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AITPM Conference Presentation - Laurie Piggott


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Freight Planning and Aviation Stream

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AITPM Conference Presentation - Laurie Piggott

  1. 1. Port Related Transport Planning and Modelling Laurie Piggott Consulting Pty Ltd
  2. 2. Items to be covered 1. Cross discipline communication to achieve a comprehensive understanding between operators, transport planners and land planners. 2. Understanding the effect of operational constraints on freight movement to and from the port (the total logistics chain). 3. Simple description of the landside supply chain elements. 4. The key role played by stevedore terminals and inland transfer hubs.
  3. 3. Communication across Skill Based Boundaries • Generally speaking cross boundary communication is not good except in organisations such as the Freight and Logistics Council and the WA Port Operations Task Force (POTF). • POTF is an independent stakeholder group hosted by the Fremantle Port Authority with membership that includes the FPA, F&LC, Stevedores, Empty Container Park Operators, Truck Operators, WARTA, Rail Operators, Brokers, Customs, Australian Quarantine and Inspection Services (AQIS), Main Roads etc.
  4. 4. WA Port Operations Taskforce (POTF) Day to day issues and strategic matters are discussed at regular monthly meetings. Operational problems are presented, discussed and very often resolved by compromise or by development of creative options. Sub committees are formed to work through more difficult or strategic issues. It is also a forum for presentation of papers by members or invited guests. This is an excellent group to obtain an understanding of port related operations.
  5. 5. How I gradually learned about linking operations with Infrastructure Planning 1960 to 1990 (limited operations knowledge) Civil Engineering Design Draftsman, full time Uni., Civil Engineer (subdivision development) and local government engineer. 1990 to 2008 (expanding operations knowledge) Westrail and PTA – Urban Station Planning (includes working with bus ops), Land Management, Freight Planning, Intermodal Terminal Development (rail to road ops).
  6. 6. Linking operations with Infrastructure Planning (cont.) 2008 to 2018 (includes port related operations experience) Laurie Piggott Consulting engaged by FPA in the redevelopment of Rous Head and as the part time Executive Officer with the WA Port Operations Task Force from 2010 to 2014. This experience provided a link to earlier experience in infrastructure planning and development and an understanding of the port and freight related technical languages.
  7. 7. Container Supply Chain  Container description and movement.  Empty Container Parks.  The complexity of the Container Supply Chain.  Intermodal Terminals and Road Transport Depots (Freight Hubs).  Land Use Planning and Infrastructure Development.
  8. 8. Containers  Are owned by shipping lines  Come in different lengths (20 and 40 ft) and heights  Are set up for different products (standard, food grade, reefer, dry storage, open top and various door locations).  Therefore limited opportunities for easy reallocation from import to export use (empty trucks entering or leaving the port).  Supply chain and infrastructure solutions continue to be developed.
  9. 9. Empty Container Parks  Contracted by shipping lines who define when empties must be returned to the port and from which Container Park.  ECPs do more than store; their major functions are to:  Survey, clean and repair containers on behalf of shipping lines; and  Coordinate movement of the various container types mostly to receive import dehire, reassignment to exporters or relocate excess empties overseas (bulk runs to stevedores).
  10. 10. Container stacking in an ECP
  11. 11. Container Movement 1. Import Movement: Transport full from Stevedore to importer. 2. Empty Container Park: Receives empty from importer (dehire) and inspects, cleans and repairs as necessary; then allocates to exporter or relocates overseas via transfer to Stevedore (bulk runs). 3. Triangulation (rare movement) –importer transfers empty direct to exporter. 4. Export Movement: Full from exporter to Stevedore or relocation of empty from ECP to overseas (bulk runs).
  12. 12. Supply Chain Restrictions  Terminals must clear their decks due to the limited window to unload and load vessels.  Therefore there is a time limit for importers to return empty import boxes to ECPs.  Leads to competition between trucks for Terminal slots due to restrictions on the time containers can be held on the wharf.  Difficult to coordinate slot bookings at the Terminal (1Stop) and the ECP (ContainerChain) and to reduce empty truck running.
  13. 13. Container Supply Chain (1)
  14. 14. Container Supply Chain (2)
  15. 15. Inland Restrictions on Port Operations Many imports are distributed to small sites that require sidelifter or smaller trucks for load/unload and that are open from 8am to 5pm 6 days per week. Due to limited vessel berth time Stevedores must operate well beyond this period necessitating provision of inland transport hubs to keep port operations going. This requires large trucks to transport from the port during extended time periods and smaller trucks to distribute to local areas during the short day time periods.
  16. 16. Large truck being loaded
  17. 17. Container dropped on verge by sidelifter
  18. 18. Unofficial Transfer Hub
  19. 19. Example of very small industrial lots
  20. 20. Benefits of Inland Intermodal Terminals and Transport Hubs Relieves pressure on Port by:  Providing off Port full container storage.  Open outside of normal business hours to allow extended port operating times.  Providing large sites for rail and efficient large capacity trucks operating from the Port.  Allowing transfer to trucks that can unload at small importer sites (small table top or sidelifter)  Association with a local (inland) ECP.
  21. 21. Freight Hub Examples The following slides are photographs of operations at the Kewdale interstate intermodal terminal where containers are transferred across the boundary to a road depot transport hub. The methodology of this rail to road transfer also applies to a road to road transfer.
  22. 22. Kewdale Toll Transfer Hub
  23. 23. Planning and Transport Modelling for Infrastructure Development Land use planning and Transport Modelling for the Supply Chain should:  Have an understanding of Supply Chain operations.  Facilitate efficient operations including how and where to provide road/road transport hubs, end of line rail facilities and empty container parks.  Create suitable and sufficiently large industrial lots in the right locations (structure plan design).  Identify and protect transport corridors suitable for rail and heavy road vehicles.