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Library Types & Personnel
Roles
Fall, 2015
Types of Libraries
 Academic
 Public
 School
 Special
Academic Libraries
 Colleges & Universities
 Collection designed to meet the
needs of the curriculum
 AVC Collection Development
 Usually one main library
 May also have subject-specific libraries
 Low focus on fiction
 Controlled population (students)
 Part of campus budget
Public Libraries
 Collection designed to meet the
needs of the general public
(broadest range of all library types)
 Large fiction collection
 Uncontrolled population
 Part of city or county budget
 Community services
Public Libraries
Individual
 Palmdale City Library
Branch Systems
 City Systems
L.A. Public Library (68 Branches)
 County Systems
L.A. County Public Library (84 Branches)
 City/County Systems
Sacramento Public Library (25 Branches)
 A Central/Main library is common
School Libraries
 Part of a public or private school
 Elementary – Junior High/Middle – High
 Some combined with Public Library
• Scottsdale Public Library – Palomino Library
 Collection designed to meet the needs of
the school
 Good fiction collection at the level of the
school
 Part of school budget
Special Libraries
 Government
 Federal (U.S. Army Libraries)
 State (California State Library)
 Law
 Private
 Librarians often have law degrees (J.D.)
 Government (Public)
 Corporate (M.L.S. not always required)
 Non-profit Organizations (IELC)
 Museums & Galleries
 Archives (NARA)
Personnel Roles
 Leader
 Administrative
 Supervisory
 Librarians
 Paraprofessionals
 Clerical
Librarians
 Stereotypes
Librarian Images
 lollibrarian
 This is What a Librarian Looks Like
 Ryan Gosling Meme
Librarians
 Master’s degree usually required.
 M.L.S., M.L.I.S., M.S.L.S., M.M.L.I.S.
 List of institutions with Library Science Programs
 Library & Information Careers: Emerging Trends and
Titles
 Bureau of Labor Statistics information on Librarians
 Second advanced degree may be
required in universities or some
special libraries.
Two Areas of Librarian
Services
 Technical Services
 Catalog
Management
 Book Ordering
 Book Processing
 Public Services
 Reference Services
 Collection
Development
 Special Programs
 Pathfinders and
Research Guides
 Community
Services
Two Areas of Librarian
Public Services
 Adult Services
 Reference Service
 Collection Development
by Area
 Programming
• Books Clubs
• Classes
• Outside Speakers
 Community Services
• Taxes
• Special Groups
 Children’s Services
 Reference Service
 Collection Development
 Programming
• Storytimes
• Reading Clubs
• Special Contests
• Literacy
Encouragement
 Community Services
• Schools
• Parents
Leader
 Library Director
 Also Called City/County/State Librarian
 Appointed by Board
 Usually a former librarian with M.L.S.
 Many years of experience
 May have Ph.D.
 Usually does not perform librarian duties
Administrative
 Not necessarily librarians
 Administrate the Library Director’s
directives
 May not have advanced degree
Supervisory
 Usually librarians with M.L.S.
 Several years experience and
leadership skills
 Supervises branches or departments
of a central library
 Titles: Head Librarian, Branch
Librarian, Supervising Librarian,
Regional Librarian
Paraprofessionals
 Library Technicians/Assistants
 Also called Circulation Technicians
 Often have different levels based
education and experience
Paraprofessionals
 Book maintenance & management
 Issuance of library cards
 Fines & fees
Clerical
 No education requirements
 Usually part-time
 Typing/Labeling
 Shelving Books
 Often college students in colleges &
university libraries and high school
students in public libraries.
Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.,
2012)
 There are about 150,000 librarians
in the U.S. working in 121,000
libraries.
 27,000 Academic Librarians
• 88,000 total staff
 46,000 Public Librarians
• 140,000 total staff
Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.,
2012)
 58% of U.S. adults have a public library
card.
 Americans visit libraries three times more
than they go to movie theatres.
 There are more public library branches
than McDonald’s franchises.
 16,700 vs. 14,000
Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.,
2012)
 Academic and public reference
librarians answer about 6.6 million
questions each week.
 There are 584 students in colleges
and universities for every academic
librarian (14 students for every
teaching faculty member.)
Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc.,
2012)
 The cost of all public libraries is
about $36 per American per year.
 2 million more people visited an
academic library reference desk
than saw a college basketball game.
 Academic libraries receive about
three cents of every higher
education dollar spent.
 The largest libraries in the U.S.

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Library Types & Personnel Roles

  • 1. Library Types & Personnel Roles Fall, 2015
  • 2. Types of Libraries  Academic  Public  School  Special
  • 3. Academic Libraries  Colleges & Universities  Collection designed to meet the needs of the curriculum  AVC Collection Development  Usually one main library  May also have subject-specific libraries  Low focus on fiction  Controlled population (students)  Part of campus budget
  • 4. Public Libraries  Collection designed to meet the needs of the general public (broadest range of all library types)  Large fiction collection  Uncontrolled population  Part of city or county budget  Community services
  • 5. Public Libraries Individual  Palmdale City Library Branch Systems  City Systems L.A. Public Library (68 Branches)  County Systems L.A. County Public Library (84 Branches)  City/County Systems Sacramento Public Library (25 Branches)  A Central/Main library is common
  • 6.
  • 7. School Libraries  Part of a public or private school  Elementary – Junior High/Middle – High  Some combined with Public Library • Scottsdale Public Library – Palomino Library  Collection designed to meet the needs of the school  Good fiction collection at the level of the school  Part of school budget
  • 8. Special Libraries  Government  Federal (U.S. Army Libraries)  State (California State Library)  Law  Private  Librarians often have law degrees (J.D.)  Government (Public)  Corporate (M.L.S. not always required)  Non-profit Organizations (IELC)  Museums & Galleries  Archives (NARA)
  • 9. Personnel Roles  Leader  Administrative  Supervisory  Librarians  Paraprofessionals  Clerical
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. Librarian Images  lollibrarian  This is What a Librarian Looks Like  Ryan Gosling Meme
  • 15. Librarians  Master’s degree usually required.  M.L.S., M.L.I.S., M.S.L.S., M.M.L.I.S.  List of institutions with Library Science Programs  Library & Information Careers: Emerging Trends and Titles  Bureau of Labor Statistics information on Librarians  Second advanced degree may be required in universities or some special libraries.
  • 16. Two Areas of Librarian Services  Technical Services  Catalog Management  Book Ordering  Book Processing  Public Services  Reference Services  Collection Development  Special Programs  Pathfinders and Research Guides  Community Services
  • 17. Two Areas of Librarian Public Services  Adult Services  Reference Service  Collection Development by Area  Programming • Books Clubs • Classes • Outside Speakers  Community Services • Taxes • Special Groups  Children’s Services  Reference Service  Collection Development  Programming • Storytimes • Reading Clubs • Special Contests • Literacy Encouragement  Community Services • Schools • Parents
  • 18. Leader  Library Director  Also Called City/County/State Librarian  Appointed by Board  Usually a former librarian with M.L.S.  Many years of experience  May have Ph.D.  Usually does not perform librarian duties
  • 19. Administrative  Not necessarily librarians  Administrate the Library Director’s directives  May not have advanced degree
  • 20. Supervisory  Usually librarians with M.L.S.  Several years experience and leadership skills  Supervises branches or departments of a central library  Titles: Head Librarian, Branch Librarian, Supervising Librarian, Regional Librarian
  • 21. Paraprofessionals  Library Technicians/Assistants  Also called Circulation Technicians  Often have different levels based education and experience
  • 22. Paraprofessionals  Book maintenance & management  Issuance of library cards  Fines & fees
  • 23. Clerical  No education requirements  Usually part-time  Typing/Labeling  Shelving Books  Often college students in colleges & university libraries and high school students in public libraries.
  • 24. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc., 2012)  There are about 150,000 librarians in the U.S. working in 121,000 libraries.  27,000 Academic Librarians • 88,000 total staff  46,000 Public Librarians • 140,000 total staff
  • 25. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc., 2012)  58% of U.S. adults have a public library card.  Americans visit libraries three times more than they go to movie theatres.  There are more public library branches than McDonald’s franchises.  16,700 vs. 14,000
  • 26. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc., 2012)  Academic and public reference librarians answer about 6.6 million questions each week.  There are 584 students in colleges and universities for every academic librarian (14 students for every teaching faculty member.)
  • 27. Statistics (Source: American Library Assoc., 2012)  The cost of all public libraries is about $36 per American per year.  2 million more people visited an academic library reference desk than saw a college basketball game.  Academic libraries receive about three cents of every higher education dollar spent.  The largest libraries in the U.S.

Editor's Notes

  1. https://www.pinterest.com/aarontay/librarians-what-my-friends-think-i-do/
  2. https://www.pinterest.com/aarontay/librarians-what-my-friends-think-i-do/
  3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XHbdoO7uCkk
  4. I am in March, 2013.
  5. http://www.ala.org/tools/libfactsheets/alalibraryfactsheet02
  6. BPL founded in 1848, first municipal library system in US.