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Library Catalogs
Spring, 2016
What is a catalog?
 A set of records that provide information
about the items that the catalog
represents.
 Metadata: Information about
information.
 Catalogs are organized in indexes.
Alexandrian Library – Egypt
 About 3rd
Cent B.C. – Had a library
catalog which was divided into ten main
subject areas:
Poetry The Drama Laws
Philosophy History Oratory
Medicine
Mathematical
Science
Natural
Science
Miscellanea
Alexandrian Library – Egypt
 Also had an alphabetical author index
which covered:
– Name
– Place of Birth
– Name of Father
– Name of Teachers
– Nicknames
– Bibliography
 Had over 520,000 Papyrus Rolls
Library Catalogs
 Early catalogs were book catalogs
 3 x 5 Card began being used in U.S. in
latter part of 19th
Century
 Automated systems began use in
1970’s
 Automated systems with full access
through the WWW are now standard
Describe an Object
 Work in Pairs
 Describe Important Details About Your
Object
– Size, Shape, Color, Material, etc.
– What else would you add?
Main Parts of a Library Catalog
 Bibliographic Description
– Identification (Title, Author, Format)
– Publication (Date, Publisher)
– Subject Information
– Multiple-Access Files / Points
 Location Information
– Call Number or Location Code
Control
 Cataloging information is a natural
human activity.
– We categorize humanity.
 A catalog is ultimately a tool of control.
Catalog Controls
 Authority Control
– The use of uniform terms for names and
topics as access points to bibliographic
records.
 Bibliographic Control
– The organization and arrangement of
recorded information by established
standards.
Authority Control
 Language is the most basic form of
Authority Control that everyone uses
everyday.
Authority Control
 If Language = Authority Control
Then Authority Control = Language
 Primary Tool of Authority Control:
– Library of Congress Subject Headings
Subject Headings (Authority
Control)
 Descriptive terms assigned to each item
in a catalog
 Uses Controlled Vocabulary
 Library of Congress Subject Headings
(LCSH) primarily used
 Designed to facilitate browsing in the
catalog
Classification Systems
(Bibliographic Control)
 Attempts to bring together comparable
materials in a logical arrangement.
– Facilitates Browsing
 The most commonly used systems:
– Dewey Decimal (Dewey)
– Library of Congress (LC)
Call Numbers
 Determines the location of an item
based on its subject grouping.
 Call numbers may include:
– Classification Number
– Book number developed from author or
title
– Edition number
– Year of publication
Call Numbers
 KF4758.A7 G66 1988
– KF4758.A7 = Classification
– G66 = Author (Goldstein, Leslie)
– 1988 = Year of Publication
 The constitutional rights of women :
cases in law and social change
Library of Congress (LC)
 Developed by the Library of Congress
in the early 1900’s to deal with the ever
growing amount of printed information
they had to deal with.
 Replaced a system developed by
Thomas Jefferson.
Library of Congress (LC)
 Has 21 Main Classes
 All LC call numbers begin with letters
 Primarily used in Academic libraries
 Allows for greater expansion and
flexibility that Dewey
Dewey Decimal
 Developed by Melvil Dewey in late
1800’s
 All Dewey call numbers begin with
numbers
 Has ten major classes
 Primarily used in public and school
libraries
Dewey Decimal
 900 Geography & History
 970 General history of North America
 973 United States History
 973.7 Civil War 1861 – 1865
 973.73 Military Operations
 973.7349 Battle of Gettysburg
Library of Congress
HF
5686
.D7
 HF = business
 5686 = accounting
 .D7 = drug stores
Library of Congress
HF
5686
.P3
 HF = business
 5686 = accounting
 .P3 = petroleum industry
Library of Congress
HF
5686
.S75
 HF = business
 5686 = accounting
 .S75 = steel industry
Searching a Catalog
Searching a Catalog
Computer Catalogs
AVC Library Catalog
www.avc.edu

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Library Catalogs

  • 2. What is a catalog?  A set of records that provide information about the items that the catalog represents.  Metadata: Information about information.  Catalogs are organized in indexes.
  • 3. Alexandrian Library – Egypt  About 3rd Cent B.C. – Had a library catalog which was divided into ten main subject areas: Poetry The Drama Laws Philosophy History Oratory Medicine Mathematical Science Natural Science Miscellanea
  • 4. Alexandrian Library – Egypt  Also had an alphabetical author index which covered: – Name – Place of Birth – Name of Father – Name of Teachers – Nicknames – Bibliography  Had over 520,000 Papyrus Rolls
  • 5. Library Catalogs  Early catalogs were book catalogs  3 x 5 Card began being used in U.S. in latter part of 19th Century  Automated systems began use in 1970’s  Automated systems with full access through the WWW are now standard
  • 6.
  • 7. Describe an Object  Work in Pairs  Describe Important Details About Your Object – Size, Shape, Color, Material, etc. – What else would you add?
  • 8. Main Parts of a Library Catalog  Bibliographic Description – Identification (Title, Author, Format) – Publication (Date, Publisher) – Subject Information – Multiple-Access Files / Points  Location Information – Call Number or Location Code
  • 9. Control  Cataloging information is a natural human activity. – We categorize humanity.  A catalog is ultimately a tool of control.
  • 10. Catalog Controls  Authority Control – The use of uniform terms for names and topics as access points to bibliographic records.  Bibliographic Control – The organization and arrangement of recorded information by established standards.
  • 11. Authority Control  Language is the most basic form of Authority Control that everyone uses everyday.
  • 12. Authority Control  If Language = Authority Control Then Authority Control = Language  Primary Tool of Authority Control: – Library of Congress Subject Headings
  • 13. Subject Headings (Authority Control)  Descriptive terms assigned to each item in a catalog  Uses Controlled Vocabulary  Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) primarily used  Designed to facilitate browsing in the catalog
  • 14. Classification Systems (Bibliographic Control)  Attempts to bring together comparable materials in a logical arrangement. – Facilitates Browsing  The most commonly used systems: – Dewey Decimal (Dewey) – Library of Congress (LC)
  • 15. Call Numbers  Determines the location of an item based on its subject grouping.  Call numbers may include: – Classification Number – Book number developed from author or title – Edition number – Year of publication
  • 16. Call Numbers  KF4758.A7 G66 1988 – KF4758.A7 = Classification – G66 = Author (Goldstein, Leslie) – 1988 = Year of Publication  The constitutional rights of women : cases in law and social change
  • 17. Library of Congress (LC)  Developed by the Library of Congress in the early 1900’s to deal with the ever growing amount of printed information they had to deal with.  Replaced a system developed by Thomas Jefferson.
  • 18. Library of Congress (LC)  Has 21 Main Classes  All LC call numbers begin with letters  Primarily used in Academic libraries  Allows for greater expansion and flexibility that Dewey
  • 19. Dewey Decimal  Developed by Melvil Dewey in late 1800’s  All Dewey call numbers begin with numbers  Has ten major classes  Primarily used in public and school libraries
  • 20. Dewey Decimal  900 Geography & History  970 General history of North America  973 United States History  973.7 Civil War 1861 – 1865  973.73 Military Operations  973.7349 Battle of Gettysburg
  • 21. Library of Congress HF 5686 .D7  HF = business  5686 = accounting  .D7 = drug stores
  • 22. Library of Congress HF 5686 .P3  HF = business  5686 = accounting  .P3 = petroleum industry
  • 23. Library of Congress HF 5686 .S75  HF = business  5686 = accounting  .S75 = steel industry
  • 26.

Editor's Notes

  1. Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University
  2. For web, publication is difficult because a website exists for such a long time. Also, the web address is the location code.
  3. We categorize the people in our lives based on their relationship and importance to us. We can also categorize things based on their purpose.
  4. Indexes organize access points to information.
  5. PHYS DESCR (Physical Description) covers such things as the number of pages, size, does it have illustrations and/or an index.
  6. Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University