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Plagiarism
What is plagiarism? 
Using the work of another person and 
passing it off as your own.
Plagiarism & AVC 
• “Students are always responsible for any 
plagiarism in their work.” 
• AVC Student Code of Conduct, Sec. 6032.1a 
• “An instructor who determines that a 
student has cheated or plagiarized has the 
right to give an ‘F’ grade for the 
assignment.” 
• AVC Student Code of Conduct, Sec. 6032.1b
Contradictions? 
• Develop a topic based 
on what has already 
been said and written 
• Rely on experts' and 
authorities' opinions 
• Give credit to previous 
researchers 
• BUT, Write something 
new and original. 
• BUT, Improve upon 
and/or disagree with 
those same opinions. 
• BUT, Make your own 
contribution. 
From Purdue Univ Online Writing Lab OWL): http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01/
Examples of Plagiarism 
• Downloading a web page and turning it in. 
• Rearranging words slightly, without a 
citation. 
• Rearranging words and using synonyms, 
without a citation. 
• Copying a whole paragraph, quoting one 
section and passing the rest off as yours 
while citing only the quote.
Examples of Plagiarism 
• Taking several papers by the same author, 
blending them together. 
• Purchasing a paper. 
• Having a friend or family member write it 
for you.
What are signs that usually 
indicate plagiarism? 
• A sophisticated writing style above the grade level 
of the student. 
• A dramatic change in writing ability. 
– This usually indicates a paper that is partially written 
by the student and partially plagiarized from someone 
with a much higher level of education. 
• Outdated references. 
– This is usually a paper that has been purchased from a 
service called a “paper mill.” Many of these papers are 
very old (some as much as twenty years) with citations 
equally as old.
What are signs that usually 
indicate plagiarism? 
• References don’t relate to the paper. 
– This is also common with purchased papers. 
• No list of works cited.
How to avoid plagiarism. 
• Take good notes and be sure to indicate 
what information is yours and what has 
been taken or quoted from another source. 
– This does not include general knowledge. 
• Always use quotation marks (“ “) for exact 
quotes. 
• Check paraphrases against the original text 
and, if unsure, cite it.
turnitin.com 
• It uses software that compares student 
papers to all other student papers submitted 
as well as the World Wide Web and a 
database of journal articles and books. 
• As at most colleges and universities, cases 
of plagiarism have been increasing at AVC 
over the last few years.
A Case of Plagiarism 
• University of Virginia – Charlottesville 
– In 2001 an examination of physics papers by software 
found 158 cases of plagiarism. 
– The investigation ended in November of 2002 with 45 
students being dismissed from the school and three 
graduates having their degrees revoked. 
Source: 
cnn.com (http://archives.cnn.com/2002/EDUCATION/11/26/uva.plagiarism.
Plagiarism Statistics 
• UC Berkeley estimates that cheating on 
their campus increased 744 percent between 
1988 and 1997. 
Source: Community College Week July, 2002
Plagiarism Statistics 
• 80% of “high-achieving” high school 
students admit cheating. (US News & 
World Report, 1999). 
• 15% of college students said they purchased 
papers from a paper mill. (McCabe & 
Trevino, 1996). 
• 68% of students at Rutgers University admit 
to cheating. (Rutgers University Survey, 
2007).
• Plagiarism.org

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Plagiarism

  • 2. What is plagiarism? Using the work of another person and passing it off as your own.
  • 3. Plagiarism & AVC • “Students are always responsible for any plagiarism in their work.” • AVC Student Code of Conduct, Sec. 6032.1a • “An instructor who determines that a student has cheated or plagiarized has the right to give an ‘F’ grade for the assignment.” • AVC Student Code of Conduct, Sec. 6032.1b
  • 4. Contradictions? • Develop a topic based on what has already been said and written • Rely on experts' and authorities' opinions • Give credit to previous researchers • BUT, Write something new and original. • BUT, Improve upon and/or disagree with those same opinions. • BUT, Make your own contribution. From Purdue Univ Online Writing Lab OWL): http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01/
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. Examples of Plagiarism • Downloading a web page and turning it in. • Rearranging words slightly, without a citation. • Rearranging words and using synonyms, without a citation. • Copying a whole paragraph, quoting one section and passing the rest off as yours while citing only the quote.
  • 8. Examples of Plagiarism • Taking several papers by the same author, blending them together. • Purchasing a paper. • Having a friend or family member write it for you.
  • 9. What are signs that usually indicate plagiarism? • A sophisticated writing style above the grade level of the student. • A dramatic change in writing ability. – This usually indicates a paper that is partially written by the student and partially plagiarized from someone with a much higher level of education. • Outdated references. – This is usually a paper that has been purchased from a service called a “paper mill.” Many of these papers are very old (some as much as twenty years) with citations equally as old.
  • 10. What are signs that usually indicate plagiarism? • References don’t relate to the paper. – This is also common with purchased papers. • No list of works cited.
  • 11. How to avoid plagiarism. • Take good notes and be sure to indicate what information is yours and what has been taken or quoted from another source. – This does not include general knowledge. • Always use quotation marks (“ “) for exact quotes. • Check paraphrases against the original text and, if unsure, cite it.
  • 12. turnitin.com • It uses software that compares student papers to all other student papers submitted as well as the World Wide Web and a database of journal articles and books. • As at most colleges and universities, cases of plagiarism have been increasing at AVC over the last few years.
  • 13. A Case of Plagiarism • University of Virginia – Charlottesville – In 2001 an examination of physics papers by software found 158 cases of plagiarism. – The investigation ended in November of 2002 with 45 students being dismissed from the school and three graduates having their degrees revoked. Source: cnn.com (http://archives.cnn.com/2002/EDUCATION/11/26/uva.plagiarism.
  • 14. Plagiarism Statistics • UC Berkeley estimates that cheating on their campus increased 744 percent between 1988 and 1997. Source: Community College Week July, 2002
  • 15. Plagiarism Statistics • 80% of “high-achieving” high school students admit cheating. (US News & World Report, 1999). • 15% of college students said they purchased papers from a paper mill. (McCabe & Trevino, 1996). • 68% of students at Rutgers University admit to cheating. (Rutgers University Survey, 2007).