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This document summarizes a student's laboratory experiment on measuring water discharge under a sluice gate. The student measured the discharge for different water volumes and times, and calculated the theoretical and actual discharges. The results were tabulated and showed that the actual discharge increased with increasing gate height. A logarithmic equation was also determined relating the actual discharge to the height difference in water before and after the gate. The purpose was to experimentally determine the actual discharge under a sluice gate and compare it to theoretical calculations.

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Discharge Over a broad Crested Weir | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment to measure discharge over a broad crested weir. Water was passed through an inlet tank and discharge tank containing a broad crested weir, and the height and volume of water were measured over time.
2) Using the measured heights and volumes, the actual discharge was calculated and compared to the theoretical discharge calculated using a formula. The ratio of actual to theoretical discharge, known as the coefficient of discharge (Cd), was also determined.
3) The results showed that the Cd increased with increasing water height, and a logarithmic equation was developed to relate Cd to water height. The purpose was to determine discharge over a weir and compare to theory.

Discharge Over a Vee-Notch Weir | Jameel Academy

1) The student performed an experiment to measure the discharge of water over a vee-notch weir. Water was pumped into an open channel and measurements were taken of water level, volume collected, and time to collect the volume.
2) Calculations were done to determine the theoretical discharge based on the notch geometry and actual discharge based on the collected volume and time. The ratio of actual to theoretical discharge (Cd) was calculated.
3) A linear relationship was found between the Cd ratio and the water level over the weir, expressed as Cd = -3.14H + 0.19. The experiment validated the method for calculating discharge over a vee-notch weir.

Center of Pressure on Vertical Fully Submerged Plate | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment to determine the center of pressure on a vertical fully submerged plate. Measurements were taken at different mass levels to calculate the actual and theoretical center of pressure.
2) Calculations showed the actual center of pressure was greater than the theoretical value, with a maximum error of 5.86%. This error was within the acceptable limit of 10%, indicating the experiment yielded accurate results.
3) The conclusion is that the experiment successfully measured the center of pressure, compared it to theoretical values, and found small errors, demonstrating the validity of the experimental method.

FLOW OVER A SHARP CRESTED WEIR

this is the experiment of fluid mechanics .FLOW OVER A SHARP CRESTED WEIR.experiment of weir.from this experiment we can learn discharge over the sharp crested weir and etc.

Fluid Mechanic Lab - Hydrostatic Pressure

1. The document describes an experiment conducted to determine hydrostatic pressure and the center of pressure acting on a plane surface using a hydrostatic pressure apparatus.
2. The experiment involved setting the apparatus at an angle, balancing it by adding weights, and measuring the water level as more weights were added.
3. Calculations were done to find theoretical and practical hydrostatic pressures using equations for the area, height, resultant force, and center of pressure. The results showed some difference between theoretical and practical pressures.

Center of Pressure on Vertical Partially Submerged Plate | Jameel Academy

1) The document reports on an experiment to determine the center of pressure on a vertically partially submerged plate. Various masses were used and the distance from the plate to the water surface was measured.
2) The center of pressure was calculated using a formula that takes into account the distance measurements, mass, and plate properties. The calculated and measured centers of pressure were compared to find percent error.
3) Results showed the center of pressure decreases with increasing mass and errors generally increased with lighter masses, with a maximum error of 40.49%. The relationship between calculated and measured centers of pressure was plotted on a graph.

Normal Consistency of Hydraulic Cement | Jameel Academy

This report summarizes a test to determine the normal consistency of hydraulic cement. Four trials were conducted with 500g of cement and varying water-cement (W/C) ratios of 0.25, 0.27, 0.30 and 0.33. These trials resulted in penetrations of 25mm, 9mm, 5mm and 4mm respectively. From the relationship between W/C ratio and penetration, the standard consistency was determined to be 0.2875 at a penetration of 6mm. However, the average penetration of 10.75mm exceeded the standard of 6±1mm, suggesting errors in the test such as insufficient cement quantity and inaccurate penetration measurement timing. The purpose of the test was to find

Permeability Test of soil Using Constant and Falling Head Method

1) The document describes laboratory tests to determine the coefficient of permeability of soil samples using the constant head and falling head methods.
2) For the falling head test on a sandy soil sample, the average permeability was found to be 0.00322 cm/sec.
3) For the constant head test on a second sample, the average permeability was determined to be 0.02069 cm/min.

Discharge Over a broad Crested Weir | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment to measure discharge over a broad crested weir. Water was passed through an inlet tank and discharge tank containing a broad crested weir, and the height and volume of water were measured over time.
2) Using the measured heights and volumes, the actual discharge was calculated and compared to the theoretical discharge calculated using a formula. The ratio of actual to theoretical discharge, known as the coefficient of discharge (Cd), was also determined.
3) The results showed that the Cd increased with increasing water height, and a logarithmic equation was developed to relate Cd to water height. The purpose was to determine discharge over a weir and compare to theory.

Discharge Over a Vee-Notch Weir | Jameel Academy

1) The student performed an experiment to measure the discharge of water over a vee-notch weir. Water was pumped into an open channel and measurements were taken of water level, volume collected, and time to collect the volume.
2) Calculations were done to determine the theoretical discharge based on the notch geometry and actual discharge based on the collected volume and time. The ratio of actual to theoretical discharge (Cd) was calculated.
3) A linear relationship was found between the Cd ratio and the water level over the weir, expressed as Cd = -3.14H + 0.19. The experiment validated the method for calculating discharge over a vee-notch weir.

Center of Pressure on Vertical Fully Submerged Plate | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment to determine the center of pressure on a vertical fully submerged plate. Measurements were taken at different mass levels to calculate the actual and theoretical center of pressure.
2) Calculations showed the actual center of pressure was greater than the theoretical value, with a maximum error of 5.86%. This error was within the acceptable limit of 10%, indicating the experiment yielded accurate results.
3) The conclusion is that the experiment successfully measured the center of pressure, compared it to theoretical values, and found small errors, demonstrating the validity of the experimental method.

FLOW OVER A SHARP CRESTED WEIR

this is the experiment of fluid mechanics .FLOW OVER A SHARP CRESTED WEIR.experiment of weir.from this experiment we can learn discharge over the sharp crested weir and etc.

Fluid Mechanic Lab - Hydrostatic Pressure

1. The document describes an experiment conducted to determine hydrostatic pressure and the center of pressure acting on a plane surface using a hydrostatic pressure apparatus.
2. The experiment involved setting the apparatus at an angle, balancing it by adding weights, and measuring the water level as more weights were added.
3. Calculations were done to find theoretical and practical hydrostatic pressures using equations for the area, height, resultant force, and center of pressure. The results showed some difference between theoretical and practical pressures.

Center of Pressure on Vertical Partially Submerged Plate | Jameel Academy

1) The document reports on an experiment to determine the center of pressure on a vertically partially submerged plate. Various masses were used and the distance from the plate to the water surface was measured.
2) The center of pressure was calculated using a formula that takes into account the distance measurements, mass, and plate properties. The calculated and measured centers of pressure were compared to find percent error.
3) Results showed the center of pressure decreases with increasing mass and errors generally increased with lighter masses, with a maximum error of 40.49%. The relationship between calculated and measured centers of pressure was plotted on a graph.

Normal Consistency of Hydraulic Cement | Jameel Academy

This report summarizes a test to determine the normal consistency of hydraulic cement. Four trials were conducted with 500g of cement and varying water-cement (W/C) ratios of 0.25, 0.27, 0.30 and 0.33. These trials resulted in penetrations of 25mm, 9mm, 5mm and 4mm respectively. From the relationship between W/C ratio and penetration, the standard consistency was determined to be 0.2875 at a penetration of 6mm. However, the average penetration of 10.75mm exceeded the standard of 6±1mm, suggesting errors in the test such as insufficient cement quantity and inaccurate penetration measurement timing. The purpose of the test was to find

Permeability Test of soil Using Constant and Falling Head Method

1) The document describes laboratory tests to determine the coefficient of permeability of soil samples using the constant head and falling head methods.
2) For the falling head test on a sandy soil sample, the average permeability was found to be 0.00322 cm/sec.
3) For the constant head test on a second sample, the average permeability was determined to be 0.02069 cm/min.

Proctor Compaction Test

Determination of water content-dry density relation using light compaction. (Standard Proctor Test)
1. Maximum dry density (MDD) = 1.72 g/cm³
2. Optimum Moisture Content (OMC) = 18.3 %
3. Max. Saturation = 92.17 %
4. Min. Void Ratio = 0.549
The "acceptable zone" represents the zone of acceptable water content vs dry unit weight combinations based on typical current practice. The designer will usually require that the dry unit weight γd of the compacted soil be greater than or equal to a percentage P of the maximum dry unit weight Γd, max from a laboratory compaction test.
Out of four samples, in Delhi Silt highest value of max. dry density = 1.86 g/cc was achieved at a moisture content of 13% as compared to 1.72 g/cc for Dhanauri clay at 18.3%. It is seen that as the proportion of clay is increased in the soil mix the Optimum Moisture Increases and the Maximum Dry Density Decreases.

Hydraulic jump

This chapter discusses hydraulic jumps, which occur when supercritical flow transforms to subcritical flow in open channels. It introduces the concept of specific energy and defines critical depth and velocity. The chapter also describes how to determine the depth of a direct or submerged hydraulic jump using formulas involving the Froude number. Finally, it classifies hydraulic jumps as direct or submerged depending on whether the tailwater depth is below or above the jump.

Compressive strength and Flexural of Hardened Concrete | Jameel Academy

This report details tests conducted to determine the compressive and flexural strength of hardened concrete. The compressive strength was tested on concrete cubes with an average result of 32.8 MPa, meeting the design strength of 24 MPa. The flexural strength was tested on concrete prisms and resulted in 6.4 MPa. While lower than compressive strength as expected, this shows the concrete can resist compression and tension loads required for construction projects. In conclusion, the concrete met design specifications and can be used safely in construction.

SPECIFIC GRAVITY TEST ON BITUMINOUS MATERIALS.

This test is done to determine the specific gravity of semi-solid bitumen road tars, creosote and anthracene oil.

Bulk Density & Voids in Aggregate | Jameel Academy

This report details tests conducted to determine the bulk density and voids of fine and coarse aggregates. Samples of fine and coarse aggregate were tested with and without compaction. For each test, the mass of the aggregate sample, mass of the container, and volume of the container were measured. The bulk density of each sample was then calculated using these values. The results showed that bulk density ranged from 1591.4-1919.1 kg/m3 for fine aggregate and 1746.1-1591.4 kg/m3 for coarse aggregate. Voids in the samples ranged from 26.7-31.3% for fine aggregate and 34.49-39.3% for coarse aggregate. In conclusion, the

Weirs and flumes with broad

This document provides information about weirs and Parshall flumes. It discusses different types of weirs including sharp-crested weirs like rectangular and V-notch weirs, as well as broad-crested weirs. Formulas are provided for calculating flow rates over these structures. The document also introduces the Parshall flume, which can be used as an alternative to weirs for measuring flow rates while reducing head losses and sediment accumulation. Key features of the Parshall flume design and measurement principles are described.

Permeability test

The document describes a laboratory experiment to determine the permeability of a soil sample using the constant head permeability test method. Three trials were conducted on the sample, which had an average dry unit weight of 1.58 g/cm3 and void ratio of 0.646. The average coefficient of permeability from the trials was determined to be 0.050733 cm/sec, classifying the sample as coarse sand according to ASTM standards. Factors that influence permeability and potential sources of error in the experiment are also discussed.

Impact Of Jet | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment measuring the impact force of a water jet on flat and hemispherical surfaces.
2) The experiment calculates the theoretical and actual jet forces using formulas involving discharge rate, velocity, and surface area.
3) The results show that the force on a hemispherical surface is larger than a flat surface for the same amount of water, and that actual and theoretical forces are linearly related.

(Part i)- open channels

This document provides an overview of open channel hydraulics. It begins by outlining the key concepts that will be covered, including open channel flow, basic equations like Chezy's and Manning's equations, and the concept of most economical channel sections. The document then defines open channel flow and compares it to pipe flow. It discusses various channel types and flow types in open channels. Empirical formulas for determining coefficients in the open channel flow equations are presented. Examples of applying the Manning's equation to calculate flow rate and velocity are shown. The concept of the most economical channel section is explained for rectangular and trapezoidal channel shapes.

FLUID MECHANICS

This document provides 5 examples of calculating discharge over notches of different shapes. Example 1 calculates discharge over a rectangular notch. Example 2 calculates the length of a rectangular notch given the discharge. Example 3 calculates discharge over a triangular notch. Example 4 calculates discharge over a trapezoidal notch. Example 5 calculates the depth of water required over a triangular notch to produce the same discharge as a rectangular notch. Formulas and step-by-step workings are shown for each example calculation.

Direct Shear Test

Method for determination of shear strength of soil (Badarpur Sand) with a maximum particle size of 4.75 mm in drained conditions using Direct Shear Test apparatus.
It is a Floating Box type test in which upper half box is floating due to application of vertical loading resulting in lateral confinement thus generating sufficient friction which holds the upper half of shear box.
In the shear box test, the specimen is not failing along its weakest plane but along a predetermined or induced failure plane i.e. horizontal plane separating the two halves of the shear box. This is the main drawback of this test.
Moreover, during loading, the state of stress cannot be evaluated. It can be evaluated only at failure condition. Also, failure is progressive.
The angle of shearing resistance of sands depends on state of compaction, coarseness of grains, particle shape and roughness of grain surface and grading. It varies between 28° (uniformly graded sands with round grains in very loose state) to 46° (well graded sand with angular grains in dense state).
Direct shear test is simple and faster to operate. As thinner specimens are used in shear box, they facilitate drainage of pore water from a saturated sample in less time. This test is also useful to study friction between two materials – one material in lower half of box and another material in the upper half of box.
In general, loose sands expand and dense sands contract in volume on shearing. There is a void ratio at which either expansion contraction in volume takes place. This void ratio is called critical void ratio. Expansion or contraction can be inferred from the movement of vertical dial gauge during shearing.

Unconsolidated Undrained Test

1) The document presents the results of an unconsolidated undrained (UU) triaxial test conducted by a group of 6 students on remolded soil specimens.
2) The UU test involves applying confining pressure to an unsaturated soil sample and shearing it undrained to determine the shear strength parameters. 3 tests were conducted at different confining pressures.
3) The first two tests yielded undrained shear strengths of 45.9 psi and 42.35 psi, while the third test gave a higher value of 55.39 psi, which may not be valid due to partial saturation of that sample.

Graph drawig

This document summarizes an experiment to determine the relationship between water discharge (Q) and head (H). Students measured discharge at various head levels by collecting water discharged over time from a small tank. Their results showed a linear relationship between Q and H that could be expressed as Q = aH + b. The experiment helped establish the equation relating discharge and head but had some errors due to imperfectly closing the tap at recorded times, leading to issues with surface tension.

(Part iii)- open channels

A broad crested weir with a crest height of 0.3m is located in a channel. With a measured head of 0.6m above the crest, the problem asks to calculate the rate of discharge per unit width, accounting for velocity of approach. Broad crested weirs follow the relationship that discharge per unit width (q) is proportional to the head (H) raised to the power of 3/2. Using this relationship and the given values of 0.3m for crest height and 0.6m for head, the problem is solved through trial and error to find the value of q.

Examples on stress distribution

Three point loads and a uniform contact pressure on a circular foundation are used to calculate the vertical stress increase at various points below the foundations. The solutions involve determining shape factors from charts and formulas to calculate the stress contribution from each loading area. The stress increases are then summed to find the total vertical stress increase at the point of interest, which ranges from 0-186 kN/m^2 depending on the example.

Permeability test.pdf

This document outlines the procedures for determining the coefficient of permeability of soils using constant head and falling head methods. It describes the objective of the test as determining this coefficient. It then discusses Darcy's law of laminar flow that the test is based on and defines permeability. The equipment needed is listed, followed by preparation of soil specimens and testing procedures. The coefficient is reported with other soil properties. Its importance is in solving problems involving water flow through soils.

Specific Gravity & Absorption of Aggregate (Coarse & Fine) | Jameel Academy

This document reports on a test to determine the specific gravity and absorption of fine and coarse aggregates. The specific gravities of coarse aggregate were found to be 2.55, 2.7, and 2.8 for bulk dry, SSD, and apparent respectively. For fine aggregate, the specific gravities were 2.64, 2.7, and 2.8. The absorptions were 2.3% for coarse and 1.78% for fine. While the specific gravities were normal, the absorptions were outside standard ranges, likely due to errors in measuring the fine aggregate's slump or not waiting 24 hours for coarse aggregate heating. In conclusion, the aggregates tested would not be suitable for use due to

1-D Consolidation Test

Determination of consolidation properties (like CV, CC, CS, t90, mv, av) of the given soil specimen (Dhanauri Clay) by conducting one-dimensional consolidation test using fixed ring type setup.
Learning Outcomes:-
1. From consolidation test, the following information can be determined:
a) Amount of settlement experienced by a soil-structure after load application
b) Rate of consolidation of soil under a normal load
c) Degree of consolidation at any time
d) Pressure void ratio relationship
e) Coefficient of consolidation at various successively increasing pressure
f) Permeability of soil at various stages of loading
g) Compression index of soil
2. The general procedure for laboratory evaluation of consolidation characteristics of soils involves a one-dimensional consolidation.
This is necessary because of:
• Difficulty of instrumentation for recording volume change and natural strains.
• Complexities in mathematical analysis of three-dimensional consolidation.
3. The underlying assumptions in the derivation of the mathematical equations are as follows:
• The clay layer is homogeneous.
• The clay layer is saturated, the compression of the soil layer is due to the change in volume only, which in turn, is due to the squeezing out of water from the void spaces.
• Darcy’s law is valid.
• Deformation of soil occurs only in the direction of the load application.
4. Effects of ring friction
• During loading reduce stress acted on the specimen, specimen compresses less.
• During rebound reduce the swelling tendency specimen swell less.
• Flatten the swelling curve at low stress level.
5. Resultant Cv decreases with increasing stress, implying its NC clay.
6. Sample was preserved in polybag to check loss of moisture content.

Determination of Field Density Using Sand Cone Method | Jameel Academy

The document describes a soil mechanics lab report on determining field density using the sand cone method. The test procedure involves digging a hole, placing the excavated soil in an airtight bag, then using a sand cone apparatus to pour sand into the hole to determine the hole's volume. Calculations are shown to find the field dry unit weight, water content, and relative density compared to the maximum dry unit weight from a lab compaction test. The results found a field dry unit weight of 1.4149 g/cm3 and relative density of 72%, indicating the field compaction was not adequate for the project.

_lateral_earth_pressure_(foundation engineering)

The document outlines a course plan for a foundation engineering course. It includes 9 units that will be covered: introduction and site investigation, earth pressure, shallow foundations, pile foundations, well foundations, slope stability, retaining walls, and soil stabilization. It provides details on the number of lectures for each unit and the topics that will be covered in each lecture. Some key topics include shallow foundation design methods, pile load testing, earth pressure theories, and slope stability analysis techniques. References for the course are also provided.

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster agr ap ko ko bhi mnual civil kay related zarort ho to mujh sy mail par bat kar lyna
gurchani@950gmail.com
gurchani464@gmail.com

Fluid Mechanics report

Report on the work experiences of using some of the specialized agencies to identify some of the fluid properties.

Proctor Compaction Test

Determination of water content-dry density relation using light compaction. (Standard Proctor Test)
1. Maximum dry density (MDD) = 1.72 g/cm³
2. Optimum Moisture Content (OMC) = 18.3 %
3. Max. Saturation = 92.17 %
4. Min. Void Ratio = 0.549
The "acceptable zone" represents the zone of acceptable water content vs dry unit weight combinations based on typical current practice. The designer will usually require that the dry unit weight γd of the compacted soil be greater than or equal to a percentage P of the maximum dry unit weight Γd, max from a laboratory compaction test.
Out of four samples, in Delhi Silt highest value of max. dry density = 1.86 g/cc was achieved at a moisture content of 13% as compared to 1.72 g/cc for Dhanauri clay at 18.3%. It is seen that as the proportion of clay is increased in the soil mix the Optimum Moisture Increases and the Maximum Dry Density Decreases.

Hydraulic jump

This chapter discusses hydraulic jumps, which occur when supercritical flow transforms to subcritical flow in open channels. It introduces the concept of specific energy and defines critical depth and velocity. The chapter also describes how to determine the depth of a direct or submerged hydraulic jump using formulas involving the Froude number. Finally, it classifies hydraulic jumps as direct or submerged depending on whether the tailwater depth is below or above the jump.

Compressive strength and Flexural of Hardened Concrete | Jameel Academy

This report details tests conducted to determine the compressive and flexural strength of hardened concrete. The compressive strength was tested on concrete cubes with an average result of 32.8 MPa, meeting the design strength of 24 MPa. The flexural strength was tested on concrete prisms and resulted in 6.4 MPa. While lower than compressive strength as expected, this shows the concrete can resist compression and tension loads required for construction projects. In conclusion, the concrete met design specifications and can be used safely in construction.

SPECIFIC GRAVITY TEST ON BITUMINOUS MATERIALS.

This test is done to determine the specific gravity of semi-solid bitumen road tars, creosote and anthracene oil.

Bulk Density & Voids in Aggregate | Jameel Academy

This report details tests conducted to determine the bulk density and voids of fine and coarse aggregates. Samples of fine and coarse aggregate were tested with and without compaction. For each test, the mass of the aggregate sample, mass of the container, and volume of the container were measured. The bulk density of each sample was then calculated using these values. The results showed that bulk density ranged from 1591.4-1919.1 kg/m3 for fine aggregate and 1746.1-1591.4 kg/m3 for coarse aggregate. Voids in the samples ranged from 26.7-31.3% for fine aggregate and 34.49-39.3% for coarse aggregate. In conclusion, the

Weirs and flumes with broad

This document provides information about weirs and Parshall flumes. It discusses different types of weirs including sharp-crested weirs like rectangular and V-notch weirs, as well as broad-crested weirs. Formulas are provided for calculating flow rates over these structures. The document also introduces the Parshall flume, which can be used as an alternative to weirs for measuring flow rates while reducing head losses and sediment accumulation. Key features of the Parshall flume design and measurement principles are described.

Permeability test

The document describes a laboratory experiment to determine the permeability of a soil sample using the constant head permeability test method. Three trials were conducted on the sample, which had an average dry unit weight of 1.58 g/cm3 and void ratio of 0.646. The average coefficient of permeability from the trials was determined to be 0.050733 cm/sec, classifying the sample as coarse sand according to ASTM standards. Factors that influence permeability and potential sources of error in the experiment are also discussed.

Impact Of Jet | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment measuring the impact force of a water jet on flat and hemispherical surfaces.
2) The experiment calculates the theoretical and actual jet forces using formulas involving discharge rate, velocity, and surface area.
3) The results show that the force on a hemispherical surface is larger than a flat surface for the same amount of water, and that actual and theoretical forces are linearly related.

(Part i)- open channels

This document provides an overview of open channel hydraulics. It begins by outlining the key concepts that will be covered, including open channel flow, basic equations like Chezy's and Manning's equations, and the concept of most economical channel sections. The document then defines open channel flow and compares it to pipe flow. It discusses various channel types and flow types in open channels. Empirical formulas for determining coefficients in the open channel flow equations are presented. Examples of applying the Manning's equation to calculate flow rate and velocity are shown. The concept of the most economical channel section is explained for rectangular and trapezoidal channel shapes.

FLUID MECHANICS

This document provides 5 examples of calculating discharge over notches of different shapes. Example 1 calculates discharge over a rectangular notch. Example 2 calculates the length of a rectangular notch given the discharge. Example 3 calculates discharge over a triangular notch. Example 4 calculates discharge over a trapezoidal notch. Example 5 calculates the depth of water required over a triangular notch to produce the same discharge as a rectangular notch. Formulas and step-by-step workings are shown for each example calculation.

Direct Shear Test

Method for determination of shear strength of soil (Badarpur Sand) with a maximum particle size of 4.75 mm in drained conditions using Direct Shear Test apparatus.
It is a Floating Box type test in which upper half box is floating due to application of vertical loading resulting in lateral confinement thus generating sufficient friction which holds the upper half of shear box.
In the shear box test, the specimen is not failing along its weakest plane but along a predetermined or induced failure plane i.e. horizontal plane separating the two halves of the shear box. This is the main drawback of this test.
Moreover, during loading, the state of stress cannot be evaluated. It can be evaluated only at failure condition. Also, failure is progressive.
The angle of shearing resistance of sands depends on state of compaction, coarseness of grains, particle shape and roughness of grain surface and grading. It varies between 28° (uniformly graded sands with round grains in very loose state) to 46° (well graded sand with angular grains in dense state).
Direct shear test is simple and faster to operate. As thinner specimens are used in shear box, they facilitate drainage of pore water from a saturated sample in less time. This test is also useful to study friction between two materials – one material in lower half of box and another material in the upper half of box.
In general, loose sands expand and dense sands contract in volume on shearing. There is a void ratio at which either expansion contraction in volume takes place. This void ratio is called critical void ratio. Expansion or contraction can be inferred from the movement of vertical dial gauge during shearing.

Unconsolidated Undrained Test

1) The document presents the results of an unconsolidated undrained (UU) triaxial test conducted by a group of 6 students on remolded soil specimens.
2) The UU test involves applying confining pressure to an unsaturated soil sample and shearing it undrained to determine the shear strength parameters. 3 tests were conducted at different confining pressures.
3) The first two tests yielded undrained shear strengths of 45.9 psi and 42.35 psi, while the third test gave a higher value of 55.39 psi, which may not be valid due to partial saturation of that sample.

Graph drawig

This document summarizes an experiment to determine the relationship between water discharge (Q) and head (H). Students measured discharge at various head levels by collecting water discharged over time from a small tank. Their results showed a linear relationship between Q and H that could be expressed as Q = aH + b. The experiment helped establish the equation relating discharge and head but had some errors due to imperfectly closing the tap at recorded times, leading to issues with surface tension.

(Part iii)- open channels

A broad crested weir with a crest height of 0.3m is located in a channel. With a measured head of 0.6m above the crest, the problem asks to calculate the rate of discharge per unit width, accounting for velocity of approach. Broad crested weirs follow the relationship that discharge per unit width (q) is proportional to the head (H) raised to the power of 3/2. Using this relationship and the given values of 0.3m for crest height and 0.6m for head, the problem is solved through trial and error to find the value of q.

Examples on stress distribution

Three point loads and a uniform contact pressure on a circular foundation are used to calculate the vertical stress increase at various points below the foundations. The solutions involve determining shape factors from charts and formulas to calculate the stress contribution from each loading area. The stress increases are then summed to find the total vertical stress increase at the point of interest, which ranges from 0-186 kN/m^2 depending on the example.

Permeability test.pdf

This document outlines the procedures for determining the coefficient of permeability of soils using constant head and falling head methods. It describes the objective of the test as determining this coefficient. It then discusses Darcy's law of laminar flow that the test is based on and defines permeability. The equipment needed is listed, followed by preparation of soil specimens and testing procedures. The coefficient is reported with other soil properties. Its importance is in solving problems involving water flow through soils.

Specific Gravity & Absorption of Aggregate (Coarse & Fine) | Jameel Academy

This document reports on a test to determine the specific gravity and absorption of fine and coarse aggregates. The specific gravities of coarse aggregate were found to be 2.55, 2.7, and 2.8 for bulk dry, SSD, and apparent respectively. For fine aggregate, the specific gravities were 2.64, 2.7, and 2.8. The absorptions were 2.3% for coarse and 1.78% for fine. While the specific gravities were normal, the absorptions were outside standard ranges, likely due to errors in measuring the fine aggregate's slump or not waiting 24 hours for coarse aggregate heating. In conclusion, the aggregates tested would not be suitable for use due to

1-D Consolidation Test

Determination of consolidation properties (like CV, CC, CS, t90, mv, av) of the given soil specimen (Dhanauri Clay) by conducting one-dimensional consolidation test using fixed ring type setup.
Learning Outcomes:-
1. From consolidation test, the following information can be determined:
a) Amount of settlement experienced by a soil-structure after load application
b) Rate of consolidation of soil under a normal load
c) Degree of consolidation at any time
d) Pressure void ratio relationship
e) Coefficient of consolidation at various successively increasing pressure
f) Permeability of soil at various stages of loading
g) Compression index of soil
2. The general procedure for laboratory evaluation of consolidation characteristics of soils involves a one-dimensional consolidation.
This is necessary because of:
• Difficulty of instrumentation for recording volume change and natural strains.
• Complexities in mathematical analysis of three-dimensional consolidation.
3. The underlying assumptions in the derivation of the mathematical equations are as follows:
• The clay layer is homogeneous.
• The clay layer is saturated, the compression of the soil layer is due to the change in volume only, which in turn, is due to the squeezing out of water from the void spaces.
• Darcy’s law is valid.
• Deformation of soil occurs only in the direction of the load application.
4. Effects of ring friction
• During loading reduce stress acted on the specimen, specimen compresses less.
• During rebound reduce the swelling tendency specimen swell less.
• Flatten the swelling curve at low stress level.
5. Resultant Cv decreases with increasing stress, implying its NC clay.
6. Sample was preserved in polybag to check loss of moisture content.

Determination of Field Density Using Sand Cone Method | Jameel Academy

The document describes a soil mechanics lab report on determining field density using the sand cone method. The test procedure involves digging a hole, placing the excavated soil in an airtight bag, then using a sand cone apparatus to pour sand into the hole to determine the hole's volume. Calculations are shown to find the field dry unit weight, water content, and relative density compared to the maximum dry unit weight from a lab compaction test. The results found a field dry unit weight of 1.4149 g/cm3 and relative density of 72%, indicating the field compaction was not adequate for the project.

_lateral_earth_pressure_(foundation engineering)

The document outlines a course plan for a foundation engineering course. It includes 9 units that will be covered: introduction and site investigation, earth pressure, shallow foundations, pile foundations, well foundations, slope stability, retaining walls, and soil stabilization. It provides details on the number of lectures for each unit and the topics that will be covered in each lecture. Some key topics include shallow foundation design methods, pile load testing, earth pressure theories, and slope stability analysis techniques. References for the course are also provided.

Proctor Compaction Test

Proctor Compaction Test

Hydraulic jump

Hydraulic jump

Compressive strength and Flexural of Hardened Concrete | Jameel Academy

Compressive strength and Flexural of Hardened Concrete | Jameel Academy

SPECIFIC GRAVITY TEST ON BITUMINOUS MATERIALS.

SPECIFIC GRAVITY TEST ON BITUMINOUS MATERIALS.

Bulk Density & Voids in Aggregate | Jameel Academy

Bulk Density & Voids in Aggregate | Jameel Academy

Weirs and flumes with broad

Weirs and flumes with broad

Permeability test

Permeability test

Impact Of Jet | Jameel Academy

Impact Of Jet | Jameel Academy

(Part i)- open channels

(Part i)- open channels

FLUID MECHANICS

FLUID MECHANICS

Direct Shear Test

Direct Shear Test

Unconsolidated Undrained Test

Unconsolidated Undrained Test

Graph drawig

Graph drawig

(Part iii)- open channels

(Part iii)- open channels

Examples on stress distribution

Examples on stress distribution

Permeability test.pdf

Permeability test.pdf

Specific Gravity & Absorption of Aggregate (Coarse & Fine) | Jameel Academy

Specific Gravity & Absorption of Aggregate (Coarse & Fine) | Jameel Academy

1-D Consolidation Test

1-D Consolidation Test

Determination of Field Density Using Sand Cone Method | Jameel Academy

Determination of Field Density Using Sand Cone Method | Jameel Academy

_lateral_earth_pressure_(foundation engineering)

_lateral_earth_pressure_(foundation engineering)

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster agr ap ko ko bhi mnual civil kay related zarort ho to mujh sy mail par bat kar lyna
gurchani@950gmail.com
gurchani464@gmail.com

Fluid Mechanics report

Report on the work experiences of using some of the specialized agencies to identify some of the fluid properties.

Surface runoff

This document discusses surface runoff, stream flow, hydrographs, and unit hydrographs. It begins by defining surface runoff and stream flow, explaining that surface runoff occurs when precipitation is unable to infiltrate the ground and flows overland into streams, rivers, and other bodies of water. It then discusses measuring stream flow through various methods like current meters and weirs to determine discharge. The document introduces the concept of hydrographs, which plot discharge over time, and unit hydrographs, which represent the hydrograph resulting from 1 unit of excess precipitation. It provides examples of using unit hydrographs and the S-curve method to develop hydrographs of different durations.

Laboratory_Manual_ARE EXP 4 1.pdf

This document describes an experiment to determine the residence time distribution for a continuous stirred-tank reactor (CSTR) at different flow rates. Sodium hydroxide is injected as a tracer and samples are collected and titrated over time. Curves are constructed for concentration C(t), normalized concentration E(t), cumulative distribution F(t), and others. The dispersion number D/uL is calculated from these curves and found to initially decrease then increase with flow rate.

RD Lab - Exp-07 - G-A1.pdf

The lab report summarizes an experiment conducted to determine the reaction order and rate constant (K) of a reaction at 40°C. Readings of conductivity were recorded over time and used to calculate concentration. The results were plotted as ln(CA/CAo) vs. time and 1/CA vs. time. The ln(CA/CAo) plot was nonlinear, indicating a second-order reaction. The rate constant K was calculated to be 8.268 × 10-3 at 40°C. The 1/CA plot was linear, also suggesting a first-order reaction, and the rate constant was calculated from the slope to be 0.177166013.

Practica 4 medición_de_caudal_

This document describes experiments to measure flow rate using different methods. It discusses using the volumetric method to calibrate a rotameter by measuring the volume of water collected over time. It also evaluates using a Venturi tube and orifice plate, where the pressure difference is measured to calculate the ideal and real flow rates based on discharge and flow coefficients derived from calibration curves. The procedures involve collecting data at various flow rates set on the rotameter, performing calculations, and analyzing results to compare measured and calculated flow rates and determine measurement errors.

Fluid flow rate Experiment No. 5.pdf

The document describes an experiment measuring fluid flow rate. Students measured the volume and time it took for water to pass through a volumetric tank. They then calculated the flow rate, mass flow rate, and weight flow rate. The results showed the relationship between flow rate and time, as well as the slopes between flow rate and mass/weight flow rate. Factors that impact flow rate like viscosity, temperature, and pipe characteristics were also discussed.

Laboratory_Manual_ARE EXP 5.pdf

Experiment no. 5 of Advance Reaction Engineering.
The work submitted in vishwakarma government Engineering college, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Tarea 5 hidraulica iii-cabrera arias roberto alejandro

El presente tiene como finalidad desarrollar los respectivos problemas aplicando el método de Bresse.
Para efectos de dichos cálculos se ha empleado hojas lectrónicas, Cada problema
constituye su respectivo análisis en lo que a su tipo se refiere, capturas de la hoja
electrónica empleada con su respectivo gráfico y finalmente la captura hecha del
software H-CANALES V3 que comprueba el correcto desarrollo del mismo.

Simulating several flood events using Nays 2D Flood

1. The document summarizes a study report on simulating past flood events in Surabaya City to derive probabilistic flood maps. It outlines flood modeling done for 3 events using hydrological and hydraulic models.
2. Key results presented include flood inundation maps, discharge and velocity outputs from the hydrological model, and evaluation of routing results comparing simulated and observed downstream hydrographs.
3. Next steps discussed are rating curve estimation, evaluating model parameters like roughness coefficients, and developing probabilistic flood maps and estimating damage.

01 kern's method.

This document provides an overview of Kern's method for designing shell-and-tube heat exchangers. It begins with objectives and an introduction to Kern's method. It then outlines the design procedure algorithm and provides an example application. The example involves designing an exchanger to sub-cool methanol condensate using brackish water as the coolant. The document walks through each step of the Kern's method design process for this example, including calculating properties, determining duties, selecting tube/shell parameters, and estimating heat transfer coefficients.

Thermo fluids lab key

This document provides instructions for conducting an experiment to determine the jet diameter and coefficient of discharge of an orifice. It describes the necessary apparatus, including an orifice discharge setup, collecting tank fitted with a piezometer, stopwatch and meter scale. Formulas are given for calculating the radius of the jet, jet contraction coefficient, velocity coefficient, and discharge coefficient based on measurements taken. The procedure explains how to adjust the orifice setup and take measurements using a micrometer to determine the jet radius.

Fm lab manual

The document describes conducting experiments to determine the performance characteristics of various hydraulic machines, including a Venturi meter, centrifugal pump, reciprocating pump, gear oil pump, and Pelton turbine. Key steps involve taking readings like discharge rate, head, power, and efficiency while varying operating parameters. Performance is evaluated based on graphs of discharge versus head, power and efficiency to find the best operating conditions and maximum efficiencies of the machines.

Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment Plant

Wastewater treatment is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater and household sewage. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to convert wastewater into an environmentally safe outflow that can be reused or discharged into the environment.

Fluid mechanics lab manual

This document describes an experiment to characterize a centrifugal pump by measuring its performance characteristics at constant speed. Key parameters such as discharge, head, input and output power are measured across a range of operating conditions created by throttling the delivery valve. The measurements are used to calculate efficiency and draw characteristic curves showing relationships between discharge, head, power and efficiency over the pump's operating range.

flow rate

Muhammed Fuad Rashid
Petroleum Engineering Department at Koya Universiy
Fluid Mechanics Laboratory
2020

Design of Oxidation Pond

Algorithm and Design example for the design computation of oxidation pond.
Presented as a course assignment for 'Sanitary Engineering '

Simulation presentation

This document summarizes the chapters of a presentation on simulation. It includes:
- An introduction to discrete-event system simulation (Chapter 1)
- An example of a simulation (Chapter 2)
- General principles of simulation (Chapter 3)
- Simulation software (Chapter 4)
- Statistical models used in simulation (Chapter 5)
- Queueing models (Chapter 6)

chiller system by Mr.Seng Sunhor

This document provides a summary of the selection process for a water cooled chiller system for Comin Khmere Co. Ltd. The following key steps are described:
1) A building load calculation using HAP software determined a total cooling load of 2357 kW. This required selecting a chiller with a 843.9 kW cooling capacity and 4 chillers total.
2) A 1012.68 kW cooling tower was selected based on the chiller condenser load and design parameters.
3) Pumps were selected to move 40.4 l/s of chilled water and 48.5 l/s of condenser water, with pressure drops of 270 kPa and 280 kPa respectively accounted

exp.9 flow meter demonstration

This document summarizes an experiment comparing different flow meter types. The experiment used a rota meter, venturi meter, and orifice plate to measure the flow rate of water. Calculations were shown for three trials measuring the actual and theoretical flow rates to determine the discharge coefficient for each meter. Graphs showed the relationship between discharge coefficient and actual flow rate for the venturi meter and orifice plate. The coefficient was generally higher for the venturi meter compared to the orifice plate.

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster

FLUID MECHANICS LAB MANUAL BSc Civil Technology 3rd Semster

Fluid Mechanics report

Fluid Mechanics report

Surface runoff

Surface runoff

Laboratory_Manual_ARE EXP 4 1.pdf

Laboratory_Manual_ARE EXP 4 1.pdf

RD Lab - Exp-07 - G-A1.pdf

RD Lab - Exp-07 - G-A1.pdf

Practica 4 medición_de_caudal_

Practica 4 medición_de_caudal_

Fluid flow rate Experiment No. 5.pdf

Fluid flow rate Experiment No. 5.pdf

Laboratory_Manual_ARE EXP 5.pdf

Laboratory_Manual_ARE EXP 5.pdf

Tarea 5 hidraulica iii-cabrera arias roberto alejandro

Tarea 5 hidraulica iii-cabrera arias roberto alejandro

Simulating several flood events using Nays 2D Flood

Simulating several flood events using Nays 2D Flood

01 kern's method.

01 kern's method.

Thermo fluids lab key

Thermo fluids lab key

Fm lab manual

Fm lab manual

Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment Plant

Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment Plant

Fluid mechanics lab manual

Fluid mechanics lab manual

flow rate

flow rate

Design of Oxidation Pond

Design of Oxidation Pond

Simulation presentation

Simulation presentation

chiller system by Mr.Seng Sunhor

chiller system by Mr.Seng Sunhor

exp.9 flow meter demonstration

exp.9 flow meter demonstration

تێبينى لسەر كاڕێ دانانا ديوارێ بلوكى | Jameel Academy

Block Details
Jameel Academy
#Jameel_Academy_Engineering_Block

بەشێن ئەندازيارى بنياسە ! | Jameel Academy

#Engineering_Info

دەرئێخستنا پارە و بڕا مەوادێن د ئاڤاهى دا دهێنە بكارئينان | Jameel Academy

#Jameel_Academy_Engineering_Estimation

چاوا (Stairs) دهێنە ديزاينكرن ؟ | Jameel Academy

#Jameel_Academy_Engineering_Foundation

Accident study (Traffic Engineering) | Jameel Academy

This document summarizes an accident study report prepared by students. It outlines the objectives of accident studies which are to study causes of accidents and suggest corrective measures. It then discusses the common causes of road accidents which include road users, vehicles, road conditions, and environmental factors. It also describes common accident types and how accident data is analyzed through reports, records, and diagrams. Finally, it discusses performing statistical analysis of accidents and examples of calculating different accident rates, and lists several safety measures that can be taken through engineering, enforcement, and education.

How to Integrate an Equation | Jameel Academy

1. The document provides steps to integrate equations, beginning with trying basic integration formulas. If that does not work, methods like integration by substitution, parts, or trig substitutions are suggested.
2. As a last resort, the document advises adding numbers or factoring trinomials to manipulate the equation into a form that can be integrated using basic formulas or methods.
3. Examples are provided demonstrating each step, from integrating straightforward equations to more complex examples that require manipulation or advanced methods.

Consolidation of Soil Test | Jameel Academy

This report summarizes a consolidation test conducted on a soil sample to determine key consolidation parameters. The test procedure involved placing a soil specimen in a consolidation ring, loading it incrementally in a consolidation device, and taking dial readings over time. Key parameters determined include the compression index Cc, coefficient of consolidation Cv, coefficient of volume change av, and coefficient of permeability mv. These parameters provide important information about the compressibility and rate of settlement of the soil sample under increasing loads. The test aimed to evaluate the consolidation behavior of the soil and calculate consolidation parameters accurately to allow for computing consolidation settlement.

Standard Compaction Test | Jameel Academy

The document describes a standard compaction test performed on a soil sample to determine the maximum dry density and optimum moisture content. Five soil samples with varying moisture contents were compacted and tested. The maximum dry density was found to be 19.1 kN/m3 at an optimum moisture content of 12.2%. A graph of the dry unit weight versus moisture content showed a compaction curve with the highest point indicating the maximum dry density and optimum moisture content. The purpose of the test is to evaluate the engineering properties of soils for use in construction projects.

Foundation Types | Jameel Academy

This document outlines different types of foundations used in building construction. It discusses shallow foundations like isolated, combined, and wall footings that are used when the soil can support loads. Deep foundations like pile foundations are used when the soil is weak or groundwater levels are high. Pile foundations include end bearing piles and friction piles made of materials like concrete, steel, or wood. The document also states that foundation quality depends on design and construction materials and their type depends on site conditions, as foundations are crucial to supporting buildings.

Determination Of Dip Angle

The dip angle between layers C and D is 8.5 degrees. The document shows a cross section with labeled geological layers and uses a scale ratio to determine the true distance between lines A and B, which is used to calculate the dip angle between layers C and D as the tangent inverse of the height difference over the horizontal distance.

Pressure Measurement by Weight and Bourdon Gauge | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment to measure pressure using weights and a bourdon gauge. Various weights were added to a piston submerged in water and the corresponding pressure readings on the gauge were recorded.
2) The true pressure was calculated using a formula involving the mass, area of the piston, and gravitational acceleration. The percentage error between the true and gauge pressures was also determined.
3) Increasing and decreasing the weights resulted in increasing and decreasing pressure readings. The errors were smaller for decreasing pressure measurements. Sources of error and how to improve accuracy are discussed.

Stability of A Floating Body | Jameel Academy

1) The document describes an experiment to determine the stability of a floating body. It involves measuring the angle of tilt caused by moving a jockey weight along a submerged apparatus at different heights.
2) Calculations are shown to determine values like the metacentric height, center of gravity, and the distance between the center of buoyancy and center of gravity.
3) The results show that as the jockey weight height increases, the center of gravity rises and the horizontal movement causes a greater angle of tilt. The metacentric height was found to be greater than the distance between the center of buoyancy and center of gravity, indicating the body is stable.

Soundness of Hydraulic Cement Paste | Jameel Academy

This report summarizes the results of a test conducted to determine the soundness of a hydraulic cement paste. The Le-Chatelier test and ASTM C 151-05 autoclave test were performed according to standard procedures. For the Le-Chatelier test, the initial and final distances between indicator points were 7mm and 11mm respectively, resulting in an expansion of 4mm. Since the measured expansion was less than the maximum standard of 10mm, the cement paste was determined to have sufficient soundness for construction applications without risk of cracking. In conclusion, the purpose of the soundness test is to evaluate a cement's ability to retain volume after setting and hardening without excessive expansion that could cause structural issues.

Sieve Analysis of Fine & Coarse Aggregate | Jameel Academy

This report summarizes the results of a sieve analysis test performed on samples of fine and coarse aggregates. Sieve analysis was used to determine the particle size distribution of each aggregate by separating particles via sieves with decreasing size openings. For the fine aggregate, the average size was found to be 0.6mm. For the coarse aggregate, the maximum size was found to be 13.2mm. While the calculations and procedures appeared to be performed correctly, the results did not fully meet specification limits, indicating the aggregates may not be suitable for the intended construction purpose without further processing or testing.

Setting Time of Hydraulic Cement By Vicat Needle | Jameel Academy

This report details an experiment to determine the initial and final setting times of a hydraulic cement using the Vicat needle test method. The cement paste was prepared and tested according to ASTM standards. The initial setting time was found to be 2 hours and 45 minutes when the needle penetration was 6 mm. The final setting time was then calculated using an empirical equation to be 4 hours and 48 minutes. While only two penetration measurements were taken, the results indicate the cement would be suitable for construction uses and meet the Iraqi standard of a minimum 1 hour initial setting time.

Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortar | Jameel Academy

This document summarizes a test to determine the compressive strength of cement mortar cubes. Six cement mortar cubes were created and tested to failure. The compressive strength was calculated for each cube based on the failure load and cross-sectional area. The average compressive strength of the cubes was calculated to be 34.45 MPa. This result exceeds the standard requirement of 24 MPa or greater for cement mortar at 7 days. Therefore, the cement mortar tested was determined to be suitable for use in construction projects.

تێبينى لسەر كاڕێ دانانا ديوارێ بلوكى | Jameel Academy

تێبينى لسەر كاڕێ دانانا ديوارێ بلوكى | Jameel Academy

بەشێن ئەندازيارى بنياسە ! | Jameel Academy

بەشێن ئەندازيارى بنياسە ! | Jameel Academy

دەرئێخستنا پارە و بڕا مەوادێن د ئاڤاهى دا دهێنە بكارئينان | Jameel Academy

دەرئێخستنا پارە و بڕا مەوادێن د ئاڤاهى دا دهێنە بكارئينان | Jameel Academy

چاوا (Stairs) دهێنە ديزاينكرن ؟ | Jameel Academy

چاوا (Stairs) دهێنە ديزاينكرن ؟ | Jameel Academy

Accident study (Traffic Engineering) | Jameel Academy

Accident study (Traffic Engineering) | Jameel Academy

How to Integrate an Equation | Jameel Academy

How to Integrate an Equation | Jameel Academy

Consolidation of Soil Test | Jameel Academy

Consolidation of Soil Test | Jameel Academy

Standard Compaction Test | Jameel Academy

Standard Compaction Test | Jameel Academy

Foundation Types | Jameel Academy

Foundation Types | Jameel Academy

Determination Of Dip Angle

Determination Of Dip Angle

Pressure Measurement by Weight and Bourdon Gauge | Jameel Academy

Pressure Measurement by Weight and Bourdon Gauge | Jameel Academy

Stability of A Floating Body | Jameel Academy

Stability of A Floating Body | Jameel Academy

Soundness of Hydraulic Cement Paste | Jameel Academy

Soundness of Hydraulic Cement Paste | Jameel Academy

Sieve Analysis of Fine & Coarse Aggregate | Jameel Academy

Sieve Analysis of Fine & Coarse Aggregate | Jameel Academy

Setting Time of Hydraulic Cement By Vicat Needle | Jameel Academy

Setting Time of Hydraulic Cement By Vicat Needle | Jameel Academy

Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortar | Jameel Academy

Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortar | Jameel Academy

Zener Diode and its V-I Characteristics and Applications

Zener Diode and its V-I Characteristics

An Introduction to the Compiler Designss

compiler material

一比一原版(USF毕业证)旧金山大学毕业证如何办理

原件一模一样【微信：95270640】【旧金山大学毕业证USF学位证成绩单】【微信：95270640】（留信学历认证永久存档查询）采用学校原版纸张、特殊工艺完全按照原版一比一制作（包括：隐形水印，阴影底纹，钢印LOGO烫金烫银，LOGO烫金烫银复合重叠，文字图案浮雕，激光镭射，紫外荧光，温感，复印防伪）行业标杆！精益求精，诚心合作，真诚制作！多年品质 ,按需精细制作，24小时接单,全套进口原装设备，十五年致力于帮助留学生解决难题，业务范围有加拿大、英国、澳洲、韩国、美国、新加坡，新西兰等学历材料，包您满意。
【业务选择办理准则】
一、工作未确定，回国需先给父母、亲戚朋友看下文凭的情况，办理一份就读学校的毕业证【微信：95270640】文凭即可
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三、进国企，银行，事业单位，考公务员等等，这些单位是必需要提供真实教育部认证的，办理教育部认证所需资料众多且烦琐，所有材料您都必须提供原件，我们凭借丰富的经验，快捷的绿色通道帮您快速整合材料，让您少走弯路。
留信网认证的作用:
1:该专业认证可证明留学生真实身份【微信：95270640】
2:同时对留学生所学专业登记给予评定
3:国家专业人才认证中心颁发入库证书
4:这个认证书并且可以归档倒地方
5:凡事获得留信网入网的信息将会逐步更新到个人身份内，将在公安局网内查询个人身份证信息后，同步读取人才网入库信息
6:个人职称评审加20分
7:个人信誉贷款加10分
8:在国家人才网主办的国家网络招聘大会中纳入资料，供国家高端企业选择人才
→ 【关于价格问题（保证一手价格）
我们所定的价格是非常合理的，而且我们现在做得单子大多数都是代理和回头客户介绍的所以一般现在有新的单子 我给客户的都是第一手的代理价格，因为我想坦诚对待大家 不想跟大家在价格方面浪费时间
对于老客户或者被老客户介绍过来的朋友，我们都会适当给一些优惠。
选择实体注册公司办理，更放心，更安全！我们的承诺：可来公司面谈，可签订合同，会陪同客户一起到教育部认证窗口递交认证材料，客户在教育部官方认证查询网站查询到认证通过结果后付款，不成功不收费！
办理旧金山大学毕业证毕业证学位证USF学位证【微信：95270640 】外观非常精致，由特殊纸质材料制成，上面印有校徽、校名、毕业生姓名、专业等信息。
办理旧金山大学毕业证USF学位证毕业证学位证【微信：95270640 】格式相对统一，各专业都有相应的模板。通常包括以下部分：
校徽：象征着学校的荣誉和传承。
校名:学校英文全称
授予学位：本部分将注明获得的具体学位名称。
毕业生姓名：这是最重要的信息之一，标志着该证书是由特定人员获得的。
颁发日期：这是毕业正式生效的时间，也代表着毕业生学业的结束。
其他信息：根据不同的专业和学位，可能会有一些特定的信息或章节。
办理旧金山大学毕业证毕业证学位证USF学位证【微信：95270640 】价值很高，需要妥善保管。一般来说，应放置在安全、干燥、防潮的地方，避免长时间暴露在阳光下。如需使用，最好使用复印件而不是原件，以免丢失。
综上所述，办理旧金山大学毕业证毕业证学位证USF学位证【微信：95270640 】是证明身份和学历的高价值文件。外观简单庄重，格式统一，包括重要的个人信息和发布日期。对持有人来说，妥善保管是非常重要的。

AI-Based Home Security System : Home security

Home security is of paramount importance in today's world, where we rely more on technology, home
security is crucial. Using technology to make homes safer and easier to control from anywhere is
important. Home security is important for the occupant’s safety. In this paper, we came up with a low cost,
AI based model home security system. The system has a user-friendly interface, allowing users to start
model training and face detection with simple keyboard commands. Our goal is to introduce an innovative
home security system using facial recognition technology. Unlike traditional systems, this system trains
and saves images of friends and family members. The system scans this folder to recognize familiar faces
and provides real-time monitoring. If an unfamiliar face is detected, it promptly sends an email alert,
ensuring a proactive response to potential security threats.

Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx

A Digital Twin in computer networking is a virtual representation of a physical network, used to simulate, analyze, and optimize network performance and reliability. It leverages real-time data to enhance network management, predict issues, and improve decision-making processes.

AI + Data Community Tour - Build the Next Generation of Apps with the Einstei...

AI + Data Community Tour - Build the Next Generation of Apps with the Einstei...Paris Salesforce Developer Group

Build the Next Generation of Apps with the Einstein 1 Platform.
Rejoignez Philippe Ozil pour une session de workshops qui vous guidera à travers les détails de la plateforme Einstein 1, l'importance des données pour la création d'applications d'intelligence artificielle et les différents outils et technologies que Salesforce propose pour vous apporter tous les bénéfices de l'IA.一比一原版(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证如何办理

原版一模一样【微信：741003700 】【(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证成绩单】【微信：741003700 】学位证，留信认证（真实可查，永久存档）原件一模一样纸张工艺/offer、雅思、外壳等材料/诚信可靠,可直接看成品样本，帮您解决无法毕业带来的各种难题！外壳，原版制作，诚信可靠，可直接看成品样本。行业标杆！精益求精，诚心合作，真诚制作！多年品质 ,按需精细制作，24小时接单,全套进口原装设备。十五年致力于帮助留学生解决难题，包您满意。
本公司拥有海外各大学样板无数，能完美还原。
1:1完美还原海外各大学毕业材料上的工艺：水印，阴影底纹，钢印LOGO烫金烫银，LOGO烫金烫银复合重叠。文字图案浮雕、激光镭射、紫外荧光、温感、复印防伪等防伪工艺。材料咨询办理、认证咨询办理请加学历顾问Q/微741003700
【主营项目】
一.毕业证【q微741003700】成绩单、使馆认证、教育部认证、雅思托福成绩单、学生卡等！
二.真实使馆公证(即留学回国人员证明,不成功不收费)
三.真实教育部学历学位认证（教育部存档！教育部留服网站永久可查）
四.办理各国各大学文凭(一对一专业服务,可全程监控跟踪进度)
如果您处于以下几种情况：
◇在校期间，因各种原因未能顺利毕业……拿不到官方毕业证【q/微741003700】
◇面对父母的压力，希望尽快拿到；
◇不清楚认证流程以及材料该如何准备；
◇回国时间很长，忘记办理；
◇回国马上就要找工作，办给用人单位看；
◇企事业单位必须要求办理的
◇需要报考公务员、购买免税车、落转户口
◇申请留学生创业基金
留信网认证的作用:
1:该专业认证可证明留学生真实身份
2:同时对留学生所学专业登记给予评定
3:国家专业人才认证中心颁发入库证书
4:这个认证书并且可以归档倒地方
5:凡事获得留信网入网的信息将会逐步更新到个人身份内，将在公安局网内查询个人身份证信息后，同步读取人才网入库信息
6:个人职称评审加20分
7:个人信誉贷款加10分
8:在国家人才网主办的国家网络招聘大会中纳入资料，供国家高端企业选择人才
办理(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】外观非常简单，由纸质材料制成，上面印有校徽、校名、毕业生姓名、专业等信息。
办理(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】格式相对统一，各专业都有相应的模板。通常包括以下部分：
校徽：象征着学校的荣誉和传承。
校名:学校英文全称
授予学位：本部分将注明获得的具体学位名称。
毕业生姓名：这是最重要的信息之一，标志着该证书是由特定人员获得的。
颁发日期：这是毕业正式生效的时间，也代表着毕业生学业的结束。
其他信息：根据不同的专业和学位，可能会有一些特定的信息或章节。
办理(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】价值很高，需要妥善保管。一般来说，应放置在安全、干燥、防潮的地方，避免长时间暴露在阳光下。如需使用，最好使用复印件而不是原件，以免丢失。
综上所述，办理(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】是证明身份和学历的高价值文件。外观简单庄重，格式统一，包括重要的个人信息和发布日期。对持有人来说，妥善保管是非常重要的。

Accident detection system project report.pdf

The Rapid growth of technology and infrastructure has made our lives easier. The
advent of technology has also increased the traffic hazards and the road accidents take place
frequently which causes huge loss of life and property because of the poor emergency facilities.
Many lives could have been saved if emergency service could get accident information and
reach in time. Our project will provide an optimum solution to this draw back. A piezo electric
sensor can be used as a crash or rollover detector of the vehicle during and after a crash. With
signals from a piezo electric sensor, a severe accident can be recognized. According to this
project when a vehicle meets with an accident immediately piezo electric sensor will detect the
signal or if a car rolls over. Then with the help of GSM module and GPS module, the location
will be sent to the emergency contact. Then after conforming the location necessary action will
be taken. If the person meets with a small accident or if there is no serious threat to anyone’s
life, then the alert message can be terminated by the driver by a switch provided in order to
avoid wasting the valuable time of the medical rescue team.

P5 Working Drawings.pdf floor plan, civil

Various architectural drawings presentation

Generative AI Use cases applications solutions and implementation.pdf

Generative AI solutions encompass a range of capabilities from content creation to complex problem-solving across industries. Implementing generative AI involves identifying specific business needs, developing tailored AI models using techniques like GANs and VAEs, and integrating these models into existing workflows. Data quality and continuous model refinement are crucial for effective implementation. Businesses must also consider ethical implications and ensure transparency in AI decision-making. Generative AI's implementation aims to enhance efficiency, creativity, and innovation by leveraging autonomous generation and sophisticated learning algorithms to meet diverse business challenges.
https://www.leewayhertz.com/generative-ai-use-cases-and-applications/

一比一原版(uoft毕业证书)加拿大多伦多大学毕业证如何办理

原版一模一样【微信：741003700 】【(uoft毕业证书)加拿大多伦多大学毕业证成绩单】【微信：741003700 】学位证，留信认证（真实可查，永久存档）原件一模一样纸张工艺/offer、雅思、外壳等材料/诚信可靠,可直接看成品样本，帮您解决无法毕业带来的各种难题！外壳，原版制作，诚信可靠，可直接看成品样本。行业标杆！精益求精，诚心合作，真诚制作！多年品质 ,按需精细制作，24小时接单,全套进口原装设备。十五年致力于帮助留学生解决难题，包您满意。
本公司拥有海外各大学样板无数，能完美还原。
1:1完美还原海外各大学毕业材料上的工艺：水印，阴影底纹，钢印LOGO烫金烫银，LOGO烫金烫银复合重叠。文字图案浮雕、激光镭射、紫外荧光、温感、复印防伪等防伪工艺。材料咨询办理、认证咨询办理请加学历顾问Q/微741003700
【主营项目】
一.毕业证【q微741003700】成绩单、使馆认证、教育部认证、雅思托福成绩单、学生卡等！
二.真实使馆公证(即留学回国人员证明,不成功不收费)
三.真实教育部学历学位认证（教育部存档！教育部留服网站永久可查）
四.办理各国各大学文凭(一对一专业服务,可全程监控跟踪进度)
如果您处于以下几种情况：
◇在校期间，因各种原因未能顺利毕业……拿不到官方毕业证【q/微741003700】
◇面对父母的压力，希望尽快拿到；
◇不清楚认证流程以及材料该如何准备；
◇回国时间很长，忘记办理；
◇回国马上就要找工作，办给用人单位看；
◇企事业单位必须要求办理的
◇需要报考公务员、购买免税车、落转户口
◇申请留学生创业基金
留信网认证的作用:
1:该专业认证可证明留学生真实身份
2:同时对留学生所学专业登记给予评定
3:国家专业人才认证中心颁发入库证书
4:这个认证书并且可以归档倒地方
5:凡事获得留信网入网的信息将会逐步更新到个人身份内，将在公安局网内查询个人身份证信息后，同步读取人才网入库信息
6:个人职称评审加20分
7:个人信誉贷款加10分
8:在国家人才网主办的国家网络招聘大会中纳入资料，供国家高端企业选择人才
办理(uoft毕业证书)加拿大多伦多大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】外观非常简单，由纸质材料制成，上面印有校徽、校名、毕业生姓名、专业等信息。
办理(uoft毕业证书)加拿大多伦多大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】格式相对统一，各专业都有相应的模板。通常包括以下部分：
校徽：象征着学校的荣誉和传承。
校名:学校英文全称
授予学位：本部分将注明获得的具体学位名称。
毕业生姓名：这是最重要的信息之一，标志着该证书是由特定人员获得的。
颁发日期：这是毕业正式生效的时间，也代表着毕业生学业的结束。
其他信息：根据不同的专业和学位，可能会有一些特定的信息或章节。
办理(uoft毕业证书)加拿大多伦多大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】价值很高，需要妥善保管。一般来说，应放置在安全、干燥、防潮的地方，避免长时间暴露在阳光下。如需使用，最好使用复印件而不是原件，以免丢失。
综上所述，办理(uoft毕业证书)加拿大多伦多大学毕业证【微信：741003700 】是证明身份和学历的高价值文件。外观简单庄重，格式统一，包括重要的个人信息和发布日期。对持有人来说，妥善保管是非常重要的。

Tools & Techniques for Commissioning and Maintaining PV Systems W-Animations ...

Join us for this solutions-based webinar on the tools and techniques for commissioning and maintaining PV Systems. In this session, we'll review the process of building and maintaining a solar array, starting with installation and commissioning, then reviewing operations and maintenance of the system. This course will review insulation resistance testing, I-V curve testing, earth-bond continuity, ground resistance testing, performance tests, visual inspections, ground and arc fault testing procedures, and power quality analysis.
Fluke Solar Application Specialist Will White is presenting on this engaging topic:
Will has worked in the renewable energy industry since 2005, first as an installer for a small east coast solar integrator before adding sales, design, and project management to his skillset. In 2022, Will joined Fluke as a solar application specialist, where he supports their renewable energy testing equipment like IV-curve tracers, electrical meters, and thermal imaging cameras. Experienced in wind power, solar thermal, energy storage, and all scales of PV, Will has primarily focused on residential and small commercial systems. He is passionate about implementing high-quality, code-compliant installation techniques.

Software Engineering and Project Management - Introduction, Modeling Concepts...

Introduction, Modeling Concepts and Class Modeling: What is Object orientation? What is OO development? OO Themes; Evidence for usefulness of OO development; OO modeling history. Modeling
as Design technique: Modeling, abstraction, The Three models. Class Modeling: Object and Class Concept, Link and associations concepts, Generalization and Inheritance, A sample class model, Navigation of class models, and UML diagrams
Building the Analysis Models: Requirement Analysis, Analysis Model Approaches, Data modeling Concepts, Object Oriented Analysis, Scenario-Based Modeling, Flow-Oriented Modeling, class Based Modeling, Creating a Behavioral Model.

Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...

* Registration is currently open *
Call for Research Papers!!!
Free – Extended Paper will be published as free of cost.
3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advances (AIAD 2024)
July 13 ~ 14, 2024, Virtual Conference
Webpage URL: https://aiad2024.org/index
Submission Deadline: June 22, 2024
Submission System URL:
https://aiad2024.org/submission/index.php
Contact Us:
Here's where you can reach us : aiad@aiad2024.org (or) aiadconference@yahoo.com
WikiCFP URL: http://wikicfp.com/cfp/servlet/event.showcfp?eventid=180509©ownerid=171656
#artificialintelligence #softcomputing #machinelearning #technology #datascience #python #deeplearning #tech #robotics #innovation #bigdata #coding #iot #computerscience #data #dataanalytics #engineering #robot #datascientist #software #automation #analytics #ml #pythonprogramming #programmer #digitaltransformation #developer #promptengineering #generativeai #genai #chatgpt #artificial #intelligence #datamining #networkscommunications #robotics #callforsubmission #submissionsopen #deadline #opencall #virtual #conference

Applications of artificial Intelligence in Mechanical Engineering.pdf

Historically, mechanical engineering has relied heavily on human expertise and empirical methods to solve complex problems. With the introduction of computer-aided design (CAD) and finite element analysis (FEA), the field took its first steps towards digitization. These tools allowed engineers to simulate and analyze mechanical systems with greater accuracy and efficiency. However, the sheer volume of data generated by modern engineering systems and the increasing complexity of these systems have necessitated more advanced analytical tools, paving the way for AI.
AI offers the capability to process vast amounts of data, identify patterns, and make predictions with a level of speed and accuracy unattainable by traditional methods. This has profound implications for mechanical engineering, enabling more efficient design processes, predictive maintenance strategies, and optimized manufacturing operations. AI-driven tools can learn from historical data, adapt to new information, and continuously improve their performance, making them invaluable in tackling the multifaceted challenges of modern mechanical engineering.

Blood finder application project report (1).pdf

Blood Finder is an emergency time app where a user can search for the blood banks as
well as the registered blood donors around Mumbai. This application also provide an
opportunity for the user of this application to become a registered donor for this user have
to enroll for the donor request from the application itself. If the admin wish to make user
a registered donor, with some of the formalities with the organization it can be done.
Specialization of this application is that the user will not have to register on sign-in for
searching the blood banks and blood donors it can be just done by installing the
application to the mobile.
The purpose of making this application is to save the user’s time for searching blood of
needed blood group during the time of the emergency.
This is an android application developed in Java and XML with the connectivity of
SQLite database. This application will provide most of basic functionality required for an
emergency time application. All the details of Blood banks and Blood donors are stored
in the database i.e. SQLite.
This application allowed the user to get all the information regarding blood banks and
blood donors such as Name, Number, Address, Blood Group, rather than searching it on
the different websites and wasting the precious time. This application is effective and
user friendly.

Data Driven Maintenance | UReason Webinar

Discover the latest insights on Data Driven Maintenance with our comprehensive webinar presentation. Learn about traditional maintenance challenges, the right approach to utilizing data, and the benefits of adopting a Data Driven Maintenance strategy. Explore real-world examples, industry best practices, and innovative solutions like FMECA and the D3M model. This presentation, led by expert Jules Oudmans, is essential for asset owners looking to optimize their maintenance processes and leverage digital technologies for improved efficiency and performance. Download now to stay ahead in the evolving maintenance landscape.

Introduction to Computer Networks & OSI MODEL.ppt

Introduction to Computer Networks

Pressure Relief valve used in flow line to release the over pressure at our d...

Pressure Relief valve used in flow line to release the over pressure at our desired pressure

Zener Diode and its V-I Characteristics and Applications

Zener Diode and its V-I Characteristics and Applications

An Introduction to the Compiler Designss

An Introduction to the Compiler Designss

一比一原版(USF毕业证)旧金山大学毕业证如何办理

一比一原版(USF毕业证)旧金山大学毕业证如何办理

AI-Based Home Security System : Home security

AI-Based Home Security System : Home security

Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx

Digital Twins Computer Networking Paper Presentation.pptx

AI + Data Community Tour - Build the Next Generation of Apps with the Einstei...

AI + Data Community Tour - Build the Next Generation of Apps with the Einstei...

一比一原版(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证如何办理

一比一原版(uofo毕业证书)美国俄勒冈大学毕业证如何办理

Accident detection system project report.pdf

Accident detection system project report.pdf

P5 Working Drawings.pdf floor plan, civil

P5 Working Drawings.pdf floor plan, civil

Generative AI Use cases applications solutions and implementation.pdf

Generative AI Use cases applications solutions and implementation.pdf

一比一原版(uoft毕业证书)加拿大多伦多大学毕业证如何办理

一比一原版(uoft毕业证书)加拿大多伦多大学毕业证如何办理

Tools & Techniques for Commissioning and Maintaining PV Systems W-Animations ...

Tools & Techniques for Commissioning and Maintaining PV Systems W-Animations ...

Software Engineering and Project Management - Introduction, Modeling Concepts...

Software Engineering and Project Management - Introduction, Modeling Concepts...

Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...

Call For Paper -3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Advan...

Applications of artificial Intelligence in Mechanical Engineering.pdf

Applications of artificial Intelligence in Mechanical Engineering.pdf

Blood finder application project report (1).pdf

Blood finder application project report (1).pdf

Data Driven Maintenance | UReason Webinar

Data Driven Maintenance | UReason Webinar

UNIT 4 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS-DIGITAL ICS

UNIT 4 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS-DIGITAL ICS

Introduction to Computer Networks & OSI MODEL.ppt

Introduction to Computer Networks & OSI MODEL.ppt

Pressure Relief valve used in flow line to release the over pressure at our d...

Pressure Relief valve used in flow line to release the over pressure at our d...

- 1. University of Duhok College of Engineering Civil Department Fluid Mechanics – Practical Fluid Laboratory A Report About : Discharge under a Sluice Gate Student Name : Jameel Masoud Jameel Class : B Date of Experimental : 16 / 4 / 2018 Date of Submitting : 25 / 4 / 2018 Experiment No. : 3
- 2. Procedures : 1) Make sure that discharge Apparatus is leveled, a sluice gate is available and placed carefully and normal to the channel and note the height of gate opening (b) that required for calculation. 2) Fill the discharge apparatus (Open channel Place) with water until the water flow from in channel and water passes the sluice gate. 3) After water surface will steady, read the water surface height before the sluice gate (y1), and with computing (y2) the theory discharge will computed. 4) Then, Write the times from the beginning of filling the discharge Tank with water to the time that we want and note the volume collected between this short time to compute the Actual Discharge. 5) Reaped the procedure to calculate the discharge of different Water quantinty and its collected volume in different time . b
- 3. Calculations and Results : Note : ( 𝐛) = 𝟏𝐜𝐦 , 𝐲𝟐 = 𝐂𝐜 × 𝐛 = 𝟎. 𝟔 × 𝟏 = 𝟎. 𝟔𝐜𝐦 , 𝐋 = 𝟕. 𝟓𝐜𝐦 Example: If Volume = 5 lt . Time = 12.55 sec . y1 = 3.75cm Rotameter = 0.41 l/s -The discharge can be calculated using the following formula : Qth = L × b × √2g(y1 − y2) Qth = 0.075 × 0.01 × √2g(0.375 − 0.0061) = 0.559 l3 /sec Qact = Volume Time = 5 12.55 = 0.40 l3 /sec Cd = Qact Qth = 1.96 0.559 = 0.68 Details Table : No. Volume (l) Time (sec) Rotameter (l/sec) y1 (cm) y2(cm) Qact (l/sec) Qth (l/sec) Cd 1 5 12.55 0.41 3.75 0.61 0.40 0.559 0.68 2 10 15.8 0.64 7.66 0.61 0.63 0.88 0.72 3 15 23.7 0.65 8.46 0.61 0.63 0.93 0.68 4 20 27.8 0.73 10.15 0.61 0.72 1.03 0.7 5 20 25.92 0.75 12.39 0.61 0.77 1.14 0.68 0.00 0.10 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1 10 100 Qact(l/sec) H cm (y1-y2) Relationship Between Qact and H 𝐐 = 𝟎. 𝟐𝟐𝟒𝟖𝐇−𝟎.𝟓𝟎𝟗𝟕
- 4. Discussion and Conclusion : In this test we determine the discharge using an artificial Channel having and sluice gate and making the ratio between the actual and theoretical discharge, finally we got a result after doing all procedure accurate which is the discharge under gate, as shown in our result that discharge is opposite to opening gate height and with increasing opening gate height the discharge will be increase, and we found the logarithm equation of determining the ratio between actual Discharge and Height of water between two place which are before and after sluice gate using the Gauge reading. In conclusion the purpose of this test is to determine the actual discharge under a sluice gate and compare it with theory, and compute the ratio between actual and theory. Finally, we know that how test was doing and how to compute the theory discharge and actual using the small Artificial channel.