Occupation Health/Safety Programs $50,000 250 $200 $12,500 $3,125,000 $3,075,000 6150% 139. Occupational Health/Safety (OSH) Internal Audit/QC Program $50,000 250 $200 $12,500 $3,125,000 $3,075,000 6150% 140. Information/Data Management, Record Retention, Recordkeeping $25,000 250 $100 $6,250 $1,562,500 $1,537,500 6150% 60. Hazard Communication and Global Harmonized System $46,250 225 $206 $11,563 $2,601,563 $2,555,313 5525% 51. Fatigue and Shiftwork Disorders $40,000 225 $178 $10,000 $2,250,000 $2,210,000 5525% 111. Psychological Workplace Health Assessment and Risks $27,500 225 $122 $6,875 $1,546,875 $1,519,375 5525% 63. Health and Medical Surveillance $25,000 225 $111 $6,250 $1,406,250 $1,381,250 5525% 79. Lighting and Illumination Risks $22,500 225 $100 $5,625 $1,265,625 $1,243,125 5525% 71. Industrial Hygiene Monitoring Risk $15,000 225 $67 $3,750 $843,750 $828,750 5525% 134. Workplace Violence and Harassment $15,000 225 $67 $3,750 $843,750 $828,750 5525% 118. Stairs and Stairway Risks and Controls $13,750 225 $61 $3,438 $773,438 $759,688 5525% 129. Walking and Working Surface Safety $15,000 225 $67 $3,750 $843,750 $828,750 5255% 141. Overarching OSH Policy for Exposure and Risk Assessment $10,000 250 $40 $2,000 $500,000 $490,000 4900% 80. Machine Guarding Exposure Risk $25,000 150 $167 $6,250 $937,500 $912,500 4563% 11. Benzene Vapor Exposure $30,000 75 $400 $7,500 $562,500 $532,500 4438% 56. Formaldehyde Vapor Exposure $30,000 75 $400 $7,500 $562,500 $532,500 4438% 77. Lead Chromate (PbCr) Dust/Fume Exposure $27,500 75 $367 $6,875 $515,625 $488,125 4438% 81. Mercury Metal and Inorganic Hg Exposure Risk $27,500 75 $367 $6,875 $515,625 $488,125 4438% 93. Nickel Carbonyl Exposure Risk $20,000 75 $267 $5,000 $375,000 $355,000 4438% Tier I – Subtotal $730,000 Tier I Average ROI = 56:1 5556% 53. Fire Prevention and Explosion Risk/Mitigation Offshore $42,500 125 $340 $10,625 $1,328,125 $1,285,625 3781% High 76. Laundry Operations Safety Risks $20,000 125 $160 $5,000 $625,000 $605,000 3781% 135. Xylene Isomer Vapor Exposure $18,750 125 $150 $4,688 $585,938 $567,188 3781% 61. HAZMAT Operations and Emergency Response $35,000 125 $280 $8,750 $1,093,750 $1,058,750 3025% 96. Noise and Hearing Conservation $27,500 125 $220 $6,875 $859,375 $831,875 3025% 102. Respiratory/PPE Protection Program $27,500 125 $220 $6,875 $859,375 $831,875 3025% 42. Ergonomic Manual Lifting Exposure $25,000 125 $200 $6,250 $781,250 $756,250 3025% 54. Flammable Liquids and Gases - Risk of Fire/Explosion $25,000 125 $200 $6,250 $781,250 $756,250 3025% 57. Galley Health and Safety Exposures and Risks $25,000 125 $200 $6,250 $781,250 $756,250 3025% 43. Ergonomic Posture-Seating Exposure $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025% 52. Fire Prevention and Emergency Action Plan Onshore $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025% 55. Food Health and Safety for Offshore/Onshore Personnel $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025% 62. Hazardous Material Storage and Transport $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025% 65. Helicopter and Aviation Safety $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025% 67. Housekeeping and Sanitation $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025% 69. Hydrogen Sulfide Gas Exposure $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025% 70. Indoor Allergen Exposure Risk $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025% 99. Office Health and Safety Risks $22,500 125 $180 $5,625 $703,125 $680,625 3025% 64. Heat Stress and Heat Strain Risk $20,000 125 $160 $5,000 $625,000 $605,000 3025% 106. Potable Water and Legionella Exposure $20,000 125 $160 $5,000 $625,000 $605,000 3025% 119. Sulfur Dioxide Gas Exposure $18,750 125 $150 $4,688 $585,938 $567,188 3025% 112. Recreational and Off-Duty Safety $13,750 125 $110 $3,438 $429,688 $415,938 3025% 121. Telemedicine Risks $11,250 125 $90 $2,813 $351,563 $340,313 3025% Tier II – Subtotal $1,262,500 Tier II Aérage ROI = 31:1 3124% Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 22. The Business Case and Value of Occupational Heath and Safety  Realign compass for new direction for all stakeholders and shareholders  Address economic, political, market pressures to improve performance  Accountability for everyone internal and external to the organization who has a role and responsibility  Strong leadership, financial commitment, performance goals and objectives, and restructure to meet outcome  Building reputation and brand Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 23. The Business Case and Value of Occupational Heath and Safety  Engage the entire workforce and their supervisors as well as the supply chain  Creating healthier and safer working environments by examining all hazards and quantifying the risk  Customize support for subject matter experts to drive excellence and performance  Use manpower, resources, products, technology, and services to effectively communicate and avoid loss  Taking a wider more global perspective of the business paradigm using occupational/environmental health and safety initiatives Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 24. The Business Case and Value of Occupational Heath and Safety  Driving management of change for the betterment  Workforce and productivity,  Society and social responsibility,  Sustainability and performance,  Business markets and partnerships,  Supply chain including contract support,  Reputation, and  Brand  Drill down on competency, capability, qualifications, and core values Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 25. The Business Case and Value of Occupational Heath and Safety  Renew momentum to improve health and safety performance  Respond to a wide range of hazards and risk  Find new ways of engaging the workforces  Inspire leaders to implement common sense and practical approaches to sustain the workforce and the contract supply chain by motivating real business benefits and avoid exceptions to regulatory scrutiny Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 26. The Business Case and Value of Occupational Heath and Safety  Regain the value of the brand for what is real by promoting initiatives across the enterprise  Challenge the concept of cost devaluation as a synonym for unnecessary bureaucracy within the organization  Avoid any excuse for not doing things right  Develop a sense of urgency to construct a business model that fits the organization and designed to last Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  • 27. Copyright 2014 © The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc. The Business Case and Value of Occupational Heath and Safety

Editor's Notes

  1. Table related business value to various occupational health and safety functions As expected compliance risk along with profits, productivity, and cost containment are closely associated with providing shareholder and stakeholder value
  2. Business value can be measured in cost per output for training, reducing compliance training, increasing productivity, cost containment, increasing brand and image, reducing waste. But how do measure business value if there is a history of mishaps, near-misses, lost days away from work, restricted days from working, medical and healthcare costs, legal liability.
  3. Eighteen categories were submitted by the HR group and the subset of personnel were identified through information provided by each Department Head and documents related to the operation and process within each group. Some information was extracted based on historical research and findings. There was some overlap of job categories between groups such as drilling and well intervention. The organization was positioned to reduce overhead and subcontract many of the routine operations to qualified contract support. In some cases, company personnel and subcontractors performed the same work tasks. Hence, it was important to use the concept of control banding to define the hazards and quantify the risk similarly between both workforces.
  4. A wire diagram is a good management tool to better understand the process of risk governance focused on all types of occupational health and safety hazards. Risk governance is a collective understanding of risk identification, risk appraisal, risk assessment, risk management, and risk communication The wire diagram helps leadership better understand the need for review and intervene when risk tolerance is unacceptable or where risk attitude or risk appetite exceeds desired acceptable thresholds. The task-based risk assessment corroborates performance with training and education, evaluation by audits, inspections, and checklists, and helps identify gaps related to human and systematic error.
  5. Chart defines the consequences for the current state of affairs or the inability or unwillingness to take corrective action. Definitions were created to describe the risk levels for personal injury, occupational safety, and occupational health in relation with the outcome on brand, reputation, and corporate image.
  6. The likelihood of occurrence was defined by the relationship the level of consequence. Probabilistic values were calculated and assessed based on each determination. Definitions for low, medium, high, urgent, and extreme risk were defined.