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July 2016
How Our Cities
Can Plan for
Driverless Cars
THEY’RE COMING…
The state of autonomous vehicle technology seems likely to
advance with or without legislative and agency actions at the
federal level. However, the manner in which autonomous
vehicle technologies progress and will eventually be
implemented depends heavily on these efforts. Intelligent
planning, meaningful vision, and regulatory action and reform
are required.
- “Preparing a Nation for Autonomous Vehicles:
Opportunities, Barriers, and Policy Recommendations,”
Eno Center for Transportation
 Driverless vehicles 101
 Our Driverless Future
 Current Status of Government with
Driverless Vehicles
 Proposed Actions for State and Local
Governments Regarding Driverless
Vehicles
DISCUSSION TOPICS
Driverless Vehicles 101
DRIVERLESS VEHICLES DEFINITION
NHTSA defines “Full Self-Driving Automation” as:
“designed to perform all safety-critical driving functions and monitor roadway conditions for an entire trip.
Such a design anticipates that the driver will provide destination or navigation input, but is not expected to be
available for control at any time during the trip.”
Source: http://www.internationaltransportforum.org/Pub/pdf/15CPB_AutonomousDriving.pdf
NHTSA’S DEFINITION OF VEHICLE AUTOMATION
DEFINITIONS: DRIVERLESS VS CONNECTED VEHICLES
Driverless
Vehicles
Connected
Vehicles
(CV)
Automated Vehicles
Best of Both
Worlds!
Positives Negatives
 Safety improvements
 Improved mobility for youth,
elderly, and disabled
 Improved traffic circulation
 Reduced need for parking
 Improved travel time reliability
 Reduced GHG emissions
 Reduced need for private car
ownership and private auto
insurance
 Increased “VMT”
 Insurance policy disruption
 Increased urban sprawl
 Job loss
POTENTIAL IMPACT OF DRIVERLESS CARS ON
SOCIETY
DRIVERLESS VEHICLES ADOPTION TIMELINE
 Technology development
continues to be the main
focus; however, other
considerations are being
researched as well
 Governments around the
world are developing
partnerships and conducting
research to determine how
they should regulate the
industry in order to ensure
public safety
DRIVERLESS VEHICLES TODAY
Industry
Standards
Text here
Society
Integration
Human
Factors
Technology
Privacy & Security
Infrastructure
Requirements
Insurance
Our Driverless Future
SCENARIO 1
SCENARIO 2
POTENTIAL FUTURE SCENARIOS
Level of Vehicle and Ride Sharing
Scenario 1:
Driverless Nightmare
Scenario 2:
Driverless Utopia
0% of Society 100% of Society
CHANGES FROM TODAY’S SOCIETY
Driverless Nightmare Driverless Utopia
Safety
VMT
GHG Emissions
Urban Sprawl
Parking Req’ts No Change
Roadway
Maintenance Req’ts
Low Income Mobility
Proposed Actions For
State And Local
Governments
Regarding Driverless
Vehicles
PROPOSED GOVERNMENT ROLE IN DRIVERLESS
VEHICLES
Update, Establish and Enforce
Policies and Regulations
Safety
Privacy/Data Sharing
Cyber Security
Establish and Enforce Standards
Manufacturing
Vehicle Design
Infrastructure
Data/Communications
Federal Role State and Local Role
LOCAL GOVERNMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
Stay educated on
driverless vehicles
progress
Incorporate driverless
vehicles into city goals
Establish
communications
and/or coalition with
driverless technology
stakeholders
Support testing
activities
Establish policies and
plans with
consideration for the
future
Encourage open data
sharing
What can be done now?
LOCAL GOVERNMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
What can be done in the medium (1-2 years) to long-term (3-5 years)?
Planning
Update travel demand model
Evaluate road capacity needs
Assess transit requirements
Forecast financial implications
Infrastructure Modifications
Update traffic signs and markings
Reduce lane width
Alter speed limits
Adjust traffic signal locations and timing
Eliminate/reduce parking and add more “drop-
off/pick-up” locations
Add electric vehicle charging infrastructure
Develop new predictive models for pavement
maintenance
Certify roads for driverless and/or manual
usage
Miscellaneous
Update enforcement function within the
government
Update incident management function within
the government
Incorporate driverless vehicle technology into
government services
Update government workforce to match needs
LOCAL GOVERNMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
What policy changes can be made by local governments to influence potential AV
impacts in our cities?
Update roadway
policies and
infrastructure to
manage the VMT
impact
Adjust land use policies
to reduce urban sprawl
Adjust the tax/fee
structure to dis-
incentivize car
ownership and/or
parking
Alter parking policies to
reduce the need for
private parking
Change transit pricing
CONTACT LAUREN
• Email: isaac@pbworld.com
• Phone: 415-815-8200
• Guide: http://www.wsp-pb.com/en/WSP-USA/What-we-do-USA/Services/All-
Services-A-Z/Driverless-Vehicles/
• Blog: www.drivingtowardsdriverless.com
• Twitter: @DriverlessLau
Blog:
Twitter:

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How our cities can plan for driverless cars

  • 1. July 2016 How Our Cities Can Plan for Driverless Cars
  • 2.
  • 3. THEY’RE COMING… The state of autonomous vehicle technology seems likely to advance with or without legislative and agency actions at the federal level. However, the manner in which autonomous vehicle technologies progress and will eventually be implemented depends heavily on these efforts. Intelligent planning, meaningful vision, and regulatory action and reform are required. - “Preparing a Nation for Autonomous Vehicles: Opportunities, Barriers, and Policy Recommendations,” Eno Center for Transportation
  • 4.  Driverless vehicles 101  Our Driverless Future  Current Status of Government with Driverless Vehicles  Proposed Actions for State and Local Governments Regarding Driverless Vehicles DISCUSSION TOPICS
  • 6. DRIVERLESS VEHICLES DEFINITION NHTSA defines “Full Self-Driving Automation” as: “designed to perform all safety-critical driving functions and monitor roadway conditions for an entire trip. Such a design anticipates that the driver will provide destination or navigation input, but is not expected to be available for control at any time during the trip.” Source: http://www.internationaltransportforum.org/Pub/pdf/15CPB_AutonomousDriving.pdf
  • 7. NHTSA’S DEFINITION OF VEHICLE AUTOMATION
  • 8. DEFINITIONS: DRIVERLESS VS CONNECTED VEHICLES Driverless Vehicles Connected Vehicles (CV) Automated Vehicles Best of Both Worlds!
  • 9. Positives Negatives  Safety improvements  Improved mobility for youth, elderly, and disabled  Improved traffic circulation  Reduced need for parking  Improved travel time reliability  Reduced GHG emissions  Reduced need for private car ownership and private auto insurance  Increased “VMT”  Insurance policy disruption  Increased urban sprawl  Job loss POTENTIAL IMPACT OF DRIVERLESS CARS ON SOCIETY
  • 11.  Technology development continues to be the main focus; however, other considerations are being researched as well  Governments around the world are developing partnerships and conducting research to determine how they should regulate the industry in order to ensure public safety DRIVERLESS VEHICLES TODAY Industry Standards Text here Society Integration Human Factors Technology Privacy & Security Infrastructure Requirements Insurance
  • 15. POTENTIAL FUTURE SCENARIOS Level of Vehicle and Ride Sharing Scenario 1: Driverless Nightmare Scenario 2: Driverless Utopia 0% of Society 100% of Society
  • 16. CHANGES FROM TODAY’S SOCIETY Driverless Nightmare Driverless Utopia Safety VMT GHG Emissions Urban Sprawl Parking Req’ts No Change Roadway Maintenance Req’ts Low Income Mobility
  • 17. Proposed Actions For State And Local Governments Regarding Driverless Vehicles
  • 18. PROPOSED GOVERNMENT ROLE IN DRIVERLESS VEHICLES Update, Establish and Enforce Policies and Regulations Safety Privacy/Data Sharing Cyber Security Establish and Enforce Standards Manufacturing Vehicle Design Infrastructure Data/Communications Federal Role State and Local Role
  • 19. LOCAL GOVERNMENT RECOMMENDATIONS Stay educated on driverless vehicles progress Incorporate driverless vehicles into city goals Establish communications and/or coalition with driverless technology stakeholders Support testing activities Establish policies and plans with consideration for the future Encourage open data sharing What can be done now?
  • 20. LOCAL GOVERNMENT RECOMMENDATIONS What can be done in the medium (1-2 years) to long-term (3-5 years)? Planning Update travel demand model Evaluate road capacity needs Assess transit requirements Forecast financial implications Infrastructure Modifications Update traffic signs and markings Reduce lane width Alter speed limits Adjust traffic signal locations and timing Eliminate/reduce parking and add more “drop- off/pick-up” locations Add electric vehicle charging infrastructure Develop new predictive models for pavement maintenance Certify roads for driverless and/or manual usage Miscellaneous Update enforcement function within the government Update incident management function within the government Incorporate driverless vehicle technology into government services Update government workforce to match needs
  • 21. LOCAL GOVERNMENT RECOMMENDATIONS What policy changes can be made by local governments to influence potential AV impacts in our cities? Update roadway policies and infrastructure to manage the VMT impact Adjust land use policies to reduce urban sprawl Adjust the tax/fee structure to dis- incentivize car ownership and/or parking Alter parking policies to reduce the need for private parking Change transit pricing
  • 22. CONTACT LAUREN • Email: isaac@pbworld.com • Phone: 415-815-8200 • Guide: http://www.wsp-pb.com/en/WSP-USA/What-we-do-USA/Services/All- Services-A-Z/Driverless-Vehicles/ • Blog: www.drivingtowardsdriverless.com • Twitter: @DriverlessLau Blog: Twitter: