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1) The document describes an experiment to measure discharge over a broad crested weir. Water was passed through an inlet tank and discharge tank containing a broad crested weir, and the height and volume of water were measured over time. 2) Using the measured heights and volumes, the actual discharge was calculated and compared to the theoretical discharge calculated using a formula. The ratio of actual to theoretical discharge, known as the coefficient of discharge (Cd), was also determined. 3) The results showed that the Cd increased with increasing water height, and a logarithmic equation was developed to relate Cd to water height. The purpose was to determine discharge over a weir and compare to theory.

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Discharge Under a Sluice Gate | Jameel Academy

This document summarizes a student's laboratory experiment on measuring water discharge under a sluice gate. The student measured the discharge for different water volumes and times, and calculated the theoretical and actual discharges. The results were tabulated and showed that the actual discharge increased with increasing gate height. A logarithmic equation was also determined relating the actual discharge to the height difference in water before and after the gate. The purpose was to experimentally determine the actual discharge under a sluice gate and compare it to theoretical calculations.

Unconfined compression test

This document outlines procedures for performing an unconfined compression test to determine the shear strength of cohesive soils. It describes the objectives of the test as measuring the shearing resistance and shear strength parameters (c and φ) of undisturbed or remolded cohesive soil specimens. The theory section explains that the unconfined compressive strength is the load per unit area at which a soil cylinder fails in compression and is used to calculate the soil's undrained shear strength as one half the unconfined compressive strength. The document provides details on required equipment, procedures for specimen preparation and testing, methods for data analysis and calculation of stress and strain, and conclusions regarding determination of unconfined compressive strength and undrained

Permeability test

The document describes a laboratory experiment to determine the permeability of a soil sample using the constant head permeability test method. Three trials were conducted on the sample, which had an average dry unit weight of 1.58 g/cm3 and void ratio of 0.646. The average coefficient of permeability from the trials was determined to be 0.050733 cm/sec, classifying the sample as coarse sand according to ASTM standards. Factors that influence permeability and potential sources of error in the experiment are also discussed.

Center of Pressure on Vertical Fully Submerged Plate | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment to determine the center of pressure on a vertical fully submerged plate. Measurements were taken at different mass levels to calculate the actual and theoretical center of pressure.
2) Calculations showed the actual center of pressure was greater than the theoretical value, with a maximum error of 5.86%. This error was within the acceptable limit of 10%, indicating the experiment yielded accurate results.
3) The conclusion is that the experiment successfully measured the center of pressure, compared it to theoretical values, and found small errors, demonstrating the validity of the experimental method.

1-D Consolidation Test

Determination of consolidation properties (like CV, CC, CS, t90, mv, av) of the given soil specimen (Dhanauri Clay) by conducting one-dimensional consolidation test using fixed ring type setup.
Learning Outcomes:-
1. From consolidation test, the following information can be determined:
a) Amount of settlement experienced by a soil-structure after load application
b) Rate of consolidation of soil under a normal load
c) Degree of consolidation at any time
d) Pressure void ratio relationship
e) Coefficient of consolidation at various successively increasing pressure
f) Permeability of soil at various stages of loading
g) Compression index of soil
2. The general procedure for laboratory evaluation of consolidation characteristics of soils involves a one-dimensional consolidation.
This is necessary because of:
• Difficulty of instrumentation for recording volume change and natural strains.
• Complexities in mathematical analysis of three-dimensional consolidation.
3. The underlying assumptions in the derivation of the mathematical equations are as follows:
• The clay layer is homogeneous.
• The clay layer is saturated, the compression of the soil layer is due to the change in volume only, which in turn, is due to the squeezing out of water from the void spaces.
• Darcy’s law is valid.
• Deformation of soil occurs only in the direction of the load application.
4. Effects of ring friction
• During loading reduce stress acted on the specimen, specimen compresses less.
• During rebound reduce the swelling tendency specimen swell less.
• Flatten the swelling curve at low stress level.
5. Resultant Cv decreases with increasing stress, implying its NC clay.
6. Sample was preserved in polybag to check loss of moisture content.

Center of Pressure on Vertical Partially Submerged Plate | Jameel Academy

1) The document reports on an experiment to determine the center of pressure on a vertically partially submerged plate. Various masses were used and the distance from the plate to the water surface was measured.
2) The center of pressure was calculated using a formula that takes into account the distance measurements, mass, and plate properties. The calculated and measured centers of pressure were compared to find percent error.
3) Results showed the center of pressure decreases with increasing mass and errors generally increased with lighter masses, with a maximum error of 40.49%. The relationship between calculated and measured centers of pressure was plotted on a graph.

Permeability Test of soil Using Constant and Falling Head Method

1) The document describes laboratory tests to determine the coefficient of permeability of soil samples using the constant head and falling head methods.
2) For the falling head test on a sandy soil sample, the average permeability was found to be 0.00322 cm/sec.
3) For the constant head test on a second sample, the average permeability was determined to be 0.02069 cm/min.

FLOW OVER A SHARP CRESTED WEIR

this is the experiment of fluid mechanics .FLOW OVER A SHARP CRESTED WEIR.experiment of weir.from this experiment we can learn discharge over the sharp crested weir and etc.

Discharge Under a Sluice Gate | Jameel Academy

This document summarizes a student's laboratory experiment on measuring water discharge under a sluice gate. The student measured the discharge for different water volumes and times, and calculated the theoretical and actual discharges. The results were tabulated and showed that the actual discharge increased with increasing gate height. A logarithmic equation was also determined relating the actual discharge to the height difference in water before and after the gate. The purpose was to experimentally determine the actual discharge under a sluice gate and compare it to theoretical calculations.

Unconfined compression test

This document outlines procedures for performing an unconfined compression test to determine the shear strength of cohesive soils. It describes the objectives of the test as measuring the shearing resistance and shear strength parameters (c and φ) of undisturbed or remolded cohesive soil specimens. The theory section explains that the unconfined compressive strength is the load per unit area at which a soil cylinder fails in compression and is used to calculate the soil's undrained shear strength as one half the unconfined compressive strength. The document provides details on required equipment, procedures for specimen preparation and testing, methods for data analysis and calculation of stress and strain, and conclusions regarding determination of unconfined compressive strength and undrained

Permeability test

The document describes a laboratory experiment to determine the permeability of a soil sample using the constant head permeability test method. Three trials were conducted on the sample, which had an average dry unit weight of 1.58 g/cm3 and void ratio of 0.646. The average coefficient of permeability from the trials was determined to be 0.050733 cm/sec, classifying the sample as coarse sand according to ASTM standards. Factors that influence permeability and potential sources of error in the experiment are also discussed.

Center of Pressure on Vertical Fully Submerged Plate | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment to determine the center of pressure on a vertical fully submerged plate. Measurements were taken at different mass levels to calculate the actual and theoretical center of pressure.
2) Calculations showed the actual center of pressure was greater than the theoretical value, with a maximum error of 5.86%. This error was within the acceptable limit of 10%, indicating the experiment yielded accurate results.
3) The conclusion is that the experiment successfully measured the center of pressure, compared it to theoretical values, and found small errors, demonstrating the validity of the experimental method.

1-D Consolidation Test

Determination of consolidation properties (like CV, CC, CS, t90, mv, av) of the given soil specimen (Dhanauri Clay) by conducting one-dimensional consolidation test using fixed ring type setup.
Learning Outcomes:-
1. From consolidation test, the following information can be determined:
a) Amount of settlement experienced by a soil-structure after load application
b) Rate of consolidation of soil under a normal load
c) Degree of consolidation at any time
d) Pressure void ratio relationship
e) Coefficient of consolidation at various successively increasing pressure
f) Permeability of soil at various stages of loading
g) Compression index of soil
2. The general procedure for laboratory evaluation of consolidation characteristics of soils involves a one-dimensional consolidation.
This is necessary because of:
• Difficulty of instrumentation for recording volume change and natural strains.
• Complexities in mathematical analysis of three-dimensional consolidation.
3. The underlying assumptions in the derivation of the mathematical equations are as follows:
• The clay layer is homogeneous.
• The clay layer is saturated, the compression of the soil layer is due to the change in volume only, which in turn, is due to the squeezing out of water from the void spaces.
• Darcy’s law is valid.
• Deformation of soil occurs only in the direction of the load application.
4. Effects of ring friction
• During loading reduce stress acted on the specimen, specimen compresses less.
• During rebound reduce the swelling tendency specimen swell less.
• Flatten the swelling curve at low stress level.
5. Resultant Cv decreases with increasing stress, implying its NC clay.
6. Sample was preserved in polybag to check loss of moisture content.

Center of Pressure on Vertical Partially Submerged Plate | Jameel Academy

1) The document reports on an experiment to determine the center of pressure on a vertically partially submerged plate. Various masses were used and the distance from the plate to the water surface was measured.
2) The center of pressure was calculated using a formula that takes into account the distance measurements, mass, and plate properties. The calculated and measured centers of pressure were compared to find percent error.
3) Results showed the center of pressure decreases with increasing mass and errors generally increased with lighter masses, with a maximum error of 40.49%. The relationship between calculated and measured centers of pressure was plotted on a graph.

Permeability Test of soil Using Constant and Falling Head Method

1) The document describes laboratory tests to determine the coefficient of permeability of soil samples using the constant head and falling head methods.
2) For the falling head test on a sandy soil sample, the average permeability was found to be 0.00322 cm/sec.
3) For the constant head test on a second sample, the average permeability was determined to be 0.02069 cm/min.

FLOW OVER A SHARP CRESTED WEIR

this is the experiment of fluid mechanics .FLOW OVER A SHARP CRESTED WEIR.experiment of weir.from this experiment we can learn discharge over the sharp crested weir and etc.

Weirs and flumes with broad

This document provides information about weirs and Parshall flumes. It discusses different types of weirs including sharp-crested weirs like rectangular and V-notch weirs, as well as broad-crested weirs. Formulas are provided for calculating flow rates over these structures. The document also introduces the Parshall flume, which can be used as an alternative to weirs for measuring flow rates while reducing head losses and sediment accumulation. Key features of the Parshall flume design and measurement principles are described.

Discharge Over a Vee-Notch Weir | Jameel Academy

1) The student performed an experiment to measure the discharge of water over a vee-notch weir. Water was pumped into an open channel and measurements were taken of water level, volume collected, and time to collect the volume.
2) Calculations were done to determine the theoretical discharge based on the notch geometry and actual discharge based on the collected volume and time. The ratio of actual to theoretical discharge (Cd) was calculated.
3) A linear relationship was found between the Cd ratio and the water level over the weir, expressed as Cd = -3.14H + 0.19. The experiment validated the method for calculating discharge over a vee-notch weir.

Class lectures on Hydrology by Rabindra Ranjan Saha Lecture 11

1) The document describes deriving a unit hydrograph from a storm hydrograph for a catchment area that experienced two rainfall events - a 3 cm storm followed by a 2 cm storm.
2) The resulting direct runoff hydrograph (DRH) is calculated using the principle of superposition, by combining the individual DRHs from each rainfall event at each time step.
3) The summary provides an example calculation of the 5 cm DRH at 3 hours, which is the sum of the 3 cm DRH (75 cm) and 2 cm DRH (0 cm) at that time.

Trixial test

The triaxial compression test is used to measure the shear strength of soils. [1] It involves placing a saturated soil specimen in a rubber membrane inside a triaxial cell. Cell pressure is applied to saturate the sample while maintaining drainage conditions. [2] Axial stress is then applied through a piston to induce shear failure while cell pressure is kept constant. There are three main types of triaxial tests based on drainage conditions during shear: consolidated-drained (CD), consolidated-undrained (CU), and unconsolidated-undrained (UU). [3] The test allows accurate measurement of stress-strain behavior and pore pressure changes in soil specimens under controlled laboratory conditions.

Atterberg Limit Test

Sri Sanduli Weerasekara, Undergraduate-Civil Engineering, International College of Business & Technology

Normal Consistency of Hydraulic Cement | Jameel Academy

This report summarizes a test to determine the normal consistency of hydraulic cement. Four trials were conducted with 500g of cement and varying water-cement (W/C) ratios of 0.25, 0.27, 0.30 and 0.33. These trials resulted in penetrations of 25mm, 9mm, 5mm and 4mm respectively. From the relationship between W/C ratio and penetration, the standard consistency was determined to be 0.2875 at a penetration of 6mm. However, the average penetration of 10.75mm exceeded the standard of 6±1mm, suggesting errors in the test such as insufficient cement quantity and inaccurate penetration measurement timing. The purpose of the test was to find

Numerical problem on bearing capacity is code terzaghi water table (usefulsea...

Numerical problem on bearing capacity is code terzaghi water table (usefulsearch.org) (useful search)

Laboratory soil compaction test

The document discusses laboratory soil compaction tests. It defines compaction as increasing the bulk density of soil by removing air through external compactive effort. An optimum water content exists where soil achieves maximum density. The document outlines standard and modified Proctor compaction tests and describes how to conduct the tests by compacting soil in layers using specified hammers and measuring dry density at different water contents. Compaction increases soil strength, stability and resistance to erosion while decreasing permeability and compressibility.

Load carrying capacity of piles

- There are four main methods to measure the load carrying capacity of piles: static methods, dynamic formulas, in-situ penetration tests, and pile load tests.
- The ultimate load capacity (Qu) of an individual pile or pile group equals the sum of the point resistance (Qp) at the pile tip and the shaft resistance (Qs) developed along the pile shaft through friction between the soil and pile.
- Meyerhof's method is commonly used to calculate Qp in sand based on the effective vertical pressure at the pile tip multiplied by the bearing capacity factor Nq.

Presentation on Determination of Penetration & Specific Gravity Test of Bitumen

Group 8 conducted experiments to determine the penetration and specific gravity of bitumen. They found that the bitumen sample had a penetration of 30.67 mm, indicating it was a grade 30-40 bitumen suitable for road construction in warmer regions like Bangladesh. The specific gravity was determined to be 1.027, close to the expected range of 1.03-1.06 for bituminous material. In conclusion, the sample's properties met specifications for use in road construction.

Standard proctor test

This document summarizes a standard Proctor compaction test conducted on a soil sample. The test involves compacting the soil at different moisture contents in layers using a standardized hammer and measuring the dry unit weight. The maximum dry unit weight of 1.74 g/cm3 was found at an optimum moisture content of 13.7% based on the graph, however one data point exceeded the theoretical zero-air void curve, invalidating the test. The test will need to be redone to get accurate and dependable results.

Direct Shear Test

Method for determination of shear strength of soil (Badarpur Sand) with a maximum particle size of 4.75 mm in drained conditions using Direct Shear Test apparatus.
It is a Floating Box type test in which upper half box is floating due to application of vertical loading resulting in lateral confinement thus generating sufficient friction which holds the upper half of shear box.
In the shear box test, the specimen is not failing along its weakest plane but along a predetermined or induced failure plane i.e. horizontal plane separating the two halves of the shear box. This is the main drawback of this test.
Moreover, during loading, the state of stress cannot be evaluated. It can be evaluated only at failure condition. Also, failure is progressive.

Class 5 Permeability Test ( Geotechnical Engineering )

This document discusses permeability testing methods for geotechnical engineering laboratory class. It describes two common permeability test methods: the constant-head test and falling-head test. The constant-head test applies a constant head of water to a soil specimen in a permeameter to measure hydraulic conductivity. The falling-head test similarly uses a permeameter but measures the change in head over time. Both tests aim to determine the hydraulic conductivity value k, which indicates a soil's ability to transmit water and is important for analyzing seepage, settlement, and slope stability.

Slump Test - Report

1. The document describes a concrete slump test conducted by a student to determine the workability and consistency of a concrete mix.
2. The test procedure involves filling a slump cone with the concrete in layers, tamping each layer with a rod, and measuring the amount the concrete sinks after removing the cone.
3. The results of the test on a concrete mix with a water-cement ratio of 0.45 showed zero slump, indicating a dry mix suitable for road construction where vibration is used for compaction.

Penetration of bituminous materials

To determine the grade of given bitumen. The penetration test is used as a measure of consistency. Higher values of penetration indicate softer consistency.

Fluid Mechanic Lab - Bernoulli Equation

Prepared by: Muhammad S. RaniYah
Subject: Fluid Mechanic
Title: Bernoulli Equation
@Soran University 3rd Stage of Petroleum Eng.

Impact Of Jet | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment measuring the impact force of a water jet on flat and hemispherical surfaces.
2) The experiment calculates the theoretical and actual jet forces using formulas involving discharge rate, velocity, and surface area.
3) The results show that the force on a hemispherical surface is larger than a flat surface for the same amount of water, and that actual and theoretical forces are linearly related.

Geotechnical Engineering-II [Lec #7A: Boussinesq Method]

Class notes of Geotechnical Engineering course I used to teach at UET Lahore. Feel free to download the slide show.
Anyone looking to modify these files and use them for their own teaching purposes can contact me directly to get hold of editable version.

Fluid Mechanic Lab - Hydrostatic Pressure

1. The document describes an experiment conducted to determine hydrostatic pressure and the center of pressure acting on a plane surface using a hydrostatic pressure apparatus.
2. The experiment involved setting the apparatus at an angle, balancing it by adding weights, and measuring the water level as more weights were added.
3. Calculations were done to find theoretical and practical hydrostatic pressures using equations for the area, height, resultant force, and center of pressure. The results showed some difference between theoretical and practical pressures.

Geotechnical Engineering-II [Lec #28: Finite Slope Stability Analysis]

1. The document discusses slope stability analysis using the Swedish slip circle method for analyzing finite slopes made of cohesive soils.
2. It describes the assumptions of the method and calculates the factors of safety for circular failure surfaces with and without tension cracks.
3. The document also covers other methods like the ordinary method of slices for c-f soils and discusses locating the critical slip circle using empirical relationships.

Fluid Mechanics report

Report on the work experiences of using some of the specialized agencies to identify some of the fluid properties.

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster agr ap ko ko bhi mnual civil kay related zarort ho to mujh sy mail par bat kar lyna
gurchani@950gmail.com
gurchani464@gmail.com

Weirs and flumes with broad

This document provides information about weirs and Parshall flumes. It discusses different types of weirs including sharp-crested weirs like rectangular and V-notch weirs, as well as broad-crested weirs. Formulas are provided for calculating flow rates over these structures. The document also introduces the Parshall flume, which can be used as an alternative to weirs for measuring flow rates while reducing head losses and sediment accumulation. Key features of the Parshall flume design and measurement principles are described.

Discharge Over a Vee-Notch Weir | Jameel Academy

1) The student performed an experiment to measure the discharge of water over a vee-notch weir. Water was pumped into an open channel and measurements were taken of water level, volume collected, and time to collect the volume.
2) Calculations were done to determine the theoretical discharge based on the notch geometry and actual discharge based on the collected volume and time. The ratio of actual to theoretical discharge (Cd) was calculated.
3) A linear relationship was found between the Cd ratio and the water level over the weir, expressed as Cd = -3.14H + 0.19. The experiment validated the method for calculating discharge over a vee-notch weir.

Class lectures on Hydrology by Rabindra Ranjan Saha Lecture 11

1) The document describes deriving a unit hydrograph from a storm hydrograph for a catchment area that experienced two rainfall events - a 3 cm storm followed by a 2 cm storm.
2) The resulting direct runoff hydrograph (DRH) is calculated using the principle of superposition, by combining the individual DRHs from each rainfall event at each time step.
3) The summary provides an example calculation of the 5 cm DRH at 3 hours, which is the sum of the 3 cm DRH (75 cm) and 2 cm DRH (0 cm) at that time.

Trixial test

The triaxial compression test is used to measure the shear strength of soils. [1] It involves placing a saturated soil specimen in a rubber membrane inside a triaxial cell. Cell pressure is applied to saturate the sample while maintaining drainage conditions. [2] Axial stress is then applied through a piston to induce shear failure while cell pressure is kept constant. There are three main types of triaxial tests based on drainage conditions during shear: consolidated-drained (CD), consolidated-undrained (CU), and unconsolidated-undrained (UU). [3] The test allows accurate measurement of stress-strain behavior and pore pressure changes in soil specimens under controlled laboratory conditions.

Atterberg Limit Test

Sri Sanduli Weerasekara, Undergraduate-Civil Engineering, International College of Business & Technology

Normal Consistency of Hydraulic Cement | Jameel Academy

This report summarizes a test to determine the normal consistency of hydraulic cement. Four trials were conducted with 500g of cement and varying water-cement (W/C) ratios of 0.25, 0.27, 0.30 and 0.33. These trials resulted in penetrations of 25mm, 9mm, 5mm and 4mm respectively. From the relationship between W/C ratio and penetration, the standard consistency was determined to be 0.2875 at a penetration of 6mm. However, the average penetration of 10.75mm exceeded the standard of 6±1mm, suggesting errors in the test such as insufficient cement quantity and inaccurate penetration measurement timing. The purpose of the test was to find

Numerical problem on bearing capacity is code terzaghi water table (usefulsea...

Numerical problem on bearing capacity is code terzaghi water table (usefulsearch.org) (useful search)

Laboratory soil compaction test

The document discusses laboratory soil compaction tests. It defines compaction as increasing the bulk density of soil by removing air through external compactive effort. An optimum water content exists where soil achieves maximum density. The document outlines standard and modified Proctor compaction tests and describes how to conduct the tests by compacting soil in layers using specified hammers and measuring dry density at different water contents. Compaction increases soil strength, stability and resistance to erosion while decreasing permeability and compressibility.

Load carrying capacity of piles

- There are four main methods to measure the load carrying capacity of piles: static methods, dynamic formulas, in-situ penetration tests, and pile load tests.
- The ultimate load capacity (Qu) of an individual pile or pile group equals the sum of the point resistance (Qp) at the pile tip and the shaft resistance (Qs) developed along the pile shaft through friction between the soil and pile.
- Meyerhof's method is commonly used to calculate Qp in sand based on the effective vertical pressure at the pile tip multiplied by the bearing capacity factor Nq.

Presentation on Determination of Penetration & Specific Gravity Test of Bitumen

Group 8 conducted experiments to determine the penetration and specific gravity of bitumen. They found that the bitumen sample had a penetration of 30.67 mm, indicating it was a grade 30-40 bitumen suitable for road construction in warmer regions like Bangladesh. The specific gravity was determined to be 1.027, close to the expected range of 1.03-1.06 for bituminous material. In conclusion, the sample's properties met specifications for use in road construction.

Standard proctor test

This document summarizes a standard Proctor compaction test conducted on a soil sample. The test involves compacting the soil at different moisture contents in layers using a standardized hammer and measuring the dry unit weight. The maximum dry unit weight of 1.74 g/cm3 was found at an optimum moisture content of 13.7% based on the graph, however one data point exceeded the theoretical zero-air void curve, invalidating the test. The test will need to be redone to get accurate and dependable results.

Direct Shear Test

Method for determination of shear strength of soil (Badarpur Sand) with a maximum particle size of 4.75 mm in drained conditions using Direct Shear Test apparatus.
It is a Floating Box type test in which upper half box is floating due to application of vertical loading resulting in lateral confinement thus generating sufficient friction which holds the upper half of shear box.
In the shear box test, the specimen is not failing along its weakest plane but along a predetermined or induced failure plane i.e. horizontal plane separating the two halves of the shear box. This is the main drawback of this test.
Moreover, during loading, the state of stress cannot be evaluated. It can be evaluated only at failure condition. Also, failure is progressive.

Class 5 Permeability Test ( Geotechnical Engineering )

This document discusses permeability testing methods for geotechnical engineering laboratory class. It describes two common permeability test methods: the constant-head test and falling-head test. The constant-head test applies a constant head of water to a soil specimen in a permeameter to measure hydraulic conductivity. The falling-head test similarly uses a permeameter but measures the change in head over time. Both tests aim to determine the hydraulic conductivity value k, which indicates a soil's ability to transmit water and is important for analyzing seepage, settlement, and slope stability.

Slump Test - Report

1. The document describes a concrete slump test conducted by a student to determine the workability and consistency of a concrete mix.
2. The test procedure involves filling a slump cone with the concrete in layers, tamping each layer with a rod, and measuring the amount the concrete sinks after removing the cone.
3. The results of the test on a concrete mix with a water-cement ratio of 0.45 showed zero slump, indicating a dry mix suitable for road construction where vibration is used for compaction.

Penetration of bituminous materials

To determine the grade of given bitumen. The penetration test is used as a measure of consistency. Higher values of penetration indicate softer consistency.

Fluid Mechanic Lab - Bernoulli Equation

Prepared by: Muhammad S. RaniYah
Subject: Fluid Mechanic
Title: Bernoulli Equation
@Soran University 3rd Stage of Petroleum Eng.

Impact Of Jet | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment measuring the impact force of a water jet on flat and hemispherical surfaces.
2) The experiment calculates the theoretical and actual jet forces using formulas involving discharge rate, velocity, and surface area.
3) The results show that the force on a hemispherical surface is larger than a flat surface for the same amount of water, and that actual and theoretical forces are linearly related.

Geotechnical Engineering-II [Lec #7A: Boussinesq Method]

Class notes of Geotechnical Engineering course I used to teach at UET Lahore. Feel free to download the slide show.
Anyone looking to modify these files and use them for their own teaching purposes can contact me directly to get hold of editable version.

Fluid Mechanic Lab - Hydrostatic Pressure

1. The document describes an experiment conducted to determine hydrostatic pressure and the center of pressure acting on a plane surface using a hydrostatic pressure apparatus.
2. The experiment involved setting the apparatus at an angle, balancing it by adding weights, and measuring the water level as more weights were added.
3. Calculations were done to find theoretical and practical hydrostatic pressures using equations for the area, height, resultant force, and center of pressure. The results showed some difference between theoretical and practical pressures.

Geotechnical Engineering-II [Lec #28: Finite Slope Stability Analysis]

1. The document discusses slope stability analysis using the Swedish slip circle method for analyzing finite slopes made of cohesive soils.
2. It describes the assumptions of the method and calculates the factors of safety for circular failure surfaces with and without tension cracks.
3. The document also covers other methods like the ordinary method of slices for c-f soils and discusses locating the critical slip circle using empirical relationships.

Weirs and flumes with broad

Weirs and flumes with broad

Discharge Over a Vee-Notch Weir | Jameel Academy

Discharge Over a Vee-Notch Weir | Jameel Academy

Class lectures on Hydrology by Rabindra Ranjan Saha Lecture 11

Class lectures on Hydrology by Rabindra Ranjan Saha Lecture 11

Trixial test

Trixial test

Atterberg Limit Test

Atterberg Limit Test

Normal Consistency of Hydraulic Cement | Jameel Academy

Normal Consistency of Hydraulic Cement | Jameel Academy

Numerical problem on bearing capacity is code terzaghi water table (usefulsea...

Numerical problem on bearing capacity is code terzaghi water table (usefulsea...

Laboratory soil compaction test

Laboratory soil compaction test

Load carrying capacity of piles

Load carrying capacity of piles

Presentation on Determination of Penetration & Specific Gravity Test of Bitumen

Presentation on Determination of Penetration & Specific Gravity Test of Bitumen

Standard proctor test

Standard proctor test

Direct Shear Test

Direct Shear Test

Class 5 Permeability Test ( Geotechnical Engineering )

Class 5 Permeability Test ( Geotechnical Engineering )

Slump Test - Report

Slump Test - Report

Penetration of bituminous materials

Penetration of bituminous materials

Fluid Mechanic Lab - Bernoulli Equation

Fluid Mechanic Lab - Bernoulli Equation

Impact Of Jet | Jameel Academy

Impact Of Jet | Jameel Academy

Geotechnical Engineering-II [Lec #7A: Boussinesq Method]

Geotechnical Engineering-II [Lec #7A: Boussinesq Method]

Fluid Mechanic Lab - Hydrostatic Pressure

Fluid Mechanic Lab - Hydrostatic Pressure

Geotechnical Engineering-II [Lec #28: Finite Slope Stability Analysis]

Geotechnical Engineering-II [Lec #28: Finite Slope Stability Analysis]

Fluid Mechanics report

Report on the work experiences of using some of the specialized agencies to identify some of the fluid properties.

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster agr ap ko ko bhi mnual civil kay related zarort ho to mujh sy mail par bat kar lyna
gurchani@950gmail.com
gurchani464@gmail.com

Marsh funnel viscosity2

The document describes an experiment to determine the viscosity of drilling fluid using a Marsh funnel. It includes sections on the aim, theory, introduction, apparatus, calibration procedure, experimental procedure, and discussion. The experiment involves preparing a mud sample from water and bentonite, filling a Marsh funnel, starting a stopwatch as the mud flows out into a measuring cup, and recording the time taken for 1 quart of mud to flow out. This provides a measurement of funnel viscosity in seconds per quart.

Mto lab

1. The document describes an experiment to determine the diffusivity of acetone in air using Winkelmann's method. Acetone is allowed to evaporate from a vertical glass tube while air flows over it. The rate of drop in the acetone level is measured over time.
2. The rate data is used to calculate the diffusivity coefficient of acetone in air using Stefan's correlation. The diffusivity is expected to decrease over time as the concentration gradient decreases.
3. Procedures are provided to measure parameters like temperature, acetone density, air velocity and to record observations of acetone level drop at regular time intervals. The diffusivity is then calculated from the data.

Surface runoff

This document discusses surface runoff, stream flow, hydrographs, and unit hydrographs. It begins by defining surface runoff and stream flow, explaining that surface runoff occurs when precipitation is unable to infiltrate the ground and flows overland into streams, rivers, and other bodies of water. It then discusses measuring stream flow through various methods like current meters and weirs to determine discharge. The document introduces the concept of hydrographs, which plot discharge over time, and unit hydrographs, which represent the hydrograph resulting from 1 unit of excess precipitation. It provides examples of using unit hydrographs and the S-curve method to develop hydrographs of different durations.

Fluid Flow Rate & Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration

The aim of the fluid flow rate experiment is to measure the fluid flow rate using a device called the hydraulic bench unit, which is also used to prove the Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration by measuring the overall pressure of the fluid flow.

Mech CE6461 FMM lab_manual

This document contains information about experiments to be conducted in a fluid mechanics and machinery laboratory. It includes the list of 10 experiments that will be performed, which involve determining coefficients of discharge for orifice meters, venturi meters and rotameters, as well as conducting tests on centrifugal pumps, reciprocating pumps, turbines, and more. Instructions are provided for students on laboratory safety and procedures. Details of the required equipment are also listed.

Thermo fluids lab key

This document provides instructions for conducting an experiment to determine the jet diameter and coefficient of discharge of an orifice. It describes the necessary apparatus, including an orifice discharge setup, collecting tank fitted with a piezometer, stopwatch and meter scale. Formulas are given for calculating the radius of the jet, jet contraction coefficient, velocity coefficient, and discharge coefficient based on measurements taken. The procedure explains how to adjust the orifice setup and take measurements using a micrometer to determine the jet radius.

Fluid flow rate Experiment No. 5.pdf

The document describes an experiment measuring fluid flow rate. Students measured the volume and time it took for water to pass through a volumetric tank. They then calculated the flow rate, mass flow rate, and weight flow rate. The results showed the relationship between flow rate and time, as well as the slopes between flow rate and mass/weight flow rate. Factors that impact flow rate like viscosity, temperature, and pipe characteristics were also discussed.

Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment Plant

Wastewater treatment is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater and household sewage. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to convert wastewater into an environmentally safe outflow that can be reused or discharged into the environment.

RD Lab - Exp-07 - G-A1.pdf

The lab report summarizes an experiment conducted to determine the reaction order and rate constant (K) of a reaction at 40°C. Readings of conductivity were recorded over time and used to calculate concentration. The results were plotted as ln(CA/CAo) vs. time and 1/CA vs. time. The ln(CA/CAo) plot was nonlinear, indicating a second-order reaction. The rate constant K was calculated to be 8.268 × 10-3 at 40°C. The 1/CA plot was linear, also suggesting a first-order reaction, and the rate constant was calculated from the slope to be 0.177166013.

flow rate

Muhammed Fuad Rashid
Petroleum Engineering Department at Koya Universiy
Fluid Mechanics Laboratory
2020

RD Lab - Exp-13 - G-A1.pdf

The document describes an experiment conducted to determine the residence time and conversion in three continuous stirred tank reactors (CSTRs) of different heights (7 cm, 5 cm, and 4 cm) at room temperature. Sodium hydroxide and ethyl acetate solutions were continuously fed into each reactor, and the conductivity was measured to calculate the concentration and conversion. The residence time was calculated by dividing the reactor volume by the volumetric flow rate. It was found that as the reactor height decreased, both the residence time and conversion also decreased, indicating the two values are directly proportional.

Soil Lab Powerpoint consolidation lab presentation

This document describes the procedures for conducting a consolidation test on a soil specimen to determine important soil properties. The test involves placing an undisturbed soil sample in a consolidation device and incrementally increasing the pressure over time, while measuring the soil's deformation. Key properties that can be determined include the consolidation curve, preconsolidation pressure using Casagrande's method, coefficient of consolidation from log and square root time methods, and compression index. The document provides details on equipment, procedures, calculations, and reporting requirements for properly conducting the consolidation test.

Thermodynamics lab manual

This document outlines the procedure for conducting a heat balance test on a twin cylinder diesel engine to determine the proportion of useful work output and various heat losses. The test involves measuring the fuel consumption, exhaust gas temperature, cooling water temperature, and calculating the brake power, heat input, and various efficiencies. The results would be tabulated and a heat balance sheet would be prepared showing the percentage of useful work and different heat losses.

MicroHydro Design Project REPORT

This document summarizes a micro-hydro design project for a client. It includes contact information for those involved, as well as a table of contents outlining what will be covered. It then details initial site measurements taken to calculate water flow and instantaneous power potential. Specifically, it describes measuring water speed, cross-sectional area, and head to determine flow is 0.33 m3/s and instantaneous power is 7.48 kW. It also outlines plans to use historical flow data from similar waterways to estimate the site's annual energy generation potential.

Grain size analysis of soil by sieve and hydrometer

This document describes procedures for performing a grain size analysis of soil using sieve and hydrometer methods. The sieve analysis is used to determine the distribution of coarser particles, while the hydrometer method analyzes finer particles. The sample soil was found to have a uniformity coefficient of 2.5 and curvature coefficient of 1.62, classifying it as a poorly graded gravel soil. The analysis involves separating the soil into fractions using sieves, measuring particle sizes below 0.075mm using a hydrometer, and calculating coefficients to characterize the soil gradation and type.

Fluid mechanics lab manual

This document describes an experiment to characterize a centrifugal pump by measuring its performance characteristics at constant speed. Key parameters such as discharge, head, input and output power are measured across a range of operating conditions created by throttling the delivery valve. The measurements are used to calculate efficiency and draw characteristic curves showing relationships between discharge, head, power and efficiency over the pump's operating range.

HTR Lab - Exp-01 - G-A1.pdf

This lab report summarizes an experiment conducted on a double pipe heat exchanger to determine the amount of heat loss by hot water flowing through in a uniflow configuration. The experiment involved measuring the temperatures at the inlet and outlet of the hot and cold water pipes. The measurements were used to calculate the average temperature, mass flow rate, heat capacity, and temperature difference to determine the quantity of heat lost by the hot water. The purpose was to study heat transfer through a double pipe heat exchanger and understand how it can be used for applications like cooling fluids.

Exp 10 flow rate

This document describes an experiment conducted to demonstrate and measure fluid flow rates using different flow meter types. The experiment utilized a hydraulic bench unit with various components like a volumetric measuring tank and submersible pump. Three common flow meters - a rotameter, venture meter, and orifice plate - were used to measure the flow rate of water. The procedure involved taking readings from the flow meters and hydraulic bench at different flow rates. These readings were then used to calculate the actual flow rates and discharge coefficients for each meter. Graphs were made to analyze the relationships between actual and indicated flow rates and how the venture meter's discharge coefficient changed with actual flow rate.

Fluid Mechanics report

Fluid Mechanics report

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster

Marsh funnel viscosity2

Marsh funnel viscosity2

Mto lab

Mto lab

Surface runoff

Surface runoff

Fluid Flow Rate & Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration

Fluid Flow Rate & Bernoulli’s Theorem Demonstration

Mech CE6461 FMM lab_manual

Mech CE6461 FMM lab_manual

Thermo fluids lab key

Thermo fluids lab key

Fluid flow rate Experiment No. 5.pdf

Fluid flow rate Experiment No. 5.pdf

Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment Plant

Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment Plant

RD Lab - Exp-07 - G-A1.pdf

RD Lab - Exp-07 - G-A1.pdf

flow rate

flow rate

RD Lab - Exp-13 - G-A1.pdf

RD Lab - Exp-13 - G-A1.pdf

Soil Lab Powerpoint consolidation lab presentation

Soil Lab Powerpoint consolidation lab presentation

Thermodynamics lab manual

Thermodynamics lab manual

MicroHydro Design Project REPORT

MicroHydro Design Project REPORT

Grain size analysis of soil by sieve and hydrometer

Grain size analysis of soil by sieve and hydrometer

Fluid mechanics lab manual

Fluid mechanics lab manual

HTR Lab - Exp-01 - G-A1.pdf

HTR Lab - Exp-01 - G-A1.pdf

Exp 10 flow rate

Exp 10 flow rate

تێبينى لسەر كاڕێ دانانا ديوارێ بلوكى | Jameel Academy

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بەشێن ئەندازيارى بنياسە ! | Jameel Academy

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دەرئێخستنا پارە و بڕا مەوادێن د ئاڤاهى دا دهێنە بكارئينان | Jameel Academy

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چاوا (Stairs) دهێنە ديزاينكرن ؟ | Jameel Academy

#Jameel_Academy_Engineering_Foundation

Accident study (Traffic Engineering) | Jameel Academy

This document summarizes an accident study report prepared by students. It outlines the objectives of accident studies which are to study causes of accidents and suggest corrective measures. It then discusses the common causes of road accidents which include road users, vehicles, road conditions, and environmental factors. It also describes common accident types and how accident data is analyzed through reports, records, and diagrams. Finally, it discusses performing statistical analysis of accidents and examples of calculating different accident rates, and lists several safety measures that can be taken through engineering, enforcement, and education.

How to Integrate an Equation | Jameel Academy

1. The document provides steps to integrate equations, beginning with trying basic integration formulas. If that does not work, methods like integration by substitution, parts, or trig substitutions are suggested.
2. As a last resort, the document advises adding numbers or factoring trinomials to manipulate the equation into a form that can be integrated using basic formulas or methods.
3. Examples are provided demonstrating each step, from integrating straightforward equations to more complex examples that require manipulation or advanced methods.

Determination of Field Density Using Sand Cone Method | Jameel Academy

The document describes a soil mechanics lab report on determining field density using the sand cone method. The test procedure involves digging a hole, placing the excavated soil in an airtight bag, then using a sand cone apparatus to pour sand into the hole to determine the hole's volume. Calculations are shown to find the field dry unit weight, water content, and relative density compared to the maximum dry unit weight from a lab compaction test. The results found a field dry unit weight of 1.4149 g/cm3 and relative density of 72%, indicating the field compaction was not adequate for the project.

Consolidation of Soil Test | Jameel Academy

This report summarizes a consolidation test conducted on a soil sample to determine key consolidation parameters. The test procedure involved placing a soil specimen in a consolidation ring, loading it incrementally in a consolidation device, and taking dial readings over time. Key parameters determined include the compression index Cc, coefficient of consolidation Cv, coefficient of volume change av, and coefficient of permeability mv. These parameters provide important information about the compressibility and rate of settlement of the soil sample under increasing loads. The test aimed to evaluate the consolidation behavior of the soil and calculate consolidation parameters accurately to allow for computing consolidation settlement.

Standard Compaction Test | Jameel Academy

The document describes a standard compaction test performed on a soil sample to determine the maximum dry density and optimum moisture content. Five soil samples with varying moisture contents were compacted and tested. The maximum dry density was found to be 19.1 kN/m3 at an optimum moisture content of 12.2%. A graph of the dry unit weight versus moisture content showed a compaction curve with the highest point indicating the maximum dry density and optimum moisture content. The purpose of the test is to evaluate the engineering properties of soils for use in construction projects.

Foundation Types | Jameel Academy

This document outlines different types of foundations used in building construction. It discusses shallow foundations like isolated, combined, and wall footings that are used when the soil can support loads. Deep foundations like pile foundations are used when the soil is weak or groundwater levels are high. Pile foundations include end bearing piles and friction piles made of materials like concrete, steel, or wood. The document also states that foundation quality depends on design and construction materials and their type depends on site conditions, as foundations are crucial to supporting buildings.

Determination Of Dip Angle

The dip angle between layers C and D is 8.5 degrees. The document shows a cross section with labeled geological layers and uses a scale ratio to determine the true distance between lines A and B, which is used to calculate the dip angle between layers C and D as the tangent inverse of the height difference over the horizontal distance.

Pressure Measurement by Weight and Bourdon Gauge | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment to measure pressure using weights and a bourdon gauge. Various weights were added to a piston submerged in water and the corresponding pressure readings on the gauge were recorded.
2) The true pressure was calculated using a formula involving the mass, area of the piston, and gravitational acceleration. The percentage error between the true and gauge pressures was also determined.
3) Increasing and decreasing the weights resulted in increasing and decreasing pressure readings. The errors were smaller for decreasing pressure measurements. Sources of error and how to improve accuracy are discussed.

Stability of A Floating Body | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment to determine the stability of a floating body. It involves measuring the angle of tilt caused by moving a jockey weight along a submerged apparatus at different heights.
2) Calculations are shown to determine values like the metacentric height, center of gravity, and the distance between the center of buoyancy and center of gravity.
3) The results show that as the jockey weight height increases, the center of gravity rises and the horizontal movement causes a greater angle of tilt. The metacentric height was found to be greater than the distance between the center of buoyancy and center of gravity, indicating the body is stable.

Specific Gravity & Absorption of Aggregate (Coarse & Fine) | Jameel Academy

This document reports on a test to determine the specific gravity and absorption of fine and coarse aggregates. The specific gravities of coarse aggregate were found to be 2.55, 2.7, and 2.8 for bulk dry, SSD, and apparent respectively. For fine aggregate, the specific gravities were 2.64, 2.7, and 2.8. The absorptions were 2.3% for coarse and 1.78% for fine. While the specific gravities were normal, the absorptions were outside standard ranges, likely due to errors in measuring the fine aggregate's slump or not waiting 24 hours for coarse aggregate heating. In conclusion, the aggregates tested would not be suitable for use due to

Soundness of Hydraulic Cement Paste | Jameel Academy

This report summarizes the results of a test conducted to determine the soundness of a hydraulic cement paste. The Le-Chatelier test and ASTM C 151-05 autoclave test were performed according to standard procedures. For the Le-Chatelier test, the initial and final distances between indicator points were 7mm and 11mm respectively, resulting in an expansion of 4mm. Since the measured expansion was less than the maximum standard of 10mm, the cement paste was determined to have sufficient soundness for construction applications without risk of cracking. In conclusion, the purpose of the soundness test is to evaluate a cement's ability to retain volume after setting and hardening without excessive expansion that could cause structural issues.

Sieve Analysis of Fine & Coarse Aggregate | Jameel Academy

This report summarizes the results of a sieve analysis test performed on samples of fine and coarse aggregates. Sieve analysis was used to determine the particle size distribution of each aggregate by separating particles via sieves with decreasing size openings. For the fine aggregate, the average size was found to be 0.6mm. For the coarse aggregate, the maximum size was found to be 13.2mm. While the calculations and procedures appeared to be performed correctly, the results did not fully meet specification limits, indicating the aggregates may not be suitable for the intended construction purpose without further processing or testing.

Setting Time of Hydraulic Cement By Vicat Needle | Jameel Academy

This report details an experiment to determine the initial and final setting times of a hydraulic cement using the Vicat needle test method. The cement paste was prepared and tested according to ASTM standards. The initial setting time was found to be 2 hours and 45 minutes when the needle penetration was 6 mm. The final setting time was then calculated using an empirical equation to be 4 hours and 48 minutes. While only two penetration measurements were taken, the results indicate the cement would be suitable for construction uses and meet the Iraqi standard of a minimum 1 hour initial setting time.

Bulk Density & Voids in Aggregate | Jameel Academy

This report details tests conducted to determine the bulk density and voids of fine and coarse aggregates. Samples of fine and coarse aggregate were tested with and without compaction. For each test, the mass of the aggregate sample, mass of the container, and volume of the container were measured. The bulk density of each sample was then calculated using these values. The results showed that bulk density ranged from 1591.4-1919.1 kg/m3 for fine aggregate and 1746.1-1591.4 kg/m3 for coarse aggregate. Voids in the samples ranged from 26.7-31.3% for fine aggregate and 34.49-39.3% for coarse aggregate. In conclusion, the

Compressive strength and Flexural of Hardened Concrete | Jameel Academy

This report details tests conducted to determine the compressive and flexural strength of hardened concrete. The compressive strength was tested on concrete cubes with an average result of 32.8 MPa, meeting the design strength of 24 MPa. The flexural strength was tested on concrete prisms and resulted in 6.4 MPa. While lower than compressive strength as expected, this shows the concrete can resist compression and tension loads required for construction projects. In conclusion, the concrete met design specifications and can be used safely in construction.

Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortar | Jameel Academy

This document summarizes a test to determine the compressive strength of cement mortar cubes. Six cement mortar cubes were created and tested to failure. The compressive strength was calculated for each cube based on the failure load and cross-sectional area. The average compressive strength of the cubes was calculated to be 34.45 MPa. This result exceeds the standard requirement of 24 MPa or greater for cement mortar at 7 days. Therefore, the cement mortar tested was determined to be suitable for use in construction projects.

تێبينى لسەر كاڕێ دانانا ديوارێ بلوكى | Jameel Academy

تێبينى لسەر كاڕێ دانانا ديوارێ بلوكى | Jameel Academy

بەشێن ئەندازيارى بنياسە ! | Jameel Academy

بەشێن ئەندازيارى بنياسە ! | Jameel Academy

دەرئێخستنا پارە و بڕا مەوادێن د ئاڤاهى دا دهێنە بكارئينان | Jameel Academy

دەرئێخستنا پارە و بڕا مەوادێن د ئاڤاهى دا دهێنە بكارئينان | Jameel Academy

چاوا (Stairs) دهێنە ديزاينكرن ؟ | Jameel Academy

چاوا (Stairs) دهێنە ديزاينكرن ؟ | Jameel Academy

Accident study (Traffic Engineering) | Jameel Academy

Accident study (Traffic Engineering) | Jameel Academy

How to Integrate an Equation | Jameel Academy

How to Integrate an Equation | Jameel Academy

Determination of Field Density Using Sand Cone Method | Jameel Academy

Determination of Field Density Using Sand Cone Method | Jameel Academy

Consolidation of Soil Test | Jameel Academy

Consolidation of Soil Test | Jameel Academy

Standard Compaction Test | Jameel Academy

Standard Compaction Test | Jameel Academy

Foundation Types | Jameel Academy

Foundation Types | Jameel Academy

Determination Of Dip Angle

Determination Of Dip Angle

Pressure Measurement by Weight and Bourdon Gauge | Jameel Academy

Pressure Measurement by Weight and Bourdon Gauge | Jameel Academy

Stability of A Floating Body | Jameel Academy

Stability of A Floating Body | Jameel Academy

Specific Gravity & Absorption of Aggregate (Coarse & Fine) | Jameel Academy

Specific Gravity & Absorption of Aggregate (Coarse & Fine) | Jameel Academy

Soundness of Hydraulic Cement Paste | Jameel Academy

Soundness of Hydraulic Cement Paste | Jameel Academy

Sieve Analysis of Fine & Coarse Aggregate | Jameel Academy

Sieve Analysis of Fine & Coarse Aggregate | Jameel Academy

Setting Time of Hydraulic Cement By Vicat Needle | Jameel Academy

Setting Time of Hydraulic Cement By Vicat Needle | Jameel Academy

Bulk Density & Voids in Aggregate | Jameel Academy

Bulk Density & Voids in Aggregate | Jameel Academy

Compressive strength and Flexural of Hardened Concrete | Jameel Academy

Compressive strength and Flexural of Hardened Concrete | Jameel Academy

Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortar | Jameel Academy

Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortar | Jameel Academy

一比一原版(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证如何办理

原版一模一样【微信：741003700 】【(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证成绩单】【微信：741003700 】学位证，留信认证（真实可查，永久存档）原件一模一样纸张工艺/offer、雅思、外壳等材料/诚信可靠,可直接看成品样本，帮您解决无法毕业带来的各种难题！外壳，原版制作，诚信可靠，可直接看成品样本。行业标杆！精益求精，诚心合作，真诚制作！多年品质 ,按需精细制作，24小时接单,全套进口原装设备。十五年致力于帮助留学生解决难题，包您满意。
本公司拥有海外各大学样板无数，能完美还原。
1:1完美还原海外各大学毕业材料上的工艺：水印，阴影底纹，钢印LOGO烫金烫银，LOGO烫金烫银复合重叠。文字图案浮雕、激光镭射、紫外荧光、温感、复印防伪等防伪工艺。材料咨询办理、认证咨询办理请加学历顾问Q/微741003700
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三.真实教育部学历学位认证（教育部存档！教育部留服网站永久可查）
四.办理各国各大学文凭(一对一专业服务,可全程监控跟踪进度)
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◇在校期间，因各种原因未能顺利毕业……拿不到官方毕业证【q/微741003700】
◇面对父母的压力，希望尽快拿到；
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◇回国时间很长，忘记办理；
◇回国马上就要找工作，办给用人单位看；
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◇申请留学生创业基金
留信网认证的作用:
1:该专业认证可证明留学生真实身份
2:同时对留学生所学专业登记给予评定
3:国家专业人才认证中心颁发入库证书
4:这个认证书并且可以归档倒地方
5:凡事获得留信网入网的信息将会逐步更新到个人身份内，将在公安局网内查询个人身份证信息后，同步读取人才网入库信息
6:个人职称评审加20分
7:个人信誉贷款加10分
8:在国家人才网主办的国家网络招聘大会中纳入资料，供国家高端企业选择人才
办理(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】外观非常简单，由纸质材料制成，上面印有校徽、校名、毕业生姓名、专业等信息。
办理(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】格式相对统一，各专业都有相应的模板。通常包括以下部分：
校徽：象征着学校的荣誉和传承。
校名:学校英文全称
授予学位：本部分将注明获得的具体学位名称。
毕业生姓名：这是最重要的信息之一，标志着该证书是由特定人员获得的。
颁发日期：这是毕业正式生效的时间，也代表着毕业生学业的结束。
其他信息：根据不同的专业和学位，可能会有一些特定的信息或章节。
办理(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】价值很高，需要妥善保管。一般来说，应放置在安全、干燥、防潮的地方，避免长时间暴露在阳光下。如需使用，最好使用复印件而不是原件，以免丢失。
综上所述，办理(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】是证明身份和学历的高价值文件。外观简单庄重，格式统一，包括重要的个人信息和发布日期。对持有人来说，妥善保管是非常重要的。

Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx

A Digital Twin in computer networking is a virtual representation of a physical network, used to simulate, analyze, and optimize network performance and reliability. It leverages real-time data to enhance network management, predict issues, and improve decision-making processes.

一比一原版(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证如何办理

原版一模一样【微信：741003700 】【(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证成绩单】【微信：741003700 】学位证，留信认证（真实可查，永久存档）原件一模一样纸张工艺/offer、雅思、外壳等材料/诚信可靠,可直接看成品样本，帮您解决无法毕业带来的各种难题！外壳，原版制作，诚信可靠，可直接看成品样本。行业标杆！精益求精，诚心合作，真诚制作！多年品质 ,按需精细制作，24小时接单,全套进口原装设备。十五年致力于帮助留学生解决难题，包您满意。
本公司拥有海外各大学样板无数，能完美还原。
1:1完美还原海外各大学毕业材料上的工艺：水印，阴影底纹，钢印LOGO烫金烫银，LOGO烫金烫银复合重叠。文字图案浮雕、激光镭射、紫外荧光、温感、复印防伪等防伪工艺。材料咨询办理、认证咨询办理请加学历顾问Q/微741003700
【主营项目】
一.毕业证【q微741003700】成绩单、使馆认证、教育部认证、雅思托福成绩单、学生卡等！
二.真实使馆公证(即留学回国人员证明,不成功不收费)
三.真实教育部学历学位认证（教育部存档！教育部留服网站永久可查）
四.办理各国各大学文凭(一对一专业服务,可全程监控跟踪进度)
如果您处于以下几种情况：
◇在校期间，因各种原因未能顺利毕业……拿不到官方毕业证【q/微741003700】
◇面对父母的压力，希望尽快拿到；
◇不清楚认证流程以及材料该如何准备；
◇回国时间很长，忘记办理；
◇回国马上就要找工作，办给用人单位看；
◇企事业单位必须要求办理的
◇需要报考公务员、购买免税车、落转户口
◇申请留学生创业基金
留信网认证的作用:
1:该专业认证可证明留学生真实身份
2:同时对留学生所学专业登记给予评定
3:国家专业人才认证中心颁发入库证书
4:这个认证书并且可以归档倒地方
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6:个人职称评审加20分
7:个人信誉贷款加10分
8:在国家人才网主办的国家网络招聘大会中纳入资料，供国家高端企业选择人才
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Determination of Equivalent Circuit parameters and performance characteristic...

Includes the testing of induction motor to draw the circle diagram of induction motor with step wise procedure and calculation for the same. Also explains the working and application of Induction generator

Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...

* Registration is currently open *
Call for Research Papers!!!
Free – Extended Paper will be published as free of cost.
3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advances (AIAD 2024)
July 13 ~ 14, 2024, Virtual Conference
Webpage URL: https://aiad2024.org/index
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Object Oriented Analysis and Design - OOAD

This ppt gives detailed description of Object Oriented Analysis and design.

DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE OF CEILING BOARD USING SAWDUST AND WASTE CARTON MATERI...

The need for ecofriendly materials as building materials in this century cannot be overemphasized

ITSM Integration with MuleSoft.pptx

ITSM Integration with mulesoft

smart pill dispenser is designed to improve medication adherence and safety f...

Smart Pill Dispenser that boosts medication adherence, empowers patients, enables remote monitoring, enhances safety, reduces healthcare costs, and contributes to data-driven healthcare improvements

Prediction of Electrical Energy Efficiency Using Information on Consumer's Ac...

Energy efficiency has been important since the latter part of the last century. The main object of this survey is to determine the energy efficiency knowledge among consumers. Two separate districts in Bangladesh are selected to conduct the survey on households and showrooms about the energy and seller also. The survey uses the data to find some regression equations from which it is easy to predict energy efficiency knowledge. The data is analyzed and calculated based on five important criteria. The initial target was to find some factors that help predict a person's energy efficiency knowledge. From the survey, it is found that the energy efficiency awareness among the people of our country is very low. Relationships between household energy use behaviors are estimated using a unique dataset of about 40 households and 20 showrooms in Bangladesh's Chapainawabganj and Bagerhat districts. Knowledge of energy consumption and energy efficiency technology options is found to be associated with household use of energy conservation practices. Household characteristics also influence household energy use behavior. Younger household cohorts are more likely to adopt energy-efficient technologies and energy conservation practices and place primary importance on energy saving for environmental reasons. Education also influences attitudes toward energy conservation in Bangladesh. Low-education households indicate they primarily save electricity for the environment while high-education households indicate they are motivated by environmental concerns.

Tools & Techniques for Commissioning and Maintaining PV Systems W-Animations ...

Join us for this solutions-based webinar on the tools and techniques for commissioning and maintaining PV Systems. In this session, we'll review the process of building and maintaining a solar array, starting with installation and commissioning, then reviewing operations and maintenance of the system. This course will review insulation resistance testing, I-V curve testing, earth-bond continuity, ground resistance testing, performance tests, visual inspections, ground and arc fault testing procedures, and power quality analysis.
Fluke Solar Application Specialist Will White is presenting on this engaging topic:
Will has worked in the renewable energy industry since 2005, first as an installer for a small east coast solar integrator before adding sales, design, and project management to his skillset. In 2022, Will joined Fluke as a solar application specialist, where he supports their renewable energy testing equipment like IV-curve tracers, electrical meters, and thermal imaging cameras. Experienced in wind power, solar thermal, energy storage, and all scales of PV, Will has primarily focused on residential and small commercial systems. He is passionate about implementing high-quality, code-compliant installation techniques.

Supermarket Management System Project Report.pdf

Supermarket management is a stand-alone J2EE using Eclipse Juno program.
This project contains all the necessary required information about maintaining
the supermarket billing system.
The core idea of this project to minimize the paper work and centralize the
data. Here all the communication is taken in secure manner. That is, in this
application the information will be stored in client itself. For further security the
data base is stored in the back-end oracle and so no intruders can access it.

A high-Speed Communication System is based on the Design of a Bi-NoC Router, ...

The Network on Chip (NoC) has emerged as an effective
solution for intercommunication infrastructure within System on
Chip (SoC) designs, overcoming the limitations of traditional
methods that face significant bottlenecks. However, the complexity
of NoC design presents numerous challenges related to
performance metrics such as scalability, latency, power
consumption, and signal integrity. This project addresses the
issues within the router's memory unit and proposes an enhanced
memory structure. To achieve efficient data transfer, FIFO buffers
are implemented in distributed RAM and virtual channels for
FPGA-based NoC. The project introduces advanced FIFO-based
memory units within the NoC router, assessing their performance
in a Bi-directional NoC (Bi-NoC) configuration. The primary
objective is to reduce the router's workload while enhancing the
FIFO internal structure. To further improve data transfer speed,
a Bi-NoC with a self-configurable intercommunication channel is
suggested. Simulation and synthesis results demonstrate
guaranteed throughput, predictable latency, and equitable
network access, showing significant improvement over previous
designs

Zener Diode and its V-I Characteristics and Applications

Zener Diode and its V-I Characteristics

Transformers design and coooling methods

Transformer Design

Applications of artificial Intelligence in Mechanical Engineering.pdf

Historically, mechanical engineering has relied heavily on human expertise and empirical methods to solve complex problems. With the introduction of computer-aided design (CAD) and finite element analysis (FEA), the field took its first steps towards digitization. These tools allowed engineers to simulate and analyze mechanical systems with greater accuracy and efficiency. However, the sheer volume of data generated by modern engineering systems and the increasing complexity of these systems have necessitated more advanced analytical tools, paving the way for AI.
AI offers the capability to process vast amounts of data, identify patterns, and make predictions with a level of speed and accuracy unattainable by traditional methods. This has profound implications for mechanical engineering, enabling more efficient design processes, predictive maintenance strategies, and optimized manufacturing operations. AI-driven tools can learn from historical data, adapt to new information, and continuously improve their performance, making them invaluable in tackling the multifaceted challenges of modern mechanical engineering.

原版制作(Humboldt毕业证书)柏林大学毕业证学位证一模一样

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留信网认证的作用:
1:该专业认证可证明留学生真实身份
2:同时对留学生所学专业登记给予评定
3:国家专业人才认证中心颁发入库证书
4:这个认证书并且可以归档倒地方
5:凡事获得留信网入网的信息将会逐步更新到个人身份内，将在公安局网内查询个人身份证信息后，同步读取人才网入库信息
6:个人职称评审加20分
7:个人信誉贷款加10分
8:在国家人才网主办的国家网络招聘大会中纳入资料，供国家高端企业选择人才

SCALING OF MOS CIRCUITS m .pptx

this ppt explains about scaling parameters of the mosfet it is basically vlsi subject

FULL STACK PROGRAMMING - Both Front End and Back End

This ppt gives details about Full Stack Programming and its basics.

一比一原版(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证如何办理

一比一原版(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证如何办理

Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx

Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx

一比一原版(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证如何办理

一比一原版(爱大毕业证书)爱荷华大学毕业证如何办理

Determination of Equivalent Circuit parameters and performance characteristic...

Determination of Equivalent Circuit parameters and performance characteristic...

Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...

Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...

Object Oriented Analysis and Design - OOAD

Object Oriented Analysis and Design - OOAD

DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE OF CEILING BOARD USING SAWDUST AND WASTE CARTON MATERI...

DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE OF CEILING BOARD USING SAWDUST AND WASTE CARTON MATERI...

ITSM Integration with MuleSoft.pptx

ITSM Integration with MuleSoft.pptx

smart pill dispenser is designed to improve medication adherence and safety f...

smart pill dispenser is designed to improve medication adherence and safety f...

Prediction of Electrical Energy Efficiency Using Information on Consumer's Ac...

Prediction of Electrical Energy Efficiency Using Information on Consumer's Ac...

Tools & Techniques for Commissioning and Maintaining PV Systems W-Animations ...

Tools & Techniques for Commissioning and Maintaining PV Systems W-Animations ...

Supermarket Management System Project Report.pdf

Supermarket Management System Project Report.pdf

A high-Speed Communication System is based on the Design of a Bi-NoC Router, ...

A high-Speed Communication System is based on the Design of a Bi-NoC Router, ...

Zener Diode and its V-I Characteristics and Applications

Zener Diode and its V-I Characteristics and Applications

Transformers design and coooling methods

Transformers design and coooling methods

5G Radio Network Througput Problem Analysis HCIA.pdf

5G Radio Network Througput Problem Analysis HCIA.pdf

Applications of artificial Intelligence in Mechanical Engineering.pdf

Applications of artificial Intelligence in Mechanical Engineering.pdf

原版制作(Humboldt毕业证书)柏林大学毕业证学位证一模一样

原版制作(Humboldt毕业证书)柏林大学毕业证学位证一模一样

SCALING OF MOS CIRCUITS m .pptx

SCALING OF MOS CIRCUITS m .pptx

FULL STACK PROGRAMMING - Both Front End and Back End

FULL STACK PROGRAMMING - Both Front End and Back End

- 1. University of Duhok College of Engineering Civil Department Fluid Mechanics – Practical Fluid Laboratory A Report About : Discharge over a Broad Crested Weir Student Name : Jameel Masoud Jameel Class : B Date of Experimental : 2 / 4 / 2018 Date of Submitting : 17 / 4 / 2018 Experiment No. : 2
- 2. Procedures : 1) Make sure that discharge Apparatus is leveled, broad crested weir are available and placed carefully and normal to the Discharge apparatus and note the Breadth and height of weir that required for calculation. 2) Fill the discharge apparatus (Open channel Place) with water until the water flow from inlet tank to the discharge tank and flow over the broad crested weir. 3) After water surface will steady, read the water surface height over Wier and all water depth at another section by using point gauge which is the apparatus placed on the water surface to read the height of water. 4) Then, Write the times from the beginning of filling the discharge Tank with water to the time that we want and note the volume collected between this short time to compute the Actual Discharge. 5) Reaped the procedure to calculate the discharge of different Water quantinty and its collected time. Inlet Tank Discharge Tank Volumetric Tank Point Gauge Broad Crested Weir
- 3. Calculations and Results : Note : Breadth of weir ( 𝐛) = 𝟕. 𝟑𝐜𝐦 , Height of weir ( 𝐏) = 𝟏𝟎𝐜𝐦 Example: If Volume = 20 lt . Time = 5 sec . H = 7.72cm h = 5.45cm . Rotameter = 2.5 l/s -The discharge can be calculated using the following formula : Qth = h × b × √2g(H − h) Qth = 0.073 × 0.0545 × √2g(0.0772 − 0.0545) = 2.66 m3 /sec Qact = Volume Time = 20 5 = 4 m3 /sec Cd = Qact Qth = 4 2.66 = 1.51 Details Table : No. Volume (l) Time (sec) Rotameter (l/sec) H (cm) h (cm) Qact (l/sec) Qth (l/sec) Cd 1 20 5.00 2.50 7.72 5.45 4.00 2.66 1.51 2 15 5.91 2.50 7.60 5.10 2.54 2.61 0.97 3 15 6.00 2.40 7.40 4.90 2.50 2.51 1.00 4 15 6.49 2.30 7.30 4.75 2.31 2.45 0.94 5 5 2.10 2.20 6.55 4.30 2.38 2.09 1.14 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 Qact(l/sec) H (cm) Relationship Between Q act & H 𝐐 = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟓𝟖𝟕𝐇 𝟏.𝟗𝟐𝟐𝟖
- 4. Discussion and Conclusion : In this test we determine the discharge using an artificial Channel having and obstruct (broad crest weir) and making the ratio between the actual and theoretical discharge, finally we got a result after doing all procedure accurate which is the discharge over broad crest weir, as shown in our result that with increasing Water depth it will increase the ratio between actual Discharge and theory, and we found the logarithm equation of determining the ratio between actual Discharge and Height of Water, by using the Gauge reading. the errors that maybe we did is unbalancing the discharge Apparatus, and another one when reading the Actual Discharge of water such our reading (4 𝑙/𝑠𝑒𝑐 ) that is the different discharge from another Discharge and make the cd longer from another. but with all condition we doing the test normally and accuracy. In conclusion the purpose of this test is to determine the discharge over broad crest weir and compare it with theory, and compute the ratio between actual and theory. Finally, we know that how test was doing and how to compute the theory discharge and actual using the small Artificial channel.