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EMERGING CAREER
TRENDS FOR INFORMATION
PROFESSIONALS
A Snapshot of Job Postings
Spring 2016
Prepared as an INFO 298 project by MLIS student Jennifer M. Overaa
Most Common Words AcrossAll Job Postings
Word analysis by AntConc, word cloud generated by Tagul (http://tagul.com)
Introduction
This report presents an informal snapshot and analysis of some of the
latest job trends for information professionals, collected from a survey
of job requirements and qualifications from 400 recent job postings for
LIS (library and information science) professionals in general and LIS-
specific job search sites during January-April, 2016.
The snapshot of job postings can provide some insight about the
current job market, how it is trending, and help LIS professionals
prepare themselves to engage in this market either as a job candidate
or a hiring decision-maker.
Trends in 2016 (slide 1)
• Trendspotting: Includes ability to recognize, analyze and implement
emerging technological and LIS trends, and to assist or lead
strategic planning initiatives based on these trends
• Copyright, open access, fair use, privacy, intellectual property
knowledge desired in conjunction with the rise in digital repositories,
e-resources, and digital asset management
• Ability to manage digital resources and e-resources becoming a
necessity
• Social media and website skills valued
Trends in 2016 (slide 2)
• Basic computer skills are taken for granted, additional expertise
often desired
• For corporate and business positions, and in many special libraries,
records management and metadata standards knowledge and/or
experience is desired, especially in connection with born digital or
digitized records
• Multiple hats: Expect to help with budgeting, strategic planning,
fundraising, tech support, teaching/instruction
• Diversity sensitivity: Employers seeking applicants with an ability to
work for and with diverse groups of people and serve a diverse
customer/patron base
Trends in 2016 (slide 3)
• “Soft skills” such as collaboration, communication, interpersonal
skills, organizational skills, and attention to detail are highly valued
• In higher education academic settings, librarians are almost uniformly
expected to teach and continue with professional development and
publishing
• Ongoing professional development expected or required across a
wide variety of job types
• Administrative duties important: Expect to participate on
committees, represent the library at meetings, etc.
Statistical Findings
The following five slides present statistical views of the data
from the 400 collected job postings.
• U.S. Job Locations by State
• Types of Hiring Organizations
• Previous Job Experience Breakdown
• Top 20 Job Duties
• Top 20 Job Skills
U.S. Job Location by State
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
Job Percentage
CA
NY
DC
IL
TX
NC
FL
GA
MA
MI
PA
VA
WA
All other states were represented by less than ten jobs (<2.5%) in this sample
Types of Hiring Organizations
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
Hiring Organization Percentage
College/University/Research/Th
eological
Public Library
Corporate/Business
Government/Military
Museum/Archive
K-12 School
Legal
Medical/Pharmaceutical/Scienc
e
News/Entertainment/Media
Previous Job Experience
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Prior Job Experience Percentage
Required
Preferred
Not Required
Note: Only jobs specifically seeking candidates with prior professional
or work experience were categorized as “job experience required”. If
the job listing called for “experience” or “knowledge” of a certain skill,
but did not specifically call for prior work/professional experience, the
job was categorized as “preferred” or “not required”.
Top 20 Duties Across All Jobs
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Job Duties Percentage
intra/inter-organizational collaboration/liaising
reference/research/reader's advisory
collection development
training/instruction
personnel/volunteer
recruitment/management/supervision
outreach/program
development/delivery/services
administrative duties/support/committees
strategic planning/goal setting/policy
development
assessment/trendspotting
leadership/management
budgeting/purchasing
data collection/analysis/reporting
cataloging/bibliographic functions
data/databases/metadata
creation/management
marketing
communication
manage physical
environment/facility/operations
content/display/finding aids creation
professional/scholarly development
technical support
Top 20 Skills Across All Jobs
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Job Skills Percentage
communication
collaboration/teamwork/liasing
interpersonal skills
reference/research
independence/self sufficiency/time/task
management
supervision/management
cataloging/standards for
description/metadata/taxonomy
basic computer/internet skills and office
software/library technology
customer/user service
analysis/critical thinking/problem solving
organizational
teaching/training/developing instructional
content
current/best practices/trends in library
services/library management/library science
diversity sensitivity
integrated library systems/software/technology
experience/management
comfort in complex/dynamic environment
project management
other electronic resources/web
applications/software expertise
collection development/management
new/emerging technologies
Sample Job Titles, Duties, and Skills
The following 14 slides present specific job titles, duties, and skills
filtered from job postings and categorized by both key functional areas
(first seven slides) and organization type (last seven slides).
This data snapshot provides a representative sample of current LIS
employment opportunities; demonstrates the diversity of responsibilities
associated with current jobs; and highlights desired skills and
competencies.
Many of the jobs listed here could be categorized in more than one
functional area; categories were chosen based on a subjective analysis
of the main functional area represented by the job as well as an attempt
to get a wide variety of job titles for each category.
Collection, Cataloging, Circulation
Sample Job Titles
• Special Collections Project Cataloger
• Metadata Writing and Quality Control
• Electronic Resources and Serial
Librarian
• Geospatial Information Librarian
• Spanish Cataloger
• Collection Development Librarian
• Cataloging and Database Supervisor
• Librarian (Cooperative Cataloging
Program Specialist)
• Collections Manager
• Technical Services Manager/Cataloger
• Chair, Cataloging and Discovery
Services
• Assistant Director of the Library for
Technical Services
• Cataloging and Metadata Librarian
• Electronic Resources Librarian
• System Campuses Catalog and
Liaison Librarian
• Map Librarian
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Original and complex cataloging Experience with institutional
repository platforms
Metadata writing and quality
control for archival videos
Descriptive cataloging or metadata
for video, film, or born-digital moving
images
Integrate GIS and data
visualization tools and techniques
Knowledge of LC classification,
LCSH, MARC formats, AACR2 and
RDA
Manage the library map collection Space planning for physical and
digital archival collections
Catalog training Electronic resource licensing and
management
Update collection development
policies
Familiarity with OCLC Connexion
Purchasing, cataloging, and
processing materials
Understanding of linked data
principles, including RDF and
ontologies
Create descriptive metadata Experience with data visualization
tools
Create bibliographic records Familiarity with copyright, fair use,
and other intellectual property issues
as these pertain to e- resources
Reference and Research
Sample Job Titles
• Reference Librarian
• Information and Research Services
Manager
• Research Librarian
• Humanities Librarian
• Head of Library Research Services
• Assistant Director Research and
Access
• Instructional Services and Reference
Librarian
• Information Research Specialist,
Knowledge and Library Services
• Librarian, Reference & Cataloging
• Assistant Professor of Library
Science/Reference Services Librarian
• Reference Specialist
• Librarian (Manuscript Reference
Librarian)
• Reference & Scholarly Communication
Librarian
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Provide competitive and business
intelligence research and analysis
Ability to synthesize research into
concise written summaries
Assist patrons in utilization of
library resources through
information literacy instruction
Ability to work under periods of
occasional stress resulting from peak
periods of patron service requests
Provide reader advisory services Knowledge of e-resources
Develop reference and research
guides
Ability to incorporate emerging
technologies into research support
Administer the digital repository Excellent customer service
Research assistance and support Able to work collaboratively with staff
Develop library initiated reference
instruction
Knowledge of major online
databases
Contribute content to self-help
tools and information products
Knowledge of integrated library
systems and library applications
Answer remote reference queries Demonstrated research skills
Collaborate with faculty to design
research/information literacy
learning opportunities
Familiarity with Library of Congress;
LibGuides; and Camtasia or other
Screencasting software
Promote research/information
services
Knowledge of open information
resources
Instruction and Outreach
Sample Job Titles
• Instructional Services Librarian,
Coordinator of Access Services
• Research & Instruction Librarian
• Literacy Trainer
• School Librarian
• Business Resource Coordinator
• Project Specialist for Business
Outreach, Workforce Development &
Library Technology
• Instructional Design Librarian
• Continuing Education Consultant
• STEM Teaching and Faculty Outreach
Librarian
• Associate Library and Digital Media
Specialist
• Assistant Professor of Library
Media/Instruction/Early-Experience
Librarian
• Continuing Education Consultant
• Head of Instruction and Learning
• Online Instruction Librarian
• Children’s Librarian
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Initiate, plan, and conduct
programs and activities to
encourage the use of the library
Ability to network effectively, build
and foster relationships,
collaborations, and partnerships
Research, develop and instruct
information literacy classes
Extensive working knowledge of
Apple devices
Develop online learning
materials
Expertise in project planning,
management, and evaluation
Develop outreach activities and
communication to promote
library resources and services
Current/emerging trends in
information literacy instruction and
technologies
Deploy emergent technologies
into instruction and learning
Experience in developing effective
library instructions sessions
Plan annual continuing
education program for public
and academic library staff
Ability to support and value the
efforts of ongoing cultural community
projects and events
Develop training sessions on
available databases for
workforce development
Familiarity with electronic and
traditional information sources
Lead development of research
training and library-experience
delivery
Excellent organizational,
communication, interpersonal skills
and attention to detail
Develop and deliver information
and digital literacy instruction
Can communicate clearly and
effectively with adults and children
Management and Administration
Sample Job Titles
• Associate Dean for Human Resources
• Library Development Officer
• Head of Reference and Information
Literacy
• Director, Library Collections
• Children's Library Supervisor
• Copy Cataloging Manager
• Library Director
• Senior Library Manager
• Director, Health Science Library
• Scholarly Communications Librarian
• Librarian IV (Branch Manager)
• Library Leaning Resource Center
Director
• Director of Library Services
• Branch Manager
• Librarian
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Develop an annual operating
budget
Knowledge of emerging technologies
Provide leadership and strategic
direction
Conducting oral
presentations/speaking in public
Lead the preparation of funding
proposals and grant applications
Ability to support, mentor, and
develop staff and faculty
Manage a complex group of
professional staff
Strong leadership, management, and
organization skills
Analyze library service
requirements and plan for
equipment, facilities, and staffing
Ability to work with diverse
populations and varying education
levels
Oversee repairs and maintenance
of library facility
Demonstrated successful project or
team management
Collaborate with the faculty and
other librarians
Expertise in fiscal management
Coordinate external library
access to multi-type regional
network and statewide services
Strong leadership qualities, with the
ability to inspire staff, the board, and
the community
Build and sustain relationships
with partners and community
Demonstrated vision for the uses of
emerging technologies
Coordinate library services,
collections, and technology
initiatives
Skill in organizing resources and
establishing priorities
Archives and Preservation
Sample Job Titles
• Archives and Special Collections
Manager
• Video and Post Production Specialist
• Archivist
• Assistant Head of Archives Research
Center
• Project Archivist
• Assistant Labor Archivist
• Public Services Librarian (Center for
Southwest Research/Special
Collections)
• Commissioner/State Librarian
• Special Collections Access Archivist
• Data Management Specialist
• Archives & Special Collections
Librarian
• Collections Archivist
• James D. Bales Papers Project
Archivist
• Assistant Research Scholar Project
Archivist
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Provide instruction in the use of
special collections and archival
resources
Knowledge of preservation and
conservation
Oversees preservation projects
concerning tapes in the archive
Knowledge of scanning techniques
and digital file formats
Create finding aids for
researchers
Familiarity with archives and public
records issues
Ensure material is physically
housed according to preservation
standards
Knowledge of automated archival
collections management systems
Maintain the library archives and
assist the general public with
reference requests
Demonstrated knowledge of XML
schemas and the use of XML editors
Process archival records and
prepare series descriptions
Strong project planning,
management, and execution skills
Develop arrangement and
description plans for incoming
collection items
Established record of donor relations,
event planning, public history and
public relations
Collaborate with cataloging staff
and IT systems manager
Knowledge of USMARC format and
Encoded Archival Description (EAD)
Evaluate and implement
methods, tools, and systems
related to preserving born-digital
content.
Understanding of issues related to
digitization and digital records
management and archiving
Web and Social Media
Sample Job Titles
• Web Services Librarian
• Medical Librarian
• Head of Children's Services
• Training Knowledge Management &
Portal Administrator
• Principal Librarian
• Web Services Librarian
• Reference and Digital Humanities
Librarian
• Medical Librarian
• Librarian II (Web Development
Librarian)
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Manage the Library's website and
advance it's social media
presence
Website management and
development experience
Develop plans, goals,
communications strategies and
metrics for OSPB social media
feeds including Twitter, Facebook,
and Pinterest, among others
Experience creating, editing, and
managing collaborative SharePoint
sites to coordinate operations,
documentation, and training
Contribute content to the Library's
newsletter, website, and social
media platforms
Ability to handle multiple tasks
simultaneously and shift priorities as
directed
Provide primary web application
development support for the
library
Experience creating and maintaining
web based content management
tools such as LibGuides
Assist in the creation and
maintenance of web based
content management tools
Demonstrated proficiency with
Drupal and/or other PHP-based
content management systems
Liaise with the Virtual Services
team
Experience with basic HTML coding
and ability to manipulate code
Administer all aspects of the
Defensive Cyber Operations web
presence, including development
and refinement of the current
SharePoint instances
Familiarity and proficiency with
current technologies and social
media platforms relating to children's
library services
Emerging Technologies
Sample Job Titles
• Cloud Support Team Lead
• Database Engineer/Project Manager
• Research Support Data Specialist
• Metadata and Systems Librarian
• Systems Librarian
• Digital Initiatives and Technologies
Librarian
• Information Technology Director
• Information Research Specialist,
Knowledge and Library Services
• Directory of Library Technology and
Data Management
• Head of Information and Digital
Services
• E-Resources and Collection
Assessment Librarian
• Senior Library Applications Developer
• Manager, Intranet Knowledge Services
• Digital Assets Librarian
• GIS Library Resident
• Integration Specialist
• Knowledge Systems Manager
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Develop and deliver geospatial
technology training
Knowledge of issues and technical
challenges related to data curation
Create infrastructure to support
the data management lifecycle
Experience with XML, RDF, and one
or more metadata schemas
Design/maintains repository
collections using the Fedora
Commons architecture
Understanding of HTML, CSS, IP,
URL and multiple web browsers
Evaluate and recommend
emerging technologies
Programming and data manipulation
techniques
Support the integration of
metadata across a variety of
library and archive applications
Understanding of user interface best
practices, web application design, &
usability
Maintain/repair library technology
systems
Experience supporting and/or
configuring enterprise library systems
Lead the development of JIRA
Story tasks and Confluence
artifacts
Demonstrated creativity and
innovation in applying technological
solutions
Develop, deliver, evaluate and
improve digital services
Knowledge of educational resources
on the deep and open Web
Systems design and integration
with library infrastructure
Web development, design,
frameworks, and standards
Strategize the Libraries' presence
in a future digital environment
Discovery tools and metadata
practices supporting discovery
Corporations and Business
Sample Job Titles
• Senior Manager
• Research Analyst
• Associate Cataloging Bibliographer
• Project Manager
• Data Analyst
• Digital Archivist
• Project Manager for Inventory
Management
• IC Records Analyst
• Research Analyst
• Library Specialist
• Referencing Services Specialist
• Librarian Library/Information Specialist
• Content Integration Librarian
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Obtain copyright permissions for
hard-to-clear documents
Communicates well both verbally and
in writing
Provide customized research
services using business, news,
and financial information
databases
Experience in a reference and
research services department within
a consulting/financial environment
Integrate multiple taxonomies and
ontologies as well as RDF and
semantic web technologies with
existing data structures
Familiarity with enterprise
collaboration platforms like
SharePoint and content management
systems like Drupal
Use e-book aggregator websites
to catalog electronic resources
Proficiency using citation databases
such as PubMed
Serials and binding preparation Good listening skills
Oversee ILL (Interlibrary Loan)
and document delivery services
Experience with OPM filing
guidelines for Official Personnel Files
Assess information needs of
client groups and
design/implement services to
meet those needs
Experience cataloging with
knowledge of MARC format for
bibliographic controls
Assist with data migration and
maintain accession workflows for
e-records and digital assets
Knowledge of information resources,
tools and delivery methods
Examine and evaluate records-
management systems
Knowledge of digital archives
theory and practice
Special Libraries
Sample Job Titles
• Assistant Research Scholar: Cold War
Collection Specialist
• Reference Librarian (law)
• Reference Librarian and Spanish
Language Specialist (Theological)
• Wine Librarian
• Physics and Astronomy Librarian
• Art Librarian
• Head of Processing and Special
Collections Management
• Library Operations Manager (collection
for the blind)
• Curator of Shakespeare and
Performance
• Medical Library Coordinator
• Research Specialist
• Digital Learning Librarian (College of
Music)
• James Lenox Librarian (Theological)
• Program Specialist
• Library Supervisor (law)
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Promotes the use of library
services
Aptitude for learning data
management and manipulation
Develop and implement metadata
standards for digitized and born-
digital special collections
materials
Ability to analyze organizational and
operational problems and develop
solution using analytical methods to
improve programs and processes
Provide reference service,
including live chat
Proficiency in caring for rare and
fragile primary research material
Develop a processing plan,
access plan, and policies for
archives management
Preservation and metadata
standards for media and electronic
records
Maintain exhibition catalog
listings
Web development, design,
frameworks, and standards
Make and maintain positive
ongoing relationships with
external groups
Knowledge of ADA, visually impaired
and hearing impaired patrons and
disabilities
Collaborate on major acquisitions Savvy at public relations
Supervise the library’s circulation,
interlibrary loan, reserves, and
collection maintenance
Understanding and experience with
current archival records
management technology and tools
Develop/teach/supervise in-
service training programs
Expertise in the use of Endnote,
Refworks, Zotero, etc
K-12 School Libraries
Sample Job Titles
• Librarian
• Librarian/Elementary
• Media Specialist/Librarian
• Library Media and Technologist
Specialist
• Library Media Specialist
• Media Specialist
• Director of Library and Media Service
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Assist teachers in preparation of
bibliographies and curriculum
guides
Ability to instruct and manage
student behavior
Coordinate library instruction with
class assignments, workshops,
and one on one instruction
Effective communication skills
Manage circulation of library
media center materials and
equipment
Develop and monitor library budget
Create an environment conducive
to quick accessibility, good study
habits, and development of
proficient media users
Demonstrated knowledge of
technology use and integration for
classroom purposes
Assist with the integration of 21st
century literacy skills across the
curriculum
Knowledge and understanding of
library circulation software and
materials processing
Collaborate with school staff in
the design of instructional units
and lessons
Knowledge of literature and current
trends in library media practice
Provide leadership and direction
for the building-level library media
program
Ability to work constructively and
cooperatively with others
College, University & Research Libraries
Sample Job Titles
• Middle East and North African Studies
Librarian
• Electronic Services Law Librarian
• Humanities Librarian for English
Literature and Women's and Gender
Studies
• Emerging Information Specialist
• Learning Commons Librarian
• Adjunct Faculty – Librarian
• Experience Design Librarian
• STEM (Science) Librarian
• Head of Acquisitions
• Digital Resources and Serials
Coordinator
• Health Sciences Librarian
• Research Services Librarian for the
Life Sciences
• Reader Services Librarian
• Scholarly Communications and
Science Librarian
• Outcomes and Assessment Librarian
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Evaluate Library services under
program review metrics and
recommend improvements
Familiarity with copyright laws,
creative commons licenses, and
academic publishing contracts
Participate in strategic planning
for resource allocation
Collegial, creative, collaborative,
enthusiastic, and service oriented
Promote academic work of
students, faculty, and staff
Reference services experience
Develop effective library
instructions sessions
Familiarity with data management
requirements of federal agencies
Coordinate electronic resource
management including licensing
and policy development
Significant experience with budget
development and administrative
practices in academic libraries
Provide reference, instruction,
and scholarly services to faculty
and students with an interest in
the Middle East and Africa
Demonstrated creativity and
innovation in teaching and the
integration of technology into
teaching.
Develop open access outreach
program to faculty and students
Basic skill in programming applicable
to a library environment
Select print and electronic
materials for the library collection
Demonstrated strong analytic skills
as evidenced through scholarly work
Design, implement, promote and
assess meaningful and impactful
library user experiences
Knowledge of the electronic resource
life cycle and electronic resource
management best practices
News and Media Organizations
Sample Job Titles
• Political Media Transcriber
• Supervisor, Metadata Librarian
Research Assistant
• Manager, Taxonomy and Metadata
• Solutions Director, Records &
Information Management
• Metadata Librarian
• Manager of Archives, Metadata and
Asset Management
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Enter metadata and create new
and updated asset records for
daily video content
Experience creating and
implementing metadata standard,
schemas and taxonomies
Create and apply metadata
schemas and indexing to
institutional data repositories
Able to learn and use a proprietary
digital asset management system
Conduct research and organize
findings for columns and articles
Excellent organization and execution
skills
Develop and implement
taxonomies and controlled
vocabularies across multiple
platforms
Quantitative and data management
skills, facility with statistically-based
reporting, Excel and other database
tools
Plan, develop, and administer
records management policies to
facilitate effective handling of
business records from creation to
disposal
Firm and broad conceptual
understanding of metadata principles
and archival and digital collection
technologies and the ability to apply
them to existing and emerging media
in a variety of formats
Perform bibliographic control of
both MARC and non-MARC
metadata to ensure that they
meet local and national standards
Experience with vendor authority
control processes, preferably OCLC
authorities, and original authority
metadata creation
Plan and implement large-scale
metadata management projects
Experience with objects & ephemera
re-housing and preservation
Public Libraries
Sample Job Titles
• Business Resource Center
Coordinator
• Supervising Librarian
• Children's Services Librarian
• Director of County Library
• Part-Time Entry Level Librarian /
Trainee
• Adult Services Librarian
• Zone Manager
• ILS & Technical Services Manager
• Executive Director
• Librarian I - Youth Services
• Assistant Manager, Programming and
Outreach
• Assistant Library Director/Facilities
Manager
• Librarian III - Branch Services
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Develop and conduct original,
vibrant programming for children
Effectively lead and manage change
Create and sustain excellent
relationships with Friends groups,
community groups, and other
organizations partnering with the
library
Working knowledge of current and
emerging library technology, service
and programming trends and urban
public library issues
Serve as ILS manager and to
lead our technical services
section
Adept on a number of social media
platforms
Provide progressive positive
vision, responsible leadership and
clear direction to the library
system
Ability to effectively represent the
Library in the community and at
public gatherings, as well as speak to
public groups
Provide instruction in the use of
various print and electronic
resources
Cross-functional collaboration,
influencing and consensus building
Collection development oversight Bilingual (English/Spanish)
Market children's collections and
services through traditional
methods and social media
Ability to conduct complex reference
interviews, analyze requests and
apply research skills
Assist in maintaining order and
discipline in the observance of
library rules and regulations
Ability to plan specific programs such
as children's activities, outreach or
reference
Museums and Heritage Societies
Sample Job Titles
• Senior Curator and Director of
Collections
• Reference Librarian
• Digital Archival Consultant
• Supervisory Archivist, Time Inc.
• Archive Digital Asset Librarian
• Information Technology Specialist -
Exhibitions and Support
• State Agency Records Archivist
• Cataloging and Acquisitions Librarian
Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills
Oversee implementation of
systems to maintain accurate
records of collections, donations,
and historically relevant
information about the collection
Ability to specify and install
interactive display kiosks, audiovisual
equipment, and other technology or
media-based systems
Provide informed genealogical
reference services and referrals
utilizing all types of information
media
Experience in implementing an
institution-wide DAMS, managing
metadata, born-digital and digitized
media assets
Provide clear understanding of
licensing and permissions for
web-based digital archives
A deep understanding of collection
acquisition and state and federal law
impact
Create archival finding aids Experience working with institutional
or organizational materials
Collaborate with key stakeholders
to codify and implement digital
media asset metadata standards
and workflows
Familiarity with archival technical
standards and controlled
vocabularies
Accessioning, arrangement,
description, and preservation of
state agency records in all
formats
Experience developing programs or
other activities that help promote and
showcase the library’s collection
Coordinate the daily operation
and systems administration of the
library's ILS-system
Demonstrated experience cataloging
in an integrated library system and
OCLC
Tips for LIS Job Seekers (slide 1)
• Across the board, communication and collaboration are far and away
the most mentioned job skills, and collaboration is also the most
frequently stated job duty. Make sure your resume and communications
with a potential employer are polished and professional. Highlight prior
collaborative experience, obtained either professionally or as a student.
• Employers want candidates who are adept at trend spotting, cognizant
of emerging trends and technologies, and skilled at analyzing and
implementing new trends and technologies. Stay current and informed
of new developments in the LIS field as well as general business and
technology trends.
• Experiment and practice with as many different web tools and
applications as possible. Experience with collaboration and content
management platforms, such as SharePoint and Drupal, is mentioned as
a desired skill in several job listings.
Tips for LIS Job Seekers (slide 2)
• Research skills are in high demand. Hone your skills by knowing how
to search in a variety of different databases as well as familiarizing
yourself with advanced web searching techniques.
• A unique skill, knowledge, or experience (such as a second language
or a medical, legal, or tech background) can give you an advantage in
your job search. Search for jobs that match your individual talent.
• Highlight transferable skills/experience learned in other careers,
internships or at school that are transferable to a LIS career. LIS
professional experience is not always required.
• Many postings list teaching or training as a part of the job description.
Expose yourself to opportunities where you can practice these skills.
• Participate in activities that demonstrate your dedication to ongoing
professional development and be an active member in professional
organizations.
General Methodology
Data selection
The data used in this report was gathered from examining 400 job
listings over twelve week period in early 2016.
The job listings were discovered on a variety of general and LIS-
focused websites. A range of search terms were used in order to try
and obtain a variety of jobs using LIS skills.
Job listings were selected based on their requirement of skills from the
library and information science field. Most, but not all jobs required a
MLIS. All jobs required at least some of the skills learned in an MLIS
program.
General Methodology
Data selection
For each job, the following data was collected on Excel worksheets:
General information: Job title, hiring organization, location, job listing website
Hiring Organization: Type of hiring organization, such as “university/college”,
“public library”, “K-12”, “corporate/business”, etc.
Previous job experience: Each job listing was examined to determine if prior
professional experience was required, preferred, or not required.
Job Skills and Job Duties: For each job listing, an attempt was made to
capture and tally as many job skills and job duties as possible into the data set.
An initial skill and duty list was compiled based on the 2015 Emerging Trends
for Information Professionals report results, and as new skills and duties were
identified, they were added to last year’s list. The skill list does not include
educational or prior professional experience requirements.
General Methodology
Data Collection
Job Duties/Job Skills – Subjective Component: There is a large
subjective component to data collection of job duties and job skills that
impacts the statistical results.
• Job Duty vs. Job Skill: First, it was sometimes difficult to determine if a task or
qualification was a job duty or job skill. For example, some job listings were
written as follows: “The successful candidate will be able to perform xyz task”. It
is challenging to ascertain if that “xyz task” should be categorized as a needed
skill, a duty of the position, or both.
• Defining Skill or Duty: Second, defining the skill and duty category descriptions
is a subjective exercise. For example, for purposes of this report, “management”
as a duty was broken into categories such as “task management”, “collection
management”, “leadership/management”, “archives management”, “project
management”, “personnel management”, “vendor management”, “website
management”, etc. Had “management” been its own general duty, it may well
have dominated the results.
Search Methodology: General Job Sites
General jobsites and technology heavy jobsites were initially searched
with broad search terms such as “library”, “library science”, “information
science” and “librarian”. Results were further sorted to find jobs that
rely heavily on LIS skills and/or require a MLIS (either alone or as one
of several acceptable degrees).
These searches resulted in a wide variety of positions requiring
emerging skills such as programming, system configuration, web
development, web technology, application design, digital and electronic
resources management and licensing, content management tools and
systems, and social media.
Search Methodology: LIS Job Sites
LIS specific jobsites were browsed generally to gain a representative
sample of commonly available positions. The LIS jobsites were also
searched with both general search terms and narrower search terms,
chosen to find a variety of different types of LIS positions. Some LIS
career jobsites are focused on a specific type of LIS work, such as the
job lists found on the websites of “American Association for Law
Libraries”, “Society of American Archivists”, or “Code4Lib”. These
websites were browsed for positions that specifically require an MLIS
and/or equivalent LIS skills.
Search terms such as “LIS”, “MLIS”, “media specialist”, “metadata”,
“information science”, “archives” or “archivist”, “school”, “museum”,
“law”, “medicine” “catalog” or “cataloger”, “digital”, and “research”, were
used to find a mixture of positions in diverse settings such as
education, public libraries, special libraries, corporations, museums and
archives, media, and more.
LIS Job Sites Searched
ALA Job List
http://joblist.ala.org
Special Libraries Association
http://careercenter.sla.org
Library Associates Companies
http://careers.lac-group.com
http://libgig.com
Library Crossing
http://librarycrossing.com
INALJ (I Need A Library Job)
http://inalj.com
Library Systems & Services
https://careers-lssi.icims.com/jobs
Library of Congress
http://loc.gov
Society of American Archivists
http://careers.archivists.org
American Association of Law Libraries
http://www.aallnet.org
Association of Research Libraries
http://www.arl.org
American Theological Library Association
https://www.atla.com
Medical Library Association
http://www.mlanet.org
Code4Lib
http://jobs.code4lib.org
Music Library Association
http://www.musiclibraryassoc.org
General Job Sites Searched
Monster.com
http://monster.com
Indeed
http://indeed.com
JustJobs
http://justjobs.com
CareerBuilder
http://www.careerbuilder.com
LinkedIn
https://www.linkedin.com
SimplyHired
http://simplyhired.com
GovernmentJobs
http://governmentjobs.com
USAJobs
http://usajobs.gov
Dice
http://dice.com
Ladders
https://www.theladders.com
Idealist
http://www.idealist.org

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Library Science Emerging Career Trends 2016

  • 1. EMERGING CAREER TRENDS FOR INFORMATION PROFESSIONALS A Snapshot of Job Postings Spring 2016 Prepared as an INFO 298 project by MLIS student Jennifer M. Overaa
  • 2. Most Common Words AcrossAll Job Postings Word analysis by AntConc, word cloud generated by Tagul (http://tagul.com)
  • 3. Introduction This report presents an informal snapshot and analysis of some of the latest job trends for information professionals, collected from a survey of job requirements and qualifications from 400 recent job postings for LIS (library and information science) professionals in general and LIS- specific job search sites during January-April, 2016. The snapshot of job postings can provide some insight about the current job market, how it is trending, and help LIS professionals prepare themselves to engage in this market either as a job candidate or a hiring decision-maker.
  • 4. Trends in 2016 (slide 1) • Trendspotting: Includes ability to recognize, analyze and implement emerging technological and LIS trends, and to assist or lead strategic planning initiatives based on these trends • Copyright, open access, fair use, privacy, intellectual property knowledge desired in conjunction with the rise in digital repositories, e-resources, and digital asset management • Ability to manage digital resources and e-resources becoming a necessity • Social media and website skills valued
  • 5. Trends in 2016 (slide 2) • Basic computer skills are taken for granted, additional expertise often desired • For corporate and business positions, and in many special libraries, records management and metadata standards knowledge and/or experience is desired, especially in connection with born digital or digitized records • Multiple hats: Expect to help with budgeting, strategic planning, fundraising, tech support, teaching/instruction • Diversity sensitivity: Employers seeking applicants with an ability to work for and with diverse groups of people and serve a diverse customer/patron base
  • 6. Trends in 2016 (slide 3) • “Soft skills” such as collaboration, communication, interpersonal skills, organizational skills, and attention to detail are highly valued • In higher education academic settings, librarians are almost uniformly expected to teach and continue with professional development and publishing • Ongoing professional development expected or required across a wide variety of job types • Administrative duties important: Expect to participate on committees, represent the library at meetings, etc.
  • 7. Statistical Findings The following five slides present statistical views of the data from the 400 collected job postings. • U.S. Job Locations by State • Types of Hiring Organizations • Previous Job Experience Breakdown • Top 20 Job Duties • Top 20 Job Skills
  • 8. U.S. Job Location by State 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Job Percentage CA NY DC IL TX NC FL GA MA MI PA VA WA All other states were represented by less than ten jobs (<2.5%) in this sample
  • 9. Types of Hiring Organizations 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Hiring Organization Percentage College/University/Research/Th eological Public Library Corporate/Business Government/Military Museum/Archive K-12 School Legal Medical/Pharmaceutical/Scienc e News/Entertainment/Media
  • 10. Previous Job Experience 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Prior Job Experience Percentage Required Preferred Not Required Note: Only jobs specifically seeking candidates with prior professional or work experience were categorized as “job experience required”. If the job listing called for “experience” or “knowledge” of a certain skill, but did not specifically call for prior work/professional experience, the job was categorized as “preferred” or “not required”.
  • 11. Top 20 Duties Across All Jobs 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Job Duties Percentage intra/inter-organizational collaboration/liaising reference/research/reader's advisory collection development training/instruction personnel/volunteer recruitment/management/supervision outreach/program development/delivery/services administrative duties/support/committees strategic planning/goal setting/policy development assessment/trendspotting leadership/management budgeting/purchasing data collection/analysis/reporting cataloging/bibliographic functions data/databases/metadata creation/management marketing communication manage physical environment/facility/operations content/display/finding aids creation professional/scholarly development technical support
  • 12. Top 20 Skills Across All Jobs 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Job Skills Percentage communication collaboration/teamwork/liasing interpersonal skills reference/research independence/self sufficiency/time/task management supervision/management cataloging/standards for description/metadata/taxonomy basic computer/internet skills and office software/library technology customer/user service analysis/critical thinking/problem solving organizational teaching/training/developing instructional content current/best practices/trends in library services/library management/library science diversity sensitivity integrated library systems/software/technology experience/management comfort in complex/dynamic environment project management other electronic resources/web applications/software expertise collection development/management new/emerging technologies
  • 13. Sample Job Titles, Duties, and Skills The following 14 slides present specific job titles, duties, and skills filtered from job postings and categorized by both key functional areas (first seven slides) and organization type (last seven slides). This data snapshot provides a representative sample of current LIS employment opportunities; demonstrates the diversity of responsibilities associated with current jobs; and highlights desired skills and competencies. Many of the jobs listed here could be categorized in more than one functional area; categories were chosen based on a subjective analysis of the main functional area represented by the job as well as an attempt to get a wide variety of job titles for each category.
  • 14. Collection, Cataloging, Circulation Sample Job Titles • Special Collections Project Cataloger • Metadata Writing and Quality Control • Electronic Resources and Serial Librarian • Geospatial Information Librarian • Spanish Cataloger • Collection Development Librarian • Cataloging and Database Supervisor • Librarian (Cooperative Cataloging Program Specialist) • Collections Manager • Technical Services Manager/Cataloger • Chair, Cataloging and Discovery Services • Assistant Director of the Library for Technical Services • Cataloging and Metadata Librarian • Electronic Resources Librarian • System Campuses Catalog and Liaison Librarian • Map Librarian Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Original and complex cataloging Experience with institutional repository platforms Metadata writing and quality control for archival videos Descriptive cataloging or metadata for video, film, or born-digital moving images Integrate GIS and data visualization tools and techniques Knowledge of LC classification, LCSH, MARC formats, AACR2 and RDA Manage the library map collection Space planning for physical and digital archival collections Catalog training Electronic resource licensing and management Update collection development policies Familiarity with OCLC Connexion Purchasing, cataloging, and processing materials Understanding of linked data principles, including RDF and ontologies Create descriptive metadata Experience with data visualization tools Create bibliographic records Familiarity with copyright, fair use, and other intellectual property issues as these pertain to e- resources
  • 15. Reference and Research Sample Job Titles • Reference Librarian • Information and Research Services Manager • Research Librarian • Humanities Librarian • Head of Library Research Services • Assistant Director Research and Access • Instructional Services and Reference Librarian • Information Research Specialist, Knowledge and Library Services • Librarian, Reference & Cataloging • Assistant Professor of Library Science/Reference Services Librarian • Reference Specialist • Librarian (Manuscript Reference Librarian) • Reference & Scholarly Communication Librarian Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Provide competitive and business intelligence research and analysis Ability to synthesize research into concise written summaries Assist patrons in utilization of library resources through information literacy instruction Ability to work under periods of occasional stress resulting from peak periods of patron service requests Provide reader advisory services Knowledge of e-resources Develop reference and research guides Ability to incorporate emerging technologies into research support Administer the digital repository Excellent customer service Research assistance and support Able to work collaboratively with staff Develop library initiated reference instruction Knowledge of major online databases Contribute content to self-help tools and information products Knowledge of integrated library systems and library applications Answer remote reference queries Demonstrated research skills Collaborate with faculty to design research/information literacy learning opportunities Familiarity with Library of Congress; LibGuides; and Camtasia or other Screencasting software Promote research/information services Knowledge of open information resources
  • 16. Instruction and Outreach Sample Job Titles • Instructional Services Librarian, Coordinator of Access Services • Research & Instruction Librarian • Literacy Trainer • School Librarian • Business Resource Coordinator • Project Specialist for Business Outreach, Workforce Development & Library Technology • Instructional Design Librarian • Continuing Education Consultant • STEM Teaching and Faculty Outreach Librarian • Associate Library and Digital Media Specialist • Assistant Professor of Library Media/Instruction/Early-Experience Librarian • Continuing Education Consultant • Head of Instruction and Learning • Online Instruction Librarian • Children’s Librarian Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Initiate, plan, and conduct programs and activities to encourage the use of the library Ability to network effectively, build and foster relationships, collaborations, and partnerships Research, develop and instruct information literacy classes Extensive working knowledge of Apple devices Develop online learning materials Expertise in project planning, management, and evaluation Develop outreach activities and communication to promote library resources and services Current/emerging trends in information literacy instruction and technologies Deploy emergent technologies into instruction and learning Experience in developing effective library instructions sessions Plan annual continuing education program for public and academic library staff Ability to support and value the efforts of ongoing cultural community projects and events Develop training sessions on available databases for workforce development Familiarity with electronic and traditional information sources Lead development of research training and library-experience delivery Excellent organizational, communication, interpersonal skills and attention to detail Develop and deliver information and digital literacy instruction Can communicate clearly and effectively with adults and children
  • 17. Management and Administration Sample Job Titles • Associate Dean for Human Resources • Library Development Officer • Head of Reference and Information Literacy • Director, Library Collections • Children's Library Supervisor • Copy Cataloging Manager • Library Director • Senior Library Manager • Director, Health Science Library • Scholarly Communications Librarian • Librarian IV (Branch Manager) • Library Leaning Resource Center Director • Director of Library Services • Branch Manager • Librarian Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Develop an annual operating budget Knowledge of emerging technologies Provide leadership and strategic direction Conducting oral presentations/speaking in public Lead the preparation of funding proposals and grant applications Ability to support, mentor, and develop staff and faculty Manage a complex group of professional staff Strong leadership, management, and organization skills Analyze library service requirements and plan for equipment, facilities, and staffing Ability to work with diverse populations and varying education levels Oversee repairs and maintenance of library facility Demonstrated successful project or team management Collaborate with the faculty and other librarians Expertise in fiscal management Coordinate external library access to multi-type regional network and statewide services Strong leadership qualities, with the ability to inspire staff, the board, and the community Build and sustain relationships with partners and community Demonstrated vision for the uses of emerging technologies Coordinate library services, collections, and technology initiatives Skill in organizing resources and establishing priorities
  • 18. Archives and Preservation Sample Job Titles • Archives and Special Collections Manager • Video and Post Production Specialist • Archivist • Assistant Head of Archives Research Center • Project Archivist • Assistant Labor Archivist • Public Services Librarian (Center for Southwest Research/Special Collections) • Commissioner/State Librarian • Special Collections Access Archivist • Data Management Specialist • Archives & Special Collections Librarian • Collections Archivist • James D. Bales Papers Project Archivist • Assistant Research Scholar Project Archivist Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Provide instruction in the use of special collections and archival resources Knowledge of preservation and conservation Oversees preservation projects concerning tapes in the archive Knowledge of scanning techniques and digital file formats Create finding aids for researchers Familiarity with archives and public records issues Ensure material is physically housed according to preservation standards Knowledge of automated archival collections management systems Maintain the library archives and assist the general public with reference requests Demonstrated knowledge of XML schemas and the use of XML editors Process archival records and prepare series descriptions Strong project planning, management, and execution skills Develop arrangement and description plans for incoming collection items Established record of donor relations, event planning, public history and public relations Collaborate with cataloging staff and IT systems manager Knowledge of USMARC format and Encoded Archival Description (EAD) Evaluate and implement methods, tools, and systems related to preserving born-digital content. Understanding of issues related to digitization and digital records management and archiving
  • 19. Web and Social Media Sample Job Titles • Web Services Librarian • Medical Librarian • Head of Children's Services • Training Knowledge Management & Portal Administrator • Principal Librarian • Web Services Librarian • Reference and Digital Humanities Librarian • Medical Librarian • Librarian II (Web Development Librarian) Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Manage the Library's website and advance it's social media presence Website management and development experience Develop plans, goals, communications strategies and metrics for OSPB social media feeds including Twitter, Facebook, and Pinterest, among others Experience creating, editing, and managing collaborative SharePoint sites to coordinate operations, documentation, and training Contribute content to the Library's newsletter, website, and social media platforms Ability to handle multiple tasks simultaneously and shift priorities as directed Provide primary web application development support for the library Experience creating and maintaining web based content management tools such as LibGuides Assist in the creation and maintenance of web based content management tools Demonstrated proficiency with Drupal and/or other PHP-based content management systems Liaise with the Virtual Services team Experience with basic HTML coding and ability to manipulate code Administer all aspects of the Defensive Cyber Operations web presence, including development and refinement of the current SharePoint instances Familiarity and proficiency with current technologies and social media platforms relating to children's library services
  • 20. Emerging Technologies Sample Job Titles • Cloud Support Team Lead • Database Engineer/Project Manager • Research Support Data Specialist • Metadata and Systems Librarian • Systems Librarian • Digital Initiatives and Technologies Librarian • Information Technology Director • Information Research Specialist, Knowledge and Library Services • Directory of Library Technology and Data Management • Head of Information and Digital Services • E-Resources and Collection Assessment Librarian • Senior Library Applications Developer • Manager, Intranet Knowledge Services • Digital Assets Librarian • GIS Library Resident • Integration Specialist • Knowledge Systems Manager Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Develop and deliver geospatial technology training Knowledge of issues and technical challenges related to data curation Create infrastructure to support the data management lifecycle Experience with XML, RDF, and one or more metadata schemas Design/maintains repository collections using the Fedora Commons architecture Understanding of HTML, CSS, IP, URL and multiple web browsers Evaluate and recommend emerging technologies Programming and data manipulation techniques Support the integration of metadata across a variety of library and archive applications Understanding of user interface best practices, web application design, & usability Maintain/repair library technology systems Experience supporting and/or configuring enterprise library systems Lead the development of JIRA Story tasks and Confluence artifacts Demonstrated creativity and innovation in applying technological solutions Develop, deliver, evaluate and improve digital services Knowledge of educational resources on the deep and open Web Systems design and integration with library infrastructure Web development, design, frameworks, and standards Strategize the Libraries' presence in a future digital environment Discovery tools and metadata practices supporting discovery
  • 21. Corporations and Business Sample Job Titles • Senior Manager • Research Analyst • Associate Cataloging Bibliographer • Project Manager • Data Analyst • Digital Archivist • Project Manager for Inventory Management • IC Records Analyst • Research Analyst • Library Specialist • Referencing Services Specialist • Librarian Library/Information Specialist • Content Integration Librarian Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Obtain copyright permissions for hard-to-clear documents Communicates well both verbally and in writing Provide customized research services using business, news, and financial information databases Experience in a reference and research services department within a consulting/financial environment Integrate multiple taxonomies and ontologies as well as RDF and semantic web technologies with existing data structures Familiarity with enterprise collaboration platforms like SharePoint and content management systems like Drupal Use e-book aggregator websites to catalog electronic resources Proficiency using citation databases such as PubMed Serials and binding preparation Good listening skills Oversee ILL (Interlibrary Loan) and document delivery services Experience with OPM filing guidelines for Official Personnel Files Assess information needs of client groups and design/implement services to meet those needs Experience cataloging with knowledge of MARC format for bibliographic controls Assist with data migration and maintain accession workflows for e-records and digital assets Knowledge of information resources, tools and delivery methods Examine and evaluate records- management systems Knowledge of digital archives theory and practice
  • 22. Special Libraries Sample Job Titles • Assistant Research Scholar: Cold War Collection Specialist • Reference Librarian (law) • Reference Librarian and Spanish Language Specialist (Theological) • Wine Librarian • Physics and Astronomy Librarian • Art Librarian • Head of Processing and Special Collections Management • Library Operations Manager (collection for the blind) • Curator of Shakespeare and Performance • Medical Library Coordinator • Research Specialist • Digital Learning Librarian (College of Music) • James Lenox Librarian (Theological) • Program Specialist • Library Supervisor (law) Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Promotes the use of library services Aptitude for learning data management and manipulation Develop and implement metadata standards for digitized and born- digital special collections materials Ability to analyze organizational and operational problems and develop solution using analytical methods to improve programs and processes Provide reference service, including live chat Proficiency in caring for rare and fragile primary research material Develop a processing plan, access plan, and policies for archives management Preservation and metadata standards for media and electronic records Maintain exhibition catalog listings Web development, design, frameworks, and standards Make and maintain positive ongoing relationships with external groups Knowledge of ADA, visually impaired and hearing impaired patrons and disabilities Collaborate on major acquisitions Savvy at public relations Supervise the library’s circulation, interlibrary loan, reserves, and collection maintenance Understanding and experience with current archival records management technology and tools Develop/teach/supervise in- service training programs Expertise in the use of Endnote, Refworks, Zotero, etc
  • 23. K-12 School Libraries Sample Job Titles • Librarian • Librarian/Elementary • Media Specialist/Librarian • Library Media and Technologist Specialist • Library Media Specialist • Media Specialist • Director of Library and Media Service Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Assist teachers in preparation of bibliographies and curriculum guides Ability to instruct and manage student behavior Coordinate library instruction with class assignments, workshops, and one on one instruction Effective communication skills Manage circulation of library media center materials and equipment Develop and monitor library budget Create an environment conducive to quick accessibility, good study habits, and development of proficient media users Demonstrated knowledge of technology use and integration for classroom purposes Assist with the integration of 21st century literacy skills across the curriculum Knowledge and understanding of library circulation software and materials processing Collaborate with school staff in the design of instructional units and lessons Knowledge of literature and current trends in library media practice Provide leadership and direction for the building-level library media program Ability to work constructively and cooperatively with others
  • 24. College, University & Research Libraries Sample Job Titles • Middle East and North African Studies Librarian • Electronic Services Law Librarian • Humanities Librarian for English Literature and Women's and Gender Studies • Emerging Information Specialist • Learning Commons Librarian • Adjunct Faculty – Librarian • Experience Design Librarian • STEM (Science) Librarian • Head of Acquisitions • Digital Resources and Serials Coordinator • Health Sciences Librarian • Research Services Librarian for the Life Sciences • Reader Services Librarian • Scholarly Communications and Science Librarian • Outcomes and Assessment Librarian Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Evaluate Library services under program review metrics and recommend improvements Familiarity with copyright laws, creative commons licenses, and academic publishing contracts Participate in strategic planning for resource allocation Collegial, creative, collaborative, enthusiastic, and service oriented Promote academic work of students, faculty, and staff Reference services experience Develop effective library instructions sessions Familiarity with data management requirements of federal agencies Coordinate electronic resource management including licensing and policy development Significant experience with budget development and administrative practices in academic libraries Provide reference, instruction, and scholarly services to faculty and students with an interest in the Middle East and Africa Demonstrated creativity and innovation in teaching and the integration of technology into teaching. Develop open access outreach program to faculty and students Basic skill in programming applicable to a library environment Select print and electronic materials for the library collection Demonstrated strong analytic skills as evidenced through scholarly work Design, implement, promote and assess meaningful and impactful library user experiences Knowledge of the electronic resource life cycle and electronic resource management best practices
  • 25. News and Media Organizations Sample Job Titles • Political Media Transcriber • Supervisor, Metadata Librarian Research Assistant • Manager, Taxonomy and Metadata • Solutions Director, Records & Information Management • Metadata Librarian • Manager of Archives, Metadata and Asset Management Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Enter metadata and create new and updated asset records for daily video content Experience creating and implementing metadata standard, schemas and taxonomies Create and apply metadata schemas and indexing to institutional data repositories Able to learn and use a proprietary digital asset management system Conduct research and organize findings for columns and articles Excellent organization and execution skills Develop and implement taxonomies and controlled vocabularies across multiple platforms Quantitative and data management skills, facility with statistically-based reporting, Excel and other database tools Plan, develop, and administer records management policies to facilitate effective handling of business records from creation to disposal Firm and broad conceptual understanding of metadata principles and archival and digital collection technologies and the ability to apply them to existing and emerging media in a variety of formats Perform bibliographic control of both MARC and non-MARC metadata to ensure that they meet local and national standards Experience with vendor authority control processes, preferably OCLC authorities, and original authority metadata creation Plan and implement large-scale metadata management projects Experience with objects & ephemera re-housing and preservation
  • 26. Public Libraries Sample Job Titles • Business Resource Center Coordinator • Supervising Librarian • Children's Services Librarian • Director of County Library • Part-Time Entry Level Librarian / Trainee • Adult Services Librarian • Zone Manager • ILS & Technical Services Manager • Executive Director • Librarian I - Youth Services • Assistant Manager, Programming and Outreach • Assistant Library Director/Facilities Manager • Librarian III - Branch Services Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Develop and conduct original, vibrant programming for children Effectively lead and manage change Create and sustain excellent relationships with Friends groups, community groups, and other organizations partnering with the library Working knowledge of current and emerging library technology, service and programming trends and urban public library issues Serve as ILS manager and to lead our technical services section Adept on a number of social media platforms Provide progressive positive vision, responsible leadership and clear direction to the library system Ability to effectively represent the Library in the community and at public gatherings, as well as speak to public groups Provide instruction in the use of various print and electronic resources Cross-functional collaboration, influencing and consensus building Collection development oversight Bilingual (English/Spanish) Market children's collections and services through traditional methods and social media Ability to conduct complex reference interviews, analyze requests and apply research skills Assist in maintaining order and discipline in the observance of library rules and regulations Ability to plan specific programs such as children's activities, outreach or reference
  • 27. Museums and Heritage Societies Sample Job Titles • Senior Curator and Director of Collections • Reference Librarian • Digital Archival Consultant • Supervisory Archivist, Time Inc. • Archive Digital Asset Librarian • Information Technology Specialist - Exhibitions and Support • State Agency Records Archivist • Cataloging and Acquisitions Librarian Sample Job Duties Sample Job Skills Oversee implementation of systems to maintain accurate records of collections, donations, and historically relevant information about the collection Ability to specify and install interactive display kiosks, audiovisual equipment, and other technology or media-based systems Provide informed genealogical reference services and referrals utilizing all types of information media Experience in implementing an institution-wide DAMS, managing metadata, born-digital and digitized media assets Provide clear understanding of licensing and permissions for web-based digital archives A deep understanding of collection acquisition and state and federal law impact Create archival finding aids Experience working with institutional or organizational materials Collaborate with key stakeholders to codify and implement digital media asset metadata standards and workflows Familiarity with archival technical standards and controlled vocabularies Accessioning, arrangement, description, and preservation of state agency records in all formats Experience developing programs or other activities that help promote and showcase the library’s collection Coordinate the daily operation and systems administration of the library's ILS-system Demonstrated experience cataloging in an integrated library system and OCLC
  • 28. Tips for LIS Job Seekers (slide 1) • Across the board, communication and collaboration are far and away the most mentioned job skills, and collaboration is also the most frequently stated job duty. Make sure your resume and communications with a potential employer are polished and professional. Highlight prior collaborative experience, obtained either professionally or as a student. • Employers want candidates who are adept at trend spotting, cognizant of emerging trends and technologies, and skilled at analyzing and implementing new trends and technologies. Stay current and informed of new developments in the LIS field as well as general business and technology trends. • Experiment and practice with as many different web tools and applications as possible. Experience with collaboration and content management platforms, such as SharePoint and Drupal, is mentioned as a desired skill in several job listings.
  • 29. Tips for LIS Job Seekers (slide 2) • Research skills are in high demand. Hone your skills by knowing how to search in a variety of different databases as well as familiarizing yourself with advanced web searching techniques. • A unique skill, knowledge, or experience (such as a second language or a medical, legal, or tech background) can give you an advantage in your job search. Search for jobs that match your individual talent. • Highlight transferable skills/experience learned in other careers, internships or at school that are transferable to a LIS career. LIS professional experience is not always required. • Many postings list teaching or training as a part of the job description. Expose yourself to opportunities where you can practice these skills. • Participate in activities that demonstrate your dedication to ongoing professional development and be an active member in professional organizations.
  • 30. General Methodology Data selection The data used in this report was gathered from examining 400 job listings over twelve week period in early 2016. The job listings were discovered on a variety of general and LIS- focused websites. A range of search terms were used in order to try and obtain a variety of jobs using LIS skills. Job listings were selected based on their requirement of skills from the library and information science field. Most, but not all jobs required a MLIS. All jobs required at least some of the skills learned in an MLIS program.
  • 31. General Methodology Data selection For each job, the following data was collected on Excel worksheets: General information: Job title, hiring organization, location, job listing website Hiring Organization: Type of hiring organization, such as “university/college”, “public library”, “K-12”, “corporate/business”, etc. Previous job experience: Each job listing was examined to determine if prior professional experience was required, preferred, or not required. Job Skills and Job Duties: For each job listing, an attempt was made to capture and tally as many job skills and job duties as possible into the data set. An initial skill and duty list was compiled based on the 2015 Emerging Trends for Information Professionals report results, and as new skills and duties were identified, they were added to last year’s list. The skill list does not include educational or prior professional experience requirements.
  • 32. General Methodology Data Collection Job Duties/Job Skills – Subjective Component: There is a large subjective component to data collection of job duties and job skills that impacts the statistical results. • Job Duty vs. Job Skill: First, it was sometimes difficult to determine if a task or qualification was a job duty or job skill. For example, some job listings were written as follows: “The successful candidate will be able to perform xyz task”. It is challenging to ascertain if that “xyz task” should be categorized as a needed skill, a duty of the position, or both. • Defining Skill or Duty: Second, defining the skill and duty category descriptions is a subjective exercise. For example, for purposes of this report, “management” as a duty was broken into categories such as “task management”, “collection management”, “leadership/management”, “archives management”, “project management”, “personnel management”, “vendor management”, “website management”, etc. Had “management” been its own general duty, it may well have dominated the results.
  • 33. Search Methodology: General Job Sites General jobsites and technology heavy jobsites were initially searched with broad search terms such as “library”, “library science”, “information science” and “librarian”. Results were further sorted to find jobs that rely heavily on LIS skills and/or require a MLIS (either alone or as one of several acceptable degrees). These searches resulted in a wide variety of positions requiring emerging skills such as programming, system configuration, web development, web technology, application design, digital and electronic resources management and licensing, content management tools and systems, and social media.
  • 34. Search Methodology: LIS Job Sites LIS specific jobsites were browsed generally to gain a representative sample of commonly available positions. The LIS jobsites were also searched with both general search terms and narrower search terms, chosen to find a variety of different types of LIS positions. Some LIS career jobsites are focused on a specific type of LIS work, such as the job lists found on the websites of “American Association for Law Libraries”, “Society of American Archivists”, or “Code4Lib”. These websites were browsed for positions that specifically require an MLIS and/or equivalent LIS skills. Search terms such as “LIS”, “MLIS”, “media specialist”, “metadata”, “information science”, “archives” or “archivist”, “school”, “museum”, “law”, “medicine” “catalog” or “cataloger”, “digital”, and “research”, were used to find a mixture of positions in diverse settings such as education, public libraries, special libraries, corporations, museums and archives, media, and more.
  • 35. LIS Job Sites Searched ALA Job List http://joblist.ala.org Special Libraries Association http://careercenter.sla.org Library Associates Companies http://careers.lac-group.com http://libgig.com Library Crossing http://librarycrossing.com INALJ (I Need A Library Job) http://inalj.com Library Systems & Services https://careers-lssi.icims.com/jobs Library of Congress http://loc.gov Society of American Archivists http://careers.archivists.org American Association of Law Libraries http://www.aallnet.org Association of Research Libraries http://www.arl.org American Theological Library Association https://www.atla.com Medical Library Association http://www.mlanet.org Code4Lib http://jobs.code4lib.org Music Library Association http://www.musiclibraryassoc.org
  • 36. General Job Sites Searched Monster.com http://monster.com Indeed http://indeed.com JustJobs http://justjobs.com CareerBuilder http://www.careerbuilder.com LinkedIn https://www.linkedin.com SimplyHired http://simplyhired.com GovernmentJobs http://governmentjobs.com USAJobs http://usajobs.gov Dice http://dice.com Ladders https://www.theladders.com Idealist http://www.idealist.org