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Congestion Pricing Commission


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Congestion Pricing Commission

  2. 2. New York City Population Growth millions Source: US Census Bureau and NYC Department of City Planning, Population Division
  3. 3. Land Ensure all New Yorkers have parks within a 10-minute walk Clean up all contaminated land in New York City 2 Create enough housing for our growing population 1 3 Water Develop water network back-up systems Open 90% of our waterways and protect natural areas 5 4 Energy Upgrade our energy infrastructure to provide clean energy 8 Transportation Improve travel times by adding transit capacity for millions Achieve “State Of Good Repair” on our transportation system 6 7 Air Achieve the cleanest air of any big city in America 9 Reduce global warming emissions by 30% Climate Change 10
  4. 4. The City’s traffic congestion mitigation proposal is one component of PlaNYC’s transportation plan <ul><li>Build and Expand Transit </li></ul><ul><li>Improve Transit Service on Existing Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Other Sustainable Modes </li></ul><ul><li>Improve Traffic Flow by Reducing Congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve a State of Good Repair on Our Roads and Transit System. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop New Funding Sources </li></ul>
  5. 5. Streets with Speeds Under 12 mph
  6. 6. Mode Split: 1975 to 2004 – All Trip Types Persons arriving by subway Persons arriving by commuter rail, bus, ferry, and other Persons arriving by auto and truck
  7. 7. Few New Yorkers Drive to the CBD Everyday <ul><li>Most New Yorkers take transit to work </li></ul><ul><li>Only 4.6% of working New Yorkers drive to work in the Manhattan CBD </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island
  9. 9. Composition of Traffic in the Zone by Vehicle Type Private autos Bus and other Heavy trucks Vans and light commercial 59.5% 2.1% 2.6% 4.8% For-hire cars and taxis 31.0% Vehicle miles traveled, 24-hour period
  10. 10. Ug/mg3 San Antonio Phoenix San Diego Dallas Chicago Philadelphia Houston New York City Los Angeles 5 7 9 11 13 17 19 21 PM 2.5 Values for US Cities with over 1 million residents Annual mean of 24-hour values NYC Air Quality Compared with Other Cities 15 National Air Quality Standard 15
  11. 11. NYC Child Asthma Hospitalization Rates Source:NYS Department of Health (analyzed by NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene) and Centers for Disease Control 3.1 NATIONAL AVERAGE Rate Per 1000 Living within the 500-1500-foot range of a heavily trafficked road puts you at much greater risk than someone living farther away. The soot and fumes from cars, trucks and buses are linked to asthma, lung and heart disease and cancer.
  12. 12. The Mayor’s proposal to reduce congestion <ul><li>Three year pilot with detailed analysis of impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Three main components will reduce traffic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congestion Pricing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transit improvements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peripheral strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Additional measures will improve flow but not reduce traffic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Block the box ticketing reform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional traffic enforcement agents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus lane enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red light cameras </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Congestion Charge: <ul><li>6am-6pm Monday-Friday </li></ul><ul><li>$4 daily charge for autos and small commercial vehicles traveling within the zone ($5.50 for trucks) </li></ul><ul><li>$8 daily charge for autos and small commercial vehicles entering or leaving the zone ($21 for trucks) </li></ul><ul><li>Toll rebates for E-ZPass users </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced charge for clean trucks </li></ul><ul><li>No charge on peripheral routes </li></ul>
  14. 14. Short Term Transit Improvements
  15. 15. Short Term Transit Improvements <ul><li>Bus rapid transit </li></ul><ul><li>Bus lanes on East River Bridges </li></ul>
  16. 16. Short Term Transit Improvements <ul><li>New express bus routes </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded service on existing lines </li></ul>
  17. 17. Protections for peripheral neighborhoods <ul><li>City will develop tailor-made strategies for neighborhoods on the edges of the zone to prevent adverse effects </li></ul><ul><li>Potential solutions include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New parking rules to prevent commuter parking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanded use of muni-meters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential parking permits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New park and ride facilities </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. .6% 6.3% 0.3% 4.7% 1.8% 0.2% 1.2% 1.5% 0.1% 0.6% Reduced Traffic Vehicle miles traveled over a 24-hour period
  19. 19. 12.6% 0.6% 12.4% 3.7% .3% 3.0% 4.6% 0.3% 1.9% Reduced Travel Time Vehicle hours traveled over a 24-hour period
  20. 20. Congestion Pricing will help fund new and expanded transit infrastructure Year 1: $390M net revenue
  21. 21. Impacts of congestion pricing in London 2003 2006 Traffic (VMT) Auto Traffic (VMT) Congestion (VHD) -12% Source: Transport for London. Compared to 2002 baseline. -34% -14% -37% -30% -8% PM 10 decreased by -6.3% from 2002-2003. Impact of construction – traffic down but delays increasing
  22. 22. Questions we have heard: <ul><li>Why $8? </li></ul><ul><li>Why give toll deductions? </li></ul><ul><li>Why 86 th Street? </li></ul><ul><li>Isn’t this only going to improve air quality in Midtown Manhattan? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Traffic reduction in Manhattan will improve air quality throughout the NYC Metropolitan Area Plume of 2 Separate Staten Island Fires over Manhattan and Jersey City 2003 2006
  24. 24. Congestion Pricing is the best solution for NYC: <ul><li>Reduces traffic and delay – achieves 6.3% VMT reduction in the zone – and gets 112,000 cars a day off the streets </li></ul><ul><li>Provides short-term transit options and increases transit ridership </li></ul><ul><li>Creates revenue to fund transit </li></ul><ul><li>Improves air quality throughout the city and region </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic benefits in all neighborhoods </li></ul>