SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Nucleus

Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Cytoplasm
Nucleus

DNA

Cytoplasm
T

A

C

A

G

G

A

G

T

C

A

G

A

C

T

A

T

G

T

C

C

T

C

A

G

T

C

T

G

A
RNA
Polymerase

T

A

C

A

G

G

A

G

T

C

A

G

A

C

T

A

T

G

T

C

C

T

C

A

G

T

C

T

G

A

Promoter Region
G

G

A

G

T

C

A

G

A

C

T

T

C

C

T

C

A

G

T

C

T

G

A

A

T

G

A
C
A
T

RNA
Polymerase
A U

C
T

G

T

C

A

G

A

C

T

T

C

A

G

T

C

T

G

A

A

T

G

T

C

C

A
G
G
A
C
A
T

RNA
Polymerase
A U
C

G

A

G

C

A

G

A

C

T

A

G

T

C

T

G

A

A

T

G

T

C

C

T

C

T
G
A
G
G
A
C
A
T

RNA
Polymerase
A U
C
G

A

G A G

A

C

T

C

T

G

A

A

T

G

T

C

C

T

C

A

G

T

G
A
C
T
G
A
G
G
A
C
A
T

RNA
Polymerase
A U

C
G

A

G A G U C

T
G

A

A

T

G

T

C

C

T

C

A

G

T

C

T

C
A
G
A
C
T
G
A
G
G
A
C
A
T

RNA
Polymerase
A U
C
G

A

G A G U CA
G
T

C

A

G

A

C

T

G

A

G

G

A

C

A

T

RNA
Polymerase

A

G

T

C

T

G

A

C

T

C

C

T

G

T

A
Nuclear Pore

Nucleus

Cytoplasm

mRNA
Amino
Acids

Small Subunit

rRNA
tRNA

Large
Subunit

Anti-codon

A

G

T

C

T

G

A

C

T

G

Codon

C

C

T

C

A

A

T

T
Start
codon

Stop
codon
Peptide Bond

A

A

G

T

C

T

G

G

C

G

T

C

C

T

A

G
T
A
A

C

T

G

T

T

G

T

C

A

G

A

C
C
T
G
T
A
A

G

G

A
G

T

C

T

C
A
C
T
C
C
T
G
T
A
A
G
T
C
T
G
A
C
T
C
C
T
G
T
A
A
G
T
C
T
G
A
C
T
C
C
T
G
T
A
Cytoplasm
Summary
• The first part of protein synthesis is transcription. It starts when mRNA
strands are transcribed in the nucleus. The strands are created from a
DNA template strand with the help of RNA polymerase. This mRNA
strand leaves the nucleus through the nuclear pores. The second part
of protein synthesis is translation, which occurs in the cytoplasm and
needs ribosomes. A small ribosome subunit attaches to the bottom of
the mRNA strand, and a large ribosome subunit attaches to the top of
the mRNA. Then the synthesis can begin, the ribosome "reads" the
mRNA and tRNA brings the right amino acid. Then the anticodon
matches with a codon. Then another anticodon comes along and then
the next so on and so forth. Then before the tRNA leaves the ribosome
polymerase creates a peptide bond between the amino acids. Then the
tRNA leaves the ribosome, leaving the amino acid behind. This process
repeats itself until it reaches a stop codon. Then the amino acid chain
called a polypeptide, is released into the cytoplasm as a protein.

More Related Content

What's hot

Flipbook
FlipbookFlipbook
Flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Rna Folding
Rna FoldingRna Folding
Rna Folding
natkomiss
 
Anthony Gill on Lessons learnt for pathologists from the International Cancer...
Anthony Gill on Lessons learnt for pathologists from the International Cancer...Anthony Gill on Lessons learnt for pathologists from the International Cancer...
Anthony Gill on Lessons learnt for pathologists from the International Cancer...
Cirdan
 
Hoofdstuk 20 2008 deel 1
Hoofdstuk 20 2008 deel 1Hoofdstuk 20 2008 deel 1
Hoofdstuk 20 2008 deel 1
Biology, Utrecht University
 
Flipbook m and a
Flipbook m and aFlipbook m and a
Flipbook m and a
punxsyscience
 
Translation and Transcription Flipbook
Translation and Transcription FlipbookTranslation and Transcription Flipbook
Translation and Transcription Flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Translation
TranslationTranslation
Translation
GKM
 
Rna processing
Rna processingRna processing
Rna processing
GKM
 
12.3 dna, rna, and protein
12.3  dna, rna, and protein12.3  dna, rna, and protein
12.3 dna, rna, and protein
kathy_lambert
 
Tau phosphorylation - Creative Diagnostics
Tau phosphorylation - Creative DiagnosticsTau phosphorylation - Creative Diagnostics
Tau phosphorylation - Creative Diagnostics
Creative-Diagnostics
 
Translation and transcription
Translation and transcriptionTranslation and transcription
Translation and transcription
punxsyscience
 
Promoter
PromoterPromoter
Promoter
GKM
 
DNA recombinant technology
DNA recombinant technologyDNA recombinant technology
DNA recombinant technology
Dr Muhammad Mustansar
 
jessicakerrflipbook
jessicakerrflipbookjessicakerrflipbook
jessicakerrflipbook
punxsyscience
 
RNA splicing mutations and human disease: Pompe disease.
RNA splicing mutations and human disease: Pompe disease.RNA splicing mutations and human disease: Pompe disease.
RNA splicing mutations and human disease: Pompe disease.
CentroMalattieRareFVG
 
Structure of Gene
Structure of GeneStructure of Gene
Structure of Gene
GKM
 
T Cells, Dendritic Cells, Autoimmunity and the Hair Follicle
T Cells, Dendritic Cells, Autoimmunity and the Hair FollicleT Cells, Dendritic Cells, Autoimmunity and the Hair Follicle
T Cells, Dendritic Cells, Autoimmunity and the Hair Follicle
National Alopecia Areata Foundation
 
Transcription and translation flip book
Transcription and translation flip bookTranscription and translation flip book
Transcription and translation flip book
punxsyscience
 

What's hot (18)

Flipbook
FlipbookFlipbook
Flipbook
 
Rna Folding
Rna FoldingRna Folding
Rna Folding
 
Anthony Gill on Lessons learnt for pathologists from the International Cancer...
Anthony Gill on Lessons learnt for pathologists from the International Cancer...Anthony Gill on Lessons learnt for pathologists from the International Cancer...
Anthony Gill on Lessons learnt for pathologists from the International Cancer...
 
Hoofdstuk 20 2008 deel 1
Hoofdstuk 20 2008 deel 1Hoofdstuk 20 2008 deel 1
Hoofdstuk 20 2008 deel 1
 
Flipbook m and a
Flipbook m and aFlipbook m and a
Flipbook m and a
 
Translation and Transcription Flipbook
Translation and Transcription FlipbookTranslation and Transcription Flipbook
Translation and Transcription Flipbook
 
Translation
TranslationTranslation
Translation
 
Rna processing
Rna processingRna processing
Rna processing
 
12.3 dna, rna, and protein
12.3  dna, rna, and protein12.3  dna, rna, and protein
12.3 dna, rna, and protein
 
Tau phosphorylation - Creative Diagnostics
Tau phosphorylation - Creative DiagnosticsTau phosphorylation - Creative Diagnostics
Tau phosphorylation - Creative Diagnostics
 
Translation and transcription
Translation and transcriptionTranslation and transcription
Translation and transcription
 
Promoter
PromoterPromoter
Promoter
 
DNA recombinant technology
DNA recombinant technologyDNA recombinant technology
DNA recombinant technology
 
jessicakerrflipbook
jessicakerrflipbookjessicakerrflipbook
jessicakerrflipbook
 
RNA splicing mutations and human disease: Pompe disease.
RNA splicing mutations and human disease: Pompe disease.RNA splicing mutations and human disease: Pompe disease.
RNA splicing mutations and human disease: Pompe disease.
 
Structure of Gene
Structure of GeneStructure of Gene
Structure of Gene
 
T Cells, Dendritic Cells, Autoimmunity and the Hair Follicle
T Cells, Dendritic Cells, Autoimmunity and the Hair FollicleT Cells, Dendritic Cells, Autoimmunity and the Hair Follicle
T Cells, Dendritic Cells, Autoimmunity and the Hair Follicle
 
Transcription and translation flip book
Transcription and translation flip bookTranscription and translation flip book
Transcription and translation flip book
 

Viewers also liked

Flipbook
FlipbookFlipbook
Flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Yoho protein synthesis
Yoho protein synthesisYoho protein synthesis
Yoho protein synthesis
punxsyscience
 
Kshoemaker Protein synthesis project
Kshoemaker Protein synthesis projectKshoemaker Protein synthesis project
Kshoemaker Protein synthesis project
punxsyscience
 
Kellydnareplication
KellydnareplicationKellydnareplication
Kellydnareplication
punxsyscience
 
Pahsflamingturtleseditableanimalcellmodel
PahsflamingturtleseditableanimalcellmodelPahsflamingturtleseditableanimalcellmodel
Pahsflamingturtleseditableanimalcellmodel
punxsyscience
 
J miller.6.dna flipbook
J miller.6.dna flipbookJ miller.6.dna flipbook
J miller.6.dna flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Translation
TranslationTranslation
Translation
punxsyscience
 
Austin&3lizabeth
Austin&3lizabethAustin&3lizabeth
Austin&3lizabeth
punxsyscience
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
punxsyscience
 
J miller.6.dna flipbook
J miller.6.dna flipbookJ miller.6.dna flipbook
J miller.6.dna flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Mr. jekyl and mr. hyde my medaka story
Mr. jekyl and mr. hyde my medaka storyMr. jekyl and mr. hyde my medaka story
Mr. jekyl and mr. hyde my medaka story
punxsyscience
 
Rna sythesis project
Rna sythesis projectRna sythesis project
Rna sythesis project
punxsyscience
 
F lip book
F lip bookF lip book
F lip book
punxsyscience
 
giroskey flipbook
giroskey flipbookgiroskey flipbook
giroskey flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Flipbook
FlipbookFlipbook
Flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Brock flipbook
Brock flipbookBrock flipbook
Brock flipbook
punxsyscience
 
J miller.6.dna replication
J miller.6.dna replicationJ miller.6.dna replication
J miller.6.dna replication
punxsyscience
 
Protein synthesis flipbook laura keller
Protein synthesis flipbook laura kellerProtein synthesis flipbook laura keller
Protein synthesis flipbook laura keller
punxsyscience
 
Cell slides
Cell slidesCell slides
Cell slides
punxsyscience
 

Viewers also liked (19)

Flipbook
FlipbookFlipbook
Flipbook
 
Yoho protein synthesis
Yoho protein synthesisYoho protein synthesis
Yoho protein synthesis
 
Kshoemaker Protein synthesis project
Kshoemaker Protein synthesis projectKshoemaker Protein synthesis project
Kshoemaker Protein synthesis project
 
Kellydnareplication
KellydnareplicationKellydnareplication
Kellydnareplication
 
Pahsflamingturtleseditableanimalcellmodel
PahsflamingturtleseditableanimalcellmodelPahsflamingturtleseditableanimalcellmodel
Pahsflamingturtleseditableanimalcellmodel
 
J miller.6.dna flipbook
J miller.6.dna flipbookJ miller.6.dna flipbook
J miller.6.dna flipbook
 
Translation
TranslationTranslation
Translation
 
Austin&3lizabeth
Austin&3lizabethAustin&3lizabeth
Austin&3lizabeth
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
 
J miller.6.dna flipbook
J miller.6.dna flipbookJ miller.6.dna flipbook
J miller.6.dna flipbook
 
Mr. jekyl and mr. hyde my medaka story
Mr. jekyl and mr. hyde my medaka storyMr. jekyl and mr. hyde my medaka story
Mr. jekyl and mr. hyde my medaka story
 
Rna sythesis project
Rna sythesis projectRna sythesis project
Rna sythesis project
 
F lip book
F lip bookF lip book
F lip book
 
giroskey flipbook
giroskey flipbookgiroskey flipbook
giroskey flipbook
 
Flipbook
FlipbookFlipbook
Flipbook
 
Brock flipbook
Brock flipbookBrock flipbook
Brock flipbook
 
J miller.6.dna replication
J miller.6.dna replicationJ miller.6.dna replication
J miller.6.dna replication
 
Protein synthesis flipbook laura keller
Protein synthesis flipbook laura kellerProtein synthesis flipbook laura keller
Protein synthesis flipbook laura keller
 
Cell slides
Cell slidesCell slides
Cell slides
 

Similar to Rna bio

Lin.protein.synthesis
Lin.protein.synthesisLin.protein.synthesis
Lin.protein.synthesis
punxsyscience
 
ashleyviteflipbook
ashleyviteflipbookashleyviteflipbook
ashleyviteflipbook
punxsyscience
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
punxsyscience
 
FLIP BOOK NOO BEN!!!!!
FLIP BOOK NOO BEN!!!!!FLIP BOOK NOO BEN!!!!!
FLIP BOOK NOO BEN!!!!!
15Brooks_Colton
 
Transcription and translation flipbook
Transcription and translation flipbookTranscription and translation flipbook
Transcription and translation flipbook
punxsyscience
 
proteinsynthesis.shayna.dicker
proteinsynthesis.shayna.dickerproteinsynthesis.shayna.dicker
proteinsynthesis.shayna.dicker
punxsyscience
 
Lightning dog dna flipbook
Lightning dog dna flipbookLightning dog dna flipbook
Lightning dog dna flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Lightning Dog Flipbook
Lightning Dog FlipbookLightning Dog Flipbook
Lightning Dog Flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Bio flip
Bio flipBio flip
Bio flip
punxsyscience
 
Intro chapter 10 part2a
Intro chapter 10 part2aIntro chapter 10 part2a
Intro chapter 10 part2a
mjbarba
 
FlipbookHannahD
FlipbookHannahDFlipbookHannahD
FlipbookHannahD
punxsyscience
 
KPerry Protein synthesis model
KPerry Protein synthesis modelKPerry Protein synthesis model
KPerry Protein synthesis model
punxsyscience
 
Flip book
Flip  book Flip  book
Flip book
punxsyscience
 
Jordt_Transcription_flipbook
Jordt_Transcription_flipbookJordt_Transcription_flipbook
Jordt_Transcription_flipbook
punxsyscience
 
Transcription and Translation Flipbook
Transcription and Translation FlipbookTranscription and Translation Flipbook
Transcription and Translation Flipbook
punxsyscience
 

Similar to Rna bio (20)

Lin.protein.synthesis
Lin.protein.synthesisLin.protein.synthesis
Lin.protein.synthesis
 
ashleyviteflipbook
ashleyviteflipbookashleyviteflipbook
ashleyviteflipbook
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
 
Bio flipbook
Bio flipbookBio flipbook
Bio flipbook
 
FLIP BOOK NOO BEN!!!!!
FLIP BOOK NOO BEN!!!!!FLIP BOOK NOO BEN!!!!!
FLIP BOOK NOO BEN!!!!!
 
Transcription and translation flipbook
Transcription and translation flipbookTranscription and translation flipbook
Transcription and translation flipbook
 
proteinsynthesis.shayna.dicker
proteinsynthesis.shayna.dickerproteinsynthesis.shayna.dicker
proteinsynthesis.shayna.dicker
 
Lightning dog dna flipbook
Lightning dog dna flipbookLightning dog dna flipbook
Lightning dog dna flipbook
 
Lightning Dog Flipbook
Lightning Dog FlipbookLightning Dog Flipbook
Lightning Dog Flipbook
 
Bio flip
Bio flipBio flip
Bio flip
 
Intro chapter 10 part2a
Intro chapter 10 part2aIntro chapter 10 part2a
Intro chapter 10 part2a
 
FlipbookHannahD
FlipbookHannahDFlipbookHannahD
FlipbookHannahD
 
KPerry Protein synthesis model
KPerry Protein synthesis modelKPerry Protein synthesis model
KPerry Protein synthesis model
 
Flip book
Flip  book Flip  book
Flip book
 
Jordt_Transcription_flipbook
Jordt_Transcription_flipbookJordt_Transcription_flipbook
Jordt_Transcription_flipbook
 
Transcription and Translation Flipbook
Transcription and Translation FlipbookTranscription and Translation Flipbook
Transcription and Translation Flipbook
 

More from punxsyscience

Genetics power point
Genetics power pointGenetics power point
Genetics power point
punxsyscience
 
Protein synthesis trenton stouffer
Protein synthesis trenton stoufferProtein synthesis trenton stouffer
Protein synthesis trenton stouffer
punxsyscience
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
punxsyscience
 
Atcheson flip book
Atcheson flip bookAtcheson flip book
Atcheson flip book
punxsyscience
 
Protein synthesis
Protein synthesisProtein synthesis
Protein synthesis
punxsyscience
 
Protein synthesis
Protein synthesisProtein synthesis
Protein synthesis
punxsyscience
 
Protein synthesis project
Protein synthesis projectProtein synthesis project
Protein synthesis project
punxsyscience
 
Steven detrie protein synthesis model
Steven detrie protein synthesis modelSteven detrie protein synthesis model
Steven detrie protein synthesis model
punxsyscience
 
Steven detrie protein synthesis model
Steven detrie protein synthesis modelSteven detrie protein synthesis model
Steven detrie protein synthesis model
punxsyscience
 
Dna replicaton byrd
Dna replicaton byrdDna replicaton byrd
Dna replicaton byrd
punxsyscience
 
Mine all mine
Mine all mine Mine all mine
Mine all mine
punxsyscience
 
RNA_LexiZanaglio
RNA_LexiZanaglioRNA_LexiZanaglio
RNA_LexiZanaglio
punxsyscience
 
Protein synthesis flipbook @yoloswagginator24
Protein synthesis flipbook @yoloswagginator24Protein synthesis flipbook @yoloswagginator24
Protein synthesis flipbook @yoloswagginator24
punxsyscience
 
Josh.godo protein synthesis
Josh.godo protein synthesis Josh.godo protein synthesis
Josh.godo protein synthesis
punxsyscience
 
Protein synthesisDevonDubensky
Protein synthesisDevonDubenskyProtein synthesisDevonDubensky
Protein synthesisDevonDubensky
punxsyscience
 
Skyjamesanderson proteinsynthesis
Skyjamesanderson proteinsynthesisSkyjamesanderson proteinsynthesis
Skyjamesanderson proteinsynthesis
punxsyscience
 
Proteinsynthesis_ishman
Proteinsynthesis_ishmanProteinsynthesis_ishman
Proteinsynthesis_ishman
punxsyscience
 

More from punxsyscience (17)

Genetics power point
Genetics power pointGenetics power point
Genetics power point
 
Protein synthesis trenton stouffer
Protein synthesis trenton stoufferProtein synthesis trenton stouffer
Protein synthesis trenton stouffer
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
 
Atcheson flip book
Atcheson flip bookAtcheson flip book
Atcheson flip book
 
Protein synthesis
Protein synthesisProtein synthesis
Protein synthesis
 
Protein synthesis
Protein synthesisProtein synthesis
Protein synthesis
 
Protein synthesis project
Protein synthesis projectProtein synthesis project
Protein synthesis project
 
Steven detrie protein synthesis model
Steven detrie protein synthesis modelSteven detrie protein synthesis model
Steven detrie protein synthesis model
 
Steven detrie protein synthesis model
Steven detrie protein synthesis modelSteven detrie protein synthesis model
Steven detrie protein synthesis model
 
Dna replicaton byrd
Dna replicaton byrdDna replicaton byrd
Dna replicaton byrd
 
Mine all mine
Mine all mine Mine all mine
Mine all mine
 
RNA_LexiZanaglio
RNA_LexiZanaglioRNA_LexiZanaglio
RNA_LexiZanaglio
 
Protein synthesis flipbook @yoloswagginator24
Protein synthesis flipbook @yoloswagginator24Protein synthesis flipbook @yoloswagginator24
Protein synthesis flipbook @yoloswagginator24
 
Josh.godo protein synthesis
Josh.godo protein synthesis Josh.godo protein synthesis
Josh.godo protein synthesis
 
Protein synthesisDevonDubensky
Protein synthesisDevonDubenskyProtein synthesisDevonDubensky
Protein synthesisDevonDubensky
 
Skyjamesanderson proteinsynthesis
Skyjamesanderson proteinsynthesisSkyjamesanderson proteinsynthesis
Skyjamesanderson proteinsynthesis
 
Proteinsynthesis_ishman
Proteinsynthesis_ishmanProteinsynthesis_ishman
Proteinsynthesis_ishman
 

Rna bio